Siding is a popular material for facade cladding. The practical homeowner chooses this type of exterior wall decoration. Siding has a lot of undeniable advantages. Among them are the presentable appearance of the panels and the ease of their installation.
Attaching siding to a wooden house
The market offers two types siding: vinyl and metal.
There are no fundamental differences in the installation of these materials. But there is a significant difference in performance.
Vinyl is significantly more susceptible to ambient temperatures. When heated, it expands; when cooled, it contracts. This feature is taken into account in the technology of production of panels: they are designed in such a way that during installation, the damping gap necessary to compensate for the expansion and contraction of the lamellas remains.
Physical characteristics and requirements for siding
Parameters of different grades of vinyl siding
The main parameters of vinyl siding
Vinyl siding has a significantly lower frost resistance than metal. Therefore, with prolonged exposure to low temperatures, it becomes brittle. This feature of vinyl should be considered for those homeowners who live in regions with harsh climates. If you hit the fragile frozen vinyl lamella, cracks will certainly appear on it.
Types of siding by purpose
Unlike metal, plastic panels do not have fire resistance.
But they can be used as additional insulation of the facade.
In recent years, a modernized type of vinyl siding has appeared, which is more resistant to ultraviolet radiation (does not lose its color saturation from sunlight) and has a lower coefficient of thermal expansion. This is a "round log" siding. It looks more attractive than the flat panels that are used in the kiosks and production buildings. Therefore, it is able to make the facade of a residential building cozy and effective.
TOP 5 Russian manufacturers of vinyl siding
Metal siding has a wide range of colors, but is much less often used for cladding private houses.
There are several reasons for this:
Metal siding, variations and sizes
In order for the cladding of a wooden house with vinyl or metal siding to be made with the highest quality , along with the panels, they acquire additional elements that are required for finishing window and door openings, gables, slopes, These are elements such as:
Types of finishing strips for installation
Siding dimensions and additional elements
For cladding a wooden house with siding, it makes no sense to purchase a full set of additional elements. In choosing their type and quantity, they are guided by the architectural and design features of the building.
But starting and finishing bars are always required, no matter what. The set of panels begins with the installation of the starting plate and ends with the installation of the finish.
Additional elements for metal siding
The appearance of the cladding of the house depends on how well the crate is built. The frame, assembled according to all the rules, is able to hide any flaws and irregularities of the walls and gables of the building. The lathing is the base to which the finishing material canvases are attached.
When installing metal and vinyl lamellas, two types of frames are used:
Types of battens for cladding a house with siding
Any of them is suitable for mounting cladding material on wooden walls. A correctly installed frame allows you to lay any of the modern heat insulators on the walls. The crate also provides the ventilation gap required to eliminate excess moisture.
In the photo, the insulation laid between the posts of the crate
Installation of the frame is not necessary if the walls of the wooden house are perfectly flat.
You can safely attach siding to such a surface, without using a structure of additional supports.
Siding without lathing can be easily installed on wood and chipboard surfaces, plywood, etc.
For this type of lathing device, a metal profile is required, which is used for installation of plasterboard walls, ceilings and partitions. These are PN 28x27 and PP 60x27. These planks will be attached to the wall of the house using special hangers, which the craftsmen call "pawns".
PN and PP profiles
If it is necessary to mount a two-tier metal frame, suggesting the presence of a ledge under the roof or in the upper part of the wall, for connections of metal strips use special fasteners "crabs".They are designed for firm joining between vertical and horizontal strips. Self-tapping screws SMM 3.5x51, which experts call "seeds", are used as fasteners.
A visual diagram of the correct use of fasteners
Installing wind protection film
Step 1: drawing up a lathing scheme
At this stage of work, it is necessary to decide which the step between the posts of the crate will be optimal.
This distance depends on what material is chosen for wall insulation. If it is mineral wool in rolls, then the step between the frame posts should be 3-4 cm less than the width of the web. This will allow you to put the insulation in the openings between the lathing posts so that there are no gaps between its canvases.
Next, determine the location of the hangers, focusing on the following rule: the extreme "pawns" must be located at least 15 cm from the side, top and bottom of the wall.
Profile installation scheme
Step 2: markup
Apply the appropriate scheme markup.
Use a marker.
Step 3: mounting hangers
Using self-tapping screws wood and a screwdriver attach the hangers to the wooden wall of the house. These metal strips are placed horizontally, aligning the marking point with the center of the wide slot in the middle of the suspension. At the initial stage of siding installation, the perforated "legs" are not folded back, but are left pressed against the wall.
Step 4: installing the corner posts of the battens
How and how to cut the profile
How to make a frame for siding on the outer corner
This is how the corner looks like
Corner posts consist of two PP 60/27 profile strips connected at right angles.
They will serve as the basis for the installation of external and internal siding corners. When installing corner posts, it is important not to make a mistake, and set the angle exactly as needed: for outer corners with a ledge outward, for internal corners with a ledge inward.
Step 5: installing intermediate vertical posts of the battens
Attaching the metal frame post to the hanger
Profile attachment, side view
It is important that all vertical supports of the frame are located in the same plane. If you pull a thread between the corner posts, the installation of the intermediate posts will be easier and faster. The lower and upper ends of the PP 60/27 profile are inserted into the PN 28/27 guides and fixed with self-tapping screws.
Thus, the frame acquires the required rigidity.
Profile 60x27 abuts horizontal 28x27
Profile extension, fastening with self-tapping screws and connector
Step 7: installation of the frame for windows and doors
Longitudinal profile above the window
Batten profile installed around the window
Lathing on the lintel between the door and the window on the second floor
The metal frame around the window and door openings must be a solid frame, correct geometric shape that exactly follows the contours of the opening. It should be noted that the slopes and low tide should have a slight slope from the window installed in the house. Therefore, the frame is mounted in such a way that its vertical and horizontal strips are spaced 1-2 cm apart from the window lines. The same requirements are set for doorways.
