Most residential buildings, despite the striking differences in decoration, have classic architectural forms. Such buildings seem to us the most comfortable, attractive and, most importantly, correct. State-of-the-art, high-tech projects challenge these conservative foundations and redefine the possibilities of architecture. Unusual proportions, the absence of traditional elements, an abundance of space and light - all this combines an amazing high-tech style.
High-tech: house projects
Hi-tech houses cannot be confused with any others, they are so different in appearance.
Moreover, they are quite diverse, both in shape and size. These can be very small cube-shaped houses or spacious two- and three-story mansions, which are a complex structure of several geometric blocks.
Spacious high-tech mansion
Some houses cannot be described at all, you just need to see them. The characteristic features of this style also include:
A small hi-tech house - elegant, practical and economical
All structures are well-thought-out, basic the emphasis is on functionality, convenience and practicality.
Because of this, the interiors of many houses even seem too simple at first glance. At the same time, high-tech dwellings can be called the most economical in operation, which more than compensates for the high costs of building and installing high-tech communications.
The distinctive features of the "Hi-tech" line of projects are a flat roof and a large glazing area
High-tech style cottage project
Consider each parameter more in detail.
The architecture of buildings designed in the high-tech style has predominantly regular geometric shapes. Rectangular and cubic designs are combined in different variations, depending on the design.
Many protruding elements, wide awnings, niches. Roofs, as a rule, are flat or pitched with a slight slope, and also functional: in most cases, a sports field or a recreation area is equipped on the roof, where parties can be held. There is another option: the roof is partially (or completely) glazed, which saves on lighting and gives the interior an original look.
High-tech cliff house
Partial roof glazing home
Project of a high-tech house with a garage
The most demanded materials here are monolithic reinforced concrete slabs, ceramic blocks and foam block, brick is used much less often.
Many houses are erected using frame technology, and steel structures are filled with glued vulture panels. Tempered glass, polycarbonate, plastic are widely used for partitions. But natural wood is almost never used in the construction of high-tech houses, except in exceptional cases.
Experts tend to regard the emergence of high-tech as a poetic completion of the era of modernism and the apogee of the idea of "modernity" embodied in architecture
Unusual solution for high-tech style. The house is built from a wooden frame
In exterior finishing, priority is given to artificial materials - metal, glass, plastic.
The most popular cladding option is composite panels of various colors, including those with a mirror finish. Premium finishing is made of reinforced glass (matte, transparent, tinted), and more budget options include corrugated sheathing. At the same time, in one project, 2-3 types of finishes are used at once in order to visually emphasize the division into front and utility zones, a recreation area, and so on. Also, for combination, finishing made of natural stone, wood, porcelain stoneware, fiber-cement panels, plaster is allowed.
High-tech house with a hanging pool
Modern facade private house
Windows should be large, with a minimum number of jumpers or none at all.
The presence of a panoramic window on the entire wall is welcomed. In premium class projects, the facade is fully glazed, which not only gives a spectacular look to the structure, but also allows the maximum use of natural light. Increased requirements are put forward for glasses: they must be impact-resistant and reflect ultraviolet light, that is, have a special coating. Quite often, the windows in such houses are closed with metal roller shutters.
Frame house with panoramic windows
High-style one-storey house project -tek
High technologies are most actively involved in the arrangement of engineering systems.
Air heating, solar panels, a wind generator and other communications ensure high energy efficiency at home and comfortable living conditions for households. As a rule, the site has its own well, therefore the water supply system is autonomous and does not depend on external factors. Part of the communications is located in plain sight, including outside the building. At the same time, they have a special design and, performing direct functions, are at the same time a kind of home decor.
Combination of black and silver shades
The decoration is dominated by neutral and cold colors: white, black, all shades of gray and blue, cold green tones.
The facade can be monochrome, but more often a combination of two or three colors is used, including contrasting ones. Warm woody shades are also sometimes present, but only as an accent, and not as the main background.
Contrasting facade finishing
High-tech projects require complex calculations, so only a specialist should develop them. The construction process is also not simple: for the construction of complex and heavy structures, special equipment and relevant work experience are required. All this significantly increases construction costs, and therefore such a dwelling is by no means a cheap pleasure.
At the same time, technologies allow achieving maximum energy independence, that is, the house provides residents with heat and electricity in full. In the course of operation, the funds spent are fully paid off for several years.
Project of a high-tech house with a garage and a balcony
Like any other style, hi-tech has several directions. And although they are based on the same high technologies, in architectural terms they are expressed in completely different ways.
This direction has common features with the "loft" style, but is more technological in execution.
Main attributes: an abundance of metal and glass elements against the background of concrete walls, steel lintels, pipelines, as in industrial facilities. The main part of communications is carried out on the facade of the building. The decoration is made exclusively from artificial materials, the color palette is limited to a few cold shades.
