Floor impregnation - reliable protection

Floor impregnation - reliable protection Protective impregnation for wooden floors in the house

If in non-residential or the residential building has wooden floors, it would be wrong to leave them without a protective finish. Without it, the surface will quickly become dirty, worn out, moldy, or even damaged by a microscopic organism.

Treatment of a floor made of wood produced using various materials, and they will not only protect the surface and increase the service life, but also increase aesthetic performance, give a glossy or matte shine, a certain shade or color, emphasizing the beauty of the wood structure.

To understand how to handle a wood floor, one should take into account the purpose of the room, the peculiarities of the temperature regime and the regime of power in it, as well as the properties of the coating. Consider what are the best impregnations for a wooden floor in the house.

Why wood floor processing is required

The plank floor in an apartment, private house, on a balcony or even in a non-residential building is treated to protect against :

  • Moisture.
  • Corruption of microscopic organisms.
  • Mold.
  • Sunlight.
  • Exposure to low and high temperatures.

Wood is especially susceptible to deterioration by microscopic organisms and mold under conditions of high humidity levels, and therefore protection from moisture absorption will be extremely important. When the temperature, as well as the level of humidity in the room, changes, the wood will begin to absorb and release moisture, and because of this, the material will begin to shrink, deform and swell. Protective impregnation and coating with a varnish composition will, to a certain extent, reduce the importance of such aggressive factors on the material and help to make the product much more stable. Cover the floor surface on an unheated balcony, loggia or even a veranda to protect it from sunlight and moisture. In addition, any type of coating reduces the level of surface contamination, and increases its resistance to wear and tear.

Details

Varieties of materials for protection and treatment

The following materials are usually used for processing wood floors:

  1. Floor impregnation - reliable protection An antiseptic is required for all wood products to protect them from damage by microscopic organisms.
  2. Lacquers increase wear resistance and surface durability, and also protect against moisture.
  3. Oils should be selected if you want to protect the floor from absorbing dirt, enhance its aesthetic characteristics, and protect microscopic organisms from damage and moisture.
  4. After treatment with antiseptic impregnations or oils, wax is often applied, which will give the surface a shine, eliminate minor defects and irregularities, and also protect microscopic organisms from damage and moisture.
  5. If you want to cover the surface with a dense color composition, then you should choose a paint and varnish composition, under a thick layer of paint the board will be reliably protected from the sun, moisture and other aggressive influences.

Let's look at everything in order.

Antiseptic impregnations

Primary treatment by means of antiseptic impregnations for a wooden floor is performed at the stage of timber harvesting. After that, during the operation of the finished product, a similar type of processing is periodically repeated to extend the operational life. An antiseptic for wooden floors is required both for preventive purposes and for visible damage to wood by bacteria and mold.

In this case, various types of impregnations are used:

  1. Water-soluble formulations are distinguished by the absence of aroma, the speed of absorption and ease of application (even wet surfaces can be processed) .

    .. The formulations are completely non-toxic. They are used in residential and commercial buildings for processing frames, doors, fences and other types of lumber. The disadvantages include water-based antiseptics, which are not suitable for boards that come into contact with water, and even shallowly penetrate.

  2. Organic-based mixtures differ in penetration depth. There are many useful additives in their composition, but they will have a pungent aroma and require preliminary surface preparation before application. They are used in damp rooms, for example, in a bath or a cellar.
  3. Combined products are also on sale.

Please note that all antiseptics can be divided into transport, which are designed for temporary processing of wood during its installation and transportation, and long-term, which are designed to protect products for most decades.

Lacquer agents

This transparent type agent, after being applied to the surface of processing and drying, forms a strong film that gives the product shine, increases the resistance to wear of the floor, protects against rot, moisture and mold. Varnishes are produced on the basis of various resins, which are dissolved by volatile compounds. Acrylic copolymers, natural and synthetic resins, polyurethane are used as a base.

The following types of varnish compositions are used for wood surface treatment:

  1. Two-component and one-component water-soluble compositions. The most expensive and durable two-component varnishes, which are distinguished by the absence of aroma, as well as the speed of drying.

