How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Before fixing a terrace board, it must be remembered that this material, well known as "garden parquet", has not only a number of undeniable advantages, but also some disadvantages that must be taken into account in the process installation.

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

How to fix the decking

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Decking for the facade

Material description

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

WPC decking

Decking or decking, applies to the category of relatively new finishing materials with high quality characteristics, which makes it relevant to use in conditions of frequent precipitation, significant temperature changes and under the influence of direct sunlight. Such a finish is also in demand in places with very high cross-country rates.

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Building cladding with decking

Scope of application

Most often used as flooring on the open terraces of personal plots and territories adjacent to the cottages. Terrace decking is widely used when arranging flooring on roofs, open balconies or loggias, verandas.

Recently, the material has been increasingly installed in the design of garden paths and areas around outdoor pools.

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Decking around the pool

Decking has proven itself as a convenient and safe cover for a playground, pier or pier, and can also to be used when creating patios of a restaurant or cafe. Somewhat less often, decking is used as a cladding for the facade of buildings.

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

WPC elements for the facade

Advantages and disadvantages

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Advantages of decking

A high-quality decking board, in addition to high environmental friendliness, has the following advantages:

  • long service life exceeding thirty years;
  • anti-slip surface;
  • no need to protect with chemicals, as well as painting or varnishing;
  • a wide range of decorative qualities;
  • pleasant, but unobtrusive aroma of natural wood;
  • pleasant tactile properties;
  • a high level of temperature resistance ranging from minus 60 ° С to plus 80 ° С;
  • unaffected by the negative effects of bacterial flora;
  • ease of processing, including cutting and drilling;
  • simplicity and availability of self-assembly and disassembly.

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Terrace decking colors

Standard sizes and main characteristics of decking produced by domestic and foreign manufacturers are as follows:

  • thickness 2.

    2-2.8 cm;

  • width 13.5-14.7 cm;
  • length 1.5-6.

    0 m.

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Dimensions and construction of the deck

The disadvantage of such material can be considered a rather high cost, as well as susceptibility to patination, which consists in the formation of a silvery shell-film on the surface. The coating, produced with the addition of plastics, is completely devoid of the external and tactile qualities of a natural material.

Popular types

Depending on the purposes of application and quality characteristics, as well as the peculiarities of the manufacturing technology of finishing material, decking can be represented by several types:

  • by material, decking can be natural and composite;

    How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

    Wood-polymer composite

    How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

    Larch decking board (decking)

  • surface is smooth, velveteen or ribbed;

    How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

    Terrace board (decking) wood-polymer, velveteen surface

  • according to the type of profile, the material can be beveled and rectangular.

    How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

    Rectangular profile

Planken or beveled board, is a facing material intended for finishing both outside and indoors.

This type of decking is perfect for partial or complete cladding of residential premises, gazebos and fences. Straight planks often have grooves to facilitate assembly work. The beveled plank has rounded or beveled sides that allow for overlapping installation and good clearance.

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Planken

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Planken trim

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Planken (beveled), facade finishing

Features of production

Recently, it has clearly become a very stable growth trend in the volume of individual buildings. This situation allowed both domestic and foreign manufacturers to quickly respond to the basic needs of consumers, replenishing the market with new and promising high-quality materials.

In the manufacture of such a finishing and building material, only strong wood is used. Foreign manufacturers take tropical wood as the basis of their products, and domestic materials are most often produced from conifers, oak or ash. The production is based on obligatory processing in high temperature conditions, including hot steam.

The technology based on sawdust allows to obtain an aesthetic building and finishing material with sufficiently high strength and uniformity. In this case, woodworking waste is supplemented with special polymer additives, as a result of which it is possible to obtain a WPC material, which is called deck or composite decking.

A feature of such a terrace board is very high reliability and the absence of any deformation changes under the influence of negative external factors.

