How to install the water leakage protection valve. The "Aquastop" system is a protection against water leaks, which is installed on water supply lines. There are several types of devices on sale that are capable of shutting off the water supply in case a leak appears. The design differs in its scope and cost.
Before you buy a water leakage valve "Aquastop", we recommend watching a video tutorial on installation and familiarizing yourself with the operational features of the equipment.
Purpose of the "Aquastop" system
To choose the optimal design for your home from a variety of options that will provide high-quality protection against flooding, first, you should familiarize yourself with the features of the "Aquastop" system. The principle of operation will largely depend on what device the equipment has.
Special taps must be installed on the water supply system for household appliances or water intake points. The system will automatically cut off the flow if the sensor starts sending signals to the controller that a leak has appeared. Even if the owners of the house are not in place, the automation will cut off the entire water supply.
After the cause of the accident is eliminated, the user can unblock the pipeline.
Please note, that Aquastop will not affect the operation of the water supply system, and the blocking will only work when an emergency occurs.
Depending on what the user's needs, as well as the features of the equipment that is installed in the house, you should choose the most suitable type of construction.
Varieties of protection systems against leaks
Systems for protecting housing from leaks differ among themselves in terms of purchase costs, speed of response (reaction), installation and further maintenance.
There are the following types of systems:
- Valve for stopping the leak Wаter Blosk.
- Powder type hose.
- Mechanical valve.
- Partial protection with microscopic switch or float.
- Full protection with solenoid valve.
- A system with external sensors.
Please note that all of the listed varieties will react differently to the flow.
Mechanical valve operation
The protective device is capable of reacting to large changes in pressure inside the water supply system, and this is possible only when the hose is depressurized. One such device of this type is the UDI valve. A blocker is installed inside it, and if the water pressure becomes higher, then the mechanism simply cuts off the water supply. A special spring is responsible for this action, which will not interfere with the flow freely to the point of water intake in normal mode.
A mechanical valve will only perform its function if the water pressure drop is sharp. The mechanism is not able to respond to small water seepage at the joints.
If there are impurities, heavy suspensions in the water, the spring begins to clog and simply does not work in an emergency. After the protective mechanism is activated, the cause of the accident should be eliminated - unscrew the valve until it clicks, and then tighten it again. The water supply valve should be smoothly opened, which will bring the system into working condition.
Please note, that, depending on the place of installation of the valve from water leakage in the apartment, it is produced in the form of fittings, swivel or straight monoblock.
Water Isolation Valve-Blocker " Water Block "
The principle of operation is to determine the volume of liquid that is passed through the system. The product should be installed in front of the water hose. The user can independently adjust the level of the permissible water volume. Also included is a key to set the parameters you need.
Information will be required on how much water is required for equipment per cycle. For example, if the indicator for consumption is 50 liters, then the arrow on the body of the locking device will be in the corresponding position. The valve will not let more water through and will simply block the flow.
The presented system will react even to small leaks, since the pressure inside the water supply system is not important for the device. After an emergency occurs, you can correct the malfunction using the "Reset" button.
The locking device will then be ready for operation again.
Powder-type absorbent in the Aquastop hose
Some of the modern models of household appliances have hoses with powder absorbents in the set. In most cases, the protection product is purchased separately, not included. The structure is equipped with an internal channel through which water will flow, and the outer sleeve will hermetically close the internal flow. If it is damaged for any reason, water will begin to flow into the outer sleeve and rise to the automatic blocker.
The mechanism is located at the point of connection to the water supply.
There are two types of safety devices:
The dry absorbent material will keep the system in equilibrium.The substance that gets wet will expand in volume and dilute the two magnets. As a result, the field between them weakens, and the flow cuts off the plunger.
Such a system is considered effective only if there is a leak in the hose. If the depressurization is on the thread or inside household appliances, the mechanism simply will not work, as with small leaks.
If there is one drawback - the impossibility of recovery, since after an emergency it will be necessary to completely replace the hose.
