How to build the power frame of a private house with your own hands from wood: Step by step- Review + Video

How to build the power frame of a private house with your own hands from wood: Step by step- Review + Video How easy is it to build a frame of a house from beads or boards with your own hands? This article will help you, In this article, we will consider:

  • Materials and tools for frame work;
  • Soil characteristics for foundation;
  • Types of construction technologies for the frame type;
  • Construction of the wall frame for the first floor;
  • Construction of the frame of the next floors and the roof.

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Materials and tools for wireframing

How to build the power frame of a private house with your own hands from wood: Step by step- Review + Video The above assembly technology is usually used when erecting the frame of small private houses, but this method has not escaped our usual multi-storey buildings.

The widespread use of this technology is due to the fact that it meets all modern requirements for strength, comfort and energy efficiency.

This also makes it possible to erect quickly and cost effectively (compared to other technologies).

A frame building can be used almost everywhere, since the temperature range is quite large - 60 degrees (from -30 ° C to + 30 ° C).

How to build the power frame of a private house with your own hands from wood: Step by step- Review + Video True, this technology did not receive its recognition at all at once, because many builders could not appreciate the construction technology.

As a result, such houses were considered extremely unreliable and short-lived.

But as the construction progressed, praise began to appear, and it was then that frame houses became worthy in competition with the already traditional buildings that are erected from wood and brick.

But in order to start erecting the frame, you must first thoroughly prepare.

Materials and tools for erecting the frame

  • Crosscut saw with a broach;
  • Screwdriver with multiple batteries;
  • Jigsaw ;
  • How to build the power frame of a private house with your own hands from wood: Step by step- Review + Video Concrete mixer;
  • 2 levels for 2m and 0.

    6m;

  • Bulgarian ;
  • Hammer ;
  • Roulette ;
  • Hacksaw (hand);
  • Chisels;
  • Sand;
  • Pliers;
  • Cement;
  • Reinforcement;
  • Wire (knitting);
  • Waterproofing compound;
  • Roofing material;
  • Container for mixing cement;
  • Wood.

Characteristics of soil for the construction of a foundation

How to build the power frame of a private house with your own hands from wood: Step by step- Review + Video So, before by the immediate beginning of your construction, decide on the type of soil on the site where your frame and house will be erected in the future.

If your expense column has a Geological Survey column, this is your best bet. But it is possible to determine the level of groundwater and the physicochemical composition of the soil alone.

To do this, you will need to dig a hole about 1.

5 m deep, which will help us in studying the soil cut.

Starting with the best, sandy-stony soil , as well as soil with gravel content, will be the most suitable soil for the construction of the frame.

The main condition is that there is no clay in the soil, that is, coarse sandy soil without additives.

Due to this composition, the base will not retain moisture and will never "swell" when freezing in winter.

Less favorable are considered to be fine-grained soil and dusty sands , which will swell very much during periods of cold snaps.

Keep in mind that clayey soil with waters that are very shallow will also begin to swell and create unnecessary problems for you.

The service life of the foundation should generally correspond to the service life of the house. That is why frame buildings are often not built on reinforced concrete strip foundations.

How to build the power frame of a private house with your own hands from wood: Step by step- Review + Video If the groundwater is high in the selected area, then it is advised not to equip basements. In this case, despite the choice of the foundation and its quality of waterproofing, it will still have high humidity.

If you plan to build a frame-type house on floating or bulk soils , then the best solution would be to equip you with a monolithic slab, which will provide you with spatial rigidity.

If you need to save money with such construction, then build a shallow foundation or all kinds of foundations that will be equipped on special sand cushions.

Whatever you choose, the ease of erecting the structure of a frame house is also rational, because not every technology of building a building can use all types of inexpensive and simplified foundations in the process of using.

Types of construction technologies for frame type

Before starting work, decide on the project!

Like any other house, frame, we begin to build from the foundation.

How to build the power frame of a private house with your own hands from wood: Step by step- Review + Video The assembly technology is significantly different in that it is not at all necessary to have powerful and expensive equipment in it.

Most often they are built on pile-screw types of foundation. But sometimes it is worth preferring the pile-screw foundation tape (if according to the project there will be a cellar or storage room in the house).

If the building will be two-story, then the foundation must be at least 30 cm wide.

We begin the construction of a frame house with the arrangement of a trench, the required depth of which is 0.5 m, and the width is 0.

4 m. The formwork should be built into the trench, while drilling holes for the piles. The step in this case should be 1.5m

In this case, you can install asbestos pipes or stop at a simpler option - fiberglass-based fittings. The bottom should be covered with 20cm high sand.

For the mandatory reinforcement of the future foundation, there must be reinforcement in the formwork, which must be fixed with a knitting wire. Here it is very important not to admit that there were no height differences in the formwork, the permissible error is 1-2 cm.

It is imperative to pour concrete at positive temperatures.

