How to choose the right infrared heater: Tips + Videos and Photos

How to choose the right infrared heater: Tips + Videos and Photos Infrared heaters are currently very popular among consumers. They can easily compete with any heating device. Such as an oil cooler, convectors, a split system with a heating system.

The principle of operation of heaters is based on the emission of infrared waves, which initially heat up the surrounding objects, and they, in turn, emit heat into the air of the room. Warm air rises upward and the entire space of the heated room is heated.

Selecting the heater depending on the wavelength

The radiated waves can be of different lengths. According to this principle, infrared heaters are:

  • Shortwave, t up to 800 C, length 0.74-2.5 microns;
  • Medium-wave, t up to 600 C, length 2.5-50 µm;
  • Long-wave, t no more than 300 C, length 50-2000 µm.

Heating efficiency depends not only on the wavelength, but also on the area of ​​the heated room.

Shortwave heaters are mainly used for small rooms and for local local heating, for example, outside in a gazebo, heating a certain place in the room. When using such a device, one must remember that the shorter the infrared wave, the more harmful it affects the human body. With prolonged exposure, waves can cause redness on the skin, dry the mucous membranes of the eyes and cause such a serious illness as cataracts. Therefore, if you need to heat a small house, dacha or apartment, a greenhouse in the country, it is better to purchase an infrared medium-wave heater.

They practically have no effect on the human body and are absolutely safe.

Long-wave infrared heaters are used for heating large rooms, mainly on an industrial scale.

Infrared heaters can be divided into three types depending on the energy source:

  1. Electric;
  2. Based on liquid fuel;
  3. Gas.

Let's take a closer look at each view.

Electric infrared heaters

Electric heaters are widely used in everyday life and industry.

As a heating element, spirals, threads or heating elements are used.

Electric IR heaters are:

  • How to choose the right infrared heater: Tips + Videos and Photos household, powered by a single-phase 220V network. They are used for heating apartments, houses, shops, summer cottages, garages, etc.;
  • industrial, operating from a three-phase 380V network. They are used in industries, in places for local heating, for example, warehouses, workplace.

    They are designed for heating large rooms.

If infrared heaters are classified according to the heating element, they are:

  1. Ceramic;
  2. Halogen;
  3. Carbon (film);
  4. Quartz;
  5. Micathermic;
  6. Liquid fuel;
  7. Gas.

Ceramic infrared heaters

The front panel of this type of heater is made mainly of ceramics, and you can also buy a stone panel made of marble, sandstone and quartz. Such models are produced in small sizes. They can be installed in the window-sill space, as well as models for floor and ceiling use.

Due to their low consumption, they are very convenient for heating small rooms. You can buy such a heater with any wavelength.

Halogen infrared heaters

How to choose the right infrared heater: Tips + Videos and Photos As a heating element such heaters used halogen lamps. They are glass tubes with tungsten filaments installed inside. When current flows, the filament heats up to a red glow, due to which infrared radiation occurs.

An inert gas is present in the tube to prevent overheating of the lamp and breakage of the tungsten filament. Therefore, in order for the heater to serve for a long time, it must be protected from mechanical damage, shock when dropped and liquids hit the lamps.

In life, such heaters are rarely used due to their high energy consumption.

Carbon infrared heaters

Considered one of the varieties of halogen heaters. They differ in the design of the lamp.

Instead of a metal thread, these models use carbon mineral fiber.

Such heaters are produced with a different number of heating elements from 1 to 4 pieces in one model. The power of the heater depends on the number of elements.

The advantages of such heaters include:

  • Low power consumption;
  • Resistant to voltage surges;
  • Moisture resistant;
  • Have an increased heat flow.

This type is mostly used by summer residents to heat polycarbonate greenhouses.

Quartz infrared heaters

Quartz heaters can be purchased in two types - tubular and monolithic.

How to choose the right infrared heater: Tips + Videos and Photos Tubular heaters are somewhat similar in design to halogen heaters. The heating elements are tubes made of quartz glass, inside which a heating wire is placed. The efficiency of such heaters is much higher due to the use of quartz glass. At maximum power, the efficiency can reach up to 95%.

Monolithic heaters by design are solid platinum, in which the heating element is located. This is a conductor made of a chromium-nickel alloy. When this platinum is heated, infrared radiation is emitted. The construction of the monolith is protected from overheating and moisture. The efficiency of this series of heaters reaches 80%.

Micathermic infrared heaters

Externally, these heaters are similar to oil radiators.The design of the IR device consists of thin plates that serve as a conductor. The plates, in turn, consist of thin metal layers. When current flows, the plates conduct thermal IR waves and do not heat up at all. This is possible due to the fact that each plate is covered with a layer of mica.

