How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Artificially aged wood is a unique finishing material. Practical, inexpensive, fully preserving its strength characteristics, but at the same time possessing the original beauty and charm of antiquity. The scope of application of such a tree is wide: interior design, furniture manufacturing, facade decoration, gazebos, stairs, even fences are made of it. The most important thing is that wood processing does not require special knowledge or experience, and everyone can cope with it. Let us consider in more detail how to age a tree on our own, and what is needed for this.

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Artificially aged wood

Methods of aging wood

There are three effective ways to age wood - mechanical, chemical and thermal. Depending on the chosen method, the final result has certain differences.

The mechanical method includes two types of processing - brushing and patination. Both types can be used together or separately, depending on the material and the desired result:

  • brushing - the surface is treated with a wire brush to remove soft fibers and expose the annual rings. As a result of such processing, the top layer acquires a pronounced relief, which is further emphasized by the application of glazing compositions.

    This method is the most laborious and is used mainly for hard wood species - pine, larch, spruce, oak, walnut;

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Brushing wood

  • patination - surface treatment with coloring compounds followed by grinding. It is used for soft woods, as well as wood with a weak texture - maple, cherry, beech and others. Wood wax and wood stain can be used with the paint to make the pattern brighter.

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Patination

The chemical method consists in treating the top layer of wood with various compounds that change the color of the fibers. Suitable for this are ammonia and products containing alkali, for example, liquid for cleaning stoves or sewers.

This method can only be used for breeds containing tannins, that is, deciduous. Chemical processing of softwood will not give the desired effect.

The thermal method is the burning of wood with a gas burner or blowtorch. The type of wood does not matter. They do not burn much, if only the texture of the fibers is more clearly manifested, and then remove the carbon deposits with a metal brush.

Next, cover the surface with wood stain or varnish to give the wood a more decorative look. In general, the process is not complicated, but it requires caution and safety.

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Burner-aged wood

Brushing technology

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Brushed wood

Tools and materials for processing

In the process you will need:

  • manual plane;
  • chisel or small hatchet;
  • steel brush;
  • angle grinder with brush attachments;
  • sandpaper, coarse and fine;
  • paint brushes;
  • thick sponge;
  • tinting wood preservative (for example "Pinotex");
  • azure white;
  • brush with soft nap.

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Wood brushing machine with two support rollers

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

3-step wood brushes

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Required materials

Cordless drill / driver prices

Cordless Drill

Rough cleaning should be done with a steel bristle nozzle, but nylon and copper are better for finishing. There is a special attachment called "Piranha".

It is a polymer-abrasive brush that can effectively remove soft fibers from the surface and leave hard ones. The grinder can be replaced with a drill; such attachments are also available for it. As a last resort, you can do with a hand tool, but it is long and tedious.

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Piranha brush

The wood should be dense, strong, not soggy. Resin boards should also be avoided as resin makes processing difficult.

The presence of knots is encouraged as they make the pattern more pronounced and decorative. In the absence of experience in such work, take a small piece of unplaned board or timber, up to half a meter long.

Wood processing

During such work, a lot of fine dust is always generated, so it is best to do it outdoors. If the weather does not allow, take care of the possibility of airing the room and be sure to prepare a protective mask or at least glasses.

Step 1.

The workpiece is laid on a flat surface and processed with a hand plane. It is better not to use an electric tool, as it leaves small transverse stripes, which reduces the naturalness of the pattern.

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Processing wood with a plane

Step 2. Using a chisel or an ax corner, make chaotic chips, shallow and shapeless to give the material a rougher look.

Step 3.

Now you need to strip off the soft fibers with a metal brush. The brush should only be driven along the grain, pressing the tool firmly against the board.

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Brushing

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

This is what wood looks like after brushed

Tip. To reduce the formation of dust, it is recommended to slightly moisten the workpiece surface with water. But before sanding and impregnating, the wood must be dried.

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

This is how it looks after intermediate sanding with a polymer brush

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

And this is how it looks after final grinding and polishing with a sesal brush

Step 4. When the relief begins to appear, the hand brush is replaced with a grinder with a metal brush, and work continues. The nozzle should be located perpendicular to the surface to be treated, movements should be performed strictly along the fibers. If you do not need too rough a relief, immediately take a Piranha brush or a nylon bristle attachment and do not press hard on the tool during work. Walk around the perimeter of wormholes and twigs in the tree to emphasize the contours.

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Wood processing

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Finish the ends of the board

Step 5. Sweep the resulting dust with a soft brush, and then start sanding. You can sand the wood by hand or with a grinder, the main thing is to remove the protruding fibers and sharp protrusions. Finally, clean the workpiece from dust again.

Step 6.

Now the material needs to be colored. For this, the surface is first coated with Pinotex primer, which is applied with a brush along the grain. You can use both stain and dark azure - any coating with a color scheme that will not hide the texture.

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

The photo shows an example of the coloring composition used

Step 7. After applying the composition to the workpiece, give it a few minutes to absorb, and then gently wipe the top layer with a sponge.

You do not need to rub hard, it is enough to smoothly run 2-3 times along the fibers. After that, all the depressions will remain darker than the protruding edges, and the relief will appear more clearly.

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Avoid drips

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

A distinctive feature of good quality stains is that they show the texture of the wood

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Rub the composition into the workpiece

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

After After drying, the painted surface looks like this

Further, there are two options: leave this color and cover the wood with a transparent varnish, or add another layer and make the material look like an old bleached wood. The second option is suitable for processing elements in the Provence style. To do this, you need to wait until the impregnation is completely dry, and apply with a brush the white glaze in a very thin layer.