Partial protection system with float-type sensor and switch
Built-in protection system in some models of household appliances. In special cases, the lower part of the washing units is covered with a decorative plastic tray, and if a leak occurs at the junction or inside household appliances, liquid will begin to accumulate in a special container. The float, which is in the protection system, will begin to rise as the water level in the sump increases. The water leakage valve mechanism will activate a switch that will open the pump circuit when the liquid starts to rise above the permitted level.
The disadvantage of such a system is that the mechanism will only work when the liquid begins to enter the pan. If water accumulates in another place, then the switch will not work, and it will not react to small leaks either. It is possible to install such a system only for a washing machine, and then only in those models where such an opportunity is provided.
Full electromagnetic protection with combined partial protection system
Such a protective system will be a device with a float and a switch, as well as an additional hose with an electromagnetic principle of operation. The sleeve will be housed in a flexible sheath that is protective.
The hose is installed by the manufacturer himself in household appliances.
Interestingly, that inside the flexible sleeve there is a block with one / two electromagnetic valves in series.
Special designs include an electric or pneumatic valve. The block will be attached with a nut to the water supply. The valve should be sealed with polymer resin.
An electric cable will run from the unit to household appliances along the sleeve along its entire length.
If, for some reason, the tightness of the hose was broken, then water begins to accumulate in the drainage compartment, from which the liquid will enter the sump and raise the float. First, the switch will operate, which will cut off the power supply to the valve, and the water will be cut off. The system is very reliable, but ineffective when leaking on threads. After the emergency has been eliminated, the hose must be replaced.
Full protection with external sensors
The system with remote external sensors will be designed using "smart home" technology and equipped with with the help of special control blocks and remote sensors. Shut-off electromagnetic valves should be installed on the pipes. If water gets on the sensors, signals will start to flow to the controller. The control unit will shut off the valve and cut off the water supply.
The set will include from 2 to 250 sensors, and the user is able to select the system according to the dimensions of the room, the number of units of equipment for the home.
In the modern modification, the notification does come to the user's smartphone. Sensors are ways to connect to the control unit using wires or wireless.
Please note, that the presence of an even floor level will be quite an important condition during the operation of such equipment.
Otherwise, the liquid may run down the slope, and the sensor will not work, since water will not get on the contact surfaces. It also provides for the possibility of future operation of the system after the emergency situation is eliminated.
With the correct placement of sensors, the system will react even to small leaks, therefore this type of equipment is extremely reliable.
Installation of a water leakage sensor with a valve will include 3 stages at once - installation of electromagnetic ball valves with a shutter mechanism, flow sensors, and after installing the controller. Ball valves must be installed downstream of inlet valves.
Stop valves cut into the water supply lines - first, shut off the water supply, disconnect the wiring from the inlet valves, and then install the tap. If the pipe outlet will have an internal thread, then the equipment valve should be screwed into the valve for entry.
If the thread is of an external type, then first you should install an American - the fitting will help to connect both pipe sections without rotating them.
The threaded connection must be sealed, and for this you can use FUM tape, tow or sealant. The American should be tightened with a wrench of the required size. When installing the Aquastop tap, you should first determine the direction of the water flow. It is impossible to turn the shut-off valve to the other side, and on the valve for this, the direction of flow is indicated by an arrow.
The disconnected wiring must be connected to the Aquastop tap. Install a filter, meter and other plumbing elements.
Please note that the controller must be installed in a clean and dry room, for example, in a hallway, hallway, plumbing cabinet.
Air humidity should not exceed 70%. Markings should be applied to the wall by attaching the bottom plate to the base, and then mark the installation locations of the screws.
After drilling holes in the right places, fix the plate on which the controller will be installed.
When fixing the sensor to the floor, the wire can be hidden in the skirting board, in the joints between the floor tiles. Fix the sensor base to the floor. A decorative cap should be put on the plate. Also, the set may include wireless sensors, which will greatly simplify the installation procedure.
The sensors should be installed on double-sided tape.
Before putting the system into operation, it should be configured:
That's it, as you can see, the setup won't be a hassle.
In order to prevent flooding in the house, it is better to install several systems in the house at once. For detailed information, it is better to contact the specialists, and they, on the basis of all the data (location and quantity of household appliances, room size), will help you choose the best solutions to the problem and save you from flooding.
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