Glued timber houses - reviews, examples, advantages and disadvantages. Despite the fact that there is a huge amount of building materials, timber is still in high demand among those who wish to build a private home. Often builders propose to use glued beams rather than logs for the construction of a cottage. The fact is that it almost does not shrink, is durable and does not crack. But is this material really so good?
Reviews of the owners of the house made of laminated veneer lumber are ambiguous.
Some owners of country houses do not like this material, while others believe that there is nothing better in the world.
Glued laminated timber is a structural, high-tech wood material. It is made from several layers of wood lamellas (boards, fragments), which are first put into bags with the required thickness, and then glued under a press. At the end, the material is ground and profiled on a machine. The lumber is intended for building low-rise cottages and other small buildings in a summer cottage.
It is used to create load-bearing walls, floor logs and roof rafters. From it you can build not only a house, but also a garage, a gazebo and even household yards. It is also used to make pieces of furniture, stairs, windows, doors and other joinery products.
In the manufacture of laminated veneer lumber for the construction of private houses in factories of the Russian Federation, the following types of wood are most often used:
The production of timber implies a complex, deep processing of raw materials. They use everything - even the scraps that remained after sawing the tree, and at this stage of sorting the lamellas that have received defects are rejected or simply cut out unsuitable areas from them. Thanks to the unique gluing technology, it is possible to use even not very large fragments.
In the end, the best quality lamellas are brought under the press without damage. Before gluing them in the form of a bar, all lumber goes through a preliminary stage, namely drying in a chamber. The resulting product, after being placed in a log house, no longer warps, since there is little moisture in it, which means that there is simply nothing to evaporate under the sun. Compared to a profiled log house, glued laminated timber is slightly stronger and smoother when manufactured. During operation and storage, it does not warp, and after drying in the chamber, its humidity ranges from 8 to 17%.
Note also that the shrinkage of the walls of the house made of laminated veneer lumber, according to the reviews of the real owners, is completely excluded. They can settle by a maximum of 1% per year. Compare - a structure made of a solid profiled beam or a rounded log with natural humidity will shrink by 11-15% over the same year.The lumber in question has a high structural strength due to the fact that before glue is applied to it, the ends are milled. The surfaces that are glued acquire a serrated profile, which guarantees a very strong bending connection of the boards.
Glued beams are divided into:
The walls of the house are made from the second option. The first is used to make furniture, windows and doors.
The third type of timber is used to create load-bearing supports, frames of stairs and roofs, floor beams, and so on. The edges of the lumber for the walls can be either flat or with tenons to create a strong connection. The rest of the views are made in section rectangular or square without cutouts.
Along the profile of the working side, the most common types of glued-type wall timber for the home it is Finnish (Scandinavian) and a comb. The second option has small rectangular denticles both below and above the beam.
When laying, these cleats help create a secure connection. But keep in mind that if the material is of poor quality, but the teeth on the material may not coincide with each other, and then you will have to spend a lot of time on fitting.
In a Scandinavian-type timber, together with the combs, during profiling, a thorn-groove knock is created, which has a depression in the middle. Such a profile makes it possible to lay a layer of insulation into the existing recess, and this will be completely invisible from the outside. As a result, a Scandinavian-style log house will be warmer.
In addition, it will have to be repaired less, which will speed up the construction process.
Glued laminated timber for the internal structure for assembling the walls of a structure made of wood, you can buy the following types:
The insulated version has a layer of insulating material.
If you use this type of material, you do not have to buy an additional layer of insulation for a wooden house. But keep in mind that the standard option - not insulated - is much cheaper. If the thickness of the timber makes it possible to do without additional insulation, then it will be more profitable to purchase it.
For the price, the curved version will cost 70-100% more than the analogue with the same section, but without curvature. But keep in mind that without this material it will be difficult to create curved shapes in the interior of the house.
This material is both a decorative beam and a structural material with a high level of strength. It can be used to make stairs, arches and other interior structures with bends.
Glued laminated timber of the supporting type in cross-section can be up to 30 cm. Products for the manufacture of windows have a width and thickness of approximately 8-9 cm, and for doors approximately 12 cm.Wall glued laminated timber without a layer of insulation in the section has dimensions from 10 to 18 cm, and the thickness of the insulation in the case of purchasing a similar material with a layer of thermal insulation is 27 cm.
When choosing glued laminated timber for a house, according to the owners' reviews, the main attention should be paid to the following aspects:
Please note that the thinner the lamellas are used for gluing, the higher the strength characteristics of the material will be and the more durable the housing will be.
This lumber is not afraid of water. Moisture is harmful to the wood, but the adhesive layer between the timber boards will not collapse. If suddenly there is a stratification of the material, then you bought a defective material that was glued together with glue, the expiration date of which has long expired.
