How to decorate walls with plasterboard without a profile and frame- Instructions + Video

How to decorate walls with plasterboard without a profile and frame- Instructions + Video Decorating walls with plasterboard without a frame and do-it-yourself profiles. This type of construction work, such as finishing walls with drywall without profiles and a frame, seems difficult to many people to perform. But still, if you understand the technology, you can complete the installation work even faster than if you used a frame structure, and the end result will delight you with quality and reliability.

We suggest considering two main ways of attaching drywall to the wall without profiles and frame, and you will choose the one that you like best.

Method # 1 - using glue

This method is suitable for brick, concrete and aerated concrete foundations, so it is most often used for decoration in city apartments.

Here we will consider what the technology of wall decoration is in this case, what tools and materials will be required, and also which of the nuances should be paid attention to when performing work.

Materials for work

First, it is worth considering what materials you need. You must have a minimum builder kit and can be purchased at any home improvement store that has tools and materials. Drywall is the main material that will be used for wall decoration according to the presented technology.

Building material Tips for choosing

Drywall

The material for interior decoration must be at least 1.

2 cm thick, since it is this option that will help ensure the reliability of the surface. Sheets can be with a standard width of 1.2 meters, and a height of about 2.5-3 meters, the option should be chosen based on the parameters of your room, so that the wall is closed from bottom to top in one solid piece, it is undesirable that there are any transverse seams. The price of one sheet with parameters 1.

2 * 2.5 meters is approximately 350 rubles.

Glue

All elements will be fixed using a special glue, and best of all the composition of the Knauf company is suitable. As for the assembly glue, it is made on a gypsum basis, so it hardens in a short time and holds drywall well. The cost of a bag of glue is about 330 rubles.

Primer

It will help you process the base and topcoat. Most often, they buy universal formulations with deep penetration, which are sold in both standard and concentrated form. For a volume of 10 liters, you will have to pay from 450 to 1000 rubles, much depends on the manufacturer.

Putty for finishing

When the gypsum boards are fixed, they will need to be putty, and it doesn't matter if you are going to paint the walls or wallpaper.For the seams, use a compound from Knauf, and Acrylic Putz or Vetonit are perfect for finishing, their quality is excellent at a reasonable cost.

Serpian mesh

Required in order to strengthen the joints and seams, and also prevent the formation of cracks at the joint. Without it, it will be difficult to achieve surface reliability, so you should definitely use it, the minimum permissible width is 4.5 cm, but you can also use the 9 cm wide option.

As you can see, the set of material is quite simple and you don't need to buy dozens of different little things. Naturally, if you need to perform additional work on filling irregularities and leveling the base, then beacons and plaster may be required, but for now we will not consider this type of work, as it is described in a separate article.

Please note, that if there are no brand compositions that are recommended in your city, it will be easier to consult with specialists, and they will tell you what is better to take. Do not listen to sellers in hardware stores, as most likely they have never worked with putty and do not know anything about it from the practical side of the issue.

Tools and fixtures

For wall decoration with drywall without a profile, other tools should be at hand. So, you must have the following:

  • During the work, you will need to make a lot of finishing and adhesives, so you will need a drill or perforator with a mixer attachment. With the help of such a device, you can quickly and efficiently mix a large number of components.

    In extreme cases, you can do everything with your own hands, but then the quality will suffer, and the work will take a lot of effort.

  • It will be necessary to prepare the compositions in a container of a suitable size, and you can use both special construction containers , and ordinary basins or buckets. The main thing is that they are easy to use.
  • How to decorate walls with plasterboard without a profile and frame- Instructions + Video Plasterboard is cut with the construction knife . You also need to make a stock of replaceable blades, which are inexpensive, but your knife will always be sharp, and the quality of work is the best.

    It is most convenient to use reinforced knives with a working blade width of 2.5 cm, they are the most durable.

  • To apply adhesive and putty mixture, you can use not one, but two spatulas - wide (up to 30 cm) and narrow (up to 10 cm). The adhesive composition can be applied with a trowel or a metal float, here you decide what to choose.
  • The rubberized hammer can be used to adjust the position of the sheets, with its help it will be possible to easily align the plane to an ideal state.

    The main thing is that the work is done accurately, and you do not overdo it.

  • To take measurements, you should arm yourself with a whole set of tools, namely a measuring tape, a long building level and a pencil with which you will mark. The length for a tape measure is allowed from 3 meters, and the building level is not less than 1.2 meters, ideally 1.5-2 meters.

Now you can proceed to the preparatory stage.

