How easy is it to build a frame of a house from beads or boards with your own hands? This article will help you, In this article, we will consider:
The above assembly technology is usually used when erecting the frame of small private houses, but this method has not escaped our usual multi-storey buildings.
The widespread use of this technology is due to the fact that it meets all modern requirements for strength, comfort and energy efficiency.
This also makes it possible to erect quickly and cost effectively (compared to other technologies).
A frame building can be used almost everywhere, since the temperature range is quite large - 60 degrees (from -30 ° C to + 30 ° C).
True, this technology did not receive its recognition at all at once, because many builders could not appreciate the construction technology.
As a result, such houses were considered extremely unreliable and short-lived.
But as the construction progressed, praise began to appear, and it was then that frame houses became worthy in competition with the already traditional buildings that are erected from wood and brick.
But in order to start erecting the frame, you must first thoroughly prepare.
Materials and tools for erecting the frame
So, before by the immediate beginning of your construction, decide on the type of soil on the site where your frame and house will be erected in the future.
If your expense column has a Geological Survey column, this is your best bet. But it is possible to determine the level of groundwater and the physicochemical composition of the soil alone.
To do this, you will need to dig a hole about 1.
5 m deep, which will help us in studying the soil cut.
Starting with the best, sandy-stony soil , as well as soil with gravel content, will be the most suitable soil for the construction of the frame.
The main condition is that there is no clay in the soil, that is, coarse sandy soil without additives.
Due to this composition, the base will not retain moisture and will never "swell" when freezing in winter.
Less favorable are considered to be fine-grained soil and dusty sands , which will swell very much during periods of cold snaps.
Keep in mind that clayey soil with waters that are very shallow will also begin to swell and create unnecessary problems for you.
The service life of the foundation should generally correspond to the service life of the house. That is why frame buildings are often not built on reinforced concrete strip foundations.
If the groundwater is high in the selected area, then it is advised not to equip basements. In this case, despite the choice of the foundation and its quality of waterproofing, it will still have high humidity.
If you plan to build a frame-type house on floating or bulk soils , then the best solution would be to equip you with a monolithic slab, which will provide you with spatial rigidity.
If you need to save money with such construction, then build a shallow foundation or all kinds of foundations that will be equipped on special sand cushions.
Whatever you choose, the ease of erecting the structure of a frame house is also rational, because not every technology of building a building can use all types of inexpensive and simplified foundations in the process of using.
Before starting work, decide on the project!
Like any other house, frame, we begin to build from the foundation.
The assembly technology is significantly different in that it is not at all necessary to have powerful and expensive equipment in it.
Most often they are built on pile-screw types of foundation. But sometimes it is worth preferring the pile-screw foundation tape (if according to the project there will be a cellar or storage room in the house).
If the building will be two-story, then the foundation must be at least 30 cm wide.
We begin the construction of a frame house with the arrangement of a trench, the required depth of which is 0.5 m, and the width is 0.
4 m. The formwork should be built into the trench, while drilling holes for the piles. The step in this case should be 1.5m
In this case, you can install asbestos pipes or stop at a simpler option - fiberglass-based fittings. The bottom should be covered with 20cm high sand.
For the mandatory reinforcement of the future foundation, there must be reinforcement in the formwork, which must be fixed with a knitting wire. Here it is very important not to admit that there were no height differences in the formwork, the permissible error is 1-2 cm.
It is imperative to pour concrete at positive temperatures.
It would be better to use ready-made concrete from the factory.For a house size of 7x10m, you will need 12m 3 mixtures.
After full filling, the cement should be tamped well with a hand-held vibrator. It will take at least a week to dry completely.
If the presence of a basement on the foundation is important to you, then the layout is done using bricks.
The technological component of the frame house assembly involves the arrangement of the floor and other with the use of grade I edged boards (thickness = 50mm).
It is advisable to carry out such works related to the construction of a wooden frame only in dry weather.
After finishing the floor installation, we will begin the construction of the wall frame for the first, and so far the only floor.
Before taking on the second floor, you need to install the supporting structures. It is made from reinforced planks and fastened with corners.
The technology for erecting the second floor is similar to the erection of the first: installation of a ready-made frame assembled on the ground.
Strengthen them to the frame of the pediment and side walls.
self-tapping screws. Take care of the stairs in advance in case of a sudden roof repair.
During the installation process, it is important to respect prof. flooring, as even a small scratch can lead to oxidation and, as a result, the appearance of rust.
When the roof is ready, we proceed to the final stage.
On it we complete the wall cladding using the OSB sheets already familiar to us, as well as installing windows / doors. Since such houses are being built quickly enough, the greatest load will be on the openings, which need to be strengthened as best as possible. Even if the sheets are airtight, there may be gaps in the outer skin that should be filled with polyurethane foam.
For such a house, of course, wall insulation will be required, since thermal conductivity of such types of houses is quite low.
All this is due to the properties of heat-insulating materials that are used in the construction of a frame house.
Most often, they use a basalt slab, which has a width of 60 cm, which is convenient in waste-free production.
For the regions of the Russian Federation, it is better to use insulation with a thickness of 15 to 20 cm . Lay it on the inside between the posts (vertical).
To waterproof the insulation on both sides, cover it with a vapor barrier membrane. External laying of the second layer of insulation, protected by a ventilated facade, will eliminate all risks.
In such a situation, the slab should be fixed to the wall of the frame, and the surface should be covered with a film, on top of which - lathing . The cladding will be installed on it.
According to the technology of erecting a frame house, all work is done according to the "bottom up" rule. From the inside, sheathing is made with plasterboard, chipboard and other sheet materials.
For sound insulation, there should be an additional layer of insulation, preferably mineral wool.
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