After it dries, the tree is lightly sanded with the finest sandpaper, cleaned of dust and covered with colorless varnish.

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Do-it-yourself aging of wood

The following method is also used: after brushing, the workpiece is covered with a dense layer of white glaze, dried and again pass with a wire brush, but now not so intensely. Finally, a layer of clear varnish is applied.

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Applying white paint

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Grinding with a brush

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Grinding with a brush

To make a dark wood, and not bleached, instead of white glaze, the surface is thickly covered with stain or Pinotex, and the layer is made uneven.Next, use a brush or sandpaper, depending on the finish you want.

Sanding gives light blurry scuffs, and after brushing, rough grooves remain and the wood looks more brutal.

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Aged tree, well-emphasized grooves from the ax

Prices for various types of wood stains

Stains

How to make patination

Primary treatment is carried out according to the technology described above: soft fibers are removed, a relief is given and the surface is sanded. Only then can the workpiece be patinated.

Step 1. Take any primer for wood and carefully apply it with a brush to the wood.

The primer should penetrate well into all grooves and depressions. Allow the workpiece to dry.

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Apply the primer

Step 2. Apply the first coat of paint. Acrylic paint is best suited, since it is not prone to peeling, adheres well to the surface, and does not leave streaks.

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Apply paint to the photo with a smoky color composition)

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Any favorite shade of paint

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Application of white paint, example

The choice of color depends only on your preferences, you can take any shades, the main thing is that they are saturated and contrast with the shade of the patina. The paint is applied with a brush, evenly distributing the composition in a thin layer. The base coat must dry completely, so take a break from work for a day.

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Take a break from work

Step 3. Sand the workpiece with fine sandpaper.

Wipe off the dust and apply a layer of patina with a brush. It is best to choose a patina for wood in the color of bronze or gold, with a metallic shade. Here it is not necessary to evenly distribute the paint, on the contrary, the difference in the density of the coating will only emphasize the aging effect.

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Grinding

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Grinding emphasizes the relief of the wood

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Wood after processing

Step 4. When the patina begins to set, take a dry cloth and rub the individual areas .

.. After the paint has dried, the wood is covered with transparent varnish.

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Spray varnishing

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Spectacularly aged wood

Types of patina for wood

Type of composition Characteristics

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Acrylic patina

Water-soluble composition, characterized by slow drying, odorless and a wide variety of shades. Easy to apply and blend, ideally emphasizes the surface relief

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Wax patina

Very thick composition with a pearlescent sheen.

Apply to protruding areas with a dry brush, to recesses with a sponge.Easy to rub off and gives the maximum effect of antiquity

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Bituminous patina

Composition dark -brown color, most often used for shading relief. Easy to apply with a brush, does not spread, can be easily rubbed with a soft cloth

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Oil patina

Has a pasty consistency, can be applied with a dry brush or dense cloth. It is considered to be the best option for patinating wood

Thermal aging

First of all, take care of safety. When firing wood, there should be no flammable objects and liquids nearby, and it is better to carry out such work in general in the fresh air.

Be sure to check that the torch or blowtorch is working properly.

Prices for various types of gas burners and blowtorches

Gas burners and blowtorches

Step 1. The workpiece is placed on a non-combustible surface or placed vertically, after which the burner is fired. The material is processed as evenly as possible, the top layer should be charred by about 2-3 mm in thickness.

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Burning wood with a burner

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Technique for burning wood with a blowtorch

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Thermal aging method

Step 2.

After cooling, the charred carbon deposits are removed manually with a brush or using a grinder ... The intensity and duration of this treatment depends on the desired texture.

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Grinding burnt wood

Step 3 .

Having formed the desired relief, take a grinding attachment and process the workpiece again. It is important here not to overdo it and not remove excess, otherwise the effect of aging will be insignificant.

Step 4. Since the color of the wood has changed during firing, dark and light areas have appeared, there is no need to paint. Now all that remains is to cover the material with colorless varnish or protective impregnation.

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Thermally aged wood

Chemical aging method

The use of chemically aggressive substances requires special care and accuracy in work. It is imperative to use protective gloves and the area should be well ventilated. The workpiece is pretreated with coarse sandpaper and wiped from dust. Then, with a brush, apply alkaline agents or ammonia and leave for several hours. To slow down drying, you can cover everything on top with plastic.

Under the influence of ammonia and alkalis, the surface acquires a gray tint, characteristic of old weathered wood.

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Chemical aging method

When the color of the workpiece completely changes, it is rinsed with water and then wiped with vinegar solution (a tablespoon per glass water) to remove the remaining alkali. If ammonia was used, the vinegar solution is not needed.After drying, the wood is brushed, sanded and a protective coating is applied. It is not necessary to paint such material, because then the meaning in chemical processing disappears, and it is easier to do everything mechanically.

How to age a tree with your own hands - work technology step by step

Artificial aging

Outdoor use of aged wood

This decorative material is excellent for decoration of facades in a rustic style. First of all, this is the German half-timbered style: the original wall decoration involves the use of rough textured wooden beams, giving the building a characteristic look.

Country-style decoration also allows the use of aged wood: this is the paneling itself, and shutters, and entrance doors, as well as decorative elements.

Railings, steps, support pillars at the porch - all this can also be made using the described wood processing methods. By practicing on small pieces, you can tackle any surface effortlessly.

Of course, it is not so easy to handle large elements, for example, upholstery for a house, by hand, but there are special machines on sale for this. The most important thing is to have a desire, and then everything will definitely work out.

Video - How to age a tree

Video - Patination of a tree

Video - Wood aging by firing

Video - Chemical method of wood aging

.