A blind area for a frame house is necessary, but here it is also important to do everything according to your mind so that the cost is acceptable, and the blind area was reliable and fully performed its proper functions. Everyone makes blind areas in different ways: someone puts paving slabs around the house, and some generally make blind areas on screw piles. We will understand more in our step-by-step instructions about its device. [contens ]
For a high-quality blind area at home, not only you need to make a choice in the right, suitable materials that correspond to the required quality, but you also need to create the correct thermal insulation; otherwise, the soil will not freeze through correctly near the blind area, and this is fraught with cracks and partial deformation of landscape elements: sidewalk paths, tiled paths, platforms, etc.
A high-quality blind area should be from 90 to 140 cm.
It should be located very tightly to the structure of a frame house. Its first layer, which often consists of concrete, must be insulated, otherwise the soil that is under it will simply freeze through in the cold season. The reason for this is that the concrete base is in contact with the warmer part of the foundation of the house.
The basis of the insulating blind area - we will need to lay heat-consuming materials from the back side blind areas, since the absence of these materials will lead to icing of the land that is next to it.
Therefore, the correct blind area for the house should not be exploited without the use of thermal insulation materials at the level of the basement of the building and from the ground on the opposite side of the blind area.
According to the rules, the blind area must have a width that must exceed the edge of the end of the roof by at least 20 cm.
The perimeter of the blind area must have drainage ditches that will later be replaced with gutters. If the blind area is located adjacent to the lawn, then the installation of gutters is very important - as it has a greater level of aesthetics. For this, gutters are also made so that they fall into a storm well or sewer.
Fall asleep the bottom a layer of blind area with expanded clay or ordinary sand.
There are hundreds of materials for this, therefore, it will be necessary to determine the material and technology of laying. For any type of blind area, there are two layers (underlying and outer). For the first layer, we use fine or large crushed stone as well as expanded clay sand.
It must be evenly distributed on the lower layer of the trench dug around the perimeter, at a slope of 5 degrees opposite to the house. This is all done under the place of the drainage system.
If there is no slope otherwise, precipitation in the form of rain and snow will negatively affect the structure of the blind area. Next, we fill the crushed stone with concrete. This is the most used material for pouring in additives, it is an economical option for any construction site as it is a cheap material compared to others.
Do not forget after pouring and hardening of concrete is required to be thoroughly wetted periodically after short periods of time. Also, do not forget for the reinforcement, it has one of the strongest bonding properties in civil engineering.
First of all, cover the bottom with a layer of soft clay, and then with cobblestones, and then cover with gravel and sand. The thickness of the sand should not exceed half a meter. And after that we press the cobblestones into the layer of sand.
Expansion joint is also one of the main protection of the blind area from cracks and deformation. The protection of the blind area is that it is not made close to the house.
In order for this to be necessary, it is necessary to install boards, which in turn were coated with a layer of resin with a step of 2m.
Ironing of concrete - after the concrete hardens, you need to carry out the procedure as ironing, it consists in the fact that you need to grind the top with a dry mixture of cement concrete, and then wipe it all with a trowel.
Decorative layer - for this you can use almost everything that is at hand. Starting from pebbles and ending with plastic. But all this can be done if the top layer of the blind area consists of concrete.
The shape and color palette already depends on your finances and imagination. You can of course invite yourself a specialist, but blind area and decor work is one of the most expensive rack jobs.
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