How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Are you building your own country cottage or renovating? Then you definitely need to resolve the issue of finishing the facade of the house. One of the most popular options today is siding. The quality and durability of such a finish is ensured not only by the use of good material, but also by the presence of a strong and reliable frame. Do you want to get a basic knowledge of how to make a do-it-yourself siding crate? Then study this article.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

How to make a crate for siding with your own hands

What is a frame for siding finishing

First, consider why you need to equip the crate for siding.

Some home owners believe that it is possible to finish the facade without a frame. Indeed, in very rare cases, this is permissible. But for most country houses and other buildings, siding crate is required, and there are several reasons for this.

  1. Compensation for uneven walls. External walls, as a rule, are far from ideal, therefore it is undesirable to mount siding without lathing - the finish will warp over time, lose its original appearance and become unusable.

    At the same time, it is possible to make the most even walls, but it is very difficult and expensive. Therefore, it is more expedient to equip a frame, which will compensate for all the unevenness of the building.

    How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

    Installation of siding on a wooden lathing

  2. Accounting for shrinkage. This phenomenon is observed throughout the houses built and recently. And if you do not take this factor into account and place the siding directly on the walls, then when shrinking, the finish will warp, break, warp and become unusable.

    Lathing made of timber or metal profiles will prevent such problems.

    How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

    Installation of wooden lathing

  3. Thermal insulation of the house. The lathing, equipped on the wall of the house, allows you to lay mineral wool or expanded polystyrene plates under the siding. As a result, you get not only a beautiful facade finish, but also protection of your home from cold weather, and its walls from dampness and gradual destruction.
  4. Ventilation of the facade and insulation.

    The presence of an air gap between the crate and the insulation, represented by mineral wool (or expanded polystyrene), prevents problems associated with the formation of condensation, dampness and mold.

  5. Uniform load distribution - the lathing has a positive effect both on the siding finish and on the wall of the house itself.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

The device of the simplest lathing from a bar. All components of the system are marked and signed

Lathing for siding from a bar or metal profile - pros and cons

The frame for siding panels is a simple lathing, fixed on wall of the house using brackets. The main supporting element of the structure is either a wooden beam or a metal profile, similar to that used for gypsum plasterboard structures.

The direction of the battens depends on how the siding will be laid. If it is mounted horizontally, then the frame is equipped with vertical racks, and vice versa. The spacing between the elements of the lathing is selected based on the estimated weight of the finish. The heavier the siding, the smaller the distance between the vertical and horizontal struts.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

The image shows the bracket used to fix the siding battens to the main wall of the house.

It is successfully used both for a wood frame and for a structure assembled from metal profiles

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

The structure of a wooden lathing for siding, oriented vertically

As a rule, when arranging the lathing between its elements, insulation is laid on the main wall. It can be both mineral wool and foam boards or extruded polystyrene foam.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Diagram illustrating the crate for vertical siding with a layer of insulation under the finish

Important! When working with the frame, pay special attention to the accuracy of the positioning and orientation of the racks located at the corners of the building. The correct installation of the corner profile depends on them, and it seriously affects the quality and durability of the entire siding finish.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Finishing the outer corner

As mentioned above, the crate for securing the siding panels is made of wood or steel profile .

.. Each of the materials has its own advantages and disadvantages. The wooden beam stands out favorably with its low cost and ease of use. A frame made of this material will come out cheaper than a similar structure made of metal profiles.

At the same time, almost everyone can saw and perform other work with wood, and creating a crate with your own hands from a bar will not cause you any problems.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Wooden lathing

But this material has a number of significant drawbacks.

  1. The wood is susceptible to dampness, which is especially noticeable when arranging the sheathing for siding on the basement of the building.
  2. To increase the service life, the timber must be treated with an antiseptic, which requires both time and additional costs.
  3. The material is picky about storage conditions.

  4. Wooden structures, if they have not been previously dried, are subject to shrinkage.
  5. When buying, you need to monitor the quality of each individual bar, since even in a lot with good wood, you can find a marriage.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Installation of a vertical batten for siding

All problems associated with wood imperfections are absent in the metal profile. It has many advantages, including:

  • light weight and easy to carry and carry;
  • flat surface;
  • extremely low waste rate;
  • no rotting and non-susceptibility to the effects of fungus, insects and rodents;
  • a fairly simple installation technology.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Metal lathing

But it should be understood that the price of a metal profile will be higher.

Therefore, if you want to get a durable and the highest quality finish that is not exposed to dampness, choose metal. If in the first place is the cheapness of all the work, then give preference to wood.

