The ventilated façade is a new, modern and mostly environmentally friendly material for the exterior of your home. It is also easy to install and operate.
Installation of any ventilated facade is carried out in three main stages: installation of the main frame, wall insulation and facing of the entire surface.
The type and capacity of the supporting frame mainly depends on the type of finishing facade material. The heavier the material, the stiffer and stronger the frame must be.
For siding, a profile will be sufficient, which is used to fasten drywall inside the house. Profiles are usually attached to the walls with special dowels or self-tapping screws on metal brackets. They are installed vertically and parallel to each other from the beginning of the eaves to the base. The distance between the guide profiles is maintained in such a way that it is equal to the width of the insulation plate .
This is done for a more convenient installation.
Sometimes, for lighter siding, standard wooden bars with the same thickness are used as the main guides. Also, they can be used for wooden walls, and this will significantly reduce the cost of the entire structure of the house.
The fastening of the guide rail must be started from one corner of the house. Initially, the brackets must be secured along their entire height.
Then screw the first profile onto them. At the opposite corner of the house, fix the second profile in the same way. After that, at equal distances, it is necessary to fix the brackets over the area of the remaining wall, excluding windows and doors.
Before fastening and installing profiles on them, it is necessary to pull a rope between the extreme guides. An important point, if your wall is more than 10 m in length, then level the metal profiles gradually.
The profiles are fixed with self-tapping screws on the brackets, constantly adjusting the distance from the wall along the rope. The final result should be a single flat plane. Therefore, the main frame for the rest of the walls of the house is assembled in the same way. At the corners, all structures must be fastened together - this will give integrity to the entire frame of the house.
The choice of the method of fastening the insulation to the facade depends from the type of insulation itself.
The vapor barrier membrane must be placed under any insulation. It is worth remembering that this must be done, since a damp or wet insulation will completely lose its protective properties and will no longer be able to keep heat inside the house. As a result, all work will be in vain. The membrane must be installed according to the instructions.If the film is laid on the wrong side, it will become simply useless.
Mineral or basalt wool is usually attached to the walls of the house using special plastic dowels. They have the shape of a hollow fungus with a fairly wide cap. Using a perforator, holes are drilled to a depth of 6 cm deep into the wall. Further, a hollow fungus is inserted into the holes, and a spacer nail is driven into it, while pressing the insulation with a mushroom cap. Usually 6 dowels are used per square meter.
Styrofoam and expanded polystyrene are glued to the walls with glue. It is necessary to make two rows of foam - this will exclude the formation of cold bridges in the future. In any case described above, all joints must be foamed. Some types of expanded polystyrene have special stepped ends, this allows them to be glued with an overlap. And this is the best option for rigid insulation.
A waterproofing membrane is attached on top of the insulation. It will not allow moisture and water to penetrate from the outside into the inside of the facade of the house.
At the end of all work, the insulation is completely packed in a bag made of a special membrane. Ingress of water and moisture must be completely isolated. In this case, the membrane ensures ventilation of the entire facade.
These properties are possessed by a modern superdiffuse membrane.
The method of fastening the cladding directly depends on the selected building material. The simplest option is siding and composite materials, which are screwed to the guides using ordinary self-tapping screws through special holes in the sheets. Other types of facade materials are fixed with special clamps. Each building material has its own characteristic, unique design feature.
Instructions for attaching these clips are included in the cladding kit.
Installation and installation of the cladding start from the bottom. Sheets of material are attached row by row until they reach the eaves of the house. On window and doorways, sheets are cut to the desired size. It should be noted that the main advantage of ventilated facades is a certain air layer between the insulation and the cladding.
This layer is created by attaching the second batten to the guides. And the facade material will be attached to it already. The result is a blown air layer.
After fixing all the slabs on the frame, the final stage of the entire installation of the ventilated facade is performed. Cover all corners and slopes with special additional details and elements.
They will give integrity and solidity to the entire structure of the house.
When studying and following the instructions for installing ventilated facades, no one is immune from some small mistakes. Below we provide some useful tips from knowledgeable professionals:
The seam between the slabs will change strictly vertically.
Installing a ventilated facade with your own hands is not so difficult. The main thing to consider is compliance with all building codes and regulations. Everything must be done carefully and take into account the advice from professionals. In this particular case, the result will delight you and your family. Correctly and competently mounted modern ventilated facade will improve the appearance of your wooden house, create a warm and cozy atmosphere in it.
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