Brick is often the material for building a country house. It looks very elegant, while it also has a lot of useful properties - for example, it retains heat well in the finished structure. And even the finishing brick also brings considerable benefits, moreover, it also performs an aesthetic function. And to make the house even prettier, you can add additional decorative elements to the walls. For example, grouting the seams of brickwork looks impressive, and, as it turned out, brings considerable benefits.
Grouting of brickwork seams is the alignment of the joints formed during the bricklaying process, their decorative design, possibly applying an additional layer of mortar of a different color, which will effectively emphasize the correctness of the lines and the accuracy of the masonry itself. This is a peculiar way of decorating walls, thanks to which they will become more expressive and accurate. Grouting combines the horizontal and vertical joints formed during the bricklaying process into a single whole.
Where is the jointing used?
Grouting brickwork is necessary not only to decorate the facade of the house. It makes the masonry more resistant to weather conditions, increases its tightness, and increases the service life of the entire structure.
That is, it increases the density and strength of the masonry seam and allows you to give clarity to its pattern.
Note! Grouting may not always improve the appearance of the masonry. If the work on the construction of a brick wall was carried out carelessly and carelessly, then the curvature of the joints and walls, uncleaned pieces of excess cement and other shortcomings will not be corrected even by the best and carefully applied grout mixture.
Grouting decorative bricks
The main purposes of using grouting or jointing.
The use of grout mixtures, which have different shades (and their color range is quite rich), can emphasize the accuracy of the brickwork. Contrasting shades are often used, for example, in combination with dark brick, a light-colored grout looks good and vice versa.
Brickwork for jointing
Where can the jointing be used? After all, it is not always possible to see houses with such a finish, which means that theoretically you can do without it? Grouting is necessary if the walls of a brick house will not be further revetted or plastered.
Convex masonry joints
Tip! If the walls of the house will be decorated with grouting, then during laying it is necessary to use only whole and neat bricks without flaws. And the seams between individual bricks should be of the same thickness, although some masters make horizontal ones a little thicker than vertical ones - this is a kind of design move. In general, according to the requirements of SNIP, the thickness of the seam layer of brickwork should be as follows: vertical seams from 8 to 15 mm, horizontal seams from 10 to 15 mm.
Grouting is suitable for any kind of brick - building, facing. The main thing is that the bricks themselves are beautiful if grouting works are planned for an aesthetic purpose.
It looks very good both on the front walls of the house and inside the room. Grouting natural stone masonry can also be an excellent option.
Demonstration of the grouting process
Grouting of brickwork can be implemented in several ways. The effect that will be given to the walls of the building will depend on this. Let's take a look at the most popular of these methods.
Types of brickwork seams
Table. Methods for grouting.
|Flush|| This is the easiest way to grout joints and can be done even without a special narrow trowel. Grout, laid in the cracks, or ordinary cement mortar, protruding beyond the border of the brick, are simply removed from the wall with a trowel. After that, the seam is processed with a stiff brush.
|Concave|| In order to make exactly this type of grouting, you need a small spatula (called "jointing"), which will be used to work for filling the seams with the mixture and sealing it. It should not be long in order to be able to fill both vertical and horizontal seams with it. The cement mortar from the masonry is cut flush, and then it is passed through it with a special jointing trowel. Using the same technology, work is carried out with a special solution applied inside the seam.
|Convex|| In this case, the spatula should be arcuate, it is applied to the seam outward with an arc part, and the free space is filled with building mixture.
Then the spatula simply moves further along the seam, the process of applying the mixture continues.
|Rectangular|| But the rectangular method of grouting is more complicated. First of all, about 5-6 mm of mortar (sometimes even already dried) is taken out of the seams, and then the gaps between the bricks are again sealed with new mortar. Such a finish looks beautiful, but it is undesirable to use it for facade work, since it removes water poorly.
|Beveled|| Ideal grout option for those houses that are built in regions with a harsh climate.
In this case, the mortar inside the seams is not cut evenly with a sharp trowel, but at an acute angle of about 3-4 mm.
Types and methods of grouting
What may be needed to grout the joints between bricks? Not as much as it might seem. First, you need the grouting solution itself, which we will talk about the creation of a little later. Secondly, we need tools with which all the work will be done.
For grouting, you will need:
If the width of the vertical and horizontal seams is different, then two types of this device will be needed.
Tool for grouting brickwork
Note that these are some of the main tools that may be used. But in some cases, they may not be useful at all. For example, if you do not plan to make a curly gap, then you can simply remove fresh excess cement during laying with a trowel.
