Being engaged in self-repair, many are interested in:
"Is it possible to install PVC windows with your own hands? "
" How difficult is it? "
This event can be classified as a medium-difficult job.
In terms of time, it may take about five hours for a person without experience to work on replacing the middle window, including dismantling it.
Constantly practicing employees of specialized firms spend much less time on this.
Sometimes conscientious installation of windows by the owner does not compare with the hasty activity of hired specialists. Of course, this cannot be generalized, and there are many real masters who do everything according to the rules.
However, some "professionals" greatly simplify the established process for themselves, not wanting to waste time on what seems insignificant to them.
Then it is better to carry out the installation of plastic windows on your own, spending a day off on it. This independence can also be applied with panoramic glazing at home.
Before proceeding directly to the installation work, you need to understand what a fiberglass bag is and what constituent parts it has.
Let's start with the name .
Windows are made from polyvinyl chloride material, or PVC for short. Hence another name for the windows came from.
The frame is the main element of any window.
For a plastic product, it is made from a special PVC profile - multi-chamber, consisting of cells separated by partitions.
It is believed that the more there are, the warmer the window will be.
Speaking about the number of cameras in the future window, we assume exactly the number of cells in the profile.
The largest chamber has a blue insert in the center of the structure.
This is a special reinforcing element that provides the entire profile with the necessary rigidity and strength.
In plastic windows, this element is made of the material of the same name, and in metal-plastic windows, it is made of metal.
This is the main difference between them.
All profiles can be subdivided into separate types: premium, economy and standard.
Usually, buyers prefer standard class windows.
The economy class has very thin partitions that quickly begin to freeze.
Premium products have many add-on options, some of which you hardly need to use.
As standard, profiles are white, but on request they can be made brown, colored or imitating wood.
As we have already said, the frame is the basis of the window.
A window consisting of several parts has a vertical component called impost separating it.
In the window of their two glasses there is one impost, out of three two, and so on.
The fixed part of the window is called the capercaillie, the one that opens with the sash.
Glazing (two, three, etc.
) sealed hermetically to each other make up a glass unit that is inserted into the windows.
Foil tape inserted between the glasses is designed to ensure tightness.
Double-glazed windows are produced with special qualities: tinted, reinforced or energy efficient glass.
There are double-glazed windows, inside of which, between the glasses, an inert gas is contained. This is an effective way to combat heat loss.
The double-glazed windows are pressed against the frame with a thin plastic strip - glazing bead.
The black rubber seal ensures the connection is tight.
Locking hardware , consisting of a set of mechanisms for locking and opening, is mounted on the window sashes.
It can be different, as it provides many different functions: normal opening, ventilation, micro-ventilation, etc.
All window components (sashes, frames, imposts) are equipped with seals.
At the bottom of the frame, on the street side, there are special drainage holes covered with caps. They serve to remove condensation water that forms due to temperature differences inside and outside. An outer board that removes precipitation is called ebb.
The upper and side parts from the inside and outside of the room are sealed with slopes. They can be made from a similar material or using a different technology.
To order plastic windows, you need to make important measurements . These are six mandatory indicators: the width and length of the window sill and slope, the width and height of the window.
In order for the measurements to be performed correctly, you need to determine the type of your window opening - with or without a quarter.
The opening is inspected: it is a quarter if the inner part of the window is wider and the outer one is narrower. Measurements in this case are carried out at the narrowest place, and at several different points.
It is necessary to determine the smallest indicator, and add three centimeters to it. This is a measure of the width. The height is set as it is.
In the case of a flat opening, without a quarter, the calculation is carried out differently. Measure the height and width, and subtract five cm from the indicators of the first value, and three from the second.
This is the height and width of the future window. The side three cm are removed because gaps of one and a half cm are required on both sides for the mounting foam. Five cm of height are distributed as follows: the same one and a half cm from above, and 3.5 cm below will be required for mounting the window sill.
The length of the window sill is considered to be five to ten centimeters larger than the width of the opening inside the room.