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

WPC production

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

WPC profile production

Selection rules

Natural wood has a number of disadvantages, the most important of which is the need to constantly impregnate the material with an antiseptic and cover it with decorative and protective compounds.

Such measures are quite problematic to perform from the inside, therefore, wood-polymer composites have been developed as an alternative. In such a decking, the proportion of wood can vary within 38-68%, and about 4% falls on coloring pigments. The rest of the finishing material is substituted with polymers.

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Composition of WPC

Polymer terrace boards are presented in the construction market with a wide selection and rich colors. When choosing, it is recommended to pay attention to well-known and receiving positive reviews of trade marks:

  • Terranson belongs to large and popular manufacturers that produce composite finishing boards using environmentally friendly and high-quality raw materials;

    How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

    Terranson, WPC flooring

  • composite finishing materials from the Belgian company Bruggan have proven themselves well as a reliable and durable material;

    How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

    WPC Bruggan Multicolor

  • Rehau has been producing terrace boards for a little less than ten years and occupies a leading position in the production of garden parquet;

    How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

    Colors of Rehau ReLazzo decking boards

  • OLYMPIYA decking boards have a special profile, therefore they are used for installation on objects with a high level of traffic and high impact loads;

    How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

    OLYMPIYA High Strength Composite Deck Board

  • in works related to the finishing of the pier, bridge, pier, terrace, garden path, as well as the operated roofing system, the Darvolex terrace board has proven itself best;

    How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

    DARVOLEX terrace board

  • Hungarian company Legro also produces decking, free of such drawbacks as decay and delamination. Such high-quality material compares favorably with good resistance to any type of mechanical damage, as well as the negative effects of rain and sun.

    How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

    Legro decking

It is important to remember that the decking used when finishing the flooring in the sauna and the area around the pool , must have a grooved profile. This guarantees a reliable anti-slip effect.

Prices for various types of terrace boards

Terrace boards

Self-assembly technology

Modern decking is a material that is unique in its characteristics, but needs to be correctly used in the implementation of finishing work.Only a properly performed self-assembly will ensure that the surface of absolutely all unique performance declared by the manufacturer for a long period is preserved. Before assembling a structure based on a terrace board, it is recommended to let the material acclimatize well under the conditions of the intended operation for a couple of days.

Basic set of materials and tools

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Decking and accessories

Regardless from the installation option and the type of decking, it will be necessary to prepare in advance a starting set of material and working tools:

  • support logs;
  • initial and intermediate brackets;
  • galvanized screws and self-tapping screws;
  • standard plugs;
  • end finishing materials;
  • galvanized or stainless corners;
  • electric drill and standard set of drills;
  • a screwdriver or screwdriver;
  • a building measuring tape and a meter level;
  • a pencil or construction marker;
  • a hand saw.

The basic set can be supplemented depending on how you intend to install and fix the finishing material.

Prices for popular models of drills

Drill

Correct calculations

There are two ways to install decking. With open installation, the board on the joists is fixed from the front side by means of anti-corrosion galvanized self-tapping screws. The closed installation option will require fixing the board on the logs with clips on the inside.

Decking length according to the direction of the deck board Board length Recommended laying gap
Less than 600 cm Less than 400 cm 0-0.4 cm
Less than 600cm 400-600 cm 0-0.

4 cm

600 cm to 10 m Less than 400 cm 0.5 cm
600 cm to 10 m 400-600 cm 0.5 cm
More than 10 m Less than 400 cm 0.6 cm
More than 10 m 400-600 cm 0.9 cm

The gap between the installed decking deck and the wall must be 0.

8 cm or more. When joining elements along the length, the standard indentation left between the end parts should be as follows:

  • with a flooring length of 400 cm - absent;
  • with a flooring length of 400-600 cm - 0 , 3 cm;
  • with a flooring length of more than 600 cm - 0.45 cm.

