Facades clad with artificial or natural stone, tiles or porcelain stoneware have a solid and prestigious look. Thanks to the many combinations of decorative slabs and mortar, facing with facing bricks and stones will always be relevant.
Correct grouting plays an important role in the aesthetic perception of the finish. This process is simple, but you need to know all its subtleties. It is important not only to choose the right grouting composition, but also to be able to work with it.
Stone grout, application
Fast and it is possible to properly fill the joints of stone and ceramic coatings only with the help of a high-quality elastic compound. The modern market of finishing materials offers a wide range of grouts. There are so many compositions for working with stone and tiles that you can get confused. Therefore, you need to know what are the criteria for choosing a quality product.
It is important to choose the right composition for grouting
If stone tiles were attached to the facade with glue, in most cases it is also used and for grouting.
Do the same with cement-sand mortar. But there is a line of products designed specifically to fill the seams between trim elements. This is grouting. When developing their composition, all the nuances of the operation of facing materials and all the factors affecting them were taken into account. Therefore, experts recommend using glue for its intended purpose, and filling the seams with material that is designed specifically for this purpose.
Products in this category are classified in depending on their composition. In accordance with this criterion, several types of grout for stone are distinguished:
You can choose a grout with different compositions
Any of these grout can be used for facade work. There are dry and wet mixtures. For facade works, given their large volume, dry ones are used.
These mixtures are prepared in the amount required to treat a site of a certain area. As a rule, you need to develop the composition within 30-40 minutes.
If you use wet mixes, during breaks in work, they can lose their main property: elasticity. This is another reason for choosing dry grouting for facade work.
Proper preparation and use of grout will provide excellent results
All manufacturers include additives in their products that provide frost resistance and moisture resistance.
There are pigmented grout in a variety of colors. There are mixtures into which you can independently add a dye and achieve the desired shade.But despite the wide selection of grouting, the technology for their application is the same for all types of compounds.
In order for the work to go quickly and smoothly, you need to properly prepare the grout. On the packaging of each product there is a manufacturer's instruction, which indicates how and in what proportions to dilute it with water.
But in any case, to make a wet mix you will need:
The seams are filled in three ways:
Slurry grouting method
Using the jointing
The first method is convenient because it reduces the time for cleaning the cladding and is suitable for processing coatings with any surface. When using a gun, a thorough cleaning of the tile is not required, since a properly prepared solution rarely gets on it.
Clean the gaps between the tiles with a stiff bristled brush.
Step 2. Moisten the joints using water and a spray bottle.
Step 3. Prepare the solution according to the instructions.
Step 4. Fill the syringe-gun with the solution.
Filling the gun with grout
Step 5. Pressing the piston of the gun, fill the tile joints with mortar.
The syringe can be replaced with a pastry bag
At the beginning of the mortar hardening process, jointing is started.
A special tool is used for this purpose: jointing. It is carried out with uniform pressure along the seam line, removing excess solution. The jointing is held almost parallel to the wall, but with a slight slope from it. This position of the tool ensures the removal of a layer of the same thickness, which is important for the appearance of the cladding.
Sometimes, instead of joining, the solution is leveled with hands
Excess mixture can be brushed off
The slurry method is only suitable for smooth and even tiles, as it involves the application of the grout compound over the entire surface of the finishing material. This approach requires a large consumption of the mixture. But this method of grouting has its advantages:
For slurrying you will need:
Grout preparation before use
Clean the seams.
Step 2 . Moisten the wall surface with water and a spray.
Step 3. Collect a small amount of grout on the grater.
Step 4. Spread the grout over the wall surface so that all recesses are completely filled. Continue until a certain area of the surface has been processed.
Step 5 . Reapply a layer of solution to areas where it is not enough.
Step 6. Thoroughly smooth the seam locations with a float.
Step 7. Moisten the tile cleaning sponge with water and wipe the wall surface diagonally to the seams. They act in this way until all excess solution has been removed.
Remove excess mortar with a spatula
Wash the wall with a wet sponge
Result of work
Step 8. If necessary, wipe the wall with a dry cloth.
The method of filling joints with a spatula is popular and traditional. Unlike sludge, the mixture is applied only in the area of the seams, trying to fill them to the full depth.
Grouting with a trowel provides a thorough cleaning of the cladding at the end of the work.
To accomplish this task, use not only a sponge, but also a damp rag. It is important not to waste time and wipe off the solution until it sets. Therefore, after processing each area, it is immediately cleaned.
This requirement is especially important for cladding with embossed surfaces. If the mortar is not removed in time, it will harden, and unsightly spots will remain in the grooves of the plates.
