How to build a pool in the country with your own hands

How to build a pool in the country with your own hands How to make a pool in the country with your own hands (cheap)

In the hot season, everything is pleasant to spend time in cool clear water. But it is not always possible to go out into nature (to a river or other body of water). In this case, the ideal option would be to make a pool in the country with your own hands or in a suburban area. You will always have your own pond at hand, where you can relax with children.

In the article we will talk about how you can build a private pool in the country, and cheaply.

Structural varieties

Before answering the question of how to build a pool in the country with your own hands, you definitely need to decide on the type of the structure itself. The choice of materials and working technology will depend on this.

Alternatively, we can offer the following types of pools:

  1. Frame - these types of structures can be purchased ready-made. A frame type pool is a metal structure with a stretched canvas (usually PVC film). The kit may include a cleaning system, a ladder, a pumping station and other structures are installed for the season.

    The pool is already equipped with waterproofing, it will be enough just to assemble the structure and pump water there.

  2. Plastic products - this option is a bowl made of polymer materials. It is possible to buy a ready-made container or order it from a special company. Such models, as well as the previous version, must be installed for the season. Do not leave the plastic container over the winter.

  3. Stationary - this type can be considered a real pool. Naturally, its creation will require large financial and physical investments from you, but as a result, a huge reservoir will appear in the country or a plot near the estate where you can swim.

As one of the options, we suggest considering inflatable structures. But such pools are not so comfortable because of their size. And the quality of inflatable structures is often lame.

When pumping up the pool in the evening, you may find in the morning that it is just a piece of rubberized material that lies helplessly on the ground.


Choosing the ideal location and optimal size

Since it is stationary pools that can be considered "present", then the future the conversation will go about this option. If you decide on the type, then you should think about the installation site and the dimensions of the artificial reservoir itself. The selection of places for installation mostly depends on the wishes of the owner. Most people set up the pool close to the recreation area.

But when choosing places, it is important to take into account certain factors, or rather:

  1. Earth - a lot will depend on its quality. First, you should opt for clay soil. In this case, you will receive additional natural-type waterproofing.In addition, when creating a stationary pool, you will need to pull out a pit. If there is stony ground on the selected site, then the work can be quite difficult, time-consuming, especially if you do all the work yourself.

  2. The prevailing wind direction is due to the fact that the pool will be located in an open area, that is, there is a high probability of all kinds of debris getting into it. So that when bathing you do not encounter debris in the form of scraps of paper or dry leaves, it is better that artificial reservoirs are protected from the prevailing wind direction.
  3. The presence of all kinds of vegetation nearby - it is better that there are no bushes near the reservoir, and even more so trees. Plants are constantly drawn to moisture, and their roots are strong enough to punch a concrete pool bowl with ease.

If we are talking about the size of an artificial reservoir, then there are no special requirements.

Everything will fully depend on the availability of a free site and your preferences. For example, for swimming on one lane, a width of 2.5 meters and a length of 5 meters is ideal. If there are two tracks, the width will be increased to 4 meters. The optimum depth is 1.

4 meters. But even here it will largely depend on the purposes for which you are building the reservoir. If you have small children and the main task of the pool is to entertain them, and therefore you should not make it very deep. Conversely, if you love to jump from a tower, then the depth will play an extremely important role.

Stages of building a pool

In general, building a pool in the country with your own hands (we are talking about stationary structures) can be divided into the following stages:

As you can see, there is a lot of work. Moreover, all stages are extremely important, because not only the appearance of the building and the duration of operation will depend on this.

Groundwork and making a bowl

After that, you can go on to consider the question itself - how to make a pool with your own hands. When you have time to decide on the dimensions and place of installation, then you can start earthworks. The first step is to make sure to mark the surface of the site, and for this you can use pegs, as well as a stretched rope.

After that, you need to go to earthworks - this is one of the most time-consuming construction stages. You need to dig a pit of the required depth and size. In this case, it is extremely important to take into account that the length, width and depth are required to do this approximately 0.5 meters more.If the dimensions of the pool you have conceived are large enough, then you should consider the features of attracting specialized equipment.

After the foundation pit is completed, you can start creating a bowl for the future pool:

  1. How to build a pool in the country with your own hands The walls and bottom of the pit must be carefully compacted.
  2. After that, a sand cushion is made, and for this, a layer of material with a thickness of from 0.2 to 0.3 meters must be poured onto the bottom and carefully tamped.
  3. A layer of waterproofing is applied on top of the sand cushion at the bottom and along the common surface of the walls.

    At the moment, on the construction market, you can find many materials that will become an excellent barrier to water. The most budgetary can be considered the use of bituminous mass and roofing material. A layer of roofing material is laid on the common surface (on the walls and bottom, and the latter should be covered with material to the very top with a margin). Then apply several (ideally 3 to 4 coats) bituminous mastic.

  4. The new stage will be the installation of the drainage system, and this must be done before the installation of the formwork.

    How many drain holes to make and where to place them will depend on the size, as well as the shape of the pool bowl.

  5. After that, you need to install the formwork, which can be made from scrap materials. after installing the formwork, start pouring the concrete mixture. In this case, it is imperative to use reinforcement. In order for the bowl to serve as long as possible, it is required to use concrete of the desired grade with specialized additives.

After the concrete mass has hardened, the formwork can be removed. After that, it is required to process all surfaces of the resulting bowls with a solution of water and concrete, or to make iron. At this point, the main stages for creating a pool can be considered complete. After that, they carry out finishing and structural equipment.

Lighting and finishing

After that it is important to finish the pool bowl.

It's quite possible to build a cheap pool in the country with your own hands, but apply an additional waterproofing layer before finishing. It is imperative that you repair each crack so that the water does not damage the bowl. For this we recommend using impregnating materials, mastic or foil. After the waterproofing stage, finishing work can begin. To cover the pool bowl, ceramic tiles are usually used, this material can easily withstand a long stay in water, they can be easily washed and has a beautiful appearance.

In addition to ceramic tiles, even modern materials can be used, for example, polyvinyl chloride film. Modern manufacturing companies produce a huge range of the required material. It will be distinguished by its durability and strength. And if we talk about drawings and colors, then there will always be plenty to choose from.

The finishing works themselves can be finished, but it is better to equip the pool with additional equipment.

This kit usually contains:

  • A device for water purification - a similar device is capable of including a circulation pump, a filter tank, a multi-way valve and filter elements. With such equipment, the change of water inside the reservoir can be carried out much less frequently.
  • Instantaneous heater - when installed, you can swim even in the cold season.
  • Lighting equipment - the lighting inside the pool will look quite beautiful.

Do not forget to equip the area around the new artificial reservoir.

Usually it is covered with ceramic tiles. But here it is extremely important to choose the option with an anti-slip coating, in which case you reduce the risk of injury.


The pool at the summer cottage is an excellent place to relax on hot summer days. And making it with your own hands is not so difficult. You will be able to build an artificial reservoir from available tools, but it will be much safer and better to make it from concrete.

Make calculations, markup, dig a pit, completely fill the bowl and finish. These are the main working steps. With a little investment and effort, you will have a great vacation spot for your family.

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