In the manufacture of lumber for housing in Russia from laminated veneer lumber, adhesives are used, which are based on polyurethane or melamine. The fact is that there is no phenol in such adhesives, and if there is formaldehyde, then in minimal quantities.
Therefore, you can safely use these types of glue and not worry about the health of your family. The source of phenolic and formaldehyde fumes should be sought elsewhere. In houses from a bar, a huge amount of finishing materials is often used. Most likely, it is they who will exude harmful substances. Non-woven wallpaper, linoleum, paintwork materials - look for the reason for the pungent smell and deteriorating well-being in them.
But this only applies to quality materials. Before making a purchase of laminated veneer lumber, you should ask the consultant for certificates, which indicate absolutely all the characteristics of the product. This type of building material should be bought only from manufacturers who use high-quality adhesives. This will be your guarantee that there is no phenol in the lumber, as well as that the material is not defective.
The advantages of profiled glued beams include:
It is interesting that the assembly of a house from a laminated veneer lumber can be done even without using special equipment, you only need the help of a friend, and this is a big savings.Although the material for the construction of walls will cost a lot, you can save money on the construction crew, and this is already a lot. You will definitely be able to do everything yourself.
But there are some disadvantages:
This building material can only be called environmentally friendly. In a bar, even in minimal quantities, there is still synthetic glue, but the good news is that it does not cause serious harm to human health.
If you look at the photos, the houses look great. But let's talk about something else - the reviews of the owners of houses made of laminated veneer lumber diverge, since someone ascribes undeserved disadvantages to the material, and someone over-praises it.
The main disadvantage, which many agree with, is the excess of the MPC for phenol and formaldehyde, since it is impossible to deny the presence of fumes from the glue used. But the fact is that the fumes are never phenol-formaldehyde. If there is an unpleasant odor at home, look for the source in furniture or decoration.
The main mistake of all those who are dissatisfied with houses made of laminated veneer lumber is the complete absence of forced ventilation in the house. Walls made of this building material are simply not designed to allow air to pass through.
In this kind of cottages in the West they always create a forced ventilation system, but in Russia everyone is used to the fact that there is a natural one, which is why the whole problem.
Anna, 30 years: "My husband and I have a house made of timber, which we built 5 years ago. We have never regretted choosing this particular material, and not, for example, brick, which turned out to be very profitable for our means. We decided to make foam insulation on the outside, we also planned to use polyethylene foam, but a friend who was engaged in construction dissuaded and advised only foam plastic. Fortunately, we really have warmth in winter, and in summer the house is pleasantly cool.
Sergey, 45 years old: "I was building a house of laminated veneer lumber. Outside I sheathed it with siding, and for interior decoration I used water panels. Do not forget that the material is alive and breathes in it. It's always warm at home in winter, children run around in shorts and T-shirts, and in summer it's not stuffy, they didn't even buy an air conditioner.For me, this material has only one drawback - there is a lot of dust from wood in the house, to which I am allergic, so choose furniture and light colored floors and wet mop more often.
Mark, 27 years old: "Now I am building a house from glued beams. Why exactly from this material? Because as soon as construction is completed, it will be possible to immediately enter the house, and for me It’s important for the wife - a quick replenishment in the family and I would not want to carry the little one to a rented apartment.It is also pleasing that the material does not crack. The main thing is that you choose a good supplier who will sell only high-quality timber. A good material may not even be insulated if its thickness is from 18 to 20 cm, and the glued timber is also durable, does not start to mold and does not rot.
I will try to push and soon we will move into our house. "
Inna, 32 years old: " I used to live in an apartment, but the children are asthmatic, so it was decided to sell the apartment and leave the countryside. Fortunately, my income is enough for construction. Since I cannot do everything myself, I turned to different companies, even went to the factory to personally control the choice of material. Relatives helped, and the owners of the company showed me all the documents I was interested in.
Now the house is under construction, but I have no doubt that my family and I will feel comfortable in it. "
Maxim, 50 years old: " Oddly enough, glued laminated timber is the best material, albeit expensive. He will definitely not let you down, and you will not expect an unpleasant surprise. Another plus is that no finishing is required. Even if you just paint the house, it will already look amazing.
Eugene: " I don't know how someone can consider glued laminated timber beautiful, but this is a matter of taste, let's omit. Firstly, it gives off by the industry, and secondly, finishing will be required in any case. You still have to caulk everything, otherwise he will lead. "
Alexander: " Are you really ready to live all day in a wooden house? Okay, if you just stay in such a house, but living constantly is hell. My family lived in such a house, and they were constantly uncomfortable, so they sheathed the walls with plasterboard from the inside.
Valery: " And the price does not suit me. The cost of the material is just awful! Do you understand that building a house from the same aerated concrete will be almost 2 times cheaper? Then it makes sense to buy an expensive material, especially since aerated concrete is considered breathable ... Remember that you have to spend money on decoration, furniture, communications, such a thing can cost you 7-8 million.
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