It would be better to use ready-made concrete from the factory.For a house size of 7x10m, you will need 12m 3 mixtures.

After full filling, the cement should be tamped well with a hand-held vibrator. It will take at least a week to dry completely.

If the presence of a basement on the foundation is important to you, then the layout is done using bricks.

Floor arrangement

How to build the power frame of a private house with your own hands from wood: Step by step- Review + Video The technological component of the frame house assembly involves the arrangement of the floor and other with the use of grade I edged boards (thickness = 50mm).

  • First, you need to process the foundation of the frame house with a waterproofing compound, placing 2 layers of roofing felt layers on top.

  • On such a surface, boards must be laid, which will be the basis of the frame for our future floor.
  • OSB sheets, the dimensions of which are 1250x2500, will become a screed for the base of the floor, and they will also need to be treated with a special compound that prevents the spread of fungus and mold.
  • The transverse joists are mounted using a pitch of 575mm. The parts are fastened to wood screws. Do not forget that at this stage there is also the equipment of the passage to the underground.

  • To ensure convenience in carrying out further work and to give rigidity to the entire structure, the floor should be sheathed with sheet raw materials, which will then be replaced with floorboards or concrete screed. OSB should be screwed to each log.

It is advisable to carry out such works related to the construction of a wooden frame only in dry weather.

Erection of the wall frame for the first floor

After finishing the floor installation, we will begin the construction of the wall frame for the first, and so far the only floor.

  • How to build the power frame of a private house with your own hands from wood: Step by step- Review + Video The assembly of the wall frame itself is easier to do on the floor, and after everything is ready, you can proceed to the installation, which is carried out with the help of spacers, while not forgetting to achieve the rigidity we need.

  • External walls in frame houses are assembled using boards, the cross-section of which should be 50x150mm, and for the assembly of internal partitions, 3 boards are connected together and receive dimensions of 150x150mm.
  • The most popular material for cladding is moisture resistant OSB 3. To ensure a more convenient fastening, you need to adhere to the step between adjacent posts. The pitch is 575mm. The sheets are reinforced with screws or nails already familiar to us.

  • When making the frame of houses, it is important to strengthen each window opening by connecting 2 or 3 vertical boards. This will protect against drawdowns after the construction of the whole house is completed.
  • The erection technology after fixing the walls is continued in the form of installing internal partitions.

Before taking on the second floor, you need to install the supporting structures. It is made from reinforced planks and fastened with corners.

Erection of the second floor and cr yshi

The technology for erecting the second floor is similar to the erection of the first: installation of a ready-made frame assembled on the ground.

  • How to build the power frame of a private house with your own hands from wood: Step by step- Review + Video The first floor should be sheathed with facing - this will add the necessary rigidity.
  • Further - the construction and installation of the roof. The cross-section boards will act as rafters, as for the rest of the frame. The required cutting angle is given on the ground, and when everything is ready, the structure is lifted up.

    Strengthen them to the frame of the pediment and side walls.

  • After completing the installation, we lay the vapor barrier film, installing the crate from the board grade No. 2.
  • Profiled sheeting is attached to the crate, which, if desired and necessary, can be replaced with another roofing material. We spend at least 20 pieces for each sheet.

    self-tapping screws. Take care of the stairs in advance in case of a sudden roof repair.

During the installation process, it is important to respect prof. flooring, as even a small scratch can lead to oxidation and, as a result, the appearance of rust.

How to build the power frame of a private house with your own hands from wood: Step by step- Review + Video When the roof is ready, we proceed to the final stage.

On it we complete the wall cladding using the OSB sheets already familiar to us, as well as installing windows / doors. Since such houses are being built quickly enough, the greatest load will be on the openings, which need to be strengthened as best as possible. Even if the sheets are airtight, there may be gaps in the outer skin that should be filled with polyurethane foam.

For such a house, of course, wall insulation will be required, since thermal conductivity of such types of houses is quite low.

All this is due to the properties of heat-insulating materials that are used in the construction of a frame house.

Most often, they use a basalt slab, which has a width of 60 cm, which is convenient in waste-free production.

How to build the power frame of a private house with your own hands from wood: Step by step- Review + Video For the regions of the Russian Federation, it is better to use insulation with a thickness of 15 to 20 cm . Lay it on the inside between the posts (vertical).

To waterproof the insulation on both sides, cover it with a vapor barrier membrane. External laying of the second layer of insulation, protected by a ventilated facade, will eliminate all risks.

In such a situation, the slab should be fixed to the wall of the frame, and the surface should be covered with a film, on top of which - lathing . The cladding will be installed on it.

According to the technology of erecting a frame house, all work is done according to the "bottom up" rule. From the inside, sheathing is made with plasterboard, chipboard and other sheet materials.

For sound insulation, there should be an additional layer of insulation, preferably mineral wool.

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