How and with what to sheathe a wooden house outside? Panels, clapboard or stone: Pros and cons + Video

How and with what to sheathe a wooden house outside? Panels, clapboard or stone: Pros and cons + Video Today, wood remains the classic material for cladding of small structures. But if you want something new, for example, composite cladding, then the question arises, which of the various options for cladding materials is better suited for external cladding?

Let's analyze this issue in this article.

Let's start with what the wall cladding is generally needed for.

Main tasks of cladding

  • Protection from precipitation, humidity, winds and other weather conditions;
  • It is necessary to create good thermal insulation and waterproofing of structures;
  • A wooden house needs an excellent protector against any damage to the walls, for example, cracking or chipping;
  • Additional noise insulation of the inside of the building;
  • And of course the exterior, wood will be a beautiful and stylish decorative element of your interior.

Of course, we must not forget that any work with the facing of a wooden house must be carried out some time after the end of its construction.

This is due to the shrinkage process of the structure, the duration of which depends solely on the material used during construction.

There are many variants of cladding materials on the market, for example wood, stone, plastic. Let's take a look at the pros and cons of each.

Finishing a wooden house outside

Lining

This material is quite easy to use, it is also durable, strong , environmentally friendly. The pluses include:

  • Due to the low weight of this material, you can save on strengthening the foundation;
  • As mentioned earlier, it is environmentally friendly and does not have a bad effect on human health and environment;
  • This material provides good ventilation to the walls of the building, so that condensation does not accumulate;
  • Provides elegant heat and sound insulation;
  • The lining is not exposed to humidity, temperature extremes and damage;

How and with what to sheathe a wooden house outside? Panels, clapboard or stone: Pros and cons + Video

Despite all this, there are disadvantages:

  • Like any tree, lining is a flammable material;
  • Natural defects;
  • It is subject to damage from pests (rodents, insects).

  • For a longer service life, this material should be treated with special agents (antiseptics, impregnations, varnishes)
  • There is a classification of lining: extra, class A, class B, class C. The division depends on the level of material defect ...

Stone materials

These materials include tiles, bricks and decorative stone.

Such materials are notable for the fact that they can transform even an old wooden house into a castle and in appearance you will not be able to distinguish them from new buildings.

Brick

Advantages of brick finishing:

  • This material is available for everyone;
  • Resistant to moisture;
  • Good noise and heat insulation of the interior of the house;
  • Brick is very durable, more than 20 years of operation;
  • Quite high-quality material that requires small financial costs.

There is also a reverse side of the coin. This material is quite heavy and often requires foundation reinforcement. It is necessary to check in advance whether it can withstand such a weight.

Porcelain stoneware and clinker

Porcelain stoneware is a fairly popular material among artificial stones. This cladding option is not cheap, but porcelain stoneware will serve you for a long time without requiring repair and will always be in fashion. There are many variations of facing tiles that imitate real stones and bricks.

Siding

Siding can be of different types: wood, PVC panels (vinyl siding), metal siding and fiber cement panels.

The most popular siding option is PVC panel.

This material is quite light and does not create a load on the foundation, does not rot and corrode, is not susceptible to temperature, is easy to clean and retains its beautiful appearance for a long time.

Paint

Another option for facing a wooden house is facade paint. This is one of the most affordable options. The paint will give an attractive look to your home, protect walls from moisture and UV rays. Paints are: oil, acrylic, alkyd, silicone.

  • Oil paint is not very high quality, but cheap, compared to newer options. The disadvantages of mono include the fact that it dries for a long time and quickly loses its appearance (burns out). This paint must be diluted with linseed oil.
  • Acrylic paint dries quickly, does not react to UV radiation and is environmentally friendly.
  • Alkyd is of two types: glossy and matte.

    Such paint is moisture resistant and does not have a sharp swing.

  • Silicone paint increases surface durability.

The veneering process

Let's proceed to the veneering process itself. It consists of several stages.

First stage

Vapor barrier can be carried out using several materials (polyethylene, aluminum foil).

The main purpose of this process is to create ventilation thanks to the film. How to do it: we fasten narrow slats (about two and a half cm) at a small distance from each other. Using a stapler we attach a vapor barrier and make small holes (from the bottom between the slats).

Second stage

We build a medium-sized structure from boards for thermal insulation. We attach to the wall in a vertical position, with a distance for insulation.

Third stage

It is important to remember that the sheets of cotton wool should not have gaps between each other. It is better to lay them in several layers, closing the joints of the previous layer.I advise you to make the frame a little smaller, since the cotton wool will be without any fasteners.

Fourth stage

On top of the thermal insulation we attach a special film (waterproofing). This film serves to prevent moisture ingress.

We also lay it in several layers, like the previous one. We attach the first layer with a stapler, and the joints with tape.

Fifth stage

We attach the frame to the boards of the previous frame, on top of all the insulation. We leave gaps between the frame and the waterproofing to remove condensation. I advise you to attach a mesh to the bottom to protect it from rodents and insects.

And the last, sixth step

We proceed to facing with clapboard. We start at the bottom. The first lining sheet is located spike down, it is necessary to check the level. It is worth fixing with nails. Subsequent boards must be tightly installed in the groove of the previous one and secured.

After the work done, it is necessary to fix the boards in a vertical position at the corners of the building, overlapping one another. Next are the frames for windows and doors.

After all this, he can cover the lining with a special compound that protects against any damage.

With this brick cladding, remember that there must be space between the building wall and the brick itself.

( 6 marks, average 3.

17 of 5 )

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