When the designers develop, the project of a large structure, their main task is to optimally distribute the areas of future premises, while taking into account all the wishes of the customer ...
Bay window is the part of the building that protrudes beyond its area.
Translated from German means as a ledge in the wall or a lantern.
Bay window, like everything else in the world, has its own history, buildings with a bay window were seen during the Roman Empire.
In those days, bay windows were attached to the floors located on top, this was necessary in order not to block the passage on narrow streets. Bay windows served as a good place to fire at enemies.
Nowadays bay window performs such functions as:
If you choose the right design and style of the interior, then this corner will be cozy and especially loved.
The bay window is decorated with large windows, due to this, the quality of natural light is increased and the economy of artificial lighting.
A bay window can differ in shape, number of storeys and method of attachment, it depends on various features of the building.
Bay window mounts are different. For example:
Also bay window in the shape of the building can be:
Using a bay window has some positive qualities . For example:
But during the construction of the bay window there are some difficulties .
For example :
In regions with cold climates, it is not recommended to completely glaze the bay window in order to exclude spending on its insulation and heating.
Only with strict observance of all stages of the bay window construction, the construction will be of high quality.
First you need to draw up a project and draw up the necessary documents. In the event that the bay window was conceived with the construction of a house, then you do not need to take any additional permits.
In the event that the owners of the house, after some time, decide to add a bay window to the house, then there will be a need to amend the project of the house and obtain a permit for the extension. The bay window can be planned in different ways, it will depend on the preferences of the owner of the house. The shape of the structure is usually planned at this stage.
If the builder has little or no experience in building a Venetian bay window, then it is best to build a square or rectangular bay window.
The foundation for the bay window in structure and components should not differ from the foundation of the house.
In this case, a foundation such as a monolithic tape is suitable.
The procedure for erecting the foundation remains the same:
After the foundation has been poured, it is given time to shrink. Only after that, the foundation is treated with a waterproofing material.
The substructure of the building must be well protected from moisture.
A good solution for a wooden house would be larch boards. Due to this, the house will receive additional support and due to this, the structure will be more stable.
At this stage, the main work is cutting corners. Cutting corners for a semicircular bay window is carried out at an angle of 450. Of course, it is easier to get the result from a correct geometric figure.
When the adjustment of the corners is completed, then proceed to the fastening of the remaining parts. The crowns of the bay window are covered with a sealant, and the finished structure is caulked. All openings and the entrance to the bay window are cut out after the fasteners of all parts have been made.
The simplest roof option for a bay window, will be continued roofs from the main building.
In the event that the customer wants to make the bay window roof separate, it is best to make it domed.
Since the amount of work and materials is small, it will not be difficult to equip the roof of the bay window and will save you money. When the bay window roof is ready, there is no need to rush to glaze it. It is necessary to wait for time for the structure to shrink; after this time, various shortcomings will be visible that could have been made during construction and which will need to be corrected.
Types of bay window roofs can be different, it depends on the complexity of the bay window itself. For example:
It is used for buildings with elongated structures. Such a roof has a ridge, and also has four slopes, of various shapes. Two ramps are triangular and the other two are trapezoidal;
Small bay windows are covered with such a roof, and this kind of roof also gives the bay window the appearance of a tower. The hipped roof has many edges and looks like a pyramid;
This roof connects the bay window roof to the main house roof or building wall.
What type of roof to choose is up to the customer. But the most important criterion when choosing a roof is that it cope with its functions.
When building a roof on bay window, most often they use the same materials as on the main roof. To cover the roof, use such materials as:
In the event that the whole building is a combination of complex structures, then it is best to cover the bay window with a valley roof. Because the roof of such a building becomes with many slopes and therefore will be vulnerable to environmental influences.
The first stage of work will be arrangement of the reinforcing belt . This belt is a support for the beams and at the same time increases the strength of the masonry. The belt is made of concrete and reinforced mesh.
Then comes the preparation of the necessary materials for construction.
The following materials are required for roof construction :
After all the materials have been prepared, you can proceed to the installation and installation of the sub-rafter beams. In this case, a timber or boards are suitable, which are connected with self-tapping screws and screws.
It is not necessary to cut the lumber precisely to size, it is best to leave small gaps.
They can be removed after final fixing. Before building rafters, it is necessary to find out the exact angle of inclination of the future roof.
The rafters are fitted on the ground, but then they are lifted and sewn on the ridge of the roof.
Attach the rafters using metal plates with self-tapping screws.
Then they are installed and fixed to the rafter beams.
The next step in the construction of a roof for a bay window is the construction of the lathing, but before starting the construction of the lathing, the rafter system must be protected with waterproofing materials.
After the completion of waterproofing work, the crate is erected.The most difficult part in laying the roof of a bay window is the installation of valleys, this process requires the use of different types of gutters:
Planks are usually attached to the valley board. The joints, which can be negatively influenced by the environment, are treated with a sealant or sealant. This stage is final for outdoor work, but the roof arrangement continues from the inside of the house.
The roof is then insulated, vapor barrier is made and hemmed.
It is very important to know that all lumber that is intended for roof construction is treated with an antiseptic.
At the stage of project development, architects have no idea what application the bay window will find customers. There are a lot of options for using bay windows, we can offer several options.
For example :
Building a bay window with skillful hands will give the house a respectable look, as well as increase the area of rooms and improve lighting in the house.
In this article, we described how to attach a bay window to a wooden house yourself.
We hope this information was helpful to you. Good luck!
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