There are a huge number of options for assembling and installing veranda extensions to a country house. But a more economical and simpler option would be to assemble a frame structure. This extension will look favorably next to a timber frame house. What building materials and tools will be needed for self-installation and installation of the extension and how the installation of this structure is carried out, we will describe below in our article.
In the very definition of the veranda, it can be seen that the basis of the entire structure is a supporting frame made of edged timber.
In addition to the main frame, other parts of the frame building are also produced from the timber - these are the lower strapping and corner posts.
Standard posts and lintels are made from ordinary boards.
With the help of boards, future door and window openings at the veranda are also indicated.
In this case, the thickness of the racks is equal to the thickness of the thermal insulation, and the step width between the wooden racks is determined based on the width of the insulation layer.
For example, if a private house is located in the northern region, then the thickness of the insulation layer must be at least 15 cm.
Based on this, we can conclude that the width of the lumber will be equal to 150 mm x100 mm or 150 mm. The step size is observed within 60 cm, because the width of the insulation board will be exactly 60 cm.
After assembly and installation of the frame structure, an insulation layer is laid. Before this procedure, waterproofing and vapor barrier are mandatory. After the completion of the insulation work, a rough sheathing of the entire structure is carried out using DSP sheets.
The most common material for rough veranda sheathing is the OSB panel. This panel has greater resistance to moisture and mechanical stress than other materials. All OSB panels have fairly high strength indicators. Below we will consider what other materials are used as cladding for a frame house and outbuildings.
Frame modern technologies provide a certain amount installation and installation options for the veranda.
In the west, a variety of methods and options are used that allow you to build not only annexes, but also small one-story houses. A novice specialist can easily choose a design option for his veranda: it can be frame-panel, or frame-frame construction.
The type of panel construction provides for the quick assembly of existing panels, which have window and door openings. The specifics of these works are more reminiscent of the assembly of a children's designer, because all elements and parts are assembled and fastened together.These panels are made according to individual orders, since their size must strictly match the dimensions of the poured foundation.
But if you need to make an extension that is more complicated in terms of technology, then you need to apply the frame-frame construction of the veranda.
The frame type of construction involves the assembly of panels directly at the site where construction work is carried out. Such technologies are in no way inferior in quality and reliability, as well as durability, to other construction options.
Frame construction was used by the Indians, and later it migrated to European and Western countries. During the construction of panel and frame type, it is not difficult to finish the frame walls.
You will not need to wait for the shrinkage of building materials, and the work itself is carried out at any season and time of the year. The most important advantage of frame house extensions is the presence of a thermos effect, that is, heat in a reliable insulated house will linger several times longer than in ordinary residential buildings.
Before start building, you need to prepare all the necessary tools and consumable building materials. You will need the following items: bitumen, crushed stone, broken brick, concrete mix and gypsum mortar. From construction tools, you will need: an electric saw, a drill, a grinder, a screwdriver, a sledgehammer, a hammer, a shovel and an ax.
At the first stage of construction, it is necessary to prepare the foundation for the veranda extension.
It can be formed as follows:
You can also use wider beams then in the cold season it will be cool enough in the house.
After installing the entire harness, corner posts are mounted, with a width of at least 15x15 cm. Small sizes can also be used, but for the quality and reliability of the frame extension to the house, we recommend using racks with the specified types of sizes. Installation of all racks is carried out at the building level. The next step will be the installation of additional wooden racks around the entire perimeter of the structure.
The step is 150 cm, and will depend on the thickness of the racks.
Before installing additional racks, you need to calculate where the thermal insulation plates will be located. This calculation is done so that it is not necessary to cut the insulation panels. After that, the upper harness is laid. It is mounted according to the same principle as the lower strapping, with a release beyond the crown up to 30 cm.
After installing the harness, a wooden lathing is installed on the upper rim, which acts as a wooden frame for roofs. Glassine is installed on the lathing as a specific insulating building material. It is needed as a special safety material that perfectly protects the ceiling in the event of a veranda roof leak.
Roofing material for the veranda is chosen primarily based on financial capabilities. Today, the cheapest is an ordinary slate sheet 175 cm long.
Up to 30 sheets of this material may be needed on the roof of a small frame extension to the house. The exact number of sheets will depend on how wide the overlap is. As a rule, slate sheets are laid with an overlap of 10 cm.
Slate is also replaced with other building materials - today the market offers a huge number of roofing options. The most affordable option for roofing is the use of rolled roofing material.
But you can use it only in cases where a certain protection from moisture or cold is not required from the frame wooden extension.
After installing the roof, you can proceed with the installation and installation of floors. Initially, a sub-floor is mounted, on top of which sheets of insulating building material or glassine are laid. Only after this procedure can you engage in the assembly and installation of the finished floor.
After completing the installation of the floor, it is possible to insulate the veranda annex, starting from the walls.
They are insulated in the same way as floors - first of all, thermal insulation sheets are laid, and only after that they are covered with glassine for special protection from moisture. Penofol can be used instead of glassine. After completing the stage of wall insulation, the ceiling can be insulated - all insulation panels are securely attached to the ceiling lathing using self-tapping screws or special dowels.
After the completion of all the insulation work, you can safely start finishing the walls and floors.
The following building materials are used for decoration: platbands, fillets, plinths and strips.
Everything must be installed in the appropriate places.
With the use of the correct technology of installation and installation of the insulation layer and with the correct erection of the frame, the entire frame structure will serve you reliably and efficiently for a long time.
Do-it-yourself frame veranda to the house is an excellent increase in the already existing living space. This structure is built for frame houses of any kind: wooden and foam blocks.
It can also be an ordinary frame extension to a brick house.
It is worth noting that the structure itself is erected from various building materials.An extension to a country house made of foam blocks has a lot of advantages. One of them is long service life. The extension has various functions. If you need a recreation room, then the frame extension to the house will fulfill this desire.
The extension is built on various types of foundations. But the pile-screw foundation will be considered the best foundation, both financially and qualitatively.
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