Preparation

First, builds to prepare the premises for construction work, and do the following:

To start clean the walls from debris and dirt, and if there are residues from the old coating on the surface, then remove them so that the adhesive composition as best as possible lies on the surface of the walls. Please note that you cannot apply adhesives on a damp base, therefore, if the wall is damp, then in no case should you glue drywall sheets on it.

  1. If there are cracks on the base, as well as areas on which the plaster is not firmly adhered, then it should be knocked down and repaired with a cement solution or any other.
  2. How to decorate walls with plasterboard without a profile and frame- Instructions + Video Be sure to check the plane using a long level or rule, as you must clearly understand if there are differences on the surface, and if they are too large, then we suggest plastering the walls in advance.

    If the irregularities are not more than 2 cm, then you can finish immediately, since all the irregularities will be compensated for by the adhesive.

  3. If there are areas on the surface that protrude separately, it is easiest to remove them with a chisel and a hammer drill, or using a sander. The smaller the level differences are, the easier it will be to complete the work and less adhesive will be used for fastening.
  4. When the preparatory work is over, the surface is once again cleaned of dust, and then we apply a primer. Everything here is quite simple, since the composition should be prepared as indicated in the instructions on the package, and then we apply everything to the wall with a brush or roller.

    The main thing is that the entire surface is processed, and not a single section was missed.

Important! If your apartment has walls made of dense material or smooth concrete, then before starting work on finishing walls from a frame and profile, it is better to treat them with an adhesive primer with an additive of quartz. With the help of such a composition, you will be able to create excellent adhesion of the adhesive even to those bases that are painted with oil paint, and it is much easier than removing the entire coating.

By the way, if you use a primer with a colored pigment, it will be easier to understand if the entire surface is covered. After the layer of the composition dries out, you can start the rest of the work, and on this the preparation of the base can be considered successfully finished.

Installation and finishing

Interior wall decoration with glue is performed in the following sequence:

  1. First, you need to plan where and what sheets will be located on the surface.As mentioned, it is better if there is a solid sheet from floor to ceiling, but take into account this nuance - if there are window or door openings on the surface, then the joint of the sheets should be shifted from the edge by at least 30 cm so that no cracks appear. For clarity and simplicity, mark with chalk. When you clearly know where and what sheets are located, you will not be distracted from work once again.
  2. How to decorate walls with plasterboard without a profile and frame- Instructions + Video Glue is prepared so that the ready-made mixture is consumed within 20 minutes, since it does not begin to solidify later than 30 minutes later.

    Prepare the amount of adhesive that is sufficient to fix one sheet, and with the average consumption data for 1 m 2 (about 5 kg) per sheet size 1.2 * 2. 5 meters will require 15 kg of glue. First, pour water, and then add the mixture and mix the mass.

  3. The finished mass should be quickly applied to the sheet and do not forget that it will harden quickly, so work should be done promptly.

    Apply the glue in four rows of slides - two slides on the edge and under two in the middle at a distance of about 0.4 meters from each other. It turns out that on the sheet you should have 4 rows of slides, and they should be applied with a trowel or spatula, the result is shown in the photo.

  4. The sheet prepared in this way should be carefully attached to the wall, and there are several important rules here - the distance from the drywall to the floor should be at least 1 cm, and from the sheet to the ceiling about 0.5 cm.

    This will help eliminate material deformation during the movement of the structure, which occurs during seasonal temperature fluctuations and during the shrinkage of the structure. The easiest way is to put a few pieces of drywall sheet or wood wedges under the bottom.

  5. Further, to decorate the walls with drywall without a frame with your own hands, use the building level to check the position of the element, and if necessary, separate areas should be knocked out with a rubber mallet or by hand. All sheets should be checked in all directions - we apply a level both horizontally and vertically and diagonally. When you are sure that everything is perfectly level, you can start attaching the next element.

Please note that if you decide to apply the adhesive to the wall rather than the sheets, then the whole process will be the same, but the mixture will need to be distributed in the same order according to the base, and then attach the sheet.

  1. How to decorate walls with plasterboard without a profile and frame- Instructions + Video The rest of the sheets are attached in the same way as the first, but note that between the sheets it is necessary there should be a clearance of 0. 2-0. 5 cm. This is required in order to fill the joint with adhesive in the future and thus strengthen it, and also prevent cracks from appearing on the joints.

    If the sheets are installed close together, then you will not be able to properly strengthen the joints, and they will crack all the time.

  2. Now let's look at how to finish the walls in the apartment after the drywall is glued.We begin work by priming at a distance of approximately 5 cm on each side of the joint. After that, glue the serpentine mesh to the seams, just press it to the surface, and then mix the Knauf solution and fill all the joints with it so that the reinforcing mesh is also closed, and the work is done with a spatula.
  3. When the composition is dry, apply a grinder to the base and putty the surface with Vetonit.

