How to glue veneer and choose an adhesive composition

How to glue veneer and choose an adhesive composition How to properly glue veneer at home and the choice of glue

People are constantly wondering how to glue veneers. To achieve success in this matter, you should clearly follow all the main recommendations. Before starting everything, you should correctly select the composition for performing the procedure. To fix this type of coating, it is allowed to use a variety of substances. Of no small importance will be the strict implementation of the rules for their application.

The material can also differ in the sawing method, as well as the processing method. It is most commonly used in the furniture industry. Often, the substance is glued to facade or even wall panels. Even veneer doors are very relevant.

Such a substance will be characterized by an excellent appearance, and it is allowed to fix it on various wooden coatings.

In this case, the substance will differ in the availability of prices. For this reason, it is often used for interior decoration of living quarters. The main advantages of veneer include a long operating period, resistance to moisture, high strength and environmental friendliness.

Details

Main types of veneer

Veneer is a layer of wood. The substance is a completely natural material that has the following varieties:

  • Standard - made from walnut, oak and cherry.

    Other tree species can also be used.

  • Special - it is made from valuable and fairly rare wood species.
  • Root sections of interesting species - this material is unsuitable for the production of furniture, however, it will have an interesting texture. This category will include eucalyptus and myrtle.
  • Exclusive - characterized by a non-standard texture and unusual dimensions.

By sawing method

Depending on the cutting method, veneer can be radial and tangential. Each of the options will have some specific features.

  1. Tangential - This material can be obtained by planing the trunk parallel to the center. This will help achieve the effect of rings on the surface.
  2. Radial - A similar finish is obtained when planing at 90 degrees to the tree rings.

Now let's look at one more variation.

By processing method

Depending on the processing method, veneer can have several types, and each of the bottom has many features.

  1. Peeled - this type of veneer is obtained by rotating the logs. During the procedure, a thin tape should be cut from them. The saw of a special machine cuts the wood parallel to the grains, and such a material is desired from alder and oak.

    Also birch and pine are used for its manufacture.

  2. Sawed - This veneer is made from softwood. These include fir and Siberian cedar. As a result, it turns out to make boards that are up to 1.2 cm thick.

    Usually the material is used to make musical instruments. Sometimes it is even used for the furniture industry, and this type of veneer is considered the most valuable.

  3. Planed - This material is made only from hardwood. It will turn out to be made of mahogany or oak, and it will be distinguished from other types of veneer by the way of cutting wood. To begin with, the trunk should be cut into pieces, and then the layers are cut off.

    This is done necessarily perpendicular to the fibers.

So which glue can be used?

Which adhesive can be used

To glue veneer at home, you can use different types of adhesives. Each of them will have certain disadvantages and advantages.

PVA

This type of adhesive is suitable for perfectly flat surfaces, and at the same time, a very tight fixation method is used, which will imply the use of a heated iron. PVA glue has many advantages, and it also does not contain harmful components, and because of this it is completely harmless to people.

The composition is quite simple to apply and it provides reliable fixation of the wood.

Joiner

Joiner's type of glue has a high degree of efficiency. Typically, such a substance is used to fix large elements.

Polyurethane

This composition provides a high degree of adhesion and makes it possible to securely fix the veneer. To achieve excellent results, the composition must be applied correctly.

For wood surfaces

To be able to hold complex parts together, you should use professional solutions that are intended for wood. Titabond can be considered a fairly popular representative of this category. It is a one-component adhesive that is highly resistant to moisture. The composition will provide excellent adhesion, and is also resistant to high temperatures and solvents. The tool does not contain abrasives and does not provoke damage to cutting devices.

Epoxy

Experts say that it is quite possible to use epoxy resin to fix the veneer. This substance is very effective and provides excellent adhesion.

How to properly glue the veneer with your own hand

To achieve a reliable and strong fixation, it is necessary to properly prepare the surface and strictly follow the technology for applying the substance.

Surface preparation

Securing the veneer is considered a fairly straightforward process that will require clarity when following the instructions. Otherwise, the lining may begin to peel off.

