Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Finishing the foundation of the house is not one of the priority tasks, but significantly improves the appearance of the building and extends its life. Modern facing materials are able to reliably protect the base from the destructive effects of the environment: wind, moisture, ultraviolet radiation, mechanical damage.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Finishing the foundation of the house with facade panels

If the owner of the house decides to finish the foundation, first of all he needs to get acquainted with the information about which facade panels are offered by the market, and learn to choose the most suitable in a particular case. Knowledge of the features of each type of facing materials for the basement allows you to save on their purchase and avoid installation errors.

Types of facade panels and a diagram of their structure

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Facade wall panels: views

Modern curtain wall systems make it possible to solve what was previously impossible: simultaneously insulate, protect and decorate the building.

At the same time, all conditions for the preservation of the materials from which the foundation was built are observed. First of all, this is to ensure its ventilation, which avoids dampness and premature destruction of wood, concrete and brick.

Types of facade panels for finishing the basement:

  • metal with polymer coating;
  • vinyl;
  • based on wood fibers;
  • DSP (cement-bonded);
  • fiber cement;
  • porcelain stoneware;
  • sandwich panels (cassette and three-layer);
  • glass panels.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Facade panels: rich variety

Regardless of the materials from which they are made, facade panels have many common advantages :

  • resistant to moisture, wind and ultraviolet radiation;
  • confidently withstand sudden temperature changes;
  • shockproof;
  • can have a surface that imitates any facing materials: wood, stone, brick;
  • installation is carried out by mechanically connecting the panel to the supporting base using fasteners: staples, nails, screws.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Facade panels: advantages

In addition to the advantages common to all types of facade panels, there are also some relative disadvantages:

  • additional costs for the purchase of additional elements;
  • the need to attract professionals for the installation of panels or independent study of all the intricacies of this work and its own performance.

The installation scheme for all types of hinged facade panels is the same. It is designed to protect the building from the effects of aggressive external environment and provide the effect of heat and sound insulation.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Ventilated facade system

Prices for different types of facade panels

Facade panels

Pros and cons of each type of facade panels and the criteria for their selection

In order to choose the material that is optimal for a particular foundation, you need to know about the features of modern facing panels.

Metal with polymer coating

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Facade metal panels - what are they

Manufacturers offer two types of metal facade panels: galvanized steel and anodized aluminum. The latter are lighter than the former in weight (7 kg / m2 versus 9 kg / m2), but the thickness of both is the same: no more than 0.

75 mm. The edge of the panels can be solid or perforated. In the first case, the holes for the fasteners will have to be drilled independently.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Metal front panels with polymer coating

Polymeric metal coating is of three types: polyester, belly, plastisol. Any of them has a gloss, high strength, resistance to high and low temperatures, moisture, ultraviolet radiation, chemicals.

But plastisol has the best characteristics, therefore, panels of this type are the most expensive.

A more modern version of metal cladding panels - small-format facade plates (steel and aluminum metal cassettes of open and closed types) coated with patina, zinc, polyester, and plastic.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Metal facade panels - types

Metal facade panels are laid horizontally on vertically installed guides attached to the foundation of the building. Screws or self-tapping screws with anti-corrosion coating are used as fasteners.

It is important to know: experts insist on the horizontal laying of the panels, since it is impossible to ensure proper tightness and strength of the joints with the vertical one.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

The main points of installation of facade panels

Vinyl facade panels

Curtain vinyl panels have a lot of advantages:

  • lightweight;
  • simple and easy to install;
  • inexpensive in price;
  • have a smooth or textured surface;
  • are durable (guaranteed service life is not less than 30 years).

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Facade panels under a stone made of PVC

But one cannot fail to note their low, in comparison with other types of facade panels , impact resistance. In addition, this finishing material tends to crack from sudden temperature changes. Vinyl becomes brittle in freezing temperatures. This must be taken into account when choosing a finishing material for facing the foundation in regions with severe winters.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Vinyl facade panels

Facade panels based on wood fibers

Finishing materials this type is made by pressing. A high quality polymer paint serves as a protective layer.Covering panels most often imitates natural wood, and the pattern is not flat, but three-dimensional. The foundation, lined with such panels, has a spectacular and presentable appearance.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Wood-polymer panels

Materials based on wood fibers provide high-quality heat and sound insulation, but have a significantly shorter service life: within 10-15 years.