The most popular direction ..
. The houses are distinguished by their unusual appearance and non-standard proportions. The simplest buildings are cube-shaped, but most of the structures are complex structures of multi-level modules in the form of geometric shapes. The most modern materials are used for decoration, an important role is given to the external lighting of the facade. The communications are hidden inside the building, the outer walls are smooth and plain.
The main emphasis is on for a harmonious combination of the latest technologies with natural materials. Architectural lines imitate natural forms, so there is no strict geometry and complex structures. Such houses fit perfectly into the surrounding landscape, and when developing projects, the priority is the environmental safety of materials and structures as a whole. For this reason, only renewable energy sources are used. The color scheme includes mainly light warm shades.
This direction in our country is still in little demand, but in the West such houses are not uncommon.
High-tech house with wood trim
Project houses made of profiled timber, hi-tech style
A harmonious combination of a hi-tech house and autumn landscape
It is difficult to build a high-tech house with your own hands, but anyone can stylize a finished building as a high-tech one. And even if the roof is not flat, but gable, it is not so difficult to give the structure an original and ultra-modern look, the main thing is to choose the right materials. There are a lot of options here, but one of the most successful is the combination of composite panels with plastered walls.
Example of a combination of plaster and facade panels
Aluminum composite panels
To make the facade look more effective, you can take different panels - light and dark, or with a mirror and matte surface.
First you need to draw a sketch of the house and designate each type of finish on it with a different color: the front area can be highlighted with light cladding, the living area with dark, and plaster everything else. The sketch will help determine the optimal position of the sheathing and the size of each section.
Tip. For ease of installation and economy of materials, choose flat sections of the wall without openings, niches and protrusions for cladding, then you do not have to cut and adjust the panels. It is better to leave corners and curved surfaces under the plaster, because it is much easier to apply the solution than to mount the frame with cladding.
Next, it is necessary to mark the boundaries of these sections on the wall and carefully take measurements in order to calculate the required amount of material. Of course, the area for each type of finish should be calculated separately. Be sure to purchase the number of panels with a small margin, since additional material may be required during installation.
Aluminum composite panels in different shades
Aluminum Composite Panels
Although cladding and plastering are done differently, the requirements for the quality of the substrate remain the same - strength, reliability, absence of defects. First of all, gutters, platbands, cornices, lanterns and everything else that interferes with work are removed from the facade.
Then they take a steel brush and process the walls over the entire area, cleaning off dirt, old paint, crumbling plaster. For greater efficiency, you can use a grinder with a brush attachment.
How to remove old paint from the wall
The next step is to seal cracks, through holes and deep grooves. To do this, use a cement-sand mixture (in a ratio of 1: 3). The slots are pre-embroidered, all recesses are cleaned of dust.
The solution is applied with a trowel, tightly clogged into the holes, the surface is leveled.
Step 1. Fissure splicing
Step 2. Application of primer
Step 3. Filling the crack with repair mortar
The crack is repaired
After the repair mortar has dried, the base is primed.
Wet processes should be performed first, as the solution may splash and stain other surfaces during application. Plastering can be performed directly on the base or on the insulation, if there is a need for thermal insulation at home. Consider an example with insulation.
The mortar can be made with ordinary cement-sand, but it is better to buy a factory-made plaster mixture with hydrophobic additives. Such a plaster is not prone to shrinkage and fits better on the base, the main thing is to observe the proportions during mixing.
Additionally you will need:
Step 1. The boundaries of the facing sections are marked on the wall and the vertical is determined using a plumb line. Then, according to the level, the lower border of the finish is outlined, which should be strictly horizontal.
Drill holes in the wall for fasteners with a step of 20-30 cm according to the bottom markings, insert dowels, bait the basement strip and apply a level. If the bar is located exactly horizontally, you can fix it with self-tapping screws.
Install the basement profile
Step 3. Dilute the glue in water, mix it with a mixer until homogeneous and leave for 5 minutes for the solution to ripen. After mixing again, apply the composition with a trowel on the first sheet of insulation.
The solution is applied in a wide strip along the perimeter of the sheet, and then in separate strokes in the middle.
Prepare adhesive solution
Mineral wool glue
Stirring with a mixer
Glue application rule
Add glue to the center of the slab
Step 4. The bottom edge of the insulation is placed on the plinth strip, aligned vertically and pressed firmly against the wall. The next sheet is fixed close to the first, the excess solution is carefully removed, and so on until the end of the row. The second row is glued in the same way, but with an offset of the seams by half the width of the sheet.
Each row is level controlled to avoid vertical deviation.
Installation of plates on the profile
Installation of subsequent rows of insulation
Level the slabs
Installing insulation around openings
Step 5. After completing the installation of the insulation, allow the mortar to seize well, and perform additional fixation with dowels. To do this, holes are drilled in each sheet in the corners and in the center, going deep into the wall thickness by at least 50 mm and dowels are hammered.