    Spread the filler in an even layer, hold the spatula at an angle of 30 degrees and do not press hard.

  4. When everything is dry, sand with a sander or sandpaper with a grit of P120 or less. Use an ordinary light bulb to perform plane control. If during the process problem areas were found, then additionally putty and sand again to a perfectly flat surface.

After that you can paint the surface or paste over with wallpaper, at this the finish is considered complete.

Method # 2 - fastening to wood surfaces

If you do not know how to finish walls with plasterboard without a frame and profile with your own hands in a wooden home, then this technology is ideal, and you can mount drywall directly on the wood.

Materials for work

List of materials is as follows:

  • How to decorate walls with plasterboard without a profile and frame- Instructions + Video Wall gypsum board with a thickness of 1.2 cm and more. It will be able to withstand high loads and ensure operational reliability.
  • Plastic plates or pieces of wood - they are used to level the plane in case of unevenness.

    If the walls are flat, this is not required.

  • Self-tapping screws for wood with a length of 4 cm or more, with which you can fasten sheets. The quantity is calculated simply - for every 1 m 2 20 pieces are used, based on these data, calculate the volume of fasteners.
  • For the final finish, use the same materials as described above.

Now let's talk about what tools are required.

Tools and devices

As for the device for work, their list is different from the option described above, and you will need the following:

  • The screwdriver is the main working tool, as with its help you will fasten drywall, as well as level the surface, if necessary. In addition, you will need a set of attachments for thinning RN 2 .
  • You also need a blade and a knife for cutting drywall, the requirements are the same as described above.
  • Mixing can be done using a mixer and a drill, or manually, at your discretion.
  • You can't do without tools for measurements - building level, tape measure, pencil.

Also use a building angle for perfect line marking.

Preparation

Before finishing the walls with drywall, a thorough preparation should be done:

  1. How to decorate walls with plasterboard without a profile and frame- Instructions + Video First, empty the room so that nothing gets in the way.
  2. If there are gaps between the timber or planks, seal them up for good thermal insulation. To do this, you can use polyurethane foam and mineral wool, as well as traditional insulation - jute and tow. The main thing is that all the cracks are filled, so that later it does not blow from under the drywall.

  3. If you have not previously treated the base with a compound that protects the surface from pests and mold, it is advisable to apply an antiseptic to the surface of the walls. this will make it possible to protect the walls from negative effects and make the structure last as long as possible. Prepare the composition as described in the instructions and apply to the wood.
  4. Next, using a building level or rule, check the plane of the walls, and if necessary, attach slats or wedges made of wood to get the perfect plane over the entire area. If the surface has large irregularities, as in the photo below, then it makes sense to use even pieces of drywall to level the surface, and when using them, bring out a flat plane and create a reliable support for outdoor decoration.

Now let's move on to the workflow, and you will learn how to finish the walls with drywall without a frame and profile with your own hands.

Installation process

If the surface is properly prepared, the work will not take much time and effort, so follow a few simple steps:

  1. First, take measurements to determine the location of the sheets on the surface of the walls. It is important that the seams do not line up with the opening line.
  2. Cutting drywall is also easy to do - first, mark the sheets, then attach a building level or ruler, and cut the paper top layer along it with a building knife. Next, we lay the sheet with an incision on a block of wood and gently break it.

    Then cut through the paper layer from the inside, and the work is complete.

  3. The sheet is attached to the surface, and then we check with the help of a building level whether the sheet is evenly located, and, if necessary, we lay additional elements. Fastening should be carried out using self-tapping screws, screw them in at the edges with an indent not less than 30 m from the end and at a distance of 15 cm from each other. In the middle, screwing in self-tapping screws is allowed every 0.2 meters.

Please note, that you should not forget to put drywall or wood under the bottom of the sheets so that there is a 1 cm gap. The rest of the work should be done in the same way, do not forget leave the seam between the sheets at 0.2-0. 3 cm. It is important that everything is screwed in correctly, they should not stick out above the surface, but do not sink too much.

The best option is presented below.

As for the rest of the works, everything is the same as above. Finished walls can be finished with decorative plaster, wallpaper glued, painted.

Note: If you are going to glue ceramic tiles on the walls, then use a moisture-resistant green drywall. It is not necessary to put putty on it, it will be enough just to apply a strengthening primer and you can paste over the tile.

Conclusion

You were able to make sure that anyone can fix the gypsum board without a profile and frame, and this is not just practical , but also reliable, since you do not need to spend money on a profile and expose the structure for a long time. The video below will help you understand all the nuances.

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