The length of the low tide is calculated also, but outside. For some distance they go deeper into the wall. The sill is measured on the basis that it should slightly recede from the wall.
Its width can be different - at the discretion of the owners . More often it ends a little further than the battery.
Before ordering, you need to decide what components will be in your window, and how many there will be: is there a capercaillie, if so, where is it located, the number of doors, how they open, in what positions. The type of fittings used is also considered in advance.
When replacing windows with new old ones, dismantle ...
This is not difficult to do, but it will take some effort. Then an audit of the opening is carried out, during which everything that may later fall off is removed. All protruding parts can be removed with a chisel, hammer or even power tools.
All debris generated during the dismantling process must be removed carefully, including construction dust. If there are large caverns or potholes, it is advisable to cover them with a solution.
The fact is that installation is easier, the smoother the window opening is. If walls are made of too loose material, they should be treated with special penetrating primers .
There are various installation methods: with window disassembly (unpacking) and without.
When unpacking, holes are drilled through the frame through which anchors are driven into the wall. This method is more complicated, but more reliable.
In another method, metal plates are attached from the outside to the frame, then they are fixed to the wall with them. It's much faster, but it's not the most secure mount. The frame may sag or skew under heavy loads such as strong winds.
If you do not want to disassemble the window, then for installation it is better to use wide and thick plates used when installing the rafter system. If you install small windows just on such, then they will stand normally in the absence of strong wind loads.
If your region is characterized by frequent and strong winds that blow mainly through the windows, and the apartment is located on a high floor, then you will need to install with disassembly.
Let's consider in more detail both methods. After all, it is often the method of mounting on plates that is required.
It is preferable in buildings erected from foam blocks with low bearing capacity, when it is necessary to distribute the load from the windows over a large surface.
Also, this method is necessary in the case of a building structure using a special "layered" technology: for example, behind and in front of layers of concrete , between which a layer of insulation is placed.
If you intend to install a window in a soft layer, then it should be fixed with plates. Installation of PVC windows in a brick house, panel or cinder block is best carried out on an anchor.
After installation, it remains only to adjust the structure of the plastic profile in three planes and in two axes of rotation.
With this method, only the frame is installed in the opening.
First, the window opening and the frame itself are measured to ensure they are compatible.
Only after that they start to work.
The process begins with unpacking the PVC window. Actions are carried out according to the following algorithm:
The window sash is removed
The upper part tilts slightly towards itself, the sash is lifted and removed from the pin at the bottom.
The double-glazed window can also be removed on the wood grouse. It is held by glazing beads, which are removed, after which it can be easily removed.
Glazing beads are removed
The separated glazing bead is taken out;
After all the above measures, you can try to pull out the glass unit. Care should be taken not to fall out; it is heavy enough.
A double-glazed window is pulled out
For its exposure, mounting wedges will be required, which are placed under the impost and in the corners, as well as in places where it is necessary. They are gradually placed, while the window is aligned in three planes, strictly according to the level. The position of the window is fixed using mounting plates;
After that, carefully hammer in the anchor, tighten, but do not overtighten.It is impossible for the profile to bend;
Arrangement of outflows from the street side
In the summer, for better adhesion of the foam, the space between the opening and the frame is sprayed with water;
In the same place, support blocks made of solid processed wood are mounted, at a distance of 50 cm.The windowsill should have a small (about 5 degrees) slope into the room;
All the details and nuances of this work have been listed above. The installation begins with the installation of special mounting plates, which can be linear and U-shaped. They must be thick enough and reliable.
They are placed with the same pitch as the anchors: no more than 70 cm between the averages, 15-25 cm from the edge.
Further, the installation using this method is carried out similarly to the process that has already been described in detail, starting with the level of the window in the opening. Only in this case, the frame is not attached directly, but metal plates, and self-tapping screws are used instead of anchors. A hole is made with a drill, then the plate is bent, the dowel is placed, the plate is returned to its place, and the dowel is wrapped. Then everything is as in the first option.
Posted By: Work Style |03, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |12, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |02, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |04, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |10, Nov 2020