The architectural styles inherent in Western countries are now very popular among domestic developers. In elite Russian villages, you can increasingly see houses stylized as French Provence, English classics, luxurious Baroque or ultra-fashionable high-tech. But ordinary homeowners are especially fond of the German style, which is characterized by a combination of restraint and comfort.
German style house
Facade of a German style house
The inhabitants of Germany are known throughout the world, first of all, for their practicality and frugality, and these features are reflected in the architecture of residential buildings. Such buildings at first glance create the impression of reliability and comfort, special home comfort without any frills.
House with a veranda with German style
German style has the following features:
Various wooden details give the appearance of the task their own individual and unique style
A traditional German house is rectangular or square and can be one, two or three stories high. Modern options allow for the presence of extensions and some asymmetry of forms, but in such projects a lot of attention is paid to the correct proportions. To expand the usable space in houses, an attic, bay windows are arranged, and there is often a basement floor.
In shape, most of the German country houses resemble a regular cube, that is, the height and width are almost equal.
The porch at the entrance is usually low, of modest size, with simple wooden railings. The terrace, if present, is quite small, but most often it is absent. Small, regular geometric balconies are found in almost every two- and three-storey house. In classic buildings, they are always open, but in more modern projects, the advantage is given to closed-type balconies, including those with panoramic glazing.
Small balconies - a feature of the style
Roofs of German houses are most often gable, with wide overhangs, covered with tiles.
Complex roofs or hip roofs are rare, mainly in large mansions with numerous outbuildings.
House with a gable roof
Entrance doors are rectangular shape, the top can be glazed. The main entrance is highlighted only with a contrasting color - it is not accepted to use other decor. The windows are also rectangular, small, with thin perpendicular lintels. Shutters are rarely used, and even then only as a decoration.
Doors and windows
For building houses In the German style, red brick, natural stone, cinder block and ceramic block are widely used, and for frame structures - glued laminated timber, sandwich panels and DSP. A very common option is when the first floor is built from brick or stone, and the second from wood. Traditional finishes are plastering and painting. The walls are plastered smoothly, textured compositions are used in rare cases. The plinth is faced with natural stone or its imitation - this is the most popular finishing method.
For the roof, all types of tiles are used, less often corrugated board.
German houses are characterized by very restrained colors, and bright accents in exterior design are rare. For walls, they usually choose beige, sand, white, sometimes light green or terracotta. At the same time, wooden decor almost always has a rich dark brown color, which contrasts favorably with the walls. Also, for contrast, shutters and entrance doors can be painted bright red or blue.
The color of the roof, depending on the type of roofing material, varies from red-brown to dark gray.
Gray roof on a German-style house
This architectural style has several directions, the most significant of which are German Gothic and Fachwerk. Gothic refers to the chateau style and is more suitable for luxury mansions. But in Germany there are a lot of small houses, stylized under the Gothic style and distinguished by an unusually colorful look. They have high pointed roofs with the same pointed canopies over the porch, narrow, vertically elongated windows, pillars of stone or brick at the entrance.
The plinth is also high, lined with roughly hewn stone. All this makes the house visually higher and gives a presentable, uncommon look.
Finishing the plinth with stone
Fachwerk is considered the most famous trend, and for many it is he who personifies the traditional German style. It is very easy to identify half-timbered houses by the wooden beams that divide the facade into small sections of regular shape. The beams intersect at right angles and diagonally, creating a unique decor that is characteristic only of this style.
Such houses look solid and unusually colorful, even in spite of the simplest decoration.
Large two-story house in the German style
Fachwerk refers to frame construction and today it is the most advanced technology for the construction of timber frame houses.The structure is based on solid wooden posts, horizontal beams and diagonal braces, and the space between them is filled with various building materials with sufficient heat capacity.
Wooden decor elements
Half-timbered houses - German style
Initially, for the construction of half-timbered houses, ordinary logs and wooden beams of various sections were used, and the sections formed by them were filled with straw mixed with lime and clay (like adobe buildings). Later they began to use stone and fired bricks, sometimes boards.
