In modern high-rise construction of residential buildings, glazing with aluminum loggias and balconies is gaining more and more popularity. Even in the old housing stock, people have long installed these structures on their balconies.
We are, of course, not talking about houses of the "stalinka" type or more ancient buildings, in which balconies in most cases have more decorative purpose than functional.
But in this case, if desired, the balcony can be glazed.
The leading positions in this market are still occupied by plastic insulating glass units, which have a number of undeniable advantages.
Wooden windows, although they are considered the most environmentally friendly design, but their high cost and exactingness to constant care, frightens off many. The designs of aluminum loggias are only gaining momentum in popularity.
Presumably, this is primarily due to the fact that there is not much information about these constructions, and there is no such widespread advertising that could attract the attention of the consumer. Profiles for balconies and aluminum windows, of course, have their own advantages and disadvantages, differences between warm and cold glazing.
The most popular option for aluminum glazing of loggias is the sliding type.
Also, developers install swing types, which are slightly inferior to the ease of use of sliding ones. In the upper and lower technical grooves, special rollers are installed on which the window sashes are attached. The presented designs are available with 2 and 3 guides.
The movement of the leaves is carried out completely silently on ball bearings. Depending on the size of the balcony, there can be from 2 to 8.
When the sash closes, a lock with a balcony latch for sliding aluminum loggias is activated. In order to improve the level of sound insulation, in practice, sealing materials are used. In addition, if desired, the sash can be blind, combined and swing.
Everything is simple here, the cold type of windows implies the use of a profile without insulating thermal spacers. Such a profile is characterized by high thermal conductivity, in winter on such a balcony as on the street.
This is a plus - it can be used instead of a refrigerator.
The main function that can be obtained from such a type of glazing is protection from snow, rain, dust, dirt and wind. In this regard, such loggias are not comfortable for staying on them in late autumn and winter. The temperature difference outside and on the balcony will be only 7 - 8 ° C.
In order to create comfortable conditions on the balcony, experts advise installing warm aluminum glazing of loggias.
The difference between the first and second option is that in this case, the profile is equipped with thermal inserts that can increase the level of heat retention by aluminum.
Note. There is an exclusive version of the warm aluminum profile on the market, finished with wood. In addition to its decorative function, it provides additional thermal protection.
Balconies in this case seem airy and weightless, in addition, this design allows sunlight to freely enter the premises. An excellent option for our long gloomy winters.
Considering that the aluminum structure is lightweight, it can be installed on balconies in old residential buildings. Aluminum sliding loggias allow you to save space.
This nuance will be especially useful for small balconies. And, perhaps, it is worth mentioning one of the main advantages of our time - the affordability of the price for an aluminum profile.
Low level of heat retention does not make it possible to create comfortable conditions for being in the cold season. Balconies finished with plastic bags will be much warmer.
On balconies with a cold aluminum profile without thermal inserts, you will feel like on the street.
Accordingly, if it is minus outside, it means the same temperature on the loggia.
Aluminum profiles for balconies and loggias with thermal inserts are much warmer, but still thinner than plastic structures. Therefore, it has no advantages over PVC windows, the same applies to the price of the material.
Given the fact that aluminum has a significant rate of thermal expansion, it cannot provide an adequate level of heat retention. An aluminum profile with a length of 2 m shrinks and expands in the range of 10-15 mm during temperature jumps.
Such swaying requires special attention to the places where the profile adjoins the walls of the house.
In winter, the cold profile very often freezes, which leads to the formation of ice on the guides.This happens due to the fact that the moisture that has managed to penetrate into them does not have time to fully evaporate through the drainage holes and freezes at subzero temperatures. This leads to the fact that at a certain moment you will not be able to open the sash. It remains to wait for the moment when everything thaws.
On the modern market of products for glazing balconies and loggias, the attention of the consumer is presented to the profile of Krauss, Provedal, MAK, SIAL, etc. In new buildings, a profile of the series is mounted R-400 Krauss swing and blind type. This profile is cold with one glass. Sliding aluminum loggias Provedal and Krauss are the leaders in the production of warm and cold profiles for windows. In terms of technical and structural characteristics, these profiles do not differ.
If you set a goal, armed with the knowledge and support of specialists, to install an aluminum loggia yourself, you need to prepare to work with such tools.
First of all, you need to dismantle the old frames. It is very important to carry out the work carefully, trying not to damage the parapet. To do this, stress must be applied to the plane of the frame.
After dismantling, inspect the parapet, if there are damages and defects, repair them with cement mortar. The next stage of work on the glazing of balconies and loggias with an aluminum profile begins after the cement has completely solidified.
After you have removed all the hardware, clean up the debris. In order for the installation of the aluminum loggia to be successful, and the structure to be reliable, fix a wooden beam 50 x 50 mm in size on the base of the balcony. This will simplify the installation process, give the structure additional thermal insulation properties.
We take the level and check the evenness of the laying of the timber.
Before starting the installation of the structure, you must remove the glass. First of all, this concerns deaf elements. This will prevent damage. Also, remove sliding elements.
The visor is fixed to the concrete slab at the top. An ebb is mounted on the bottom plate. The distance between the plate and the drain must be sealed with sealant. Using specially designed self-tapping screws for metal, mounting plates are attached to the profile with a gap of 70 cm.
After the structure is prepared for installation, enlist the help of a friend, lift it and install it in the opening.
Alignment is carried out using wedges vertically, horizontally and in a plane. The building level will help to check for evenness.After you make the alignment, mark the ceiling and walls to further secure the mounting plates.
Holes are made in the walls and ceiling using dowels, plates are fixed. Further, the frame is again checked for evenness of the installation, the previously removed elements are installed and the glazing is mounted.
The design of the sliding loggia made of aluminum profile is designed in such a way that it is not difficult to remove and install the sash in place. The next step is to install the window sill and check the tightness of the fit to the profile at the bottom of the structure. After that, the window sill should be pulled out.
Deviations horizontally and vertically when installing an aluminum loggia can be maximum 3 mm along the entire length and height of the profile. In addition, pay attention to the attachment points of the frame, in order to avoid profile deflection.
The gaps along the perimeter of the aluminum profile are sealed with polyurethane foam, starting from the bottom. Then the window sill is fixed to its rightful place.
Carrying out work on the foaming of the frame, be sure to control the completeness of filling the slots. At the end of the process, on the inside of the balcony, the slots are closed with special plastic strips.
After the aluminum glazing of the balcony of the loggia is installed, fix the fittings, check the regulation of the movement of the doors along the guides for smoothness of movement.
Also, do not forget to periodically lubricate the hardware with machine oil.
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