An important advantage of such buildings is that a person has the opportunity to build a house in full accordance with his preferences. After all, you can choose any suitable project.
Features of the construction of houses using frame technology consist in the fact that a rigid frame of a house with a roof is first built. After that, finishing with sheet material and thermal insulation begins. Further construction is also carried out by the frame-panel method.
If you take up the construction with your own hands, then the construction of such a dwelling can be completed within six months.
When building a house using this technology, it is very important to take into account the estimated time of residence there. Because if it is seasonal, then there will be some requirements for the house, but if it is planned to use the dwelling all year round, then it must be carefully insulated.
All frame buildings are light enough that they do not require a capital foundation.
It is quite possible to get by with one of the listed foundations:
The final choice of the foundation depends on the number of storeys of the future house and on the type of soil in the area.
A simple columnar foundation will be enough for a low-rise building, which is suitable even for capricious soil.
Recesses are made in it with a diameter of about 20 centimeters, and about a meter deep, at a distance of 0.8 m from each other.
Recently, the pile-screw foundation is in demand, the peculiarity of which is that it can be installed without the involvement of specialists.
It is better to do this manually so that the piles are screwed in without deviations, strictly according to the level.
In this case, one must try not to make a mistake, since it is not recommended to screw them in again, otherwise the soil already compacted will be disturbed.
Two different technologies are most commonly used - Canadian and Finnish. Despite the fact that they have different names, the principle of construction is actually the same. And here and there the basis is a frame, made of metal or wood.
Frames made of different types of timber are very popular.
It is necessary to prepare wooden beams that have section 20/25, 15/15, 20/20 cm. Before starting laying, the timber must be prepared. It is treated with a special antiseptic compound. On the tops of the piles, in turn, a double layer of mastic is applied, and they are covered with a double layer of roofing material.
The beam should cover the entire area inside the perimeter of the future house. Individual bars are connected to each other with nails.
Metal corners in the corners of the joints will provide the structure with greater strength.The strapping structure is attached to the foundation with special screws. The bar is inserted into the grooves, screwed on.
A board is laid on top of the harness, overlapping the joints of the beams. Later, the racks of the main frame will stand here. Like all wooden parts, the board is treated with an antiseptic.
You will need to make logs from a bar. The material used is 15/10, the step width between the individual beams is 0.
Insulation is placed between them, the purpose of which is to protect against moisture from the cold. A layer of film vapor barrier is laid on it.
The subfloor itself is usually made from unedged boards, the cheapest material.
But it must also be treated with antiseptic agents.
Boards are fastened to the logs with nails, the logs to the strapping with metal corners.
You will need a board of different formats: 10, 20, 5 and 15 by 5 centimeters. First, corner posts are made, which are fixed with already reinforced steel corners. Using the same corners, the rest of the installed racks are attached. For the reliability of the frame, jibs are made along the walls, which will not allow it to loosen.
By means of cutting, the timber is attached at the corners, in other places with steel corners and self-tapping screws.
Diagonal cuts are also used to provide strength. When building walls, remember about the ceiling, or rather, its height. The optimal value will be about 2.5 m.
After finishing and decoration, it will remain in no way less than 2.3.
If you intend to hide within the walls of communication, then it is desirable to carry them out immediately.
Installation of ceiling beams is carried out in one of three possible ways:
The most suitable one depends on the mounting location.
The strapping bar will serve as a support for the beams. The latter are fixed with self-tapping screws.
The individual rafters are fastened together at the top through nails. For strength, they are strengthened with boards. Further, the rafters are laid on the wall, so that a protrusion of 20 cm in size is obtained.
With the help of several cuts and nails, the rafters are fixed, starting from the edges. After fixing their central elements, the ridge board is mounted.
The lathing is then made using the edged board. Roofing material is laid and attached to the made crate.
It is fixed with nails with large heads.
Installation of roofing material takes place at the very last stage. If the technique of using the material used allows, then all activities can be done by hand.
There are many different materials, used for exterior decoration.These are siding, timber imitator, lining, block house, chipboard, etc. The final finishing is preceded by the installation of the lathing made of 50/40 beams, with a distance of 0.
6 m between them. For this purpose, a metal profile is successfully used.
If the lathing is wooden, then it must be treated with fire-fighting and antiseptic agents.
Then hand finishing is carried out in accordance with the technology of the material used for finishing.
In order for a self-constructed frame house to be warm and cozy, it must be insulated.
This will require both internal and external thermal insulation. Outside, the building is insulated with mineral wool (even before finishing), on which the foam is mounted.
Mineral wool and drywall are used as internal heat-insulating material. All existing slots and holes are filled with foam from a gun. Everything should be insulated - floor, ceiling, walls and roof.
A layer of vapor barrier material is placed between the decorative trim and the insulation.
The final stage of work is the installation of all the necessary communications, and the final finish, the type of which depends on the preferences of the owner. Today's choice of finishing materials will satisfy the most biased taste. You can make any of your imaginations and projects a dream. There would be a desire! I wish you success in construction.
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