To begin with, the surface must be carefully prepared. It is worth considering the fact that the material is not glued to the untreated canvas.To prepare a door or any other product, you should do the following:

  1. How to glue veneer and choose an adhesive composition Remove the canvas from the hinges and this can be done with a screwdriver or even a pry bar.
  2. Place the product on the floor surface.
  3. Remove fittings - handles or decorative elements.

  4. Remove the old coating with an old trowel. It can even be heated with an iron or a building hair dryer.
  5. Sand the surface with sandpaper or even a special machine.
  6. Cover pits and defects with the specific filler required for wood.
  7. Apply joiner's adhesive to the surface.

Now a little about preparation.

How to prepare and cut out the material

Before knowing what glue to glue the veneer on, consider the preparation and cutting of the material. You need to stock up on a lot of material, and veneer, as a rule, is sold by the meter. The purchased material should be cut. To begin with, the rolls should be straightened to level the veneer.

Thanks to this, it will have a natural shape. To speed up the straightening process, you can moisten the sheets with a sponge, and then place them between the plywood or plasterboard sheets. Further, the canvas should be carefully measured, and after that it is allowed to cut it out. There should be 5 cm left on each side (allowance). This will prevent problems with erroneous measurement, and a plywood knife or plunge saw should be used to cut the material.

It is recommended to use professional electrical tools. This helps to obtain beautiful and accurate cuts, and you cannot use scissors for cutting. They can lead to cracks in the material. It is advised to use veneer in the form of boards / strips according to the pattern, and then glue the sheets with adhesive. This is done along perpendicular joints and lines.

Methods of gluing

When using a two-component adhesive, mix the components, and then you can fix in an ideal way.

  1. Contact cold method. This is a very difficult method, and the procedure requires contact adhesive, which is designed specifically for veneers. This product is characterized by a minimum holding time, which will help the adhesive to set quickly. This method will not work for inexperienced craftsmen, then it will not allow you to correct mistakes during work.

Please note that after applying the product to the base, it is worth pressing the veneer as best as possible, and this is extremely important in the first seconds. This will make it possible to avoid further use of the product. Typically, this method is used for pasting products of small size.

  1. How to glue veneer and choose an adhesive composition Hot glue. This method is simpler, and first you need to treat both surfaces with glue, which should dry within 15 minutes.

    Then the veneer is applied to the main sheet and ironed with a hot iron.The use of a lapping hammer is also allowed. The device will help heat the adhesive layer. Due to this, it will melt and ensure the reliability of fixing the base and veneer. In addition, all air bubbles come out during the procedure.

    This will help to increase the quality of adhesion, and this method requires a thick adhesive composition, and if the surface dries very quickly, the base should be slightly sprinkled with water. Gently pierce or cut large swellings, and then you need to iron them again.

  2. Cold pressing method. For such procedures, Titebond glue should be used, and it is they who need to process both surfaces, and then level everything with a spatula. After that, it is recommended to apply the veneer to the base, and then carefully correct the location of the material and secure everything with a clamp.

    The fixing elements must remain until the adhesive is completely dry.

At the very end of the attachment, you can remove and assess the degree of reliability.

Recommended grades of adhesive

To glue the material, use the following veneer adhesives:

  • PVA - used for fixing flat surfaces.
  • Titebond is a professional solution that has a high degree of resistance to moisture.
  • Epoxy - Used to bond plywood and thin woods.

What mistakes do they often make in such work?

The most popular mistakes made by craftsmen when gluing

When fixing veneer, inexperienced craftsmen often make mistakes such as the wrong choice of adhesive composition, violation of the technique of using the substance, as well as neglect of surface preparation for fixation.

Additional recommendations

To glue veneer on MDF or wood, follow these rules:

  • Prepare the blade for work ...
  • When ironing the fabric with an iron, cover it with a layer of natural fabric.

  • The iron must be driven continuously.
  • If burn marks appear, remove them with a sharp knife.

There are various ways to glue material such as veneer. By choosing the right fixing compound, excellent adhesion to the coating will be achieved.

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