The color of the grout is determined after the laying is completely completed.
But in general, you can choose the color scheme even at the stage of choosing a brick. It is better to buy materials that are most suitable for each other in color, they should be in harmony with each other, and not cause a desire to immediately look away from the wall of the house. But designers often experiment with a combination of two bright contrasting colors, and such experiments often look very impressive and beautiful.
Contrasting grout for joints
Note! If there was no color scheme of the desired color, then you can wipe the seams with an ordinary cement-sand mortar. In any case, it will look pretty, as it has a grayish natural color that is in harmony with all other shades.
In order to prepare directly the mixture itself, with the help of which the grouting of the joints on the brickwork will be made, the following components will be needed:
Note: the volumes of materials are approximate, but will allow you to roughly calculate the costs.
To prepare the mortar, it is necessary to carefully sift the sand with a fine sieve, remove from it large fractions and possible debris. One part of the entire sifted material must then be mixed with two parts of dry cement, after which a little water is added to this composition and everything is mixed until a thick mixture of a homogeneous consistency with a construction mixer. Then the grout mixture is added, water, again everything is thoroughly mixed.
The finished mixture should be allowed to brew. After the solution swells a little, having absorbed the liquid, it is stirred again. That's it, the solution is ready for use.
Quick Mix series VK 01 - Masonry mortar with route for facing bricks
Cement and base mixes
The process of grouting brickwork joints, maybe and monotonous, but rather simple. Any person can do it, so the owner of a suburban area will be able to cope with this task on his own.
How to grind the seams of brickwork
Note! It is important to carry out grouting work only when the brickwork is completely completed. Otherwise, there is a risk of ruining all your work. At the same time, it is important to take into account the weather conditions during the work, the moisture content and the quality of the materials used for grouting - all this will significantly affect the quality of all work.
Step 1. Grouting of masonry joints should be carried out on a clean and prepared surface, preferably even that the cement mortar has already been dried.
First of all, the surface of the seams is cleaned with a brush from debris.
Step 2. Then the joints are rinsed with plain clean water from a hose. In addition, this procedure will make it possible to ensure that the brick itself does not draw water from the cement mixture.
Washing the joints
The grout is prepared according to all the rules.
Attention! If a ready-made grout mixture is used, then it should be prepared as written on the package. The above instructions are just a rough guide.
Step 4. The prepared mixture is placed on a large spatula, which is then placed close to the seam.
With the help of a narrow jointing, the mixture is neatly but quickly applied to the horizontal joints, in the process, slightly pressing into the inside of the gap to remove air from the cavity.
Applying the mixture to horizontal joints
The mixture is pressed into the joints
Another photo of the process
Step 5. It is convenient to fill vertical joints if you hold a little mixture in the palm of your hand.By the way, builders are advised to fill the vertical seams first and only then move on to horizontal ones.
Grouting vertical joints
Process of grouting vertical joints
After filling the joints with grout, its remains are removed with a brush. The work has been completed.
Removing grout residues
Attention! After applying the solution to the seams, it is important to immediately remove any excess, if any. Otherwise, they will freeze and ruin all the work. And you can form the shape of the seams when the solution grabs a little.
Grouting can be done not only on fresh masonry. Using this method, you can improve the appearance of an old brick building. This is especially true if the solution in the gaps has already begun to collapse, due to which the thermal insulation of the entire structure deteriorates.
If grouting is done on old brickwork, then you must first remove part of the old mortar (about 1- 2 cm). This is done with a chisel and hammer.
You can also wash the remnants of the old solution using a special apparatus that acts on the masonry with a powerful jet of water (for example, a mini-high pressure washer).
Pressure washer Skil F0150760AA
The solution prepared as described above is applied in the usual way inside the gaps. It is important to ensure that during the work the solution does not fall on the vertical surface of the brick - stains may remain.
Brick for the basement
You cannot choose a brick for the basement without understanding what kind of architectural element it is, when it is necessary and what requirements are put forward for it ..
. Only taking these data into account can you choose the optimal brick for the basement, take into account all the parameters and performance characteristics.
And finally, a few tips and secrets that will help improve the quality of work performed.
Decoration of the joints
If it is convex, then first vertical, then horizontal.
Mistakes when grouting
Grouting brickwork is one of the most durable ways to decorate the appearance of a brick wall of the facade. It looks very impressive, and all the work is easy to carry out on your own, without the help of specialists. And this is undoubtedly a huge plus.
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