Building your own home and arranging the local area is a rather important step. Not the last thing in it is the choice of a site suitable for construction. We are surrounded by a civilized, comfortable world, which not only provides us with all kinds of conveniences: in addition to them, we get noise and polluted air.
Numerous transport, railways and airports and, accordingly, trains and airplanes cause incessant noise and rumble. Constant background noise, in turn, causes poor health.
Often he is guilty of poor health, irritability, insomnia, increased blood pressure, and so on.
It's great when your home is in a quiet, secluded place. But there are not so many lucky ones enjoying the silence. The overwhelming majority have to somehow adapt, and, to the best of their strength and capabilities, fight annoying decibels. To isolate yourself from noise, two different techniques are used:
Well-thought-out combination is most effective. For owners of private houses and their own plots, it is, of course, easier to deal with noise. Especially if the size of the territory allows it. The larger the plot, the more optimally you can plan the structure and location of the house, and competently improve the garden plot.
We conquer the noise if the house is by the road
True, it should be:
The choice of homeowners most often falls on fences made of brick, concrete blocks or corrugated board. This, of course, is a good protection of the house from uninvited guests and prying eyes. But their noise-absorbing characteristics are the most insignificant.
They are much higher, for example, near a solid wooden fence, which will perfectly fit into any landscape. But wood, especially when not properly processed, deforms and decays over time.
Cracks and flaws can form on it, which will allow street noise to pass through.
Green spaces will help to perfectly fight noise. A higher degree of protection is possessed by rather large trees - from five meters high. They should be planted in two to three rows in a checkerboard pattern. Pine, then spruce, and then various types of deciduous trees are best resisted to noise.
Special acoustic screens that widely distributed in Europe, a very effective and fairly low-cost tool. They are installed along the perimeter of the estate or plot not far from noisy roads. The fact is that their efficiency increases as they get closer to the source of the noise.In each case, the necessary parameters are calculated individually, and this is carried out by qualified employees of the acoustic laboratory.
Screens can be made of:
It is desirable that acoustic screens and green spaces completely protect the house from the noisy side.
Therefore, if a noisy road or railway passes nearby, it is worthwhile to rationally approach the choice of the number of storeys of the building. A dwelling no higher than two or three floors will be better protected.
During the day we do not notice extraneous noise as much as at night. Based on this, it is advisable to plan the layout of the rooms so that the bedroom windows face the quiet side.
On the side of noisy roads and highways, storerooms, laundries, stairs or kitchens should be located.
In the noise absorption room use:
Many believe that with increasing properties.
But this is not quite the case.
The best soundproofing qualities are possessed by windows equipped with glasses of different thickness, located on a sufficient great distance from each other.
It may well be a single chamber package. If you choose one with a low-emission coating, then its thermal characteristics will also be at their best. When buying, pay attention to seals and locking mechanisms: it is their quality that guarantees tightness.
The wall of the house is a powerful barrier to noise. Therefore, the material from which it is made is of great importance. The highest soundproofing properties are possessed by buildings made of monolithic reinforced concrete. The minimum number of seams provides just such indicators.
If it is decided to build a building of bricks, then the difference in the functional characteristics of different grades must be taken into account:
But this does not mean that a two-layer brick wall has two times better properties than a single layer. To provide better sound insulation, it is desirable to combine different materials. For example, lay a layer of basalt fiber or glass wool on a brick wall, upholster it with sheets of drywall or combine the wall with layers of shell rock and brick.Natural or bituminous shingles also successfully resist various road noise.
When choosing the type of potential home, many potential homeowners are sure in advance that it is impossible to provide good sound insulation for a frame structure.
Is this so?
Modern technologies offer different ways to solve this problem :
Conventionally, all annoying noises can be divided into two groups: shock and air type. Trying to get rid of each of them using special methods, you can achieve good sound insulation of the frame structure.
Reducing airborne noise
This type of noise is the most common and widespread.
Airborne noise is everything that spreads by air:
Sounds of airborne noise enter the room mainly through door and window openings.
Due to the vibrations of walls and vertical partitions, through cracks and gaps, they spread along the structure itself, inside it. Wooden walls have rather high characteristics of protection from such noise: their effect extends to frame houses.
However, additional measures will not be superfluous:
Ideally, they should, without increasing the weight of the building structure itself, reduce possible vibrations of the floors.
As such, it is good to use:
Foam and polyurethane, contrary to popular belief, are not a guarantee of excellent sound insulation. Their closed cellular structure does not contribute to damping sound waves.
Impact sound travels very quickly in a solid environment and over long distances.
In rooms, this sound propagates through floors and floors.
Impact noise can occur, for example, when:
The simplest method to suppress this noise is to reinforce the floors.
True, this method is not suitable for a light frame structure. In frame-type buildings, you can use a variety of floor coverings, soft and flaky.
It can be carpet or linoleum on a thick foam base.
3mm cork or polyethylene spacers during installation floors are used in rooms where the following will be used as a topcoat:
These materials are placed between the leveling screed (or monolithic coating) and the supporting structure.
Glass fiber or basalt fiber 3 centimeters thick to provide reduction noise is placed under the ceramics. The fiber acts as a kind of floating floor, which in permanent buildings will serve to dampen impact noise.
From all that has been said, it follows that there are different ways that are aimed at improving the sound insulation of frame-type buildings. Of course, many of these increase the overall construction costs. However, all investments of this kind are vital and well-founded.
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Posted By: Work Style |10, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |12, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |01, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |12, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |12, Nov 2020