How to install stair treads? Clinker, porcelain stoneware, ceramic, rubber: Step by step + Video

How to install stair treads? Clinker, porcelain stoneware, ceramic, rubber: Step by step + Video A staircase is an engineering structure consisting of a series of steps, with the help of which people move between different levels of the surface.

Ladders can be found everywhere, from the street to the house.

For convenient and safe movement up and down, stair steps are tiled.

Tiles for stair treads must have durability and impact resistance, as well as have an aesthetic appearance.

General information about stairs and tiles

Elements

A staircase can be divided into its constituent elements:

Basically, facing is needed for reinforced concrete stairs. All parts of the structure are finished here. The tread should be finished with non-slip durable materials, and the riser with shock-resistant material, because this place is most often touched by the noses of the shoe.

Stair Tiles help conceal structural imperfections and create a beautiful appearance for your home.

Materials

To create a high-quality and durable cladding, you need to carefully choose the appropriate material.

There are some selection criteria:

  • How to install stair treads? Clinker, porcelain stoneware, ceramic, rubber: Step by step + Video Stair location - a street where high humidity and temperature changes prevail, or inside the house. It is also worth considering in what intensity it will be used. If it is a country house or home ownership with permanent residents. Outdoor tiles must have a porous structure and be resistant to weathering;
  • Finishing method;
  • Design of staircases, dimensions of the turning platform;
  • what is the permeability of the structure;
  • the staircase is front or not;
  • The location of the staircase relative to the bedroom or children's room;
  • What shape will the steps be - a direct march or foreign. For the former, any tile is suitable, but for imported steps, the tiles will need to be cut and adjusted to size, which will result in quite large extra costs;

Consider the material for making the edges.

They must be durable and resistant to the highest loads.

External facing of the stairs must be carried out taking into account winter conditions. This will require a special tile. Anti-slip outdoor tiles are marked with R-11 or 12. Indoor tiles are marked with R-9.

In offices, tiles with anti-slip stripes are often used. For stairs inside the dwelling, tiles with a high anti-slip coefficient will be sufficient.

Note: With temperature extremes, even the most non-slippery tiles can become covered with an ice crust. So to prevent dangerous moments, the steps are sprinkled with salt or sand.

Views

The ladder can be installed anywhere and the external environment affects the facing in different ways.

For certain places, there should be a different kind of tile.

Step tiles differ in shapes, production methods, device types, materials and colors.

There are 2 main types - a step with notches and with a spout. The first type is not expensive and is sold in square meters. These steps are notched for an anti-slip effect.

The second view has a curved side on one side to prevent damage to the forest cover and moisture penetration into the seams.

For your information: Steps "with a beak" can be either integral or folded from component parts.

According to the method of installation, the steps are composite, that is, they are glued from the component parts during cladding.

According to manufacturing methods, they are divided into pressed, clinker, extruded.

Depending on the material of manufacture, the tile is porcelain stoneware, clinker, rubber, ceramic and concrete.

How to install stair treads? Clinker, porcelain stoneware, ceramic, rubber: Step by step + Video Porcelain stoneware is a ceramic product with increased strength, resistance to chips and mechanical stress. It contains various types of clay, including quartz rocks and feldspar, which provide this material with reliable and durable qualities. Also, porcelain stoneware tiles have properties such as moisture resistance, heat resistance, resistance to chemical and alkaline substances and ultraviolet light. They come in the form of ready-made monolithic steps and in the form of porcelain stoneware tiles.

The first ones are suitable for the standard size of steps 120-160 cm in length and 30 cm in width.

They have a rounded end and an anti-slip notch. Sold separately or can be supplied with a riser, and there are also complete sets for the entire surface of the step. The color palette is scarce, basically all elements are made in the same tone. The advantage of using this type is that there are no seams and no need to apply grout.

In the case of a non-standard, wedge-shaped or fan-shaped staircase with run-in steps, it is better to use porcelain stoneware tiles.

Installation of such tiles is best done immediately with bumpers or cornices. This will save you from the additional purchase of profiles and their device.

Clinker tiles are represented by clay products that have been fired at high temperatures up to 1300 degrees. This is how the clinker product differs from ordinary tiles.

Due to the firing process, the density of the material increases and, at the same time, the porosity decreases.

That helps prevent moisture penetration into the material and create resistance to temperature extremes. This coating can last over fifty extreme frost cycles.

How to choose a tile

Clinker tiles

Used for facing steps of both indoor and outdoor stairs.The tile has rounded corners, which makes the step not sharp and hides the joints with the risers.

This material has a number of advantages:

  • frost resistance;
  • increased wear resistance;
  • resistance to high humidity and vibrations temperatures;
  • due to the rough surface it is not slippery;
  • ease of maintenance - does not absorb dirt and various detergents and any tools can be used to clean it;
  • aesthetic appearance view.

The disadvantage of this material is only a high price.

Rubber tiles

Resistant to high humidity and mechanical stress. It can be operated at temperatures from minus forty to plus eighty degrees Celsius without losing its properties. It can be installed on wood, concrete, brick or metal substrates. Ideal for the porch.

The only drawback of such a tile is a short service life of no more than ten years. It is mainly made from waste materials such as used tires, rubber and rubber. These materials can be crushed and mixed with various colorants and polyurethane.

Ceramic

It is a relatively inexpensive facing material with high resistance to humidity and high temperatures. But not every kind of ceramic material meets the requirements for facing materials for outdoor steps.

The best indicators to atmospheric influences are porcelain stoneware, clinker and techno technology products. Ordinary ceramic tiles can be used for stair risers. The color scheme is varied.

Concrete tiles have a dense structure, which contributes to the resistance of the coating to high humidity. Possesses durability, does not lend itself to erasure.

It is not able to absorb dirt and is easy to clean, however, you cannot use chemicals when cleaning it, since it can be deformed.

Sizes

There is no one standard size of finishing tiles. Here you can only focus on the parameters that apply to the size of the steps of the stairs. So for finishing works, the optimal tile size, for example, from ceramics, is considered to be 30 * 30 and 30 * 60 cm. The length of the clinker tiles is thirty centimeters, and the width parameters vary from twenty to thirty-five.

Rubber is produced 50 * 50 cm with a protrusion from twenty to forty millimeters on one side to cover the riser.

So, before starting finishing work, you need to carefully calculate and measure everything.

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