This feature is due to the hygroscopicity of wood fibers, which, despite being protected, still absorb moisture. But this material also has its advantages: it has an affordable price, is easy to install and cut, frost-resistant (withstands more than 50 freeze-thaw cycles).

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Facing facade panels under a tree

Facade panels based on wood fibers are interconnected by a thorn-groove method, installed on vertical metal or wooden racks. Brackets, screws, self-tapping screws are used as fasteners. When choosing this facing material, it is recommended to make sure that it contains water repellents (paraffin and ceresin), synthetic resins, antiseptics.

All these substances increase its strength and moisture resistance.

Cement particle boards

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Cement particle board

CSP panels - an excellent choice for finishing the foundation of a residential building. This material has two indisputable advantages:

  • fire resistance;
  • affordable price.

Using DSP panels, you can get better thermal insulation than using mineral wool and foam. This is especially important for those buildings that are located in areas with high groundwater levels and in regions with cold climates.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Facade panels made of csp

The panels are installed on metal or wooden racks attached to the supporting base. Most often, they use a rack metal profile for working with drywall or wooden bars with a section of 30/40 or 40/40 mm. With this installation option, a heater can be laid under the cement-bonded particleboard, which is attached to the base with the help of special dowels. A ventilation gap of at least 10 mm is left between the frame and the front panel.

Fiber cement

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Fiber cement panels

A distinctive feature of this type of panels is the presence of self-cleaning surface.

This effect is provided by a hydrophilic inorganic film. This finishing material contains cement (up to 90%), cellulose, plastic, mineral additives. The ends can have protrusions and recesses, which provide a tongue-and-groove connection of the panels.

The front side of the panel can be painted with acrylic or polyurethane paint, pasted over with stone chips, imitating stone, brick, wood. The average thickness of this finishing material is 8-15 mm, weight - 16 kg / m2 (with the smallest thickness of the canvas).

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Fiber cement slabs are fastened using clamps or facade screws

Fiber cement panels have their advantages:

  • durable (service life more than 20 years);
  • frost-resistant;
  • strong in bending;
  • able to withstand sudden temperature changes.

The disadvantages include a fairly high level of water absorption and relatively low resistance to mechanical stress. The installation scheme provides for the presence of a metal or wooden frame, wind protection and vapor barrier.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Installation diagram

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Frame requirements

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Installation of fiber cement panels

Video - Installation instructions for facade fiber cement panels

Panels made of porcelain stoneware and natural stone

This type of facing materials is the most difficult to install due to its heavy weight. But all the difficulties of working with it are fully compensated by the attractive appearance and durability.

Porcelain stoneware and stone panels for finishing the foundation are guaranteed to provide the building with a respectable look.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Finishing with porcelain stoneware panels

The cost of this material is quite high, but it is provided by a lot of its advantages. Among them:

  • service life not less than 50 years;
  • fire safety;
  • minimum level of water absorption (up to 0.02%);
  • frost resistance;
  • impact resistance;
  • resistance to chemicals, ultraviolet radiation, high and low temperatures.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Installation diagram of ceramic granite slabs

With a panel thickness of 10-12 mm, its weight will be at least 30 kg / m2.

Therefore, self-assembly will be very difficult. Experts recommend employing 1-2 assistants. In this case, the installation of the panels will be faster and of better quality.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Porcelain stoneware panels - installation

Prices for ceramic granite panels

Porcelain stoneware panels

Sandwich panels for foundation finishing

A sandwich panel is a multi-layer structure that includes facing material and insulation. For cladding the foundation, it is recommended to purchase panels with a metal coating, since they can fully provide the base of the house with proper protection from moisture and wind.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Sandwich-panel

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Block diagram of sandwich panels

In such a panel, a plastic insert 2-7 cm thick or a sheet of high-density foam (polyurethane foam) is pressed into honey with two metal sheets. Facing metal sheets of sandwich panels are covered with a protective layer, which, regardless of its thickness, requires careful handling in order to avoid scratches. Three-layer facade sandwich panels can be faced with moisture-resistant plywood, OSB, metal, ceramic tiles.