To perform longitudinal adjustment of terrace boards to each other, a gap of 0.2 cm must be left.

self-assembly can be used several types of fixing decking, presented by the "classic", "twin-mini", "nail-pro" and twin-version. The appearance of such a fastener is represented by a metal plate coated with special anti-corrosion compounds.Fixing a square meter of finishing will require about two dozen fasteners. Installation in a clip, which is located on the lags, is also often used.

Preliminary surface preparation

The most important condition for the correct installation of decking is considered to be competent arrangement of the most reliable base base, which can be represented by the following types:

  • cement screed treated with bituminous compounds;
  • wood, treated with antiseptics and painted logs;
  • metal, corrosion-resistant beams.

It is mandatory to treat the base from any weeds and use any high-quality material that prevents weed germination.

Step 1. Leveling of the soil surface and its high-quality compaction by vibratory ramming is performed.

Step 2. Backfill on the leveled and tamped surface of a crushed stone or gravel layer 10-12 cm thick.

A five-centimeter layer of sand is poured over this backfill.

Step 3. Installing a reinforcing mesh over the sand and gravel cushion. The foundation base can be represented by continuous concreting or concrete slabs for joists.

Step 4.

Ensuring the base stationary with the help of special adjustable supports, for which reliable and high-quality dowels are used.

Step 5. Beams should be placed on the adjustable supports perpendicular to the direction of the terrace board. Such elements are laid strictly parallel to each other, with a distance of 400-700 mm. Supports are fixed with galvanized screws and dowels.

Straight and oblique corners are used to connect together.

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Marking

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Lag fixing, scheme

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Step between lags

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Fixing lag

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Photos of installed logs

Before installing the WPC-decking, it is necessary to develop a drainage system that will protect the soil from swelling during a thaw. The base should be made with a slight slope to the drainage system. The standard slope is 10 mm per meter of surface.

Mounting on a concrete base

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Instructions for installing a WPC decking board

One of the mandatory rules for installing decking on a concrete base is to provide high-quality waterproofing with waterproofing.

Installation of boards should be started from the walls, stepping back at least 0.8 cm.

Step 1. Install the first board with a "tenon" connection to the side of the wall and fix with fasteners. The recommended step for fastening is a distance of 30-35 cm.

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Board fastening scheme

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Installing the fastener

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

The latch is fixed with self-tapping screws

Step 2. Board side, that turned out to be closer to the wall, you need to press it against the concrete base using a plinth.The use of good quality plastic skirting boards is considered optimal.

Step 3. Installation of the next flooring element, which needs to be driven with a spike into the groove of the previous board, maintaining a distance of 0.

2 cm. The installed element is fastened with dowel-nails.

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Installing the WPC board

Step 4. Installing the next terrace boards in the same way. Docking along the length of the finishing flooring made of boards less than 400 cm in length is carried out with the elements fitting closely.

When fitting longer boards, the elements must be joined with a gap of 0.45 cm. The sections of the joints of different boards should not coincide. The minimum distance between the joining zones is 20-25 cm.

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Scheme of fastening the second board

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Fixing the stopper

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

The second board is knocked out with a mallet

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Board joint, scheme

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Trimming boards

The edges of the deck can be fixed with 30 * 30 mm aluminum corners .

.. The open edge with a "spike" is fixed with a screw, the head of which is masked with a chamfer. The edge part is closed with an aluminum corner.

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Installation of plugs

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Scheme of decorating ends with corners

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Corner setting

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Decking

Video - Installation of WPC siding

Installation on a wood base

If there is a base for decking, represented by a wooden crate or solid flooring, it is advisable to use galvanized screws to fix the decking board.

If a non-continuous version of the wooden base is used, then it must be treated with antiseptics and painted. Installation of decking based on decking is performed at standard intervals of 10-15 cm. The technology for installing the elements is the same as when installing the flooring on a concrete base.

Features of open and closed installation

Open mounting of decking or decking is used most often. This technology resembles the installation of a standard floorboard, but for fixing galvanized fasteners are used, the holes for which must be drilled in advance.