Now the frame is made of laminated coniferous lumber, and modern materials are used to fill the sections - sandwich panels, DSP, aerated concrete, various insulation materials. At the same time, the frame elements always remain in sight, regardless of the method of finishing the facade.
Such houses have significant advantages:
Spectacular view of a half-timbered house
Cozy German house
True, the fachwerk style also has disadvantages:
In addition to the construction of half-timbered houses, there is also a more practical option - exterior decoration for half-timbered houses. Firstly, absolutely any standard-shaped house can be stylized as a half-timbered house. Secondly, it is not difficult to perform the imitation on your own; no special knowledge is required for this. Thirdly, such a finish will be cheaper than, for example, siding facade cladding.
To simulate the frame beams, ordinary wooden planks treated with protective glazing compounds can be used.
Painted facade boards
The rougher the material, the better, false beams made of artificially aged wood look especially impressive.Boards must be at least 10 cm wide and at least 2 cm thick, always even, without cracks and rot, with a minimum number of knots. The moisture content of the sawn timber should not exceed 20%.
False beam artificially aged
Polyurethane boards are an excellent alternative to wood. This material does not need to be protected from precipitation, insects and microorganisms do not damage it.
Polyurethane is much more durable than wood and less hassle during use. Polyurethane boards can be bought in any building supermarket, and the choice of such products is quite wide.
Decorative polyurethane board
Finishing can be done on brickwork, plaster, insulation. If the walls need to be leveled, an excellent solution would be the sheathing of the DSP house with the subsequent installation of false beams.
To properly prepare the walls, you must first remove all unnecessary and check the quality of the base.
Therefore, the first step is to remove the facade decor (if any), platbands, gutters, lighting devices, and then thoroughly clean the walls from contamination. You can use a wire brush or grinder with an abrasive attachment. After cleaning, cracks, chips, empty seams in the masonry and other defects are clearly visible on the walls.
Cracks and deep recesses should be repaired with cement mortar, as for small irregularities, they will be hidden under a layer of thermal insulation. If areas affected by a fungus are found, after stripping them, they must be treated with an antifungal compound or any chlorine-containing agent.
After the repair mortar has dried, the walls must be primed, and it is advisable to choose a primer with antiseptic properties and containing a quartz filler.
If the walls do not need either leveling or insulation, you can start finishing immediately. We will consider the option with insulation. One of the most popular methods is foam sheathing: the material perfectly retains heat, and the installation process does not require much effort. Foam plates are fixed with glue and additionally fixed with mushroom dowels, for reliability.
Facade insulation scheme
Step 1. Determine the lower border of the sheathing and draw a horizontal line along the perimeter of the house ... According to this marking, a starting bar is attached to the dowel-nails, on which the first row of insulation will rest.
Assess the geometry of the facade
Cut a triangular fragment of the starting profile
The integrity of the dropper must not be violated
Attachment of the starting profile
Adjoining profile setting
Window protection foil
Step 2. Stir the assembly glue and start attaching the foam.The glue is applied in a continuous strip along the perimeter of the sheet and pointwise in the center, after which the foam is applied to the wall, leveled and pressed. Be sure to check its location with a level to avoid distortions.
Applying glue to boards
Each next sheet is fixed close to the previous one so that there are no gaps. The installation of the second row is carried out with an offset of the vertical seams, for which the first sheet in the row is cut in half. The rest of the rows are mounted in the same way, periodically checking their horizontal level with the level.
Installation of plates
Installation of insulation in the corners
Plates with corner zones
Step 4. After the glue dries, the insulation is fixed with mushroom dowels, drilling neat holes in the center and corners of each sheet.
The dowel caps must be slightly recessed so that they do not protrude beyond the plane of the foam. Next, the unevenness at the joints is cleaned, the gaps are blown out with foam, if they are still formed, the entire surface is primed.
