Home decoration method (making planken)

Home decoration method (making planken) How to make planken with your own hands - a method of decorating a house

The construction market is always replenished with new materials, and inexperienced developers find it difficult to independently navigate such a variety of materials. In addition, companies use obscure names to increase material sales and increase their value.

Very often, such an advertising campaign works, and the profitability of a commercial type of activity increases without much effort. We propose to consider how to make a planken.

Planken - what is it

So, what is planken.

It is a simple board made from different types of wood, planed on four sides and chamfered corners. The thickness is approximately from 2 to 2.4 cm, and the length is from 2 meters and more, taking into account the technological characteristics of the manufacturers.

Depending on the forms, the material is produced in two types:

  1. Home decoration method (making planken) Straight. The angle between face and edge is 90 degrees.

    We do not recommend using it for cladding houses for certain reasons. So, in a small gap between the boards, a lath of wood is visible. Secondly, water from rain gets through the horizontal type slots without problems, and wood structures will become wet, and the result will be rapid decay. This is in a good scenario. This material is recommended for the manufacture of all kinds of decorative fences, as well as furniture.

  2. Beveled. The angle between the face and the edge is approximately 45 degrees, and this view can be used for external decoration of the facade walls, due to the parallelogram, moisture is excluded from entering the cracks.
  3. Wedge-shaped. The thickness of the material varies in width, and also has an unusual appearance and no more.

Next, a little should be said about the cost of such material.

Planed boards have been known to builders for many years, and now such a board has been called planken and they are trying to pass it off as a new building material. For comparison, you should take the cost of European-type lining, as well as larch material. Such proportions of value will be the same for other types of wood.

There are other points as well. For production, only a four-sided planer type with straight cutters is required.

They are easy to make, and it takes a little time to sharpen, and it is much easier to expose flat cutters, I eat with complex profiles used to create lining. Moreover, electricity losses are greatly reduced due to the fact that less wood will be removed. As a result, the actual production cost will be much cheaper than the lining. How can you explain the high price? There are two reasons for this. The first is the lack of understanding by inexperienced builders of the production technology and price creation mechanism.

The second is a successful advertising campaign. Both reasons ultimately force builders to buy material with fairly low performance at a fairly high price.

Details

Where planken (beveled) is used

Such material is made from natural wood of different species, and this is a completely safe material. True, to improve the appearance and protect against decay processes, surfaces are impregnated and coated with special compounds, paints and varnishes. It is not recommended to use paints - the attractive real wood pattern will be lost.

Planken can be used for:

  1. External cladding of concrete, brick and wooden façade walls. Sheathing is done on new buildings, and during major repairs or complete reconstruction. Due to the new type of facade, you can completely change the appearance of the house, and the old building will get a modern look. For cladding by means of planken there is no need to restore the bearing characteristics of the foundation - the cost of work will be significantly reduced.
  2. Interior wall cladding.

    The design of the room resembles a natural country house, which is considered a very fashionable trend at the moment.

  3. Creation of furniture from natural wood, production of decorative elements.
  4. When building fences and decorative fences. The designs have a wonderful design, but for the price it is not affordable for everyone.

For cladding the walls of the facade, it is recommended to use the overlap method for wedge-shaped and straight or beveled planks with metal elements fastening.

The features of the beveled plank profiles exclude moisture from entering the structure and make the places of fixing the boards to the supporting frame invisible. How to properly sheathe the walls?

Step-by-step instructions for cladding the facade with a planken

How to make a planken yourself? So, let's take, for example, an old wooden blockhouse, for example, how to sheathe its front walls with a beveled plank. The fixation technology has certain features that are associated with the special requirements for the cladding. For fastening, galvanized steel profiles are used. There are two types of elements, "Wave" and "Snake", this is one long or a couple of short ones.

The long one is attached across the entire width of the plank, on one board to the left from the center of the vertical carrier rail, and on the second from the right side. If we talk about the "Snake", then it has short elements that are fixed with an offset of two on each board.

There is no fundamental difference in technology, and for example, let's take elements from the "Wave". Installation requires a cordless screwdriver or even a drill with an extension cord, as well as secret self-tapping screws with a length of 2 and 4 cm, a square, a pencil and a ruler. The size of the gaps between the individual boards can be controlled with special factory plastic fixtures.

If they are not there, then strips of 3 to 4 cm long, up to 1 cm wide and 0.3 cm thick should be cut out of plastic.

They should be applied after approximately 1.5-2 meters of the board ..

. Prepare the necessary tools, free up space around the house.To facilitate the work, you should make a small table, and on it you need to screw the screws into the boards.

  1. Home decoration method (making planken) Calculate the area of ​​the facade walls, purchase materials with a small stock. At the same time, you should buy metal elements for fixing, self-tapping screws.