The panel is fixed to the foundation with dowels.Thanks to the groove-tongue connection, the joints are tight and durable.

But despite this, they are additionally treated with moisture-resistant mastics, pasted over with neoprene-polyurethane tape, and filled with polyurethane foam.

Sandwich panels based on a cassette profile are most in demand for facing the foundation. They have a low level of thermal conductivity and have a presentable appearance.

Video - Metal Sandwich Panels

Glass Panels

This kind of finishing materials is used for cladding foundations are extremely rare. They are most often faced with walls of executive class buildings.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Features of glass panels

Characteristics of facade panels

Material Durability Frost resistance Flexural strength Impact resistance
Metal with polymer coating over 30 years at least 200 cycles 118 MPa high 50 kg / m2
Vinyl not less than 30 years old low 0.09 kg / cm2
Based on wood fibers 10-15 years not less than 50 cycles 45 MPa average
Fiber cement 20 years no less than 100 cycles 21.5 MPa average 0.25 kg / cm2
Ceramic granite 50 years not less than 100 cycles 50 MPa high
Sandwich panels over 30 years at least 80 cycles 24.3 MPa high

Technology of finishing the foundation on the example of installing porcelain stoneware panels

The plinth is cladding according to the principle of a ventilated facade.

Regardless of the type of finishing materials used, it includes the following stages:

  • preparation of the foundation walls;
  • frame device;
  • installation of slabs.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Fasteners for installing porcelain stoneware

In order to accurately perform these tasks, it is recommended to follow the proposed step-by-step instructions.

Step 1: preparatory work

First of all, it is necessary to visually inspect the walls of the foundation. Then they determine what tools and materials will be required to perform the preparatory work. They consist in strengthening and leveling the walls of the basement.

Regardless of whether it is concrete or brick, all its drawbacks are eliminated:

  • fill cracks and chips with cement-sand mortar;
  • replace bricks;
  • level the depressions and other flaws.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Reinforcing the destroyed base

Step 2: Installing the brackets

Depending on the size of the slabs and the features of the project, the optimal step for installing the brackets is chosen. These metal parts are attached to the wall with dowels, after having drilled holes of the required diameter.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Bracket

Step 3: special fastening clamps are installed on the brackets

After what vertical metal racks are mounted.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Two types of frames for facade panels

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Photo - bracket alignment vertical

Step 4: installation of thermal insulation boards

Foam sheets, rolled fibrous materials (glass wool, basalt wool, stone wool) or mineral wool can act as heat insulators plates.

The heat insulator is placed in the space between the vertical metal racks and fixed to the foundation wall using disc dowels.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Insulation laying

Prices for thermal insulation materials

Thermal insulation materials

Step 5: installation of porcelain stoneware slabs

At this stage of work, metal clamps are used, with which they set and fix the slabs, installing them close to each other ...

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Installation of a ventilated facade made of porcelain stoneware

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Porcelain stoneware facade

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Example of lining a basement with porcelain stoneware

There is another way of installing ceramic granite slabs: on a cement-sand mortar, a layer of which is applied to the wall of the basement .

.. This method is used if the foundation does not require insulation. But in this case, a metal frame is needed. The porcelain stoneware slab will be attached to it by means of special clamps located on its back.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

The basement of the house, finished with porcelain stoneware

If it is decided to sheathe the basement with vinyl, fiber-cement, cement-particle or wood panels, for mounting the frame you can take metal profiles or wooden bars.

At each stage of work, it is necessary to use a building level, with the help of which deviations from the horizontal and vertical are determined. If you follow the technology of work, the lining of the foundation will be done quickly and efficiently.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels - step by step instructions!

Using the level when working

Price for building level

Building level

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