Floor radiators for water heating - description, varieties. Heating of premises that are equipped with panoramic glazing or windows requires special solutions. One of the available and interesting options will be the use of floor heating radiators, which provide heating of the room, and are also able to prevent the penetration of cold and icing of the glass. Such a technique cannot be called popular, but in most cases it is the only real one (apart from the possibility of using thermal curtains).
In order to be able to choose the optimal heating radiator for a home or office, it is worthwhile to familiarize yourself in advance with the features of the devices, as well as their advantages, disadvantages and characteristics.
So, how do such devices differ from standard radiators that are placed under the windowsill and near the walls?
Floor heating devices are no longer a novelty, and have been produced for a long time, but at the same time they are not in great demand on the heating device market. The thing is that they are used if the room has panoramic windows. Classic radiators can be placed under the windowsill to create protection against cold air from the window and provide excellent heating of the room. As for the floor-standing radiator, such a device is usually used when it is impossible to install standard batteries. For example, the facades of most stores are made of glass cloth - this also happens in cinemas, buildings of exhibition complexes and other types of buildings.
They are heated using thermal curtains or floor radiators. Why can't you install conventional radiators?
There are several reasons for this:
- They are usually used to avoid cluttering the space.
- Often such radiators cover the facade - even if you use batteries with a center distance of 0.35 meters, they will still be too high.
- Conventional batteries can spoil the appearance of a panoramic facade - it will look terrible and the meaning of panoramic glazing disappears.
- Difficulties in installation - installation of conventional heating devices requires a wall mount and glass mounting is not possible.
For this reason, a room with panoramic windows is heated using low floor heating radiators. In extreme cases, ordinary radiators are used to warm up the room, which are supplemented with special floor stands. But this design can be too high. Low floor-type radiators are small in size - their height is rarely more than 20 cm, and with legs.
The connection method is side or bottom, depending on the selected model. Heating pipes to which the radiators will be connected come out from the side walls (if any) or from the floor.Most models are equipped with thermostatic valves and taps to limit heating.
Radiators for the floor, with minimal dimensions and height, will not obstruct panoramic windows, will not obstruct the view and will not be able to spoil the heated room. They are almost invisible, and their beautiful and extremely neat appearance will not spoil the interior, even the refined one.
The heat output of floor low heating radiators, depending on the type and number of sections, can reach several kW. The minimum height is 14 cm (with legs). What ensures the excellent efficiency of floor-standing devices, because their dimensions are so small? In fact, everything is quite simple - they can even be low, but wide enough. In this case, the heat output will be high, and in some models it corresponds to the performance of wall-mounted standard batteries with a center-to-center distance of 0.35 meters.
Built-in floor heating radiators can be made from a wide variety of materials. It can be steel, aluminum, cast iron. In addition, bimetallic models can often be found on sale, and therefore we propose to dwell in more detail on their properties.
Most popular on On the market, the models are exactly steel ones, because according to the data of the Yandex. The market is a frequently chosen model.
Steel radiators are usually quite compact, have a high thermal efficiency and pressure resistance from 10 to 16 atm. Their design is quite simple and may resemble the structure of old steel batteries that previously worked in multi-storey buildings. The advantages of such a device include low cost, and this is really the cheapest heating device that can be used for rooms with panoramic windows.
It will provide high-quality convection of heated air, as well as heat the room well. It is also worth noting the long service life - if you follow all the rules, then this is from 20 to 25 years or more.
If you want to buy inexpensive and at the same time reliable floor-standing radiators, then you should take a closer look at the steel models - they are capable of providing good heating and will not spoil the interior. By the way, they even include beautiful tubular models.
Bimetallic radiators made of copper and aluminum
The high heat conductivity of copper is its indisputable advantage, but such a material is extremely expensive, and this is a big drawback. To create an efficient and affordable heating radiator, experts decided to combine aluminum and copper into a single structure, and the result was a very good bimetallic radiator. The tubes in it are made of copper, and the fins are aluminum.
This appliance has excellent heat dissipation and is quite durable.Compared to the same radiators made of steel, copper models are much more expensive, but better in terms of heat transfer. In addition, unlike steel, copper will not rust and has a longer service life.
Bimetallic radiators in steel and aluminum
The combination sounds familiar, doesn't it? It is this combination of metals that is used for standard wall-mounted radiators. the floor models are made in a similar way and are very similar to their older brothers.
The heat carrier flows through steel tubes, and the heat transfer is carried out by means of aluminum fins. They are slightly cheaper than the previous version.
Aluminum heating radiators
Floor models made of aluminum in their construction resemble the most common models for wall mounting. You can find them on sale, but very rarely - most often they are made to order. Models made of aluminum are not able to withstand high pressure and do not tolerate the effects of aggressive heat carriers, and because of such shortcomings, simple and reliable bimetallic radiators are installed instead.
Cast iron radiators
Underfloor heating radiators can be made not only of copper, steel, aluminum, but even cast iron. Such devices cannot be called the smallest, because in fact, their size is quite large compared to the size of the same steel products. Most often, they are mounted as decorative elements to maintain the style of office or living space. They are not afraid of the effects of corrosion and high pressure, they differ in a long service life. As for the cost, it can be very high.
The disadvantage of batteries can be heavy weight and the associated complexity of installation work. In terms of their appearance and resistance to negative influences, they practically have no equal.
And what are the main advantages and disadvantages of floor heating radiators? let's look at a short list:
The exception is cast-iron batteries - they have significantly lower thermal power.
Certain models are not simply placed on the floor, but bolted to it or installed directly into the surface.
It will be more reasonable to lay pipes for such devices in the floor so that the heating system looks much more neat.
Of course, there are some disadvantages, but there are much less of them:
- To get the best result in terms of heating and heat output, it is best to do laying pipes in the floor, and this will create additional difficulties during the installation process.
- Heating is carried out only by convection - in certain cases, they will need to be combined with standard types of batteries that are installed along the walls or under the windowsill.
- There are difficulties in finding suitable models - as practice has shown, it will be much easier to buy a floor type radiator for water heating through some online store or order and buy from suppliers of specialized equipment.
- High cost of production - Compared to certain classic batteries, the price of floor standing models can be quite high.
To summarize, the drawbacks, of course, are present, but in most cases they are more than covered by a large number of advantages.
There is another type of device - a floor heating radiator built into the floor.
The presence of such heating devices that are built into the floor will only be indicated by the decorative grill in the floor. Floor heating elements, which are embedded in the floor, provide a more concealed installation of the heating system. Even from the name it already becomes clear that they are installed directly in the floor, and the heat output is provided through decorative grilles installed flush with the floor covering. Such devices can be installed directly in the doorway, and at the same time they will not interfere with the passage.
Their advantage is complete invisibility - from above you will see only a decorative lattice.
Due to this, they are often used for rooms with an exclusive design, where the placement of interfering and unnecessary elements should not be allowed. The main disadvantage is that such devices are placed in special niches, which is why the installation is best planned at the stage of building construction. Installing floor-mounted radiators in already built and finished buildings will create huge problems for you. This is not a completely standard solution, and therefore it may seem to you that the cost is overpriced.If you decide on such heating, get ready to spend a lot.
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