Plumbing in any house, including in Water is needed for almost everything: for drinking and maintenance of the home, for kitchen, bathroom and toilet, for watering plants and much more.
Even in deep wilderness, the comfort level of the most unpretentious village hut will increase tremendously if you run a water supply in it.
Let's not say that this is a trifling matter, especially if the house has long been inhabited, and is not in the planning stage. Nevertheless, many work can be done by yourself, without the help of specialists and hired workers. Water for supplying to a private house can be taken from a well, from a well, from a nearby reservoir, or by connecting to a centralized system.
You should not neglect such an important thing as a circuit future water supply. No need to look for excuses: just bring the pipe into the house, into the bathroom and into the kitchen. Once you have definitely decided for yourself that water in the house is absolutely necessary, draw a detailed diagram of its laying.
It should be understandable, taking into account all additional components: boiler, sediment, filters, collectors, consumption points.
All this must be noted on your plan, and, of course, the path of the pipe along the structure.
The distances plotted on the figure will help you calculate in advance the number of pipes required for work.
Plumbing in the house can be carried out in various ways:
This type of connection will do for a very small house with low water consumption and a small number of residents (1-2 people) . For large cottages with a large number of permanent residents, using this method is unlikely to be a good idea.
Its essence lies in the fact that a tee with a branch is installed near each consumption point in the dwelling, which is connected to the main pipeline running through the whole house.
If you use water at the same time at different points, the pressure at the most distant one will greatly decrease, making it difficult to use.
This type of connection is as follows: a separate pipe is drawn from the common collector to each consumption point. Due to this, at each point of water consumption, its pressure will be constant and sufficient. Some pressure losses inside the system will occur, but they are not fundamental, since they are associated with the remoteness of the consumer from the pumping station.
The preference for the collector method will cost the homeowner significantly more, because a much larger number of pipes will be needed.
But the convenience and comfort are worth it, aren't they? Below we will talk about the collector method.
The water supply scheme of a country house necessarily contains the following components:
The water supply system may include some other additional components, but the connection sequence and its circuit itself cannot be changed.
If we talk about the nature of the work, necessary for laying a water supply system in the house, the most "dirty" and difficult of them will be making the necessary holes on the floor and in the walls of the building.
Other activities, including cutting pipes and their reliable connection, connecting to the collector and consumers, arranging the pump and filtering systems, despite the volume and significant time costs, will not require a colossal application of physical forces.
From this it follows that the laying of water pipes in a private house can be done independently even by an owner who has no skills, there would be a desire. And it usually inevitably comes along with the many daily buckets of hand-carried water.
First of all, at the very beginning, you will have to decide on the pipes: which, from which material suitable in a particular case?
Are the most expensive and considered the best.
They are not afraid of UV (ultraviolet radiation), corrosion, do not lend themselves to microorganisms, withstand increased pressure, do not react to sudden changes in the environment, quickly give off heat, do not deteriorate from harmful impurities contained in the water.
We can say that they embodied all the best that is required from this type of material.
That's just the price ...
It's really high.
Made of aluminum, inside and outside, on both sides are protected with dense polyethylene.
The exceptionally smooth plastic surface prevents build-up of deposits and prevents rust from forming.
The plastic layer on the outside protects against condensation and ultraviolet radiation. Such pipes have disadvantages. They can deform at temperatures above 95 °, they can burst from freezing water in them, products with fittings are prohibited from bending .
Reliable, time-tested option.
Steel pipes are known for their strength, reliability, durability, but ...
They, unfortunately, without proper care, are susceptible to rust.
Additional troubles lie ahead.
For installation of a water supply system in a frame house, the pipes must be welded, or each individual element will have to be threaded for subsequent connection.
Perhaps they have been very actively used lately for arranging a water supply system in the house.
Such popularity is due to their remarkable performance.
They can serve up to 50 years, are quite easy to install, their joints do not need frequent revisions, so you can remove them under a layer of plaster.
Do not forget about the minus, if you can call it that: a special electric welding unit is required for pipe welding.
If you decide to stick with polypropylene pipes, please note that for hot water they must be reinforced with aluminum, fiberglass or other materials.
For the high-quality functioning of the water supply system, not only the material of the pipes is important, but also their diameter. The fact is that too small can cause turbulence in the flow, due to which the contents will move through pipes with a lot of noise. Simply put, the water pipe is humming.
Lime deposits will accumulate on its inner walls. The maximum speed of water flow in the pipe should be no more than 2 m / s. In accordance with this, the diameter of the pipes is determined.
For a competent water supply in a private house, it is necessary to correctly select the required diameter of the collector pipe. Only in this way will he be able to ensure the full use of water at different points at the same time.
To determine its value, simple calculations are made according to the specified parameters. If there are many tenants in the house, and there are not many places for water intake, situations may arise when all of them will be involved at the same time. The consumption of all points must be added, and the size of the collector will depend on this indicator.
After completing the connection of pipes, you can start laying them in home. It is more convenient to start from the consumer.
The pipe is connected to it through an adapter. A ball valve is mounted between it and the tap hose (it is useful for shutting off the water if necessary). Then the pipe goes in the direction of the collector.
It is important to observe the following simple rules:
Particular attention is paid to corner joints.
When connecting the pipe to the main manifold, an indispensable shut-off valve is installed.
It will allow, if necessary, to disconnect the system from the consumer. This may be required, for example, for repairs.
Providing a private house with water using a pumping station. She pumps water from a well, well, or other source. It is convenient to locate the pumping station in the basement of the house, in a warm technical room or in the basement.
This arrangement will allow you to use your home in the house even in severe frost, because the pumping station is protected from freezing. The street part of the water supply system in the frame house must be insulated.
A pipe is supplied from the water intake to the pumping system, the tip of which is a brass fitting with a 32 mm adapter. A tee with a tap is connected to it, which allows you to turn off the water supply. Next, a check valve is mounted.
A special 90 ° angle is used to turn the pipe. Further, all elements will be connected by means of "American" - quick connection.
This device consists of two sealed tank sections. In one part of it there is air under pressure, in the other there is water.
This unit is needed to ensure constant pressure in the water supply system, as well as to turn on and off the pump if necessary.
The tank can have a different volume, from a minimum of 25 liters to half a ton, and is selected based on the needs of the residents.
The device of a water supply system by a private trader does not imply the indispensable installation of a hydraulic accumulator. It will be completely replaced by a sufficiently capacious tank for storing water.
If you install it at the top of the building, then under the weight of its own weight, water will flow to the consumer. True, for the operation of a washing machine, the power of such a system is not enough.
After filtration, the water is divided into different streams. One goes to the cold water collector, the other to the water heater. Stop valves with a tap are an indispensable attribute installed in front of the collector, as well as on each pipe in it.The number and diameter of pipes depend on the number of water consumption points in the dwelling.
But without hot water, the supply system would be incomplete.
A safety valve, a drain cock and an expansion tank are mounted on the pipe leading to the heater. At the outlet of the heater, the pipe is also equipped with a drain valve. Then it is connected to the "hot" collector, and from it the wiring is carried out to the required points.
At this, the arrangement of the water supply system in a private house can be considered complete. Before starting work, you should check the system: its tightness and performance.
If everything is in order, then you can start operation.
Posted By: Work Style |04, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |04, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |09, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |12, Nov 2020