How to properly lay linoleum + step by step instructions
Linoleum is often chosen as a floor covering, because it is very affordable, moisture resistant, practical and easy to clean. It can be installed on all types of substrates. For this reason, when laying a material such as linoleum, certain requirements for the quality of a black floor are required. Let's see how to lay linoleum with our own hands.
This material is flexible and elastic, and it can be chosen for different interior styles, as there are various patterns, colors and textures.
linoleum is laid on almost all types of floors. At the same time, the complexity of laying the material is only on uneven bases.
For high quality work, the base must be:
- Clean - remove all debris and vacuum the floors.
- Sturdy - All structures of an unreliable type will not be suitable for decking.
- Dry - moisture does not make it possible to fix the product made of PVC with high quality and correctly.
- Smooth - when the floor has irregularities and other types of defects, soft materials show all the defects of the genital base.
In order to eliminate irregularities, the surface must be sheathed with plywood sheets. The use of a material such as plywood is justified by the ease and speed of installation, its excellent characteristics as a substrate for flooring. To lay linoleum on plywood, you need to observe all the subtleties and stages of flooring. Only in this case can you get a durable, even and wear-resistant coating.
For the appearance of a floor base, wood and concrete are used - the floor can be wooden and concrete. Rough concrete floors are available in all apartments in a panel or brick building. Reinforced concrete slabs serve as interfloor floors. They do not have an ideal flat surface, and therefore a cement-sand screed is applied on top. In addition, the concrete screed is made on the ground in the basement of a house or garage.
To prevent the screed from beginning to be covered with cracks with a thick layer of filling, reinforcement is used. As a rule, the composition of the solution contains sand, cement, water, and plasticizer in various proportions.
Advantages of a concrete floor:
But the disadvantages are:
Quite often you can find wooden floors in country houses if difficulties arise in the installation, price and delivery of reinforced concrete floor slabs. Wooden floors are installed from wooden beams and boards with different sections.The wood must be even, smooth and well dried.
Floorboards are laid on beams or floor joists.
Wooden floors are distinguished by:
- Environmental friendliness.
- Frost resistance.
- Natural aesthetic beauty.
- Thermal capacity.
- Thermal insulation properties.
A material such as wood is highly susceptible to water, and this can cause expansion and contraction of the wood flooring. To combat moisture, boards need to be coated with special compounds to protect against moisture. There is another drawback - low resistance to fire.
The wood burns well and keeps the fire going. For this reason, all the constituent elements of a wooden floor must be treated with fire retardant impregnations. Compared to a concrete screed, wooden flooring is much more expensive in terms of price. The design of wooden floors will hold on to the floor beams for a long time, to which the logs are attached, and then the floorboards are installed. Steam insulation and insulation material can be laid in the space between the logs and the floor.
In order to properly lay linoleum on plywood, you first need to choose a good plywood. Wood-based products help to create a high-quality base for flooring. We are talking about sheets of chipboard, OSB, fiberboard and plywood. To choose the best flooring options for subfloors, you need to know about the strengths and weaknesses of the materials. Fiberboard does not have the required thickness, which means it will not perform the function of leveling.
Chipboard sheets, in comparison with plywood, have terrible moisture protection qualities. OSB boards consist of compressed shavings, which can protrude and stand out, making the surface not the most even. Plywood sheets consist of glued strips of wood veneer. The thickness will depend on the number of veneer layers. The material is characterized by a perfectly flat surface and bending resistance.
Plywood is considered an ideal backing material for elastic type material, as it has the following characteristics:
It is necessary to take into account the disadvantages of plywood, as well as try to minimize them at the installation stage. Plywood sheets, in contact with water, exhibit their properties of absorbing water, as a result, this can lead to a deformation process of the coating, as well as the formation of mold. Since plywood is a wood material, just like wood, it burns perfectly. Another disadvantage is the tendency to expand and contract depending on the temperature and humidity level in the room.
To avoid deformation from moisture penetration into the material, a moisture-resistant grade of plywood is used.Pre-installation treatment with anti-perine helps to reduce the flammability of the material.
Changes in the dimensions of the plywood sheet must be taken into account during installation. When laying plywood on the floor, it is required to leave compensation gaps between the wall and the sheets. When choosing plywood sheets, you need to focus on its moisture resistance and thickness.
In residential premises, you can lay plain birch plywood of the FC grade, and in the kitchen you will need a moisture-resistant one. Depending on the type of load, it is required to choose plywood with a thickness of 1.2 to 1.6 cm. It is laid on a plank or concrete floor, and if plywood is supposed to be laid on logs, then the thickness should be from 1.
8 to 2 cm. C a plywood backing material such as linoleum will last much longer, since it meets all the requirements for flexible type flooring.
Plywood needs to be laid for leveling on wood and concrete base ...
