Artificially aged wood is a unique finishing material. Practical, inexpensive, fully preserving its strength characteristics, but at the same time possessing the original beauty and charm of antiquity. The scope of application of such a tree is wide: interior design, furniture manufacturing, facade decoration, gazebos, stairs, even fences are made of it. The most important thing is that wood processing does not require special knowledge or experience, and everyone can cope with it. Let us consider in more detail how to age a tree on our own, and what is needed for this.
Artificially aged wood
There are three effective ways to age wood - mechanical, chemical and thermal. Depending on the chosen method, the final result has certain differences.
The mechanical method includes two types of processing - brushing and patination. Both types can be used together or separately, depending on the material and the desired result:
This method is the most laborious and is used mainly for hard wood species - pine, larch, spruce, oak, walnut;
The chemical method consists in treating the top layer of wood with various compounds that change the color of the fibers. Suitable for this are ammonia and products containing alkali, for example, liquid for cleaning stoves or sewers.
This method can only be used for breeds containing tannins, that is, deciduous. Chemical processing of softwood will not give the desired effect.
The thermal method is the burning of wood with a gas burner or blowtorch. The type of wood does not matter. They do not burn much, if only the texture of the fibers is more clearly manifested, and then remove the carbon deposits with a metal brush.
Next, cover the surface with wood stain or varnish to give the wood a more decorative look. In general, the process is not complicated, but it requires caution and safety.
In the process you will need:
Wood brushing machine with two support rollers
3-step wood brushes
Rough cleaning should be done with a steel bristle nozzle, but nylon and copper are better for finishing. There is a special attachment called "Piranha".
It is a polymer-abrasive brush that can effectively remove soft fibers from the surface and leave hard ones. The grinder can be replaced with a drill; such attachments are also available for it. As a last resort, you can do with a hand tool, but it is long and tedious.
The wood should be dense, strong, not soggy. Resin boards should also be avoided as resin makes processing difficult.
The presence of knots is encouraged as they make the pattern more pronounced and decorative. In the absence of experience in such work, take a small piece of unplaned board or timber, up to half a meter long.
During such work, a lot of fine dust is always generated, so it is best to do it outdoors. If the weather does not allow, take care of the possibility of airing the room and be sure to prepare a protective mask or at least glasses.
The workpiece is laid on a flat surface and processed with a hand plane. It is better not to use an electric tool, as it leaves small transverse stripes, which reduces the naturalness of the pattern.
Processing wood with a plane
Step 2. Using a chisel or an ax corner, make chaotic chips, shallow and shapeless to give the material a rougher look.
Now you need to strip off the soft fibers with a metal brush. The brush should only be driven along the grain, pressing the tool firmly against the board.
This is what wood looks like after brushed
Tip. To reduce the formation of dust, it is recommended to slightly moisten the workpiece surface with water. But before sanding and impregnating, the wood must be dried.
This is how it looks after intermediate sanding with a polymer brush
And this is how it looks after final grinding and polishing with a sesal brush
Step 4. When the relief begins to appear, the hand brush is replaced with a grinder with a metal brush, and work continues. The nozzle should be located perpendicular to the surface to be treated, movements should be performed strictly along the fibers. If you do not need too rough a relief, immediately take a Piranha brush or a nylon bristle attachment and do not press hard on the tool during work. Walk around the perimeter of wormholes and twigs in the tree to emphasize the contours.
Finish the ends of the board
Step 5. Sweep the resulting dust with a soft brush, and then start sanding. You can sand the wood by hand or with a grinder, the main thing is to remove the protruding fibers and sharp protrusions. Finally, clean the workpiece from dust again.
Now the material needs to be colored. For this, the surface is first coated with Pinotex primer, which is applied with a brush along the grain. You can use both stain and dark azure - any coating with a color scheme that will not hide the texture.
The photo shows an example of the coloring composition used
Step 7. After applying the composition to the workpiece, give it a few minutes to absorb, and then gently wipe the top layer with a sponge.
You do not need to rub hard, it is enough to smoothly run 2-3 times along the fibers. After that, all the depressions will remain darker than the protruding edges, and the relief will appear more clearly.
A distinctive feature of good quality stains is that they show the texture of the wood
Rub the composition into the workpiece
After After drying, the painted surface looks like this
Further, there are two options: leave this color and cover the wood with a transparent varnish, or add another layer and make the material look like an old bleached wood. The second option is suitable for processing elements in the Provence style. To do this, you need to wait until the impregnation is completely dry, and apply with a brush the white glaze in a very thin layer.
After it dries, the tree is lightly sanded with the finest sandpaper, cleaned of dust and covered with colorless varnish.
Do-it-yourself aging of wood
The following method is also used: after brushing, the workpiece is covered with a dense layer of white glaze, dried and again pass with a wire brush, but now not so intensely. Finally, a layer of clear varnish is applied.
