The floor in a log house is just as important an element of the house construction as, for example, walls. We bring to your attention an analysis of the most popular variations in laying floors in wooden houses, their features, characteristics of materials. You will also learn how to make log floors with your own hands.
Let's talk about commonly used types of log floor heating, their pros and cons.
According to the method of laying, the floors in log cabins are divided into wood and concrete. Wooden floors are made from several types of materials and stacked on top of one another.
Structural elements of the warm floor can be laid between the layers.
Do-it-yourself floors in log cabins are often installed on logs or poles. This is most often done if the house does not have a concrete base. The strip foundation makes it easier to lay out the floor at times.
Wooden floors in a log house are distinguished by design: single-layer and two-layer. Single-layer floors can be installed with or without joists. This directly depends on the massiveness of the boards and the interbeam step. The floor in a house with a foundation on the logs of the boards is laid on beams, taking into account the distance between the blocks not more than 0.
When installing a two-layer wooden floor, add a sub-floor layer while fixing the beams to the sub-boards. On these beams, a layer is laid for insulation: sheet, expanded clay no higher than 8 cm.
Is it necessary to insulate the floor? Warming of floors in log cabins must be carried out in any case. This rule also applies to houses made of other materials.
Before you start laying the floor in a log house, you need to take care of ventilation between the layers in order to avoid rotting of the boards.
High humidity is the main enemy of wood.
Sub-floors provide good ventilation and add durability to log floors. They resemble a rigid frame that supports the entire structure.
They have a waterproofing function, create an additional layer of air that retains heat in the room, prevents the appearance of putrefactive processes. For laying the subfloor in a log house, an uncut board with a width of 15 to 50 cm, impregnated with antiseptic substances, is used.
To do this, you can make holes in the corner joints of the house, measuring 5 - 6 cm.
Then they must be closed with ventilation grilles. You can also make such holes in skirting boards.
The next step in laying the floor in a log house will be waterproofing the base. This can be done using a blind area, using roofing material, and waterproofing materials. Lags, lower rims with antiseptics or recycled engine oil converge.
Taking subfloors as the foundation of the surface, builders are somewhat mistaken. Often, the foundations are made using chipboard, plywood and other boards for construction, which are laid on logs.
Such underlays are used to level the surface of the foundation, to lay the floor covering horizontally, and to distribute the uniform load on the floors.
The easiest way to lay the floor is to install it on the cranial blocks, followed by the laying of insulation, material for waterproofing and vapor barrier.
Mineral wool is the best material for insulating a floor in a log house.
After the vapor barrier layer has been laid, you can start laying the finished floor .
.. To do this, use a grooved board, as well as chipboard. Next, the turn for the selected flooring. This is at the discretion of the owner of the house.
When laying the floor, it is very important to remember that the temperature difference between the rooms and the floor is not can exceed 2 ° С, therefore its insulation is a very important moment of work. In any case, walking on a cold floor is not very pleasant, especially during the cold season.
For waterproofing, take: isoplast (bought here- https: // gidroisol.
ru / catalog / rulonnye-krovelnye-materialy / izoplast), roofing material, polyethylene film, PVC membrane When the materials for insulation are selected, you can begin work on laying the floor in the log house on the logs.
Fairly affordable and high-quality material for laying the finished floor is a milled board. The modern building materials market offers to the attention of builders boards that have spikes in the grooves for connection.
Their size is 28 - 44 x 98 - 145 mm. The dimensions of the vents on the back side are 20 mm. Air is needed for natural air circulation.
Also, folded boards with slats in tongue, sectional, trapezoidal and straight spikes are used for the finished floor. The disadvantage of this material is that it has no air. Therefore, it is necessary to control their contact on the lags. After finishing the flooring of the finished floor, you can start finishing.
Planks should be laid with an orientation to the tree rings, which should "look" to different sides.
Concrete flooring technology pretty simple.
To do this, it is necessary to mix the concrete screed in the correct proportions, adding reinforcement to it.
The indisputable advantages of concrete floors in a log house are strength, quality factor and strength.
To improve the performance of concrete, self-leveling mixtures can be used.
Any covering can be laid on such a floor, and laminate, and linoleum, and porcelain stoneware, and wonderful quartz vinyl a tile with which there is no hassle at all.
The concrete floor is laid in two ways: on logs and on the ground.
The option of laying on logs, we have already considered. Now let's decide on the features of laying on the ground.
First you need to determine the level of the floor in the house made of timber, mark it with a rope and a peg.
The concrete foundation can be poured to a level of up to 10 cm, then it is covered with gravel at the level of the hammered peg and tamped down. The concrete floor is left to dry for a period of about 3 months. Further, a screed or liquid concrete is applied to the foundation.
Laying a water floor in a log house must be laid in a concrete screed.
Construction of the water floor in the house:
A water floor is simply irreplaceable for a bathroom or a nursery.
Conducting an electric underfloor heating in a wooden house is quite a simple task. It can be mounted on logs and on a screed, as it is convenient for anyone.
The technology of installing such a floor is similar to that of a water floor. If the floor is installed on logs, then it is necessary to create an air layer. The cable is distributed over the fittings, gaps are made in the logs with a height of 5 cm, with a distance between each of 5 cm.
The gaps are insulated with foil, the heating cable is pulled in these spaces, crossing the logs according to the principle of a reinforcing mesh made of metal.
Such coatings are considered the most environmentally friendly and durable. They are also pretty easy to use.
This is an old classic that will bring comfort and coziness to the house, as well as make the interior attractive and interesting. Wooden floors in log houses are the best solution, because it will immediately fit into the general composition of the premises, and will not be conspicuous as something alien. The technology of wooden flooring is improving every year.
Today it is as follows: first the rough layer is laid, then finishing.
Wooden floors should have a number of positive
Wooden floors in a log house are laid in two ways: on the floor beams, on the ground along the logs.
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