Layout of a house from a bar + photos, projects and construction
No matter how simple one or There are many potential problems and common subtleties that are important to consider when building a house. In the construction of buildings high on one floor, there are a number of features, and when using a timber, the rest of the specifics are added, which cannot be ignored.
Consider the layout of a house from a bar.
Single-storey buildings of houses from a bar have one extremely important feature - they are made from elements with strictly defined length, and it is impossible to change it arbitrarily in principle. Only a rational sawing scheme and a careful approach to unfolding parts makes it possible to slightly correct the situation.
It is required to take into account the fact that from the standard length of the brought timber from the sawmill, it will also be necessary to subtract a certain part, which will be spent on the cutting. If one of the walls is made slightly smaller, then the remaining lumber, in order to avoid wasteful spending, is important to use when building the remaining planes. The fact is that the usual approach, according to which the main increase in the area will make it easier to place all other objects, will not work here.
Wooden houses from a bar, if their main territory is enlarged too much, try to resemble a bee hive. When buying a very long bar, you still need to cut it with care to work with the leftovers.
The rational beam length, which is used in the floors, can be from 4.5 to 5.5 meters.
The exact figure will depend on the depth of cut and the type of material used. The result is that such a scheme will need to be drawn up before starting work, and in such a way that not the slightest part of it will change in the future.
Start with the formation of a large house panel, without taking into account the consumption of timber for the notch. So it will be much easier to choose a competent layout, sorting through different options.
Later, it is important to transfer the model to paper, and the drawing should contain:
The response of partitions to humidity drops and air warming should be synchronized with the rest of the building as a whole. Optimally, this requirement corresponds to a wooden beam with a thickness of at least 5 cm. In order for the installation of door blocks to proceed according to the rules, the thickness of the partitions must be at least 0.
1 meter. This size also does not include the finishing layer. As always, the windows face the lighter side (almost always south or east). It is imperative to take into account what is the location of buildings already proposed and existing in the future, even seasonally or temporarily used.
Laying out a building plan assumes that you leave some spare space to form garden paths.
As a rule, house facades and adjacent buildings are installed on the same line, and exceptions are extremely rare. It is also important to take care of the proportionality of the dimensions of all the buildings being created. Only when all the moments have been worked out, it makes sense to determine the target belonging of individual rooms.
Timber log houses are much more popular at the moment than classic products , such as log cabins. Even the warmth and quality factor are no worse if all modern technologies are applied correctly.
Nevertheless, great attention should be paid to the selection of suitable materials. In a large number of cases, residential houses for permanent residence are built of coniferous wood.
Most of the projects involve the use of pine, which will surpass:
- Cedar from Siberia - in terms of the main cost of lumber.
- Larch - for the ease of processing and loading on the base.
- Fir - by strength.
- Spruce - according to its own visual beauty.
It is important to start designing either with a general drawing, or with an exemplary photo of the option you like (in this case, explanations can be introduced). It is important to make a house sketch of both a city and a country house as detailed as possible, which will simplify the work of designers, and then builders. In a huge construction site (houses 10 * 10 or 9 * 12 meters), you can make 2 bedrooms at once, an additional storage room and divide the sanitary unit without reducing its parts. It is important to pay attention to the placement of a boiler room and a mini-laundry; in the house of responsible modern people, a site for a gym is almost always provided.
In the internal layout of a house from a bar, even if its size is 6 * 4 meters, you can select the corresponding corners , if you are extremely scrupulous about the organization of space or provide for the formation of an attic. To make your work easier, after choosing the placement and functionality of the rooms, you need to draw corridors that allow everyone to make life more convenient. Certain parts of the drawings need to be connected, and this is how the initial scheme is obtained. If the required footage turns out to be very large and does not fit into a small house measuring 6 * 4 meters, it is important to actively use the space of the second or basement floor. In small buildings, spiral staircases are most often made.
A classic one-story house may have an unheated attic. For a dacha building, which is used only seasonally, this option turns out to be quite economically justified. On the drawings, each floor is entered separately, that is, along with the general plan, there should also be a drawing for floors. If the developer does not provide such documentation, this is a tangible reason at least to check his work more carefully.A veranda in a house made of timber 10 * 10 meters can cover both one and several facades.