Important! Regardless of what material you have chosen, calculate in advance how much of it you need to purchase. Add 10-15% to the figure obtained during the calculations - this will be your reserve, necessary in case of damage or marriage.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Principles of lathing for siding

How to make wooden lathing - step by step instructions

Do you want to make an inexpensive and simple do-it-yourself siding crate from wood? Then use the recommendations and step-by-step instructions given in this section of the article.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Wooden lathing for siding

Material selection

Let's start with the selection of material, from which in the future the crate for siding will be formed. For such a task, you need a wooden beam with a section of 40x40 or 50x50 mm. It is also acceptable to use material of other sizes, but at the same time it must be strong enough to withstand the mass of the siding. You need to choose quality wood based on several criteria, which you can familiarize yourself with in the list below.

  1. Humidity.

    The wood under the frame must be completely dried so that later the crate does not shrink, being already on your wall.

  2. Correspondence of sizes. The length and section of the timber must match those indicated in the documents.
  3. Evenness. A high-quality timber for siding lathing should be straight, without any bends or deformations.

  4. No defects. The batten should be free of knots, dark spots and mold.

Important! Give preference to woods that are durable and better moisture resistance. An example is larch.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Larch timber

Prices for various types of timber

Bank

Required tools

Having dealt with the material, let's go to the list of required tools.

It is presented in the form of a table showing what you need and why.

Table. Wooden siding lathing - a list of necessary tools.

Tool name Function to be performed

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Plumb bob with a cord


Setting a strictly vertical distance from the wall in preparation for installing the battens.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Nylon rope


Setting strictly vertical and horizontal marks required to align the frame elements.


How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Building level


Control of vertical and horizontal evenness of the main wall and elements of the siding lathing.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Marker or pencil


Marking wall, insulation and battens.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Roulette


Accurate measurement of length or distance.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Woodworking table


Workplace for operations with timber and other wood products.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Electric jigsaw


Sawing a bar into pieces of the required length.


How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Puncher


Drilling holes in the main wall of the house.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Hammer


Driving plastic dowels into holes drilled with a hammer drill.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Screwdriver


Screwing in the self-tapping screws that connect the timber battens to the brackets.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Gloves


Protects hands from scratches, minor injuries and skidding.

Important! Instead of an electric jigsaw, you can use a circular saw with the appropriate blade type to cut the bar.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Hand-held circular saw for wood DS1600

Prices for the popular range of circular saws

Circular saw

Mounting the battens from a bar

When the material and tools are ready, start construction work. They include preparation for the installation of the battens, the installation process itself and the installation of insulation.

Step 1. Remove all protruding elements from the walls of the house - storm drains, stakes, ebb tides, window sills, etc.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

All protruding elements must be removed from the walls

Step 2.

Remove parts of the old finish from the wall, which can interfere with the installation of the battens. Use a hammer along with a screwdriver or trowel to chip away plaster and paint.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Remove any old finish from the wall that might interfere with installation

Step 3. Using a plumb line , nylon thread and level, set marks at what distance from the main wall the frame will be located. Based on the results obtained, prepare small blocks or brackets on which the crate will be attached.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Bar for fastening the battens

Important! All wooden parts must be treated with antiseptic and flame retardant impregnations before fixing on the wall.

Step 4. Mark the points on the wall and drill holes with a puncher to secure the wooden blocks.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Hole drilling

Step 5. Insert plastic dowels into the holes you just drilled and hit them with light blows with a hammer or rubber mallet.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Dowels are hammered

Step 6. Attach a block with already inserted screws and tighten them with a screwdriver. Check with a level how flat the product is.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Bars are screwed on

Step 7. From the bar just fixed, measure the required interval to the next one element.

In this case, this distance is 50 cm.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Measure 50 cm from the bar

Step 8. Secure another block in a new location. Follow the same steps as last time - marking, drilling holes in the wall and fixing the product on self-tapping screws with dowels.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

The following bars are fastened

Step 9.

In exactly the same way as described earlier, perform installation of support bars over the entire surface of the facade of the house.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Support bars installed

Step 10. Treat the walls with a deep penetration primer.

Step 11. Prepare the insulation for installation on the wall - take measurements and cut holes in the material for the support bars.

In this case, expanded polystyrene panels are laid on the facade, but if you are afraid of dampness on the walls due to insufficient ventilation, use mineral wool.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Cut a hole for the support bar

Step 12. Apply glue to the back of the insulation board and lean against her against the wall. The support bars must fit exactly into the pre-made rectangular holes. The adhesive is applied to the back of the expanded polystyrene in the following way: a continuous strip along the perimeter of the panel and several medium-sized dots in its central part.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Installation of insulation boards

Step 13. Check the correct installation of the insulation panel with a level.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Checking the horizontal position of the panels

Step 14. Repeat the previous steps and lay the foam polystyrene insulation panels on the entire facade houses.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Insulation installation

Step 15.

