How to make a house for keeping with your own hands: drawing, project, photo
Now do what you love in life it is not just a hobby or a whim, but really a necessity. If the house is warm, this is an ideal place to raise poultry. Building a poultry house with your own hands makes it possible to provide a family with meat and eggs. Moreover, by selling excess products, the owner will be able to buy feed.
Building a house doesn't have to be expensive.
Such an important building for ducks or chickens can be built from improvised building materials.
Someone thinks that only a net is required in order to organize poultry houses to breed broiler chickens. You just have to fence off a small plot and buy chickens. Such a simple device will prevent the birds from scattering around the site, and while the chickens are small, the neighboring cats will not be able to reach them. But such a statement corresponds to reality, but partially.
In order to breed turkeys or other poultry, it is necessary to create favorable conditions for this.
Open space will not provide an opportunity to save your living creatures from cold weather or precipitation. You should definitely make drawings on which you mark the following objects:
- A place for walking.
- Poultry house.
The bird must move freely around the territory that is fenced.
Healthy living creatures will be able to breed equally healthy offspring and lay eggs. The arrangement of the poultry house must be thought out. When drawing up a plan, the summer resident will be able to focus on a typical project. The main thing is that you decide on what kind of structure you want to build for your miniature farm:
This is one of the options - summer or winter. But it is best to make a plan for a demi-season structure on the site.
It is required to maintain the required humidity level inside.The house temperature should always be kept constant so that birds do not overheat or overcool.
Next, we will consider certain requirements.
The construction process starts with planning. You can make drawings with your own hands or order it.
If you draw up a plan correctly, and then you can safely start construction work. The following requirements are imposed on this type of building:
Maintaining the ideal climate is a doable task. Floor heating for a poultry house is considered an excellent option. In this case, the floors are laid in a completely different way.
In order for the chickens to continue to lay eggs even in the dark season at 18.00, lamps must be installed. Lighting for poultry houses is installed at a distance of 1.8 meters from the floor. Lamps can be very different, and LED lighting for the poultry house allows you to save energy.
The arrangement of the poultry house must necessarily comply with the building rules and sanitary standards. If you do not know how to prepare a plan, you need to contact a construction company.
Here they calculate how much building materials are needed. specialists will quickly make a suitable drawing for you.
Now about the preparation.
Depending on what kind of bird you decide to breed, ducks or turkeys, you need to create favorable conditions.
For ducks, a reservoir is required. If you do not have the opportunity to purchase a finished product, it can be easily made from stones. You can build a house for adult chickens or geese with your own hands. It is important to consider all the nuances when choosing a place for a future building:
All this can be done quickly if there are no obstacles on the way to construction.
Below is the design and layout of the duck house.
When you have a plan in your hands, you can begin construction. The main thing is that you make the correct calculations of how many square meters of area is required for the planned number of broilers. First of all, an exact plan is developed for a miniature farm:
For the main building where you plan to keep chickens, fill in the tape base with your own hands. It needs to be reinforced and allowed to dry. You should not worry that something might not work out.
Such a miniature structure can be easily erected with your own hands - it will resemble a garage or a simple shed for broiler chickens.
The lock on the doors must be of high quality and durable, and then the entry of intruders will be limited to the maximum. Do-it-yourself photos and drawings of poultry houses are presented below.
The equipment will depend on the type of building. For winter options, heating of the built poultry house will be required.
Excellent thermal insulation will be provided with a special floor. Such floors can simply be made by hand. Protected flooring is made from planks and concrete. Warm walls and ceilings are obtained thanks to insulation by means of chipboard sheathing and glass wool. The protected floor prevents rats and other rodents from entering the chicken coop.
Heating a finished house can be done in a couple of ways. The furnace-boiler system will be required if your miniature farm grows. If you have cheap raw materials, even heating a large house will be beneficial. Different types of fuel are used - wood, diesel fuel, gas and coal.
For a miniature poultry house, this option will only be an additional cost.
The stove and boiler still need to be installed, as well as pipes. A new calculation will also be needed. It also becomes possible to purchase materials additionally. You can refuse such a system if you have only a few dozen chickens, because it takes time, and it is difficult to automate the process. A small duck house can be heated differently.
The room helps to warm the lamps. Some people think that lighting in a poultry house already warms up the indoor temperature.
This is correct to some extent, but lamps used as lighting devices cannot cope with the task of maintaining the ideal temperature. They will be high and warm the air, but not much. Lighting for small buildings for birds involves the use of light diodes.
You can also use incandescent bulbs. Warming up poultry houses involves the use of a mirror flask IKZK. Its power is enough to warm up a room with an area of 10-12 m 2 where ducks are kept. Infrared lamps warm up the chicken coop perfectly. It is easy to calculate how many lamps to install in the house to keep the birds warm.
When performing the calculation, you need to purchase a sufficient number of light sources.
There must be places for poultry inside the house:
- Wooden platform for ducks.
- Roosts for chickens.
Although broilers are a breed of chicken, their care is different. For meat broilers, there is no need to mount the pole as a perch.
In the warm season, it is required to provide free access for the chickens to the pen, where they are able to breathe clean air. A practical solution is to keep a building's window or door open. To lock broilers and ducks in the evening, turn on indoor lamps.
When it gets dark outside, the birds start to walk into the light. Within an hour they will all gather, and it will be possible to lock the chicken coop.
Inside, in addition to drinking bowls and feeders, it is required to mount nests where adult birds will carry. To keep the nests warm, you need to put hay there. When performing a preliminary calculation, you need to try not to lose sight of anything, and then all the costs will be justified. You will be able to purchase materials exclusively for the construction process.
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