    Boards should be attached at a distance of 0.6 meters, why so close - you will find out later. Taking into account the distance, the number of rails and fasteners should be counted.

  2. Good advice! If you do not have the opportunity to buy planken of the same length as the walls of the building, then you should not join the segments in one vertical line, this is very ugly. Make seams in opposite places across the board.

    It is necessary to take into account this moment when fixing wooden slats, and also increase their number.

  3. Inspect the wall surface of the façade and mark the locations for the vertical battens. If there are large indentations or protrusions, it is worth removing them by any available method.
  4. Attach the battens to the wall surfaces. The lumber is approximately 2 cm thick and 5 cm wide.

    The fixing will lock on both sides of the center and a very narrow batten may crack.

  5. Install a pair of slats at the ends of the wall, the distance to the corner should be no more than 10 cm. Slats at the same distance are also required near each door and window opening. The verticality of the position should be checked using a plumb line or an accurate level. If the slats do not fit tightly to the wall, then you should use different pieces of boards for the lining.

    If you install boards on a brick wall, then it is advisable to impregnate the slats with any types of antiseptics. Impregnation is not necessary for timber structures.

Please note that the lower ends of the rails should be on the same horizontal, and all other rails should be set along this line. The point is that the lower edge on the first row of material is fixed by means of a square to the rack ends. In the future, such a place was covered with materials for the basement decoration.

Yes, it is not difficult to make a planken. Pull the rope between the extreme rails, and also check its distance to the walls at the attachment points, and, if necessary, trim everything. Install all the slats, and the position of the slats is much easier to adjust using the perforated elements, and they should be fixed near the wall, and the position of the slats is adjusted using the mounting holes.

At this stage, the preparation work can be called completed, and you can proceed to the direct installation of the beveled type plank. Remember that the boards can only be attached horizontally, as otherwise moisture will enter the cracks.

The installation technology has nuances, and this should be taken into account when carrying out work.The bevels should be joined so that the top board covers the bottom one

Installation of a beveled planken

Competent manufacturers treat the surface of the wood with antiseptics, if the boards are ordinary, then you need to soak them yourself. End joints should be treated with a special impregnation, and there are a lot of them in hardware stores. Sheathing should be done only in good weather conditions, and if the material is not applied immediately, then it should be stored in covered areas. The final coat should be done with a high-quality outdoor varnish, and should be at least two layers.

When choosing the length of the boards, try to keep them no more than 3 pieces in one row, and up to 15% can be spent on trimming. Remember this when calculating the cost of the material for the facade sheathing. The strips are fixed by means of a hidden fastening - the metal elements must be screwed in with self-tapping screws with a hidden head. Two screws 0.3 * 2.

5 cm is attached to the board and one screw 0.4 * 4 cm on a vertical rail. Do not forget that the joining of the boards must be orderly.

Fastening with nails

The method is simpler, and each board is fastened with two decorative type nails. True, the opinions of designers about the advisability of using this method differed, and some consider the facade to be beautiful with vertical rows of nail heads along the height of the facade wall, while others do not recommend using this method.

Decide for yourself which method suits you best, because designers do not live in such a house. You build it for yourself and do only what you like only.

Fastening with an overlap

Boards should be fixed with screws or nails only in the upper part, and the lower one will cover the heads of the previous hardware. In this way, a straight or wedge-shaped plank is installed. Advantages - the plating process will be accelerated, if necessary, you can quickly change the boards.

The disadvantages will be the consumption of expensive material. Depending on the width of the overlap, the consumption will increase by 10-15%. Design metrics do not have a single-valued score.

Recommendations

You know how to make planken with your own hands, and now let's talk about practical recommendations. When cladding the walls of facades, it is recommended to reduce the distance between the vertical slats.

The standard distance is 0.8 meters, and we recommend setting from 0.55 meters. Why? Let's compare planken with clapboard. Separate boards of the lining can be connected to each other "tongue-groove", due to which the position is fixed along the entire length.

Do not believe the tales of planken manufacturers that in such places the lining can crack when deformed.

Not so, because it is this method of fastening that will guarantee the preservation of the plane under any operating conditions.Planken boards are not interconnected, and the technology will also provide for the presence of mounting type slots, individual fastening, and fixation is carried out only on bearing vertical rails. Like other lumber, planken can deform when humidity changes, situations arise when one board remains flat, and located near it bends with a propeller. Such actions make the upholstery process more expensive and increase the time spent on construction work.

If you will sheathe baths with planken, then you should definitely follow the effective simple ventilation. Do not cover tightly the lower edge in the first row, there should be air vents at the top near the rafter system. You should not rush to make the final decision on the method of finishing the walls of the facades, and you should weigh your wishes and possibilities, the advantages and disadvantages of building materials.

( 4 marks, average 3.75 of 5 )

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