The building materials used for cladding today amaze with their wide variety, but the key place among All materials are occupied by clinker tiles for the facades of houses, which outwardly very much resembles a brick.
In its composition and use, it is similar to ceramics, but in quality it is much stronger, more reliable and more resistant to external mechanical influences. This novelty in construction technologies is used to decorate the walls of frame houses, utility buildings, shopping and administrative complexes.
The raw material for the production of modern ceramic tiles is the highest quality slate clay, oxide coloring pigments, quartz and feldspar, while various chemical additives are not used.
The chemical composition also did not include salts and lime - that is why the facing of the facade of the house retains its excellent original color for a long time, and the surface of the walls does not become faded.
The preparation method is processing at a temperature of about 1300 degrees, at which the original mixture turns into a monolith.
Consider all the advantages of separating the facade over other other methods:
The disadvantage is the low resistance to mechanical stress. This tile is not suitable for finishing the facade of industrial buildings.
The high efficiency of clinker makes it the most common in the construction of private houses, it can even decorate interior rooms.
Clinker tiles are sold in hardware stores at prices ranging from 700 to 3500 rubles. per square meter. The difference in price depends on the texture of the material and its quality.
The mineral composition of the clay affects the color of the finished product.
With the iron content, the product acquires terracotta shades. The addition of carbon produces black and gray-blue tiles.
Manufacturers produce clinker tiles for various design modifications of facades. The range of tiles allows you to choose different options for silicate brick, polished stone, or with imitation of old walls.In shape, the finished product comes with rounded corners, or uneven chips, and can also be of a classic rectangular shape.
For better and more reliable installation, all walls must be leveled, all bumps and sagging, various dirt and mortar residues must be removed. Fill any cracks with mortar and plaster.
The tiles should be laid from bottom to top, the bottom row should be laid on a rail set specially at the level. Part of the wall must be covered with a special facade mixture.
Next, tiles are laid on the filled area, after which the adhesive must be applied to the next part of the wall.
When working, one should not rush too much, increasing the area of the finishing area - the glue dries quickly within half an hour, so there is a high risk of not having time to lay all the clinker tiles.
In order to maintain the even width of the joints vertically and horizontally, a steel bar of the required diameter is used, which is inserted between the clinker tiles.
Clinker masonry dries completely within one week. In rainy and cloudy weather, protect the walls with a special PVC film so that the glue does not blur.
Grouting must be done with a loose and not liquid special compound, so as not to stain the texture of the tiles.
Facade thermal panels with clinker tiles are a special finishing material. It is simple and reliable to use, has an increased level of thermal insulation, is durable, environmentally friendly and at the same time has an excellent cost.
Under the clinker layer, a special heat-insulating building material is installed that does not absorb dampness and moisture, as a rule, it is expanded polystyrene. The term of use of facade tiles with insulation is about 30 years.
The sequence of work will depend on the method of joining clinker tiles and insulation:
1) Glueless method - tiles and expanded polystyrene are connected by heat pressing.
All layers are inseparable. Installation of panels is simple and reliable.
2) Glue method - clinker tiles are glued on the expanded polystyrene panel. On the insulation plates, it is necessary to make guides for rigid fixation of the clinker so that the frame wall is kept at the same level.
The disadvantage of this combined facade will be the presence of an adhesive layer, and slower installation and assembly.
There are also advantages: the possibility of using heat insulators of various thicknesses.
For facades of frame houses, clinker tiles are a decorative and protective coating that creates a stylish, unique design of the building. For complete harmony, this building material can be used to decorate verandas and terraces, spiral staircases, loggias and balconies, gardens, swimming pools and much more.
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