Finishing the foundation of the house is not one of the priority tasks, but significantly improves the appearance of the building and extends its life. Modern facing materials are able to reliably protect the base from the destructive effects of the environment: wind, moisture, ultraviolet radiation, mechanical damage.
Finishing the foundation of the house with facade panels
If the owner of the house decides to finish the foundation, first of all he needs to get acquainted with the information about which facade panels are offered by the market, and learn to choose the most suitable in a particular case. Knowledge of the features of each type of facing materials for the basement allows you to save on their purchase and avoid installation errors.
Facade wall panels: views
Modern curtain wall systems make it possible to solve what was previously impossible: simultaneously insulate, protect and decorate the building.
At the same time, all conditions for the preservation of the materials from which the foundation was built are observed. First of all, this is to ensure its ventilation, which avoids dampness and premature destruction of wood, concrete and brick.
Types of facade panels for finishing the basement:
Facade panels: rich variety
Regardless of the materials from which they are made, facade panels have many common advantages :
Facade panels: advantages
In addition to the advantages common to all types of facade panels, there are also some relative disadvantages:
The installation scheme for all types of hinged facade panels is the same. It is designed to protect the building from the effects of aggressive external environment and provide the effect of heat and sound insulation.
Ventilated facade system
In order to choose the material that is optimal for a particular foundation, you need to know about the features of modern facing panels.
Facade metal panels - what are they
Manufacturers offer two types of metal facade panels: galvanized steel and anodized aluminum. The latter are lighter than the former in weight (7 kg / m2 versus 9 kg / m2), but the thickness of both is the same: no more than 0.
75 mm. The edge of the panels can be solid or perforated. In the first case, the holes for the fasteners will have to be drilled independently.
Metal front panels with polymer coating
Polymeric metal coating is of three types: polyester, belly, plastisol. Any of them has a gloss, high strength, resistance to high and low temperatures, moisture, ultraviolet radiation, chemicals.
But plastisol has the best characteristics, therefore, panels of this type are the most expensive.
A more modern version of metal cladding panels - small-format facade plates (steel and aluminum metal cassettes of open and closed types) coated with patina, zinc, polyester, and plastic.
Metal facade panels - types
Metal facade panels are laid horizontally on vertically installed guides attached to the foundation of the building. Screws or self-tapping screws with anti-corrosion coating are used as fasteners.
It is important to know: experts insist on the horizontal laying of the panels, since it is impossible to ensure proper tightness and strength of the joints with the vertical one.
The main points of installation of facade panels
Curtain vinyl panels have a lot of advantages:
Facade panels under a stone made of PVC
But one cannot fail to note their low, in comparison with other types of facade panels , impact resistance. In addition, this finishing material tends to crack from sudden temperature changes. Vinyl becomes brittle in freezing temperatures. This must be taken into account when choosing a finishing material for facing the foundation in regions with severe winters.
Vinyl facade panels
Finishing materials this type is made by pressing. A high quality polymer paint serves as a protective layer.Covering panels most often imitates natural wood, and the pattern is not flat, but three-dimensional. The foundation, lined with such panels, has a spectacular and presentable appearance.
Materials based on wood fibers provide high-quality heat and sound insulation, but have a significantly shorter service life: within 10-15 years.
This feature is due to the hygroscopicity of wood fibers, which, despite being protected, still absorb moisture. But this material also has its advantages: it has an affordable price, is easy to install and cut, frost-resistant (withstands more than 50 freeze-thaw cycles).
Facing facade panels under a tree
Facade panels based on wood fibers are interconnected by a thorn-groove method, installed on vertical metal or wooden racks. Brackets, screws, self-tapping screws are used as fasteners. When choosing this facing material, it is recommended to make sure that it contains water repellents (paraffin and ceresin), synthetic resins, antiseptics.
All these substances increase its strength and moisture resistance.
Cement particle board
CSP panels - an excellent choice for finishing the foundation of a residential building. This material has two indisputable advantages:
Using DSP panels, you can get better thermal insulation than using mineral wool and foam. This is especially important for those buildings that are located in areas with high groundwater levels and in regions with cold climates.
Facade panels made of csp
The panels are installed on metal or wooden racks attached to the supporting base. Most often, they use a rack metal profile for working with drywall or wooden bars with a section of 30/40 or 40/40 mm. With this installation option, a heater can be laid under the cement-bonded particleboard, which is attached to the base with the help of special dowels. A ventilation gap of at least 10 mm is left between the frame and the front panel.
Fiber cement panels
A distinctive feature of this type of panels is the presence of self-cleaning surface.
This effect is provided by a hydrophilic inorganic film. This finishing material contains cement (up to 90%), cellulose, plastic, mineral additives. The ends can have protrusions and recesses, which provide a tongue-and-groove connection of the panels.