    Such lacquers increase the wear resistance of the floor.

  2. Alkyd-type compounds are able to emphasize the natural beauty of wood, and also increase the strength of the product. They are not suitable for high temperature applications, are difficult to apply and take a long time to dry.
  3. Polyurethane-based mixtures are the strongest and most durable.After their application, the resistance of the floor to wear will greatly increase, and the disadvantage of such a composition is that they should be applied to well-dried boards.

    Otherwise, defects in the form of bubbles and swelling may appear on the surface.

Next, let's talk about paints.

Paints

This durable opaque coating is made on the basis of acrylic, vinyl tetrachloride and polyurethane. Most often, acrylic and alkyd paints are used in houses, which have the following advantages:

  • They are very simple and easy to apply.
  • The floor surface is easy to maintain.

  • No specialized cleaning products required.
  • Each person is able to choose an affordable product.
  • Large selection of shades to make it easy to select a finish to match your interior.
  • A layer of paint, provided that it is properly maintained and is mechanically treated, will last for more than one year.

Please note that the drawback of paint will consist in a low degree of aesthetic appeal of the coating compared to wax, varnish and oil.

Moreover, the paint and varnish material will hide from people all the beauty of the wood texture, and the coating will lose its original natural appearance.

Oil-type impregnations

The impregnation of a wooden floor with oil differs from the use of a varnish in that it does not form a dense impermeable layer on the surface. The oil will be absorbed into the upper layers of the wood and increase the moisture resistance of the material and its resistance to wear. If you have wooden floors in your nursery, then it's easy to guess what to treat the surface with, if you have already studied all the features of oil impregnation. It is the oil that is able to fill all the pores of the wood and reduce the possibility of dirt and moisture getting there.

But at the same time, the natural appearance of the material and the beauty of its texture will be fully preserved. There are also colorless oils that preserve the natural color of materials and compounds that give the product the desired shade. Oil types of impregnation make it possible to obtain a pleasant-to-touch non-slip surface. This type of coverage is suitable for a living room with low traffic, for example, for children's rooms and bedrooms. But consider the fact that the oil treatment will need to be updated from time to time.

Wax

Floor impregnation - reliable protection There are special waxes for impregnating wood. They should be applied to the surface with a special roller, and then thoroughly rubbed in and sanded with a soft cloth. Waxing is required to increase the resistance of the floor to moisture, giving it a beautiful shade. The main disadvantage of such a tool will be its low resistance to mechanical stress.But keep in mind the fact that the wax coating is ideal for floors with defects in the form of small cracks, irregularities and crevices, because after its application, all such problems will be eliminated.

You will get a smooth, even and shiny surface.

What will determine the choice of protective equipment

Next, it is worth figuring out the best way to cover wood floors in the house. The use of varnishes should be discarded in such cases:

  • If the wooden surface has been previously treated with an oil composition. They cannot be disposed of even by cycling, because the oil will penetrate deep into the wood structure. If you apply a varnish composition to such a surface, then it will begin to swell and flake off.

  • Lacquers are not suitable for rooms with high humidity (veranda, bathroom and balcony).
  • Lacquer compounds are not used for treating the floor surface on a terrace, open balcony, gazebo or veranda.

Oil impregnations are not recommended for use in the following cases:

  • In a room with frequent changes in humidity and temperature mode, because it can lead to rapid deterioration of the coating.
  • Not suitable for heated floors.
  • The oil is not used on verandas, open balconies, swimming pools or bathrooms.

Due to the low wear resistance of the wax coating, it is not used for the floor in the country, in gazebos and open-type verandas. Wax is also not suitable for the bathroom. Consider the fact that the wax floor should be renewed 2 times a year. The paint is ideal for decorating the floor on a balcony, gazebo or veranda. High-quality paints and varnishes are used for the floor in a residential area.

Provided that the boards are treated with antiseptic impregnations, paint can be applied to the floor surface in the bathroom.

( 1 grade, average 4 of 5 )

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