Materials of the future - liquid rubber for slate, heat-wall and flexible stone. The manufacture of new building materials helps to achieve great success in the construction industry. People are constantly working in order to create new solutions that can simplify repairs and life in general.
We propose to consider three materials for construction, which are already successfully used by thousands of craftsmen.
This material is a completely natural and environmentally friendly building material, which is not only convenient to use, but also has many positive characteristics.
It would seem what a strange name, but it becomes quite justified and even logical if you look in detail at the structure of the mysterious material for decoration.
Sandstone is used as the basis for the production of such a stone - it also appears before everyone as a beautiful face of the product. Sandstone helps to create unique compositions in the interior. The pattern and shade of the sandstone used helps give a unique color to the future material. It is only 0.
1 cm of the total thickness and everything else is fabric, fiberglass and high temperature polymer. The sandstone should be finely chopped and then sanded to get a perfectly flat surface, and only then can it be attached to the textile base. After, when the material is ready, if it should be dried well.
Flexible stone is made entirely by hand, so it is quite expensive. It is done as follows - a fabric cloth should be glued to a natural sandstone surface, which will leave a thin layer of stone on the fabric.
After that, the canvas should be torn off and dried. Such products will be able to repeat the pattern and color of sandstone. Its thin stone layer makes it possible to provide the material with fire safety, strength, endurance to mechanical influences. Such a sample can be bent, due to which the current name was obtained.
The production of flexible stone makes it possible to obtain samples with different thicknesses, and also rolls can be made from it due to the fact that the base is very flexible, or tiles and products can be sent to the shelves of building stores.
The peculiarities of the technology process determines the obtained disadvantages and advantages of a flexible stone.
The material can be attributed to new finishing types, but from the first years it received many positive reviews not only from those who used it, but also from the builders themselves.
The constantly expanding production of flexible stone is due to its popularity. Excellent quality, excellent characteristics and appearance, as well as ease of installation could not fail to please the buyers and those who are laying this building material.
In fact, when laying this material on the inner wall, a technology is used that is similar to that for gluing wallpaper. The walls should first be cleaned, leveled and primed, and then a layer of adhesive should be applied directly to the wall and the material should be applied. The next strip of flexible stone should be glued with edges that are well warmed up, and this is probably the only difference from the work done with wallpaper.
The edges that are warmed up will be able to fit as tightly as possible and the seams will not be visible.
The structure of natural stone makes the material strong enough in properties. Aside from characteristics such as fragile structure and heavy weight, all the data allows the material to be used with convenience. Due to the influence of hot air, it will quickly take the desired shape, as it is incredibly plastic. Also on the positive side, we will attribute a beautiful appearance that goes well with different types of interior design and other building materials.
Sandstone trim is a unique material that is made from natural ingredients. Due to the small thickness of the stone, the weight of the material is small, and this makes it possible to carry out finishing work on surfaces made of wood, plasterboard, fiberboard and other materials that are not very durable.
Scope of application
There are special types of material that is intended for outdoor decoration. Such products have a thick stone table and high resistance to external influences. The scope is quite diverse.
Most often, it is chosen to perform cladding work inside the house, and sometimes for decorating saunas, bathrooms, baths, swimming pools, kitchens, sometimes for living rooms and corridors, everything largely depends on the design.
Since flexible stone is made of natural sandstone, it has all its advantages, namely, an excellent texture, intricate pattern, resistance to impacts of both low and high temperatures. Flexible stone, unlike monolithic sandstone, can be laid even on surfaces that have complex shapes with rounds and many bends. When laying on curved surfaces, the structure of the stone is not damaged.
With the help of the material, you can make facing of a fireplace, columns, window and door openings, arched structures.
Due to its excellent decorative characteristics, the material made from sandstone has become quite popular among many designers.There are more than 200 different similar products on sale that differ in structure and color. When using such a coating, it is impossible to create two identical interiors, so each room will have its own unique features.
Interestingly, working with such a stone does not require much professionalism, which is required for laying a monolithic stone. Everyone will be able to independently cope with the decoration using simple tools such as a knife, pencil, tape measure and glue.
Despite the small thickness, the material makes it possible to give the treated surfaces such a look, they will be created from a stone block. In this case, no joints will be visible, so there will be a feeling that the masonry is monolithic.
Now we can consider the second material of the future.
If we talk about this material, then it is made of three layers:
Since both inner layers of heat-walled blocks for finishing differ in structure, in order to prevent delamination, they should be fastened together using basalt or fiberglass rods. Depending on the strength of the material, thermal blocks are divided into several types.
This indicator largely depends on what solution was used during production and the grade of gravel.
