Installation of a frame from a profile for drywall
In the current construction market there is a huge range of profiles for building a frame skeleton from drywall sheets. It is extremely important to figure out which specific types of elements for the structure will need to be bought to work on high quality wall cladding, as they are used in reality. After reading this article to the end, you will learn how to correctly install a frame from a profile for drywall, as well as all the difficulties that may arise during work and how to cope with them.
Before making a frame for drywall sheets, you need to decide what exactly you will choose - wooden bars or metal parts. Both of these materials have their own advantages and disadvantages.
In modern construction, it is best to make a frame for drywall on the walls from a galvanized profile, as it is more durable and reliable. When working, much less waste will turn out, which means that a person will be able to save a lot on the purchase of materials. The advantages of the metal construction are:
Metal profiles have practically no drawbacks, and the only thing that can damage this type of structure is corrosive effects. But if all the operating conditions are met and the indoor microclimate is correctly created, then such a problem will not appear at all. Wooden blocks for the frame have an internal section with a size of 4 * 7 cm, and for elements of horizontal types, the section should be 5 * 3 cm.
Most often, only coniferous woods are used to create such material, but they will need to be processed in advance with a specialized composition. The advantages of this material include:
But these types of materials have a large number of disadvantages:
- The bars do not always have an ideal and even surface.
- Under conditions of high humidity, the tree will begin to swell and deform.
- The structure can last a maximum of 15 years, since this material is susceptible to the influence of fungal colonies, rot and insects harm it.
- Before making the frame, the tree needs to be processed with a specialized compound, which will result in additional budget spending.
Modern specialists give preference to work with metal products, and such structures will turn out to be strong and reliable.
For the person who first encountered the installation of the sheathing for drywall sheets, it is difficult to determine what is required for the work and when exactly it is required to purchase materials. In fact, this is a fairly simple task, since it is better to purchase all the parts that are made of metal:
There are also profiles for arches and corner frames, which are used strictly for their intended purpose. To fix the mesh from the profile to surfaces, you will need to use special fastening elements:
To strengthen the place where metal profiles begin to intersect, so-called "crabs" are used. For ceiling frames, you will need to use a two-level "crab".
Now let's talk about what is required for the work.
To create a metal structure, you will need to prepare such tools as a screwdriver, a hammer drill with a drill, a building level, a plumb line, a pencil, a tape measure and scissors for cutting metal. Please note that it is recommended to cut the profile with scissors, since the angle grinder destroys the galvanized surfaces of the material.
From sheets of such material as drywall, you can build any structure, knowing how to make a base. There are the most popular varieties:
Now let's talk about the algorithm for making the frame.
If you want to hide the unevenness of the room, then all manipulations must be started from the ceiling surface, and since there are no rooms where the corners would be even, then the ceiling is leveled, starting repairs from the walls is quite difficult.
If you first level the ceiling, then when working on the walls, all the gaps that appear will be covered. Work is carried out in such stages - marking, installation and fastening of profiles to each other.
This process must be started at the initial working stage above the frame from the profile for drywall sheets. How far from the ceiling surface the new surface will be located will depend on how much the owner wishes to lower the ceiling. Labels are required to be affixed with a construction marker.
Next, lay lines using a level and a ruler. It will indicate where you want to attach the guide type profiles. Draw a grid on the ceiling, and the sides of the cells should be 0.6 meters. This will become the plan for the ceiling frame.
Please note that before you build a frame for a metal profile for drywall, it is required to carry out the electrical wiring in advance, leaving at least 0.1 meter of cable in reserve. This will make it possible to easily connect all the nodes, as well as to install all sockets, lamps and switches according to the plan.
Marks on the wall surface are placed after determining the distance between the frame for a GKL profile and the main wall. The space that appears should be leveled with profiles and communications that will be hidden behind the finish, and after such manipulations on the ceiling, draw a line that will serve as a guide for rack mounting.
Interestingly, the closer the structure is to the wall, the more free space will remain in the room. From the top rail, which is perpendicular to the floor, lower the plumb line to define the structural boundary on the floor surface. Draw marks on the walls, opposite which the racks will stand. The distance between them must be at least 0.6 meters.
Also mark the places where you need to mount the suspensions. Marks should be every 0.8 meters.
Installation of the ceiling frame
Before starting to fasten all the frame elements, it is necessary to take into account that all sheets of material for the skins must be joined on the rack surface. The process itself is done as follows:
- The guide profile must be fixed according to the established markings.
- On each part of the square of the ceiling frame mesh, straight hangers are placed right in the middle, attaching them to the dowels. They will fix the main elements.
- The elements for the ceiling are inserted into the rails and fixed with self-tapping screws.
- Measure at 0.6 meters of the profile, cut and attach with self-tapping screws across the main profiles, and "crabs" are used at the intersections,
- The ceiling frame is leveled and attached with suspensions, and the antennae are bent and attached with self-tapping screws.
Let's consider a couple more instructions.
Construction of a frame for drywall sheets for an internal corner
Making a frame for external corners
Construction of shelves and niches
A frame from a profile for plasterboard on the walls of a room with the presence of similar structures, like shelves / niches / boxes, are made according to the same scheme. Guides are used to fix them on the walls. A niche height or shelves are made from a PS profile, and a reinforced ceiling profile is required for the lower structural part. You will see how to make a frame for an arch in the video.
In places where you plan to build a floor or a niche, the horizontal profiles need to be additionally reinforced, as they will yield to loads. To create a box that hides the sewer pipes, you will need to use a guide profile. It is able to serve as a fastening of the structure to the base. Simple profiles are enough to build the main frame. A hatch must be left in the place of the unit that is subject to maintenance.
It will provide easy access to communications.
Please note that when creating boxes whose task is to hide communications, you need to make doors. This will provide easy access to the nodes in case it is badly needed. The walls of the box should not touch the communication elements, and therefore the box is made with a small margin, which forms gaps.
A blind box can be made when:
There should be open access for:
This is extremely important.
If you use a profile material when installing a frame from a profile for drywall, then the structure will be reliable, and it can last for many years. The cladding perfectly hides all the flaws on the wall surfaces and makes it possible to equip the interior to taste. You can also add niches, shelves, and also make partitions in the room and create arches.
During the working process, do not forget that the cladding will take away a little useful area from the room.
This is extremely important for those rooms that are already very small.Despite the fact that wood frames do not harm environmental friendliness, they are used when building frames much less often due to the fact that the material does not have a long service life. They are used only in a room with a low level of air humidity, where the elements will not be covered with fungal colonies and rot.
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