This is how the doorway looks like, prepared for the installation of siding
Having figured out how to make a metal frame for siding, it is easy to mount a wooden crate. It is established according to the same rules. But other materials and tools will be required:
Lumber is necessarily treated with an antiseptic solution, which prevents premature destruction of wood. It is recommended to apply a double or triple coat of this composition.
The bars must be well dried and even. A plane is used to eliminate flaws.
Antiseptic for wood
The construction of wooden lathing for siding does not provide for the installation of guides. The ends of the uprights are interconnected with similar wooden bars.
Wooden lathing, option of fixing with suspensions
The racks are installed along the guide cords and using a plumb line
Wooden siding battens
Installation angled gratings
Installation of the remaining gratings
Siding is suitable not only for cladding walls and gables.
It is also suitable for plating the foundation. Since the basement is more often subjected to mechanical stress than walls and gables, it is recommended to mount a metal crate. Please note that each plinth siding panel must be installed on 4 vertical posts. The distance between them must be the same.
Sawing is performed using a grinder and a circle for metal with a thickness of 1.5-2 mm. It will work with both metal and vinyl siding.You can use metal scissors to cut panels and additional elements.
Step 1: setting the starting bar
The quality of all further work will depend on how correctly the starting bar is installed.
Therefore, this process must be treated with full responsibility. The starting profile must be installed strictly horizontally along the entire length of the wall. In order to fulfill this condition, self-tapping screws are screwed in the lower part of the corner posts of the crate so that the thread stretched between them is located strictly horizontally. It will serve as a guide when installing the starter profile.
It is important that there is a gap of 0.
8-10 mm between the planks when building up.
Setting the starting strip
Fixed corner and starting bar
Step 2: installation of the corner profile
The lower border of the profile must be 0 below the starting strip , 5-1 cm. When building up the corner profile, the side perforation is trimmed. The optimal overlap of the lower part on the upper one is 2.5 cm.
There should be a gap of 8-9 mm between the perforations of the upper and lower corner profiles.
If during work it was found that the length of the corner profile is not enough to sheathe the corner, do not rush to the store. You can use the starting strips already available. They need to be connected together so that the desired angle is obtained: internal or external.
Angle profile setting
Angle profile fixed
Step 3: decoration of window openings
If the opening is in the same plane with the facade, two vertical and two horizontal near-window profiles are installed.
Siding around windows
If the window openings are recessed into the facade, it will be necessary to install slopes and ebb. It is important to properly interconnect the near-window strips so that water does not get inside the facing layer.
Decoration of window openings
Step 4: installation of the first panel
Installing the connecting strip (H-profile), cuts must be made at the top and bottom so that the siding sheet from above and below goes into it
Siding panels are simply inserted into the H-profile with a gap of 5-6 mm
When attaching siding and any of the additional elements, it is necessary to leave a gap of 1-2 mm, without screwing the self-tapping screw tightly into the frame. Otherwise, the skin will deform under the influence of compression-expansion forces.
The end of the first panel is inserted into the corner profile and the lock connection of the starting strip.
After that, proceed to fastening the siding to the crate. When extending the panel, cut off 4-5 cm of perforation.
Installation of the first panel
Decorating the house with external siding
Rules for fixing panels
Installation of siding. Installing the first panel
Step 5: Panel set
During installation, the panels should be regularly checked for correct positioning using a bubble level of at least 80 cm.
Installation of horizontal siding
Step 6: Install the finishing strip
When you reach the top of the wall, you find that there is not enough space to mount the entire panel.
In this case, measure the distance from the lock fastening of the last installed panel to the top point of the wall. Then they take a new panel, apply the appropriate markings on it with a pencil and cut off the excess. Attach the siding to the crate and install a finish bar on top of it.
Installing the finishing strip
On the pediment, the last triangle is fixed without self-tapping screws
Under the window, everything is about the same - the uppermost bar is cut to size and simply snaps onto the lower siding lock
For the formation of slopes use a plastic or metal L-shaped bar (L-profile). Measure the length and width of the window block and cut the strips for the top, bottom and sides of the window.
In order to compensate for the difference between the thickness of the manufacturer's near-window strip and the width of the L-profile, two strips of the same length are required for each side of the window. One will be inserted into the other, which will simultaneously strengthen the profile.
Take one bar and attach it to the top of the installed window unit. Self-tapping screws SMM 3.5 / 51 are used.
L-profile is fixed in the same way along the entire perimeter of the window.
In order to form the protrusion necessary for installing the near-window strip, insert the same, similar length into the profile fixed on the window. But first, super-glue is applied to it. It is important not to forget that the profile to be glued must be dry and clean. The L-profile is inserted towards the one fixed on the window so that the short shelf joins the long one.
At the lower corner points of the window towards the crate, it is necessary to strengthen similar double strips of such length that it corresponds to the width of the slope required in this case. These double stubs should be on the previously installed metal shim.
Measure the required length of the near-window strip and cut it off with scissors for metal. On each side of the plank, you need to make a cut at an angle of 45 °, which will form a beautiful slope. Before fastening the planks, cut off the excess perforated abutment.
The near-window strip is inserted into the L-profile so that its rectangular perforated protrusion is closely adjacent to the lathing post located next to it. Attachment is performed.
The self-tapping screws used to attach the siding must be screwed strictly into the center of the factory holes. But the last top sheathing panel is allowed to be fixed directly through vinyl or metal.
Sheathing the house with siding
Finished result - sheathed pediment , spotlights installed
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