How to choose a paint color for walls

How to choose a paint color for walls What color to choose the paint for the walls - an overview of the palette

The choice of paintwork for the walls will be extremely important during repair work indoors.

A couple of points are important here, such as the material of the wall itself and the impact of the environment. These two points should be paid attention to in the first place. We will consider how to choose paint for walls in such an article.

Still in the photo and video you can view ready-made design solutions, which are quite ways to fit in your case.

The main varieties of dyes

The color palette of paints and varnishes is quite wide, but there are a couple of main types, and it is from them that you should start choosing:

Next, it will go directly to the selection of colors.

Details

The choice of paint and varnish material for the walls

Painting the walls is one of the most popular finishing options for repair, which differ in the speed of work and relatively low cost. There are many different materials on the market that are used for painting work. Below we will talk about the most interesting species, and here you can completely pick up shades of paint for the walls for any taste.

Water-dispersive paintwork materials

This category received its name due to the fact that such paintwork materials dissolve in water. Water-based paints are popular because they are practical and are sold at an affordable price.
  • Their main advantage will be the protection of the painted surface from dirt. Walls treated with such paint can be easily washed, because foreign substances will not get into the structure. In addition, this substance quickly solidifies and there are no foreign aromas during the drying process of the surface.

  • Such paints differ depending on the presence of a binder type in the polymer composition - latex, acrylic resins or PVA glue. Water-based paints can also be called water-based paints.

Paints based on acrylic resins

Water-based acrylic paints are used most often for painting walls in humid environments and in public premises. Acrylic-based paints are durable. Such surfaces can be easily washed and scrubbed.

At the same time, neither the colorful texture nor the shades wear out, and do not fade yet.In dampness, acrylic paints due to their structure are stable, fast drying. Water does not seep into the structure of paintwork materials, and therefore it lies on the surface with a uniform and dense film.

Latex-type polymer paints

Water-based latex paints withstand mechanical stress, and therefore they are often used for housing, and when painting walls in office buildings, shopping centers and other places.
  • In general, substances of this category do not differ much from their analogs of the acrylic type, but latex paint is applied to the surface in a thin layer, which will provide savings, although the material itself is slightly more expensive.

  • Polymer latex paint is often used to paint plaster or wallpaper to keep moisture out.
  • The thin layer of the composition does not affect the state of the finish at all and only adds an additional shade.

Based on PVA glue

This category is used only in dry rooms. Is the cheapest, and it loses in practicality. Since paints made on the basis of PVA, they begin to get very dirty, and they are most often applied to ceilings.

But they, in contrast to the latex and acrylic analogs, are distinguished by a high degree of vapor permeability. This paint is environmentally friendly and perfectly preserves the surface on which it is applied.

Enamels

Alkyd paint or enamel has characteristics that approximate that of latex paint. polymer. The substance can still be coated with a thin layer, creating a non-breathable and waterproof coating on the surface.

  • But unlike the rest, alkyd paint will dry out due to a chemical oxidation reaction during contact with an air environment, and not when moisture evaporates.
  • This method takes much less time, but as a side effect it creates an extremely pungent scent that makes it impossible to use alkyd paints for interior decoration.
  • But enamels also perfectly protect against corrosion when applied to metal, do not allow moisture to pass through at all and do not wear off for a long time.

If the rest of the coloring matter is dissolved on the basis of water, then natural or synthetic oils and drying oil are used in oil paints. This gives rise to certain inconveniences, because application to the surface requires a long drying process, during which an unpleasant persistent aroma will remain.

Oil paints

Please note that this is the reason why oil paints are used today in especially when decorating external walls. Previously, due to the low cost and lack of paints of an alternative type, it was used even for residential premises.

The main advantage of a drying oil-based substance will be not only low cost, but also maximum wear resistance and reliability.But the reverse side of this advantage will be the minimum degree of vapor permeability, which can cause destruction of the surface of the material under the paintwork material, and, consequently, its delamination.

Silicone paints

Silicone-based paints have recently been developed that incorporate many strengths water-based paints - vapor permeability, as well as stability and protection from moisture.

  • This will make it possible to apply such a category in work on the decoration of interior and exterior walls in a building.
  • The most important characteristic of silicone paints will be instant drying, on which moisture cannot linger. As a result, the surface treated with silicone will not be exposed to moisture, and therefore these substances are actively used in construction work, where the painted surface will come into contact with moisture.

