The construction of frame houses in America began in the 17th century, but only by 1900 it became widespread character, and designs began to be manufactured in factories. These structures were sent by rail. The kit included all the most necessary materials for the construction of houses. These houses gained the greatest popularity after the Second World War. A variety is also distinguished - frame wooden houses using Canadian technology.
Their difference is that the walls are filled with rubble and stone, and is called colombage pierrote.
American-style houses are mostly two-story, on a low basement. Open terrace next to the front door. Most often, these are quite simple in architecture. The color scheme for such houses is a light facade and dark windows with shutters as a decorative element.
Such houses also have a sloping roof.
There is a large garage next to the house. If the size of the site allows, then the house also has a backyard that can accommodate a swimming pool, or at least a picnic lawn or sports equipment.
Today, with the development of new technologies, such houses have undergone some changes. First of all, the material for the construction has become more durable, which helps.
Which, of course, adds to the advantages of these houses, since this housing has become not only economical, but at the same time withstand more severe weather conditions than in North America.
Modern panels have a long service life (up to 100 years) and can withstand temperatures from +40 to -60. This temperature regime is quite suitable even for the conditions of our north.
What are the advantages of this species:
If you are a young family, then this option is for you.
These houses are medium in size, but very spacious. If you have several children, or you are just planning them, then, do not hesitate, each child will have their own separate room.
The first thing you imagine when you remember houses from American films is it is a large and wide veranda with cozy armchairs, or even a swing and a small fence.
On such a veranda it is very cool to spend summer evenings with a cup of tea, a book or talking with loved ones.
To complete the look, a small lawn with flower beds appears.
If this is how you see your house, then before starting the design, you need to decide what type your house will be.
There are five main projects of American houses:
After you have decided on the type of house, you can start planning.
Of course, the design project of a house is an individual decision of everyone, taking into account your wishes.
We can only give you general guidelines.
The layout of American frame houses is primarily about practicality and comfort.
A large living room is envisaged in which the whole family is going to relax, while each family member has his own personal space in the house. Most often, in such houses several bathrooms are planned - for each one separately.
The entrance to the house is both in the front part of the house and at the back of the house, which leads to the back yard.
Another exit is also provided, which leads to a garage or workshop. The fence, most often, is located on the side of the neighbors.
Living rooms are mainly located on the second floor, and on the first - only auxiliary (living room, hall, kitchen and dining room, possibly an office).
The basement can be equipped for anything - a gym, a bar, a games room or a library. Also, a dressing room and a bathroom with a toilet are attached to each bedroom.
The kitchen is always planned to be very spacious and comfortable, the most common option is the kitchen-dining room. For storage, pantries, built-in wardrobes or dressing rooms are provided.
If you are not planning a two-story house, then the layout of a one-story house is about the same.
When you have decided on the project of the house, then it's time to choose what technology your house will be built using.
There are several technologies, but the most popular are:
OSB board or plywood in our weather conditions is not often used yet. Thermoblock has excellent heat saving properties, which is suitable for colder regions. SIP panel consists of OSB and expanded polystyrene.
This design is the most durable.
The stages of construction of frame houses in the American style do not differ from the construction of an ordinary house made of timber or brick:
Creation of the foundation
First, a land plot is prepared. First of all, they clean the ground. Stumps, sod, grass are removed.
Then the foundation is marked on the site itself.
After that, trenches are created for the future foundation.
Then proceed to pouring directly into the foundation itself.
Either a concrete foundation or screw piles can be used for it.
After work on the foundation has been completed, and the construction of a wooden frame has begun.
The pre-prepared frame is impregnated with antiseptics and fire-bioprotection, in order to avoid fires.
The penultimate stage in the construction of a frame house is the installation of a roof, which is then covered with roofing material. After the roof is erected, they begin to skin the frame itself with a special OSB board. Sheathing with this slab gives the house structure rigidity and integrity. Then, waterproofing and a windproof membrane are mounted on the OSB boards.
The final stage in the exterior decoration of the house is the production of heating, sewerage, water supply systems and the installation of windows and doors. Then the walls and floors in the house are insulated.
For exterior decoration of the house, you can use absolutely any material, be it facade plaster, clinker panel, siding, imitating tiles or block house. This is the beauty of frame houses - there are no restrictions.
The final stage implies interior decoration, according to your design project - installation, plumbing, installation of ceilings, placement of furniture
The construction time of an ordinary frame-panel house is from 1 month to 3 .
When you have selected the technology you want, and decided on the construction materials, you can start choosing finishing materials. There is already full scope for your imagination, because there are practically no restrictions here. Everyone can choose the materials to their liking. Therefore, do not look for standards, but release your imagination to freedom.
In conclusion, I would like to say that such a construction of frame houses using American technology is very profitable and justifies all hopes. And choosing a project that suits your individual conditions is not difficult.
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