Leveling the concrete base with plywood saves time and effort compared to screed. Before starting leveling work, it is required to evaluate the level of height differences using a rule or building level. In wet rooms, a waterproofing layer is laid. Non-concrete plywood is either glued to the floor, or fixed with nuts or anchor bolts. How to lay linoleum on plywood? When gluing, the primary full layout of plywood sheets is performed over the total area of the room.
For ease of installation, a large panel needs to be sawed into 4 parts, and then I adjust it, not forgetting about 1 cm compensation gaps. Placing the sheets is done so that all four corners do not touch. The layout must be numbered so that there is no confusion in the future.
All plywood must be removed and the concrete must be primed for increased adhesion. After drying, you need to start gluing.
Gradually, in small areas, a layer of bitumen mastic or a universal adhesive polyurethane composition is applied with a spatula, plywood sheets are laid on it in accordance with the scheme. For perfect fixing, it is additionally required to fix the dowels along the edges in 6 places. It is important to sink the dowels into the material, and the grooves are covered with putty for wood structures. The glueless fixing method involves drilling holes in concrete for anchor bolts according to the layout scheme. This method is used when there are huge differences in the surface, but there is no time to create a cement screed.
It makes it possible to adjust the level of plywood sheets, and thus, leveling the concrete sub-floor. A plywood sheet with different sizes will take up to 15 anchor-type bolts, but not less than 9 per square meter. An anchor is mounted into the holes in the concrete, and bolts with nuts and washers are screwed into it. On top of them, a sheet of plywood is laid in the drilled holes. By means of nuts, they are regulated strictly horizontally in level.
Other sheets are laid in a similar pattern.
Before planking plywood on plank floors, check its evenness and strength. It is required to assess the condition of the boards, and also replace rotted floorboards with moldy marks. Additionally, it is required to fix creaky and fragile boards with nails or 6 cm screws. The nails must go through the board and are fixed in the log that holds the board.
All protruding nails must be sunk into the floor so that they do not stick out. All knots and protrusions must be cut off with a grinder or planer. If there are a couple of methods for laying the base of plywood - without using logs and with them. Without logs, plywood is laid out on a wood base. In advance, plywood sheets must be cut into 2 to 4 pieces so that there is no deformation when the humidity changes.
Part of the plywood is laid in a staggered manner with an offset, not forgetting about the gap from 0.2 to 0.5 cm between the wall and the sheets from 1 to 1.5 cm.
Using a screwdriver, screws are screwed at a distance of 0 .
25 meters. The screws should be wood, 3 to 4 cm in size. They need to be deepened so that they do not protrude above the surface and do not tear soft materials. When the height of the ceiling makes it possible to use the logs and the wooden base is uneven, then beams of wood are laid. For lag, you need to take bars with a size of 0.
5 * 0. 7 meters, and the distance between them is made from 0.4 to 0.6 meters. It is important to check that all the logs are at the same level and attached to the boards.
It is advisable to treat all wood parts with an adhesive so that after a while the floors do not creak. The thickness of plywood sheets should be from 1.8 cm and it depends on the distance between the logs - the larger it is, the larger the sheet. When laying, it is required to ensure that the edge of the sheets is located on the log. It is important to fix the sheets with self-tapping screws, deepening by 0.
2 cm, and then putty. At the end of all work, plywood floors are covered with a moisture-proof and fire-retardant compound.
If you attach a material such as linoleum to the base of the floor, then it will last 40% longer and also decrease degree of wear. Fixing to plywood is required in this case:
By the way, linoleum can be glued and fixed by means of construction double-sided tape in a room where less than 10 square meters, it is recommended to fix it on double-sided tape around the perimeter and doorway. In other cases, the glue method is used. Plywood is glued with different types of adhesive, depending on the type of linoleum and base. For plywood, water-based adhesives are suitable - water-dispersion adhesives.
Humilax is used to glue natural linoleum, as it contains natural components - latex and rubber.Bonding a product made of polyvinyl chloride on a warm felt base can be busylated. Baseless linoleum, PVC and fabric-based, glued to acrylate adhesives.
The adhesive composition has been chosen, and now they start gluing. Half of the canvas is rolled into a roll, and an adhesive composition is applied to the plywood base with a notched trowel or roller, it all depends on the consistency of the mixture.
Next, you need to gradually roll out the canvas, firmly pressing and rolling against the glue layer so that there are no air bubbles. Work on the surface is carried out in a similar way, but the glue dries out within a day and you can start installing door sills and skirting boards. After gluing the main sheet to the floor, you can begin to seal the joints. To do this, use a reaction adhesive composition of type A.
the application technology is as follows:
- Tapes are cut along the seam.
- Masking tape is attached to the joint along the total length.
- Using the needle nozzle, it is required to squeeze the adhesive into the joint between the sheets.
- Remove tape with glue residues.
This cold welding method helps to make seams invisible and durable.
Posted By: Work Style |08, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |01, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |04, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |04, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |08, Nov 2020