Any insulation can be installed in thermal blocks. Cheaper materials are made using standard foam, which has a density of 25 kg / m 3 , and if a more expensive foam plastic is installed, extruded, then such blocks have a large power supply. Inside the heat wall there can be a homogeneous layer or with voids. The latter option is used in the construction of high-rise buildings.
At the same time, reinforcement will be installed inside the voids and filled with concrete for good reliability.
Since it is impossible to divide the block into several parts during the construction process, manufacturers try to please and offer many different options for configuration and size. This includes in-line, external, internal, ventilation belt, opening and half elements.
Advantages and disadvantages
Today, construction from this material is becoming more and more popular. For this reason, there are many reviews, on the basis of which the positive and negative sides of heat walls were identified.
So, this material has the following advantages, which are able to distinguish the material from alternative options:
But, like any other building material, the heat wall has some disadvantages, namely:
Helpful Hint: Before making a purchase, you should carefully study all products and documentation for them. It is best if a specialist who has experience in construction is engaged in this.
Now it's worth considering what are the nuances when building from thermal blocks.
Features of construction
The technology of block stacking is similar to that of aerated concrete construction. The only prohibition will be cutting the elements, in order not only to preserve a beautiful appearance, but also the internal integrity. The laying is carried out on an adhesive composition, the thickness of the seam in which is from 0.2 to 0.
4 cm. The closer the thermal blocks will be to each other, the better.This is how the heat will not escape through the seams. The adhesive should be applied with a notched trowel to the outer and inner layers of the block. But it is not required to apply the solution to the foam.
The vertical joints obtained from the installation should be processed in a special way. In the place where the insulation layer is located, they should be sealed with polyurethane foam. The inner and outer seam of the heat block should be filled with a construction gun. You should also be sure to reinforce the masonry on every 3-4 row. Although the manufacturer assures that reinforcement is not required, as practice has shown, when building a home, a reinforcing belt should be installed without fail.
So that it does not stand out much on the facade, it should be decorated with a belt block.
Dimensions and price
Usually, heating walls have three main dimensions, and this is 0.4 * 0. 4 * 0. 19, 0.
4 * 0. 3 * 0. 19 and 0.2 * 0. 4 * 0.
19 meters (the latter option is ideal for building an attic floor or a house in a warm climate). But the price for the material will be directly related to the size. One element, the thickness of which is about 0.4 meters, will cost about 300 rubles. In particular, 1 m 3 will cost 9000 rubles.
Heat blocks with a thickness of 0.3 meters will cost 200 rubles, and for 1 m 3 you will have to pay about 4000-4500 rubles. Ordinary colored blocks with air exchange will cost about 400 rubles, and unpainted parts are about 11% cheaper.
No matter how much material scientists create, slate remains unchanged and quite popular - it does not ignite, it conducts electricity, inexpensive and easy to stack. In order to improve the quality characteristics, asbestos, plastic and organic fibers are used in production.
Rubber slate is produced in the form of sheets with waves. They are based on waste from rubber and fabrics with the addition of twisted threads with a special density, which are made of fiber.
The advantages of this type are:
You can safely remove snow, leaves or unclog pipes.
Even with the strongest heat, there will be no harm to the roof, the rubber will not begin to melt, and will not emit unpleasant and hazardous odors to human health.
Interestingly, that 1 m 2 made of rubber slate will be 2.
5 times lighter than roofing made of asbestos cement.
There are no materials without negative qualities:
In severe frost, it will simply lose its former elasticity, become fragile and gradually begin to collapse.
Now let's talk a little about the technical component of rubber slate.
Rubber slate is easy to install on a regular flat roof, and on the one that has a complex configuration. At the same time, you do not need to hire construction crews or auxiliary workers, and if the volume of work is quite small, then it will be possible to cope with them even alone. Standard sheets that are released for sale have a size of 69 * 81 * 0.
4 cm. During work, the working surface becomes slightly smaller.
This will depend on the amount of overlap (which can be both horizontal and vertical). The wave height is 2.5 cm, and the length is 11.
5 cm. The weight of 1 m 2 material is 6.5 kg. The cost of 1 m 2 slate will be much lower than other roofing materials. The sheet will cost about 120-150 rubles, so it will even be possible to save money on the construction of small buildings.
Basically, the material is used for low-rise construction. It can also be auxiliary household / outbuildings, roofs for barracks and other small buildings. Such material is very convenient if you are planning to equip a garage, shed and gazebo in the garden. Installation work is performed in stages. Please note that during installation, waterproofing with roofing felt, which will be covered with modified bitumen, will definitely be required.
In general, there are no special secrets in editing, there are only certain subtleties. Minus few, but more than enough advantages.
As you can see, innovative materials are trustworthy and you can safely use them. Each of them has its own advantages and disadvantages, but the former are much more numerous and they more than cover minor inconveniences.
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