Mechanical fastening of mineral wool
Use a steel core anchor
The surface of the insulation is primed before plastering. The primer must be used with a quartz filler to ensure high adhesion of materials.
Step 7. Prepare the plaster mortar in the proportions indicated by the manufacturer. Next, they collect the solution on a spatula and apply it to the wall with uniform movements.
A mesh is applied on top, leveled and gently smoothed with a spatula from the center to the edges, gradually deepening it into the thickness of the solution. In adjacent areas, the mesh is overlapped by about 10 cm.
Plaster and adhesive mixture
Setting corner profiles
Leveling the plaster
Step 8. After the plaster has dried, the surface is rubbed with a plastic float with an emery cloth ..
. Grouting is carried out in a circular motion, firmly pressing the grater to the base. After completing the work, be sure to sweep the dust with a brush.
Step 9. The wall is again treated with soil, and after drying, they proceed to the final leveling.
This time, the solution is applied very thinly - about 2-3 mm thick, and carefully rubbed with a spatula over the base. Try not to leave streaks from the tool, streaks and scratches, the layer of plaster should be as smooth and even as possible.
Primer for facade
Applying a finishing layer of plaster
Formation of texture
The final stage is grouting with a polyurethane or metal float. Before grouting, make sure that there are no mortar residues or adhering grains of sand on the tool, otherwise there will be scratches on the plaster. It remains only to paint the finished plaster, but it is better to do this after installing the cladding.
Composite panels are attached to the battens, so they start with marking and installing rails. For the construction of the lathing, it is better to use galvanized U-shaped profiles.
Step 1. Peek out. 5 cm retreat from the edge of the plaster, determine the vertical and mark points on this line every 40-50 cm.
They retreat another half meter and repeat the steps, and so on to the edge of the designated area.
Step 2. A hole is drilled at each point, dust is blown out, a dowel is inserted. Next, a bracket is applied, a gasket (made of paronite or plastic) is inserted between the bracket and the wall, the fasteners are fixed with a bolt. All other brackets are fixed in the same way.
Assembly and installation of the bracket
Step 3. Now you need to fix the insulation. In the slabs, they make neat cuts with a sharp knife and string the material onto the brackets, threading the ears into the holes made. The boards should fit tightly to each other and to the base, forming a continuous covering without gaps. On top of the insulation, a windproof film is attached, laying adjacent strips with an overlap of 10 cm.
Installation of insulation
Fastening the insulation
Step 4. Mount the guides on the brackets, controlling the vertical with a level. The profiles are fixed with rivets - 2 for each bracket. Spacer plates (skids) are inserted into the cavity of the guide profiles, with which the panels are fixed.
Setting the vertical profile
The first panel is attached to the bottom of the frame, leveled, baited with screws to the profiles, both upper corners. Expose spacer slides at the side brackets of the plates and fix them to the guides with self-tapping screws or rivets.
Installing the front cassette
Fixing the cassette
Securing the slide
Step 6. The second panel is hooked with staples on the slide, the seam is leveled under the ruler so that its width does not exceed 12 mm, and the corners are fixed with rivets. All other panels are fixed in the same way, all the while controlling the width of the vertical and horizontal joints of the cladding.
Installation of the second panel
Installation of the second and subsequent rows is carried out without displacement of the seams, that is, each panel in the vertical row is located strictly over the previous one. After finishing the cladding, do not rush to remove the protective film from the panels, as the plastered areas are still to be painted.
Cladding with facade cassettes
So, the facade has already noticeably changed, there is very little left to finish. First of all, you need to choose a paint for the plastered areas. You can, of course, use decorative plaster, but the embossed texture is not suitable for high-tech style, the surface should be perfectly smooth and monochromatic.
The best option is water-soluble paints based on acrylic or silicone.They are the most durable, resistant to abrasion and adverse conditions, and have excellent hiding power.
Facade paint on plaster
As for color: white, light gray, blue-gray are best suited. Here you need to take into account the color of the cladding, for example, if the panels are pearl gray, then it is better to paint the plaster white, for contrast. With black or bright blue panels, gray plaster in the color of concrete is in perfect harmony.
Before painting, the wall must be cleaned of dust and primed. It is most convenient to paint with a roller or spray gun, especially if the finishing area is large. Typically, the paint is applied in 2 coats to get an even deep color. You should start working only after the plaster has completely dried, and always in warm, dry and calm weather.
Painting decorative plaster
After painting the wall, the protective film can be removed from the panels.
Now the facade has a completely different look: the house seems more effective and modern. You can add some touches, for example, hang metal shutters on the windows.
Construction of metal protective roller shutters
Roller shutters for windows
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