When building a house, we are faced with the question of which covering to choose for a wooden house. Currently, there is a huge selection of building materials on the market. Even without being an expert in this matter, it is quite difficult to make the right choice, given all the conditions of use and technical indicators of materials.
For good protection of the house from wind and rain, hot sun and various influences, you need to be able to choose the right roofing building materials and take into account your financial capabilities.
Technological advances and industrial growth offer a huge range of new roofing solutions.
Ondulin, slate, metal tiles, aluminum and galvanized sheets, roll-up and stacked roofs are ideal for every owner and will allow you to make a choice that will take into account all aesthetic preferences.
The roof is affected by precipitation and sunlight, and when choosing materials for the roof of a house, a number of certain categories must be taken into account.
If you have decided on the material that will be a reliable covering for the roof of the house, you will need to take into account that its durability will be determined not only by its technical indicators, but also by the features of use, including the slope of the roof, high solar activity , the presence of precipitation.
Slate is corrugated sheets made on asbestos-cement and Portland cement mortar.
Due to this mixture of solutions, slate acquired fragility, but at the same time durability. All slate sheets have a standard length of 1750 mm, and the width ranges from 980 to 1130 mm. This material is used to cover the roof of a house, the use of which occurs in conditions of sharp temperature changes, since slate is one of the few building materials that is highly resistant according to this criterion.
Another plus of this roof covering is ease of maintenance and long life. Although, with its ease of installation and installation, slate requires accuracy due to its fragility.
This roofing building material has lost its position in the overall popularity rating, because under the influence of atmospheric precipitation it very quickly loses its attractive appearance, acquiring a dirty dark shade.To eliminate this problem, special paints were developed that help the slate to retain its attractiveness over a long period of use.
Houses, outbuildings, sheds and garages - this is not a complete list of building structures for which slate is an ideal solution due to its durability and low cost.
When purchasing slate in a store, pay your attention to the integrity of the sheets, and discard those that have through and surface cracks, holes, sinks, dents and various inclusions. The edge of the slate sheets must have an even edge.
The main advantage of this roof solution is reliability and durability, in addition, these sheets are not fragile building materials. It is worth paying special attention to the lathing of the metal roof, it should have the most frequent step or be solid.
Mounting and installation is carried out using special folds, of which there are 4 different types:
Depending on the metal used, the roof covering is divided into three categories . The first category includes the use of galvanized material and it has a maximum service life.
With such a roof, you don't have to worry about construction and repairs for many years. Covering houses made of non-galvanized or pickled material will be less durable.
Metal sheets are lightweight, so they are widely used to cover roofs with a slight slope.
Aluminum sheets have a longer service life, but their cost is much higher than conventional metal sheets. Aluminum is resistant to various corrosion processes and a roof with this coating will serve for more than 80 years.
These sheets also have a number of disadvantages, such as noise during heavy rain, and lack of protection against temperature extremes . When buying such a building material, pay attention to the accuracy of the shape of all sheets, their surface smoothness and the presence of a characteristic crystallization pattern of zinc material.
Metal tile is a profiled sheet made of galvanized steel, and which, due to its profile, bears great resemblance to roof tiles. The surface of this material undergoes a special coating procedure with paints and high-quality anti-corrosion compounds. The great use of metal tiles can be explained by its long service life, ease of installation and installation, durability and beautiful appearance.
But this building material also has a number of disadvantages.
When choosing metal tiles for covering a country house, the quality and appearance of protective special polymer coatings play an important role. The most popular are polyester, polyurethane, plastisol and matte polyester. These coatings are used with steel. But much more often they use a polymeric coating of 50 micron pural and 0.
5 mm steel. Under such conditions, a high-quality roofing covering is obtained with sufficiently high technical indicators at an affordable price.
Another important point that requires special attention is the color of the metal tile. Here you need to focus on personal preferences, but you should take into account the fact that when tiles in dark shades fade, this will be more noticeable than with light shades.
Ondulin is corrugated pressed cardboard impregnated with bitumen mastic.
The surface of this material is painted several times with special paints for higher durability. The life of this roofing material is 35 years.
Another advantages of ondulin are its low cost, low specific gravity, ease of installation, its hydrophobicity, high resistance to the action of various bacteria, mold, fungi, low cost, both of the material itself and of assembly works.
Although, this roof covering of a country house is not devoid of drawbacks, the main of which is low mechanical strength, and the loud noise of rain drops and hailstones falling on the roof.
In the process of using this material burns out and loses its original appearance.
Reliable high-quality ondulin can even fade color evenly during fading, therefore, when choosing this coating, be sure to check the surface of the sheets for uniformity of painting. It is also worth noting that ondulin will require constant care in the form of cleaning it from various debris and dust. This feature appeared due to the special velvety surface of matte ondulin.
Mastic roofing is a polymer film that is applied to the roof surface. The mastic applied to the roof has the same physical properties as rubber coatings.
This design has gained its distribution primarily due to its solidity, good waterproofing, increased heat resistance and ultraviolet radiation.
Many professionals prefer this type of roof due to the fact that no joints are formed during installation. The mastic contains asbestos fiber and cement, and this makes it resistant to external precipitation and sunlight. Installation and installation of this roof is less laborious and takes much less time than roll materials. The mastic can be poured onto monolithic insulation, various reinforced concrete slabs without any additional special procedures.
Mastic is used as a repair building material to eliminate small cracks and minor damage on the roof.
Roll roofing is a fabric or cardboard base with bitumen applied to it . Under such a roofing concept is a well-known roofing material, and from newer technological materials it is glassine or glass-insulated glass. The last two materials have increased heat resistance and frost resistance. When choosing a roofing material for the exterior of a house with a durable coating, stop your attention on roll-up roofing on synthetic fabrics.
For laying this material, a special flooring is carried out in several layers, impregnated with liquid bitumen. Additionally, sizing is performed to close all joints. In order to increase the mechanical resistance, various mixtures are poured over the roll roofing material. For example, fine gravel or coarse sand.
Slate and ceramic tiles fall into this category of roofing.
Lay it in separate elements on a frequent crate. Professionals believe that ceramic coatings are more profitable and technically advanced materials. Through the introduction of industry innovations, ceramics have acquired a beautiful appearance and durability. When installing shingles, remember that they have a fairly high specific gravity and require a strong rafter frame.
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