Taking into account the Russian climate, solutions with large panoramic windows around the common perimeter are not always suitable. Decorating railings are used on the open terrace, and their height varies from 1 to 1.5 meters above the floor. Alternatively, you can use a similar log lift, from which you need to carefully cut the pattern. The opening of an extension in a house of 7 * 8 meters can be glazed, and this will help protect the room from precipitation.
The type of roof is selected individually, taking into account the territorial features and nuances of the project. In a large number of cases, a gable roof is installed over buildings with a size of 9 * 9 and 10 * 10 meters.
The advantage is obvious - the installation is carried out without special tools, and the material is relatively inexpensive and reliable for a long time. Hip roof is used relatively rarely, since its equipment is complex and expensive, sometimes it is required to attract specialists. But in terms of stability and reliability after installation, this scheme has no analogues, no equal.
In addition, it is considered the most beautiful and can withstand even strong wind gusts.
Log houses with a garage are planned so that a built-in or attached parking lot protects the coldest house area outside. It is important that it is important to make roof structures lightweight, since the bearing wall capacity is relatively weak. Excessive loading will almost inevitably lead to deformation of both logs and rafters. It is imperative to calculate the likely overloads of the structure.
The rafter system will be assembled using pre-prepared projections and grooves. Next, install the side bars of the upper row, and a bar with a cross section of 10 * 15 cm is used for their bundle.
You can stand a one-story house from the bars with your own hands simple enough. Most of the professionals suggest using a 15 * 15 cm bar for this, but if the goal is to save money and refuse to hire workers, you can reduce one edge to 10 cm.When choosing the right foundation for a house from a bar, you should be guided by the instructions of special literature.
But this does not mean at all that you can ignore the information that will be received from neighbors and from the previous owners of the site. If the risk of heaving is small and the water runs deep under a wooden one, even light supports can be installed under the house.
The project of planning a house from a bar requires mixing concrete by hand, however, this takes a lot of time, and it will be much more practical to use inexpensive concrete mixers. Their acquisition will be repeatedly justified after some time. When pouring the ground tape part, it is important to use a solution with increased density, as well as to install a reinforcing frame.
Lumber crowns are tied with wood dowels, in order to save money, you can take board trimmings left over from previous construction for them.All inter-crown gaps are filled with special insulation.
Here you will need to choose either practical and more expensive solutions (that is, ready-made rolls), or economical and laborious sphagnum moss. To form jambs, you only need to use straight bars, ideally without a single knot. When performing all the work, it is important to focus on the most common technology, since a full-fledged recipe is not within the power of all professionals in wood processing.
To make the processing of timber easier, use a workbench. The initial crown is half a tree, it is important to use a circular saw for work. If there is not enough depth, use a hacksaw. Leave the gaps between the elements very sensibly, they provide an opportunity to organize the vents. Their placement at a certain height above the ground increases the ventilation efficiency.
The linings must be installed, because after the plank decay, the replacement will be much easier than for the lower rims.
Regardless of the selected tree species, only material with the lowest probable moisture should be used. Glued timber is much more profitable and more practical than an unprepared option. This is wonderful, and it is not only easier to build from it, but shrinkage is also excluded. When they take simple wood that is not prepared, door frames and windows are equipped with special grooves that give a uniform draft.
When ordering commercial services in construction and design, it is important to pay maximum attention to the prepared documentation.
The style of a log house does not have to be in the spirit of a chalet. Here is one of the bright, beautiful projects, and the beige walls set off the exquisite red roof. The porch and the corridor located behind it will divide the housing into approximately two identical parts, and one of them is reserved for housing, and the second for technical needs, as can be seen from the dimensions of the window frames.
Structural parts that are closer in color are shown in the photo.
A light gray roof with a whimsical shape will perfectly match the facade, which is decorated with graceful unusual elements.
The roof raid over the outer contour of the house makes it possible to create an impromptu terrace, and the porch is small, and the color of the walls should be intentionally discreet. Here is a slightly different approach - instead of a complex binding of the facade elements, a cross-shaped support element is used.
The beautiful snow-white wood of the main structural part is extended with visually beautiful railings along the edges of the terrace. A rich blue roofing material on two slopes is the main color accent in this solution.
And here the roof and walls are made in the same color. But the facade is more elegant, although it is covered by the roof structure that has been pushed forward again. Even the gutter pipe is of interest, and the dark-colored frames are in perfect visual harmony with the darker basement finish, the coloring of the steps on the two porches is the same.
Posted By: Work Style |01, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |06, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |08, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |06, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |03, Nov 2020