The front side of the panel can be painted with acrylic or polyurethane paint, pasted over with stone chips, imitating stone, brick, wood. The average thickness of this finishing material is 8-15 mm, weight - 16 kg / m2 (with the smallest thickness of the canvas).
Fiber cement slabs are fastened using clamps or facade screws
Fiber cement panels have their advantages:
The disadvantages include a fairly high level of water absorption and relatively low resistance to mechanical stress. The installation scheme provides for the presence of a metal or wooden frame, wind protection and vapor barrier.
Installation of fiber cement panels
This type of facing materials is the most difficult to install due to its heavy weight. But all the difficulties of working with it are fully compensated by the attractive appearance and durability.
Porcelain stoneware and stone panels for finishing the foundation are guaranteed to provide the building with a respectable look.
Finishing with porcelain stoneware panels
The cost of this material is quite high, but it is provided by a lot of its advantages. Among them:
Installation diagram of ceramic granite slabs
With a panel thickness of 10-12 mm, its weight will be at least 30 kg / m2.
Therefore, self-assembly will be very difficult. Experts recommend employing 1-2 assistants. In this case, the installation of the panels will be faster and of better quality.
Porcelain stoneware panels - installation
Porcelain stoneware panels
A sandwich panel is a multi-layer structure that includes facing material and insulation. For cladding the foundation, it is recommended to purchase panels with a metal coating, since they can fully provide the base of the house with proper protection from moisture and wind.
Block diagram of sandwich panels
In such a panel, a plastic insert 2-7 cm thick or a sheet of high-density foam (polyurethane foam) is pressed into honey with two metal sheets. Facing metal sheets of sandwich panels are covered with a protective layer, which, regardless of its thickness, requires careful handling in order to avoid scratches. Three-layer facade sandwich panels can be faced with moisture-resistant plywood, OSB, metal, ceramic tiles.
The panel is fixed to the foundation with dowels.Thanks to the groove-tongue connection, the joints are tight and durable.
But despite this, they are additionally treated with moisture-resistant mastics, pasted over with neoprene-polyurethane tape, and filled with polyurethane foam.
Sandwich panels based on a cassette profile are most in demand for facing the foundation. They have a low level of thermal conductivity and have a presentable appearance.
This kind of finishing materials is used for cladding foundations are extremely rare. They are most often faced with walls of executive class buildings.
Features of glass panels
|Material||Durability||Frost resistance||Flexural strength||Impact resistance|
|Metal with polymer coating||over 30 years||at least 200 cycles||118 MPa||high 50 kg / m2|
|Vinyl||not less than 30 years old||low 0.09 kg / cm2|
|Based on wood fibers||10-15 years||not less than 50 cycles||45 MPa||average|
|Fiber cement||20 years||no less than 100 cycles||21.5 MPa||average 0.25 kg / cm2|
|Ceramic granite||50 years||not less than 100 cycles||50 MPa||high|
|Sandwich panels||over 30 years||at least 80 cycles||24.3 MPa||high|
The plinth is cladding according to the principle of a ventilated facade.
Regardless of the type of finishing materials used, it includes the following stages:
Fasteners for installing porcelain stoneware
In order to accurately perform these tasks, it is recommended to follow the proposed step-by-step instructions.
First of all, it is necessary to visually inspect the walls of the foundation. Then they determine what tools and materials will be required to perform the preparatory work. They consist in strengthening and leveling the walls of the basement.
Regardless of whether it is concrete or brick, all its drawbacks are eliminated:
Reinforcing the destroyed base
Depending on the size of the slabs and the features of the project, the optimal step for installing the brackets is chosen. These metal parts are attached to the wall with dowels, after having drilled holes of the required diameter.
After what vertical metal racks are mounted.
Two types of frames for facade panels
Photo - bracket alignment vertical
Foam sheets, rolled fibrous materials (glass wool, basalt wool, stone wool) or mineral wool can act as heat insulators plates.
The heat insulator is placed in the space between the vertical metal racks and fixed to the foundation wall using disc dowels.
Thermal insulation materials
At this stage of work, metal clamps are used, with which they set and fix the slabs, installing them close to each other ...
Installation of a ventilated facade made of porcelain stoneware
Porcelain stoneware facade
Example of lining a basement with porcelain stoneware
There is another way of installing ceramic granite slabs: on a cement-sand mortar, a layer of which is applied to the wall of the basement .
.. This method is used if the foundation does not require insulation. But in this case, a metal frame is needed. The porcelain stoneware slab will be attached to it by means of special clamps located on its back.
The basement of the house, finished with porcelain stoneware
If it is decided to sheathe the basement with vinyl, fiber-cement, cement-particle or wood panels, for mounting the frame you can take metal profiles or wooden bars.
At each stage of work, it is necessary to use a building level, with the help of which deviations from the horizontal and vertical are determined. If you follow the technology of work, the lining of the foundation will be done quickly and efficiently.
Using the level when working
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