Filling the gaps with foam
Trimming excess foam
Reinforced anchoring areas
Step 5. Mix with fresh adhesive and apply over the foam with a notched trowel. A reinforcing mesh is laid on the solution, smoothed with a spatula, deepening into the thickness of the mixture by a few millimeters.
The mesh canvases are overlapped with each other and carefully leveled so that the joints are not visible. After the surface has dried, grout with medium-grain sandpaper.
Step 6. Prepare a plaster mortar and apply it to the walls in a thin and even layer. Special care is needed here, since any flaw will be clearly visible.
When the plaster has set, it must be wiped with a metal or polyurethane trowel.
Setting the corner profiles
Mesh overlap at the joints of the profiles
Smoothing the adhesive layer
Stirring and primer application
Plastering the facade
Shaping the texture
Finally, the walls need to be painted. It will be difficult to do this after installing the decor, because you will have to paste over each board with masking tape so as not to stain it with paint. The color for the walls must be selected taking into account the color of the boards, because they must contrast with each other. Classic half-timbered houses imply light walls and a dark frame, this combination is more harmonious.
Step 1. First, you should draw a sketch of the facade on paper and think over the location of the decor elements.
Sketch of the facade
In traditional half-timbered houses, the lower part is encircled by a solid beam, which is called binding. Beams must be installed at the corners of the facade, and to strengthen the structure, they are rigidly fastened with strapping with braces (corner man). If the wall is more than 6 m wide, another vertical beam with braces on both sides is installed in the center - the central man.
Strapping beams are also attached to the top of the walls and between floors.
The layout of the boards on the wall when imitating half-timbered houses
Elements of classic half-timbered houses
An important element of the half-timbered building is the "St. Andrew's Cross" - two diagonal strips, fastened in the form of the letter "X". Most often it is located above and below the window openings. Additional rigidity to the frame is provided by the crossbars - short horizontal crossbars between the posts.
Fachwerk. Decorative elements
Symmetrical cross hair
Tip. Fachwerk imitation does not require exact observance of these conditions, because false beams are not subjected to any load. At the same time, well-positioned elements create a more believable look and bring the finish closer to the true German style.
After working out the sketch, it is necessary to markup directly on the wall. Vertical and horizontal lines are drawn strictly according to the level, because even small deviations will be noticeable from afar. Having completed the marking, it is necessary to prepare the boards: first they are cut according to measurements in length, the ends of the braces are cut off at an angle, and they are treated with protective compounds.
Step 3. Each element is thoroughly impregnated on all sides and air-dried.
Next, 1-2 layers of dark paint are applied: traditionally, in a half-timbered frame, beams are painted in dark brown and black, which effectively contrast with light plaster. Instead of impregnation and paint, you can take a glazing antiseptic with a dark shade - it will not only provide reliable protection, but also preserve the natural texture of the wood.
Tip. There are no strict restrictions on the color scheme of the frame, and there are houses with red beams, dark blue, light brown. The most important thing is that the boards do not merge in color with the walls, because then the whole point of finishing is lost.
Step 4. Take the first board, apply it to the wall and mark the attachment points along the marking line. Putting the decor aside, drill holes in the wall, remove dust, fix the false beam in place using dowel nails. In the same way, the rest of the elements are fixed, carefully aligning along the marked lines, until the layout is completed. The hats of the fasteners must be sunk into the wood by 1-2 mm so that they do not protrude above the surface.
Installation of decorative elements
Variant of using decorative boards with pins
Neat wooden pins harmoniously complement the composition
Appearance of decorative boards and pins
Appearance of installed decorative elements
Step 5. To improve the aesthetic appearance, the recesses in the fasteners should be sealed with a waterproof sealant. For these purposes, an acrylic-silicone composition is perfect, which has excellent adhesion and resistance to deformation. The sealant can be color-matched or painted over after it dries.
So, quite economically, you can give your home a completely new look.
Here you can experiment with color, wood texture, layout options. The main thing is to do everything as carefully and accurately as possible to observe the proportions, otherwise it will all look more comical than attractive.
Posted By: Work Style |10, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |10, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |13, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |13, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |12, Nov 2020