Geometric wood carving for beginners (sketches, patterns)
Geometric wood carving is a difficult process that requires certain skills and knowledge from a person. This type of decorative and applied art over a long time of development was able to significantly influence the emergence of several main techniques that make it possible to make really unusual and beautiful sculptural compositions. To improve the skills of making geometric ornaments for wood, first you need to learn everything about the methodology of work and pay special attention to the sketches that are on the Web.
Lessons in woodcarving involve learning the basics of such arts and crafts. Through this, you will be able to master knowledge about the tools required for the workflow, the nuances in the choice of wood, the stage of preparation, the cutting methods used and precautions.
Carving on wood materials, patterned geometry often strikes with beauty, attractiveness, and the selection of appropriate tools is also required, for example:
It turns out that wood carving does not require a large number of tools, and often all work can be carried out even with a minimum set of devices.
There are several types of wood that can be used for geometric carvings:
Working with hard wood is much more difficult, even for the pros.
It is usually difficult to find fake blanks, and this is due to the fact that it is often used even by professionals. The main disadvantage of the compositions is that the material is pricked when cutting.
But aspen is an ideal option, which makes it possible to get really beautiful products.
For wood carving with geometric patterns, it is necessary to prepare a plate with the following dimensions in advance:
Please note that you will additionally need sketches of various geometric patterns that can be made on a wooden blank.
Beginners need to start with the grinding process of the previously selected board. To do this, use a ruler and a pencil to draw vertical and horizontal lines over the entire surface of the board so that you end up with even squares. Next, you need to draw the figures on the boards according to the selected sketch. The best place to start is with diamonds, pebbles, pyramids, whites, stars, rosettes, and squares. When using such a pattern, you can later create your own unusual ornaments.
There are a couple of basic cutting methods that allow you to make the main shapes of geometry on the surface of the wood:
Interesting fact! The first cutting method is used to make squares, while the triangle method is suitable for other cases. Geometric wood carvings can be created by combining the two.
Carving for beginners is fun, but at the same time very dangerous.
This is due to the fact that during the work process the master needs to use a lot of cutting and piercing tools. For this reason, it is required to follow safety precautions:
- Perform each movement from the wrist - this will greatly simplify the work and reduce the load on the shoulder girdle.
- The hand with the cutter should be firmly pressed against the working part of the piece of wood to help free hand movement.
- When the cutting process is in progress, the fingers of your free hand should not be on the workpiece, as otherwise they could be injured.
So, wood carving can be a safe process if you follow all of the above tips from the experts.
There are several main types of geometric patterns that are used for wood carving.These include rhombuses, pegs, whites, stars, pyramids, rosettes and squares. When studying all the nuances of creating each of the ornaments, the master will be able to connect them himself, creating unique and original works.
To carve, you first need to learn how to do simple actions, like pruning and tattooing. To do this, take a knife in your working hand, and your thumb should be on the beveled part of the handle.
First, you need to push on the cutter so that it goes deep into the tree a couple of millimeters. Next, lower the side knife blade according to the markings made earlier. In the same way, pierce the other side. Undercutting is done as follows:
Since the trimmed triangle should break off on its own after such actions, the resulting pattern is called a splinter during such actions.
The diamond is often used for geometric wood carving (according to sketches), and it is a very simple figure. It is made of a pair of triangles that are held together by bases.
Please note that the technology for making rhombuses on wood is similar to chips, but first you need to cut out the top row, and then the surface of the plank and proceed to the lower curly part.
There is another type of chips called viteika. It is obtained by displacing a pair of triangles on the sides of each other. So, doing a lot of vitekas, you end up with a winding pattern. To do this, you first need to cut out the lower triangles, split them off, turn the board over and start making the top row.
After that, a kind of snake will remain in the middle.
And this is the first difficult drawing that can be done with a wood cutter. It is made up of several triangles, which must be placed in a specific order in relation to each other. In the center between the three triangles there is a touch point for the corners. It is for this reason that when cutting, make sure that the cutting blade is always at one end in the middle.
Pruning should be done in the direction of the wood layer.
A distinctive feature of the asterisk - it is made of a huge number of triangles (more than in the pyramid). Despite this, the process for making such a pattern is generally similar. To cut the sprockets, you need to make 4 triangles, sequential one after the other on the workpiece, as described above.
Unlike the rest of the ornaments described above, the production of squares is carried out using another method called "straw".
The pattern can be used as a border for the entire work, or as part of a more pompous element of the drawing. Making a square is performed as follows:
- Step back from the markings by 0. 1 cm, and then at an angle of 45 degrees, deepen the knife into the workpiece by 0. 2-0. 3 cm.
This requires making cuts along the line.
- From the left side of the strip, you need to perform the same actions, but in a mirror image.
- At the end and the beginning of the line, a puncture is required, and the knife must be made vertically in relation to the board.
At the end, a piece in the form of a straw should fall off from the tree, and if you process all the lines on the squares in the same way, you will get an unusual pattern.
This is the most difficult ornament in geometric carving.
To make it, you need a compass. Using it, draw a circle with a large diameter, and then make the second one 0.5 cm smaller than the first. Next, you need to divide the circles into perfectly even 16 parts. Once everything is done, you need to mark the points in the middle of each segment on a small circle.
From such places, it is required to draw along a line to the points of a larger circle closest in each direction. At the end, when there is a markup, it remains to cut and split the triangles using the technique described above.
Carving wood with geometric patterns requires the following steps:
- Come up with an ornament.
- Apply the design to the surface of the piece of wood.
- Carry out layout.
- Cut out the simplest shapes.
- Create more difficult patterns.
- Removing rough spots with sandpaper.
It is not difficult to make geometric drawings on a tree. To complicate things, you need to connect many simple elements together, and we suggest additionally watching video tutorials on the Web that will help you understand how to decorate a box with such an ornament.
Any person can learn carving, and for this it is necessary to clear the theoretical material in advance. Then, on the basis of all the advice, you need to approach the process of getting practice. Once you're good at it, you can start making beautiful wooden items that are decorated with geometric ornaments.
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