Eco-friendly paintwork materials

Another trend of the latest technologies is the use of eco-paints. They are often made from natural materials.

No harmful substances are released during cooking. It turns out that harmful components are absent in the composition of the paint and will not appear after it is applied to the surface. They are safe because they are often used for the interior decoration of private medical institutions. But eco-friendly materials are much more expensive and take a long time to dry after application.

Please note that you can choose the color of wall paint in different shades and it is not always possible to buy them in retail.

This issue is solved in two ways, which we will talk about below.

Tinting technology

Nowadays, in a huge part of construction stores, special computer machines are installed that can paint the required number of cans in the selected colors. On the shelves there are materials for painting ceilings or walls only in white (first base), from which you can then get soft tones. Bright colors are formed by their translucent paint. Some manufacturers offer bases for dark colors and glossy paints.

Computer tinting technology has many advantages:

  • How to choose a paint color for walls The program has many options for different shades.
  • The PC will exactly highlight the ordered color.
  • Any number of cans of the same color can be produced with electronic tinting.

The selection of a shade of paints for walls can be done not only when tinting from a PC, because its price is not low, and it is always possible to manually mix the separately sold colornates with the main composition. This is much more difficult, especially when it is necessary to create certain shades by mixing different coloring substances.

In this case, it will not be possible to immediately make the required shade, and it will be even more difficult to achieve that in different cans there is paint of the same color. But here everything can be done with your own hands and without unnecessary expenses.

How to Choose Wall Paint Colors

There are a lot of subtleties when choosing wall paint colors that are known only to professionals in the industry. You should not dwell on the banal recommendations that you should not use bright colors in the bedroom, and white will serve to expand the space. The choice of colors for the future walls will depend on most factors.

Tinting or tinting

As mentioned earlier, experts should choose paint colors for walls using a PC tinting installation. Moreover, due to the crisis, most of the major companies that sell dyes provide such a service free of charge.

Please note that if you do not have a large coverage area, then it will be more economical to do the work yourself. Instructions on the rules for choosing a dye are presented below.

How to select the desired color

Selecting the paint color for the walls of a room is a difficult task.

Here, first of all, you must yourself understand your preferences and be guided by taste. The usual recommendations can help in choosing shades.

  1. White, especially with patterns, makes a room look more spacious.
  2. Dark tones narrow the space, add coziness and harmony. These colors are ideal for bedrooms and living rooms.

  3. Bright shades give vigor, add positive emotions and activity, while pastel colors have a calming effect.
  4. Either white or sky color is recommended for the ceiling.

The wide variety of colors can confuse even experienced craftsmen. For this reason, in order to simplify your task, you can engage in the selection of the required colors using the elimination method. First, discard those colors that you definitely don't like, and then you can choose the best option from the remaining shades.

If it is difficult for you to choose the desired color yourself, you can contact the designers. Today there are technologies that allow a virtual model of a room and, taking into account the parameters, select the required colorants for painting ceilings or walls. But here it is important to understand that the result obtained on a PC in real life may look somewhat different. Apply also catalogs with shades for paints. After choosing the main color, you need to choose the shade you like, and for this, paintwork manufacturers compile catalogs with different color options.

Please note that it should be borne in mind that colorants from one company, when mixed, may not be suitable for bases from other manufacturers. For this reason, the store should consider exactly those catalogs in which there are colors for the paints of the required manufacturer. Remember that the choice of coloring agents for finishing an office, home or industrial premises requires great attention and maximum consideration of all preferences and subtleties.

Results

When choosing a shade, it should be taken into account that when applied to the surface, the applied layer of paintwork will be slightly brighter than before the work, and therefore if you are intimidated by the very variegated shade of the walls, it is better to choose slightly dimmer tones. One should not lose sight of the fact that on a textured surface the paintwork layer will be darker than on a flat one.

Be sure to keep this in mind that the finish did not disappoint you. How to choose, did you make the right choice? To do this, try the purchased paint and apply it to one of the wall surfaces or part of the ceilings, floors - any coatings. At the same time, try everything on the surface that you plan to paint, because depending on the type, the superimposed layer of paint and varnish material can change its own shade.

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