If you live in a private house, you have some opportunities that the residents of state-owned apartments do not have. You can grow your own vegetables, fruits, have your own cattle and treat yourself to a fresh organic product. True, the cattle still need to be kept somewhere. And here already who are in what is much - they drive the poor cattle wherever they get, even into rooms that are completely not adapted for that.
In this article we will try give recommendations on how to insulate the barn yourself.
Chickens are usually the first living creatures that new gardeners and owners of private houses, not counting cats and dogs, start. This is understandable, because it is not at all difficult to take care of them at any time of the year. In spring and summer, it is generally a pleasure - it is enough to equip a shed where they could hide from the sun or bad weather, and provide the necessary food. And in winter it's a little more difficult. Of course, no one would even think to take them into their house, and in a flock of tools, chickens will die from the cold.
But don't despair. Even a shed like a sieve and blown through by all the winds, a shed can be insulated for chickens.
The simplest option would be a hollow, knocked-down skeleton.
And so, to begin with, we will erect a frame for the walls. For the back wall, we use the existing outer wall, and the front one must be knocked together from the boards.
Absolutely any boards for this will fit, even not even. And so that no gaps remain during the construction of the building, we nail the boards with an overlap.
First, we nail two boards to the bars, while leaving space for the third. We insert it between them in such a way that from above it lies under the first board, and from below it goes onto the second. The wind will not seep through the resulting "Christmas tree".
In addition, this design is resistant to drying out. If the boards were butted together, then over time, gaps would appear between them. The herringbone design is protected from this.
Further, the frame of our shed with your own hands can be insulated in different ways. It is best to buy mineral wool if funds allow.
Alternatively, you can blow out the empty space with polyurethane foam. But the cheapest and rather reliable means would be grandfather's method - sawdust insulation.
This material can be obtained in abundance at any sawmill and for a devilishly pleasant price. The sawdust must be fine and dry.
Also, sawdust should be mixed with fluff lime to prevent rodents.
We dilute sawdust with lime 1/25, respectively. If you insulate a barn with sawdust, then make sure that the distance between the parallel walls, which you fill with the shavings, is at least 25 centimeters.
We cover the material in layers, constantly tamping it. Then you need to wait a couple of weeks until the insulation settles.After that, you will need to add sawdust.
Insulation of the ceiling in the shed occurs in approximately the same way. But here, on top of the insulation layer, another layer of waterproofing should be laid. We do not just cover with slate, but between it and the insulation layer there must be roofing material or plastic wrap.
When insulating the floor of the shed, pour soil at least 10 centimeters in height above the main level. Then we pour and tamp the clay.
But with this method of floor insulation, you should immediately warn that it will always be dirty in the barn. If you want a clean floor, then replace the soil with expanded clay and fill it on top with a cement-sand screed. But you will have to do this in advance in the warm season.
Shingles are made of clay and straw, it safe and environmentally friendly. Shingles can act as a reinforcing material, since the straw prevents the clay from cracking and crumbling.
Such material can serve for many years under a layer of plaster.
By mixing clay with straw, you can make bricks - adobe, from which you can make an excellent warm barn. If the shed has already been built, it can be insulated with shingles from the inside.
Shingles are wooden blocks that are stuffed onto the walls from inside the room. It is them that you will cover with clay and straw.
The dies are packed in two layers diagonally. One layer goes in one direction, the second in the opposite direction. Thus, you should end up with a diamond mesh. Once the base is prepared, you should soak the clay until it looks like sour cream. While stirring, add straw in portions.
Then we stir for a while until the solution becomes thick enough not to fall off the base. Before use, the mixture should be infused a little more. Next, we apply the mixture to the walls from the bottom up.
The layer must be at least 3 centimeters thick.
Smoothing is done with a spatula.
At the corners, the layer thickness is increased to 5 centimeters. If cracks form after drying, do not be scared - it is enough just to cover them with a clay-sand mortar. In the end, in order for our insulation to live for a long time, you need to plaster the walls and whitewash. Warming a barn with a shingle contains a significant disadvantage - despite its cheapness, it will require a lot of time and effort from you.
There are faster ways, but in the same time, more expensive.
Of these options, the best of its kind is insulation with cotton wool or foam. If you insulate with cotton wool, then nails should be driven into the walls in a checkerboard pattern, so you create something like a reinforcing mesh. We lay rolls of mineral insulation on the walls, and with a rope we create a net that will hold the cotton wool. If you are using semi-rigid or rigid slabs, then there is no need for a mesh.
But then you will have to make a plank crate, with the distance between the boards corresponding to the width of the slabs, or even less by 1-2 mm.
so that the plates sink as tightly as possible.
After installation, we run the vapor barrier layer over the insulation to prevent it from getting wet from the formed condensate.
Thermal insulation using foam plastic walls from the inside it is even easier . Styrofoam boards can be easily glued with any glue to the walls of the barn. The main thing is that the base is strong enough.
You can even use PVA, monolithic foam or liquid nails. After gluing, the foam plates must be covered with any sheet material to protect them from mechanical damage. It can be plywood, flat slate, etc.
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