Applying white paint
Grinding with a brush
Grinding with a brush
To make a dark wood, and not bleached, instead of white glaze, the surface is thickly covered with stain or Pinotex, and the layer is made uneven.Next, use a brush or sandpaper, depending on the finish you want.
Sanding gives light blurry scuffs, and after brushing, rough grooves remain and the wood looks more brutal.
Aged tree, well-emphasized grooves from the ax
Primary treatment is carried out according to the technology described above: soft fibers are removed, a relief is given and the surface is sanded. Only then can the workpiece be patinated.
Step 1. Take any primer for wood and carefully apply it with a brush to the wood.
The primer should penetrate well into all grooves and depressions. Allow the workpiece to dry.
Apply the primer
Step 2. Apply the first coat of paint. Acrylic paint is best suited, since it is not prone to peeling, adheres well to the surface, and does not leave streaks.
Apply paint to the photo with a smoky color composition)
Any favorite shade of paint
Application of white paint, example
The choice of color depends only on your preferences, you can take any shades, the main thing is that they are saturated and contrast with the shade of the patina. The paint is applied with a brush, evenly distributing the composition in a thin layer. The base coat must dry completely, so take a break from work for a day.
Take a break from work
Step 3. Sand the workpiece with fine sandpaper.
Wipe off the dust and apply a layer of patina with a brush. It is best to choose a patina for wood in the color of bronze or gold, with a metallic shade. Here it is not necessary to evenly distribute the paint, on the contrary, the difference in the density of the coating will only emphasize the aging effect.
Grinding emphasizes the relief of the wood
Wood after processing
Step 4. When the patina begins to set, take a dry cloth and rub the individual areas .
.. After the paint has dried, the wood is covered with transparent varnish.
Spectacularly aged wood
|Type of composition||Characteristics|
|Water-soluble composition, characterized by slow drying, odorless and a wide variety of shades. Easy to apply and blend, ideally emphasizes the surface relief|
| Very thick composition with a pearlescent sheen. |
Apply to protruding areas with a dry brush, to recesses with a sponge.Easy to rub off and gives the maximum effect of antiquity
|Composition dark -brown color, most often used for shading relief. Easy to apply with a brush, does not spread, can be easily rubbed with a soft cloth|
|Has a pasty consistency, can be applied with a dry brush or dense cloth. It is considered to be the best option for patinating wood|
First of all, take care of safety. When firing wood, there should be no flammable objects and liquids nearby, and it is better to carry out such work in general in the fresh air.
Be sure to check that the torch or blowtorch is working properly.
Gas burners and blowtorches
Step 1. The workpiece is placed on a non-combustible surface or placed vertically, after which the burner is fired. The material is processed as evenly as possible, the top layer should be charred by about 2-3 mm in thickness.
Burning wood with a burner
Technique for burning wood with a blowtorch
Thermal aging method
After cooling, the charred carbon deposits are removed manually with a brush or using a grinder ... The intensity and duration of this treatment depends on the desired texture.
Grinding burnt wood
Step 3 .
Having formed the desired relief, take a grinding attachment and process the workpiece again. It is important here not to overdo it and not remove excess, otherwise the effect of aging will be insignificant.
Step 4. Since the color of the wood has changed during firing, dark and light areas have appeared, there is no need to paint. Now all that remains is to cover the material with colorless varnish or protective impregnation.
Thermally aged wood
The use of chemically aggressive substances requires special care and accuracy in work. It is imperative to use protective gloves and the area should be well ventilated. The workpiece is pretreated with coarse sandpaper and wiped from dust. Then, with a brush, apply alkaline agents or ammonia and leave for several hours. To slow down drying, you can cover everything on top with plastic.
Under the influence of ammonia and alkalis, the surface acquires a gray tint, characteristic of old weathered wood.
Chemical aging method
When the color of the workpiece completely changes, it is rinsed with water and then wiped with vinegar solution (a tablespoon per glass water) to remove the remaining alkali. If ammonia was used, the vinegar solution is not needed.After drying, the wood is brushed, sanded and a protective coating is applied. It is not necessary to paint such material, because then the meaning in chemical processing disappears, and it is easier to do everything mechanically.
This decorative material is excellent for decoration of facades in a rustic style. First of all, this is the German half-timbered style: the original wall decoration involves the use of rough textured wooden beams, giving the building a characteristic look.
Country-style decoration also allows the use of aged wood: this is the paneling itself, and shutters, and entrance doors, as well as decorative elements.
Railings, steps, support pillars at the porch - all this can also be made using the described wood processing methods. By practicing on small pieces, you can tackle any surface effortlessly.
Of course, it is not so easy to handle large elements, for example, upholstery for a house, by hand, but there are special machines on sale for this. The most important thing is to have a desire, and then everything will definitely work out.
Posted By: Work Style |05, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |05, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |10, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |13, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |05, Nov 2020