The combination of warm and cold tones in the interior. The world in which we live has never been a monochrome shell, on the contrary, it contains many color transitions and tones. According to experts, a person can only distinguish about 2% of the shades from those that birds and some of the insects can see.
The imperfect and outdated system of decomposing white into basic 7 color bands has gone into oblivion, as makeup artists and designers have developed an extended table of cold and warm tones, since for coloristics and painting, tone, shades and the energy of perception has become more important than the color itself.
To be more precise, the 7 primary colors, which are fundamental, exist only in our perception.
Thanks to the color scheme, it turned out to prove that for the human eye there are only 2 main color components - red, yellow, blue and, as an addition, white. From these three colors, you can create any shade or color, and you can make it warm or cold by adding more or less hot, as opposed to the background color.
In color, a clear division into three main groups is possible:
Green color can be attributed to two groups at once, but experts tend to believe that green color is a relative of white, that is, equilibrium.
Pay attention, this division into warm and cold tones in the interior is conditional, it would be much easier to operate with the concept of "free energy", But the fact is that both cold and warm shades need to be systematized and matched to each other according to compatibility, based on human perception, and not on dry facts and tables.
A person does not have additional sensory organs with which he could taste the shade "by the tooth", and for this only the receptor perception of heat and cold is suitable, which we use to classify into hot and a cold base.
The actual use of the gradation effect with cold and warm colors is based to some extent on human psychology, based on such rules of mutual influence :
Please note, that the last two paragraphs of the table describe the mechanism of how to make the shade cool or warm, since 100% cannot be achieved with a simple associative method ..
Still blue and white in combination can cause different associations for everyone. For some it will be cold blue snow and ice, but for others it will be a bright, blinding sun in the blue sky. For this reason, the transition from psychology to the color matrix was made.
The change in warm and cold tones in the interior is easiest to illustrate with those colors that are basic in our perception - yellow, red and green.
The warmth of yellow can be increased by adding shades that have low energy, such as red. Warmer than regular yellows are honey yellow, sunflower and dandelion colors. To go into a cool shade of yellow, add elements of green or blue.
Red is warmer in energy compared to yellow, and for this reason, managing its temperature is a little more difficult. The gradation of red is energetically more difficult to perceive.
To get a nice cool red color, you need to shift it towards the purple hue by adding gray and blue tints. You can also insulate the red, but in this case we add a yellow tint.
And it is much easier to change the green color by temperature saturation, since it can be obtained by mixing two different-temperature components - blue and yellow. Giving the right temperature comes down to the fact that you need to strengthen one of the two components. In addition, here a lot depends on the saturation - the higher it is, the warmer the color field.
So, as we learned, thanks to the overlay. High-energy colors for basic sources can be obtained with shades that are completely different in perception and temperature. The most effective way to influence perception is to choose an energy background. For this reason, in painting, the battle scene was always highlighted with a blue background of the sea or sky, due to which the energy of the picture was increased.
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