They will significantly spoil the appearance of the cladding.
Step 1. Prepare the grout mixture using a drill and a mixer.
Step 2. Clean the joints between the tiles with a stiff bristled brush.
Step 3. Moisten the seams.
Moisten the wall with a spray gun
Step 4. Put a small amount of mortar on a trowel or spatula.
We put the grout on the trowel
Rub the solution into the joints between the tiles. This process in the language of specialists has its own name: "coining". The solution is applied in two coats using the fresh-on-fresh technique.
Filling the joints
Filling the vertical joints with grout
Step 6 . Sew the seams.
Step 7 . Clean the surface of the wall.
Brush off the excess
An important stage of the work is the jointing.They start to it at the moment when the grout dries to a state of wet sand. Excess mortar is cut using the bricklayer jointing tool.
Any item suitable for this purpose can be used instead.
During jointing, the seam is given a beautiful relief and a smooth surface. During the period of solidification of the solution, it is periodically moistened with a spray gun. Freshly laid grout must be protected from precipitation and direct sunlight for 2 days. The easiest way is to cover the wall with plastic wrap, while ensuring adequate ventilation.
The high-quality RSS grout is intended for sealing joints between all facade cladding materials. The composition is made on a mineral basis, includes additives to ensure moisture resistance and frost resistance.
The mixture is sold in 25 kg bags. To prepare the solution, the contents of the bag are mixed with 3-4.5 liters of water and thoroughly mixed with a drill with a mixer.
RSS grout is easy to use: it does not flow, fills the joints evenly, and has good crack resistance. The mixture can be used for outdoor and indoor use.
Recommendations for using QUICK-MIX RSS grout
The Ceresit Super line of grout allows you to choose exactly the composition that is needed for the finishing of a particular material.
|Product name||Purpose||Characteristics and conditions of use|
Ceresit CE 40 Aquastatic
| For filling joints no more than 10 mm wide. For grouting glass, ceramic, stone, porcelain stoneware, clinker claddings. |
|Has water-repellent properties and increased resistance to dirt. The finished seams have a premium velvet surface. Complete hydrophobicity of the composition occurs 5 days after grouting.|
Ceresit CE 33 Super
|For filling joints up to 5 mm wide|| Moisture-resistant, frost-resistant, color palette includes more than 50 colors. Work using this composition is performed at a temperature not lower than + 5 ° C.
Ceresit CE 43 Super Strong
|For wide seams (up to 2 cm)||Moisture-resistant, frost-resistant, high-strength. It has a disinfecting effect and is resistant to deformation.| Ceresit Super construction grout
Kiilto Saumalaasti grout is intended for indoor and outdoor use. Made on the basis of cement with the addition of lime and polymers. Flexible, easy to apply and rinse off.
Possesses moisture resistance, heat resistance and frost resistance. Used to fill joints 2-6 mm wide.
For facade work, it can be applied to concrete and brick with a moisture content of up to 90%. The ready-to-use solution is applied with a rubber spatula; the drying time does not exceed 15 minutes. When preparing the mixture, it is important to observe the dosage of water.
If the norm is exceeded, the grout can be washed out within the first 5 days after application.
The freshly prepared formulation is alkaline and must be prevented from contact with eyes and skin. It is recommended to use a respirator when mixing the mixture.
Kiilto Saumalaasti grout
The Perel range of grouts offers a wide range of compounds, including mixtures for winter work with a high degree of moisture and crack resistance.
PEREL RL 5410 is one of the most commonly used mixtures for facade work.
The demand for the product is due to its high quality and ease of application. This mixture belongs to the category of decorative, used to obtain premium surfaces of tile joints. Used for finishing works with any finishing material. Suitable for filling joints with a syringe gun.
Advantages of colored grout PEREL RL
Preparation of the composition:
5-5 liters per 25 kg of dry mixture;
The prepared portion of the solution must be worked out within 3 hours. At the first signs of solidification of the mixture, it is re-mixed without adding water or any other components.
Colored joint compound
The FM quick mix grout has its own peculiarities of preparation: 25 kg dry requires only 3 liters of water. The composition is mixed until a homogeneous mass is obtained and the consistency of moist earth without lumps is achieved.
Thanks to the optimal combination of aggregates, the grout is easy and convenient to use.
FM quick mix
FM quick mix is available in 16 shades. The product belongs to the category of professional and has all the necessary properties for facade work: moisture-resistant, frost-resistant, durable. The mixture is made on a cement basis, environmentally friendly.
Quick-Mix FM grout.
Quick-Mix FM grout
FM quick mix grout
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