How to dig a pond on the site with your own hands for breeding
A small fish pond can be artificially created. This will not only provide excellent fish for consumption or sale, but also effectively in terms of beauty - the aesthetically designed pond will become a real decoration of the site. There are various types of mini-ponds for fish farming. To create a reservoir, you need to correctly choose a place, and also follow the algorithm on how to dig a pond on the site.
Types of ponds in which to breed fish, quite a lot.
They are classified according to all kinds of characteristics:
- The purpose of the pond is for feeding, spawning, outgrowing or wintering.
- Pond water supply - key (filled from a natural spring), brook (a natural stream is needed here), dug (rain, ground and flood waters).
- The base of the pond - natural or artificial.
You can independently organize a pond using all kinds of technologies:
without lining) - in this case, the border of the pond is lined with turf and clay.
So, let's look at how to choose a place to place a reservoir.
To organize a pond of artificial origin, you need to correctly select a site. The following factors are extremely important:
Overpopulation of the pond should not be allowed, as this is fraught with high consumption of food, a large number of fish waste products, and the water will bloom.
Consider the ways of arrangement.
When arranging a pond for fish farming with your own hands, you first need to determine the technology. When choosing, it is important to take into account not only personal needs, but also opportunities.
In order to make a pond with PVC film, you need to choose materials.
It should be quite tight, at 0.2-0. 3 cm. Black film will be cheaper. The size of the material also matters - it should be one large piece or a couple of large pieces that need to be fastened.
In the role of material, it will be correct to use large banners, but first, the material needs to be checked for integrity.
To properly dig a pond on the site, you need:
- Special adhesive (sealant) or soldering iron for bonding film seams.
- Stapler with staples.
- A pair of flat planks.
- A strip of PVC film 10-15 cm.
First, you need to dig a pit for the pond and give it the required shape. The advantage of the film will be that this material is very flexible, and therefore it is required to embody any design ideas. In order to give the future of the reservoir the required shape, it is important to avoid excessive bends.
We do not recommend making the corners sharper than 130 degrees. At the bottom of the pit, it is important to make a sand pillow. Even a layer of sand with a height of 10 cm is enough. It is important to level the walls of the reservoir, from them sharp stones / roots should not be seen, as this may cause the film to break. This is followed by the main stage, which involves the connection of individual film pieces.
If you use a soldering iron for this purpose, then it is enough to press down on the edges for 3-5 seconds. You can also align the second seam. When using a sealant (i.e. an adhesive) to seal joints, it is important to degrease the surface first.
For this, you can use gasoline, acetone and other liquids with similar qualities. After degreasing, the surface to be treated must be wiped dry and left in the sun to dry - the material for gluing must be completely dry.
Next, there will be surface cleaning. For this, sandpaper is used - the grain size should be minimal. It is required to glue film pieces together with an overlap with a step of 15 cm.
You can effectively use boards for this, which must be perfectly even. The film piece is required to be attached to the board with a stapler, in the same way prepare the second part of the material. Use a plastic strip as an interlayer. It is required to thoroughly coat it with the composition on both sides, and apply it to the pieces of film only on those parts that will touch.
Then connect all the parts and place the load on top, that is, heavy boards.
The drying time is indicated on the packaging, but we advise you to wait at least 24 hours. The film needs to be carefully spread. It should protrude beyond the edge of the reservoir, and the film ends need to be dug in, and bricks or stones should be laid on top. By the way, you can lay out the entire pond with stones, but do it carefully so that the film is not damaged.
This option can be used if the soil is waterlogged and the groundwater is high.
To organize an artificial reservoir, the following materials and tools are required:
First, you need to outline the boundaries of the future pond and make a foundation pit of the required depth. The pond can be arranged in place of a natural ravine on the site - it needs to be expanded and deepened, and also an earthen dam must be organized. It is required to pour it along the total length with layers of 0.2 meters and tamp it well.
The dam must be 0.5 meters higher than the water level in the reservoir. The end should be rounded by a groove that will act as a flood diversion. What pond can be dug on the site? At the end of the preparatory process, follow this algorithm:
After the wall, it is required to evenly cover with turf.
This is done so that the bottom of the pond is covered with silt and it is possible to plant plants that will take root successfully.
After the organization of the bypass and supply ditches, you can make gutters from concrete. If a natural ravine was used to create a pond, then there will be a coastline on the crest of the dam.
To do this, sand is poured up to 15 cm thick. The width of the coastline can be up to 1 meter.
This version of an artificial reservoir is attractive for a huge operational period, but it takes a lot of time and effort to implement it ...
To create a pond with a concrete base, the following tools and materials are required:
- Tubes (collection and drainage of water).
- Waterproofing foil.
- Reinforcing mesh.
- Components for concrete coating - sand, cement and water.
- Crushed stone.
Concreting mix is best done by hand.Feeding from a car is appropriate if you organize large reservoirs, because there will be a lot of concrete. The creation of an artificial pond with concreting is carried out according to the following algorithm:
This stage is optional, but it makes it possible to organize an excellent support.
In hot weather, you can spray the concrete with clean water to prevent cracks in the material.
If you didn't know, you can dig a pond in the area with an excavator. In the video, you can look at the experience of a man who made a concrete pond.
It is required not only to choose the technology for creating a pond, but also to implement, create the required living conditions for the inhabitants of the reservoir. Otherwise, their growth and reproduction may slow down, there is a risk of death.
For the reproduction of fish in such a reservoir, the following conditions are important:
For a pond with a shallow depth, it is great to use a chastoha, a gopher and a head-head. Reservoirs with an average depth are perfectly populated with pondweed or water lily. If you organize a deep pond, then you can use a basilis, loosestrife or Siberian cleanser to fill it.
This is not an easy task, but it will cost much less than expensive feed.
It is not difficult to make a reservoir, you need to correctly select a site for a pond, prepare materials and carry out the necessary work. Be sure to create favorable conditions for fish and get a wonderful pond with healthy breeding fish.
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