In addition, each heater is equipped with metal grilles.

The design of the micathermic IR -device allows circulating heated air in the room according to the convector principle, which is one of the advantages of this heater. The efficiency of the devices is almost 98%. They are durable in operation.

Gas infrared heaters

These are heaters of high power and are usually used on an industrial scale.

The principle of operation of gas heaters is based on the process of combustion of gas (propane, butane, butylene, natural or liquefied gas) and air on special heater plates. When burned, the heating element heats up and emits heat in the form of infrared waves. By design, combustion chambers are of open or closed type.

Ceramic gas heaters can be referred to with an open chamber. They are available in both large and small sizes.

In domestic conditions, they are used as portable devices and are used to heat small rooms, summer cottages, utility rooms. In the process of gas combustion, combustion products are released. Therefore, the room to be heated must be well ventilated.

Tubular gas heaters have a closed combustion chamber. The heating element is tubes.

Air, moving through the tubes, gives them its energy and thereby increases the temperature of the outer walls to 300 degrees. The released heat is emitted in the form of infrared rays and moves to the bottom with the help of a reflector.

Heaters of such a plan are expensive to use and install. Therefore, their use in everyday life is limited.

Liquid-fuel infrared heaters

These heaters are used to heat houses that are far from the electric network.

These include:

  1. How to choose the right infrared heater: Tips + Videos and Photos Household kerosene IR heaters . They are more like an oven. Some models have a cooking hob at the top. They are produced in small sizes and low power.
  2. Diesel IR heaters .

    They are also called heat guns. During combustion, the heated fuel passes at high speed through a narrow nozzle and transfers heat to a metal grate, which is an emitter of IR rays. In this way, heated air is maximally distributed throughout the room. These devices are not used in a domestic environment. The disadvantages include high fuel consumption, noise and a good ventilation system.

Advantages of infrared heaters:

  1. IR heaters do not heat the air in the room, but objects.Air circulates evenly over the entire area;
  2. The efficiency of these heaters is close to 90%. The energy consumption is less than traditional heaters. All energy is used for heating. Mail Each device has a thermostat that turns off the heater when the desired temperature is reached;
  3. IR heaters do not reduce oxygen content in the air when heated;
  4. Safer to use than traditional devices;
  5. Environmentally friendly.

    In the production of IR heaters, toxic substances are not used that can negatively affect the state of human health;

  6. Simplicity in installation and use.

Selecting an IR heater

When choosing an IR device, it is necessary to take into account some points, namely:

  • Consider how it will be used. This is the main source of heating or an additional one;
  • For which heated area the heater is purchased. Based on this, a heater of appropriate power is selected;
  • Thickness and material of the walls;
  • Ceiling height, presence and type of room on the upper floor. It is necessary to consider which room is above your ceiling (street roof or living space);
  • Window glazing in the room (old wood or plastic with double glazing).

Considering the above factors, you can choose the right infrared heater.

Reviews

"Warms up, but CRASHES !!" Eugene from February 3, 2020

I purchased a heater for heating a bedroom 12kv. m. Beauty, very satisfied. Heats up very quickly, works without noise.

Occasionally only cracks after prolonged use. The body has a thermal sensor, which is convenient. It turns itself off. I recommend it to everyone!

Resant IKO-1500. Sergey from September 20, 2018

How to choose the right infrared heater: Tips + Videos and Photos Brought a 1500W Resant heater for heating the billiard room.

I thought it was not profitable to supply central heating. At first I didn't believe it would be warm. Billiard room 25 sq. m. As a result, super, the heater coped.

Maintains a stable 18-20 degrees.

Pros: warms up well, relatively portable thing.

Disadvantages: subjective - looks softly strong

"It depends on what IR. But better - wall-mounted." Andrey dated February 9, 2018

We bought IR for heating a house.

Gas is expensive to conduct. Relatives recommended buying this device. We were very impressed with the quality of the panels. Heats up the room quickly. We have an insulated house, so we didn't have to wait long.

Pros: Does not take up space, economical, beautiful

Cons: Heavy

Basically all buyers were satisfied with IR heaters. Their heating speed, ease of use and installation. Some praised it for its small size and economy. Ability not to "burn" oxygen in the air. The main thing is to choose the right heater for the heated area.

The most popular infrared heaters

  1. Almak is considered the most economical. The cost is not great. The body is made of aluminum. Due to the use of this material during manufacture, its weight is reduced and the service life is increased.
  2. Ecoline, is probably the most widespread IR heater.

    It has high efficiency, is mobile when moving, the service life, if used correctly, is up to 30 years;

  3. Bilux is characterized by a fast heating and cooling rate of the heating element. It is widely used both in everyday life and in production.
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