A closed installation is in demand when it is necessary to obtain a durable and decorative flooring with absolutely invisible fixings. This type of laying is considered to be the most difficult, and a feature of the technology is the preliminary installation of hidden stainless square-shaped fastening brackets on the joists.

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Lags, the distance between them is 30 cm

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Reinforcement of the lag by jumpers

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Laying the board on logs

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

The first board is fastened with self-tapping screws through

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Hide the self-tapping screw with a plug

Step 1. Make grooves on the side of the mounted decking -Board. The standard groove depth should be approximately 2.

5 cm.

Step 2. Place special plates in the grooves made to secure the finishing material.

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Installing the mount

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Installing all mounts

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Installation of the second board

Step 3. Joining the decking board using plates.

This method of joining allows you to get a completely flat and beautiful flooring.

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Drilling a hole for fixing the last board

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

The last board is fastened with screws through and through , step - 40 cm

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Fixation of decorative caps for ends

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Fastening the connecting profile

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

The joint of the boards is closed by the connecting profile

The method of concealed installation is more time consuming and, as a rule, not used when doing flooring with your own hands.

Prices for popular models of screwdrivers

Screwdrivers

Finishing the facade with decking

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

WPC ventilation façade

Step 1. Installation of insulation. Fixation is made with glue and dowel-fungi with a metal rod.

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Installation of insulation

Step 2. Installation of a batten made of dried wooden beam 50x50 mm. Double strips are mounted in the corners. Similar double planks are attached where the ends of the cladding panels will be located. The fixation is carried out with dowel-nails through pre-drilled holes.

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Trim

Step 3. Installing the starting aluminum profile. Through the holes with self-tapping screws, the profile is attached to the racks of the crate.

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Fixing the starting profile

Step 4. Setting the corner profiles.

All screw heads must be recessed.

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Setting the corner profile

Step 5. Installing the first panel. The connection is made according to the thorn-groove system. Each bar is fixed with a special clip.

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Installing the first panel

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Clip

Step 6. Install the second and subsequent panels.

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

At the ends of the strips there are gaps to compensate for the thermal expansion of the material

For connecting the strips, special clips are provided.

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Connector

Step 7 . Installation of the last plank.

The board is sawn lengthwise to the desired size.

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Sawing the board along

The smooth end of the sawn bar is inserted into the groove of the finishing profile. The groove of the sawn strip is put on the tenon of the penultimate board. The finishing profile is fixed with self-tapping screws.

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Installation of the last board

Step 8.

Installation is completed by installing corner decorative profiles or overlays.

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Corner overlays

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Finishing overlay for the outer corner of the house

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Interior corner trim

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Assembly is done in no time thanks to a convenient system panel fastening

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Finishing of the window opening

Major mistakes of self-assembly

Quite often, when independently performing work on arranging finishing using a terrace board, the following main mistakes are made:

  • lack of ventilation gaps or their incorrect location between the installed lags;
  • tightening the fasteners too tight ;
  • improper arrangement of the drain under the flooring;
  • installation of a decking board without observing the rules for joining and the dimensions of the gaps;
  • lack of drainage holes and stagnant water on the surface of the completed structure.

Wooden logs for installation of flooring must be treated with antiseptics, and metal - with anti-corrosion compounds.

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Decking

Decking

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Decking plank care

Do not clean decking planks with a shovel, metal scraper, or a scratching brush. It is optimal to use a pressure washer.

Small scratches and minor defects can be eliminated with fine sandpaper.

How to fix a terrace board: mounting technology on all types of surfaces

Cleaning the boards with a jet of water

It should be noted that a newly laid decking may slightly change its original color during the first few weeks ... This feature of the finishing material is not a marriage and is quite natural for all wooden options for outdoor flooring.

Video - Installation instructions for decking made of WPC

Video - Decking composite board mounting

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