Treat the joints between the insulation plates and the holes for the support bars with foam ... Once it's dry, trim off any excess.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

The joints are blown out with polyurethane foam

Step 16.

Additionally, fix the insulation panels on the facade using disc dowels ...

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Panels are fastened with disc dowels

Important! If you insulate the facade with mineral wool, then after the operation described above, you need to cover the insulation with a windproof film.

Step 17.

Using a plumb line and tape measure, determine how long the lathing for siding will recede from the surface of the insulation. With this data in mind, place the first uprights on the left / right edge of one wall.Pull horizontal nylon threads between them - they will serve as a guide for you when arranging the rest of the crate elements.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Vertical studs set

Step 18. Install the next vertical studs on the wall.

Place rectangular or square pieces of wood between the support bar and the frame element to create a ventilated gap between the insulation and the facade finish.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Mount the upright

Step 19. Using the principles outlined in the previous two operations, arrange everything vertical racks of the lathing on the wall.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Installation of the remaining uprights

Step 20. Take measurements at the places where the window sills will be located , and install the horizontal elements of the batten there.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Measurements at the locations of window sills

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Installing the horizontal element of the battens

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Horizontal lathing elements are installed not only under, but also above window openings

After all these operations are completed, the lathing is made of wood under siding can be considered successfully completed. Now you can start installing the facade trim on the finished frame.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions! How to calculate siding for a house

When making calculations, it is important to take into account one point - the width of a siding panel can be working and useful. The fact is that each panel has a perforated strip, which at the time of installation will be hidden under another strip, and therefore the full width of this facing element cannot be used for calculations. Read more in this article.

Video - Metal facade subsystem (crate)

How to make a metal crate for siding - step by step instructions

Now let's look at how to make a crate for siding of a similar design with our own hands, but from a metal profile. The algorithm of actions here is the same - first, the material is selected, then the tools, and then the construction work itself is carried out to create the frame, combined with the insulation of the facade.

Prices for metal profiles

Metal profile

Material selection and necessary tools

PP profile 60x27x3000 mm is used as the main bearing element of metal lathing for siding. It may be familiar to those of the home craftsmen who dealt with structures and ceilings made of plasterboard. On the wall, this profile is held by brackets, which are used as a straight U-shaped suspension.

They, in turn, are fixed by screws with dowels.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Profile PP 60x27x3000 mm

The horizontal elements of the battens are connected to each other using a "crab". All fastening of the frame parts is carried out on special screws with a press washer, as on suspended ceilings.When arranging the lathing on the basement of the building, a guide metal profile is also used, laid horizontally.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Connector-"Crab"

As for the list of tools, it is the same as when creating a frame from a wooden bar .

.. Only instead of a jigsaw, a grinder or special scissors for metal is used.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Scissors for metal

Prices for hand scissors for metal

Metal scissors

Wall preparation and installation of metal profile battens

Step 1. If possible, get rid of old and damaged parts wall decoration.

In this case, the rotten boards are replaced with new ones.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Replacing old boards

Step 2. Remove all protruding elements from the wall - window sills, shutters, ebb and stuff.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Dismantling the protruding elements

Step 3. Take measurements using a level and a plumb line, mark points for fasteners for suspensions.

Step 4. Drill holes in the walls for suspensions, insert dowels there.

Step 5. Install the suspensions themselves, bend their "legs" so as to give the product a U-shape (if this has not been done before).

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Since in this case the work is carried out with a light wooden structure, the fastening is carried out without dowels

Important! In some cases, during installation, a paronite gasket is placed under the brackets.

It prevents the fastening point from becoming a "cold bridge".

Step 6. Determine the amount by which the lathing will recede from the main wall. Install the corner profiles and pull strictly horizontal nylon threads along them, which will work as a guide for the installation of the remaining elements of the crate.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

The distance from the main wall must be determined in advance

Step 7.

Install the remaining vertical posts of the battens.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Installation of uprights

Step 8. Under and above window openings, as well as above the plinth, perform installation of horizontal lathing elements. They are connected to vertical posts using "crabs".

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Installation of horizontal elements

Step 9.

Between and under the elements of the sheathing, insert mineral wool insulation. If necessary, it is attached to additional brackets exposed on the wall. Lay the mineral wool with overlapping vertical joints (similar to brickwork).

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Mineral wool acts as a heater

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

Installation of insulation

Step 10. Cover the top of the crate and mineral wool with a steam and windproof film.

Between each other, connect its individual sections with an overlap of about 10 cm.

How to make a do-it-yourself siding crate - options with step-by-step instructions!

The lathing is covered with a steam and windproof film

After laying and fixing the film, you can start arranging the corner siding profiles and installing the rest facade finishing - the lathing is completely ready for further work.

.