Are you building your own country cottage or renovating? Then you definitely need to resolve the issue of finishing the facade of the house. One of the most popular options today is siding. The quality and durability of such a finish is ensured not only by the use of good material, but also by the presence of a strong and reliable frame. Do you want to get a basic knowledge of how to make a do-it-yourself siding crate? Then study this article.
How to make a crate for siding with your own hands
First, consider why you need to equip the crate for siding.
Some home owners believe that it is possible to finish the facade without a frame. Indeed, in very rare cases, this is permissible. But for most country houses and other buildings, siding crate is required, and there are several reasons for this.
At the same time, it is possible to make the most even walls, but it is very difficult and expensive. Therefore, it is more expedient to equip a frame, which will compensate for all the unevenness of the building.
Installation of siding on a wooden lathing
Lathing made of timber or metal profiles will prevent such problems.
Installation of wooden lathing
The presence of an air gap between the crate and the insulation, represented by mineral wool (or expanded polystyrene), prevents problems associated with the formation of condensation, dampness and mold.
The device of the simplest lathing from a bar. All components of the system are marked and signed
The frame for siding panels is a simple lathing, fixed on wall of the house using brackets. The main supporting element of the structure is either a wooden beam or a metal profile, similar to that used for gypsum plasterboard structures.
The direction of the battens depends on how the siding will be laid. If it is mounted horizontally, then the frame is equipped with vertical racks, and vice versa. The spacing between the elements of the lathing is selected based on the estimated weight of the finish. The heavier the siding, the smaller the distance between the vertical and horizontal struts.
The image shows the bracket used to fix the siding battens to the main wall of the house.
It is successfully used both for a wood frame and for a structure assembled from metal profiles
The structure of a wooden lathing for siding, oriented vertically
As a rule, when arranging the lathing between its elements, insulation is laid on the main wall. It can be both mineral wool and foam boards or extruded polystyrene foam.
Diagram illustrating the crate for vertical siding with a layer of insulation under the finish
Important! When working with the frame, pay special attention to the accuracy of the positioning and orientation of the racks located at the corners of the building. The correct installation of the corner profile depends on them, and it seriously affects the quality and durability of the entire siding finish.
Finishing the outer corner
As mentioned above, the crate for securing the siding panels is made of wood or steel profile .
.. Each of the materials has its own advantages and disadvantages. The wooden beam stands out favorably with its low cost and ease of use. A frame made of this material will come out cheaper than a similar structure made of metal profiles.
At the same time, almost everyone can saw and perform other work with wood, and creating a crate with your own hands from a bar will not cause you any problems.
But this material has a number of significant drawbacks.
Installation of a vertical batten for siding
All problems associated with wood imperfections are absent in the metal profile. It has many advantages, including:
But it should be understood that the price of a metal profile will be higher.
Therefore, if you want to get a durable and the highest quality finish that is not exposed to dampness, choose metal. If in the first place is the cheapness of all the work, then give preference to wood.
Important! Regardless of what material you have chosen, calculate in advance how much of it you need to purchase. Add 10-15% to the figure obtained during the calculations - this will be your reserve, necessary in case of damage or marriage.
Principles of lathing for siding
Do you want to make an inexpensive and simple do-it-yourself siding crate from wood? Then use the recommendations and step-by-step instructions given in this section of the article.
Wooden lathing for siding
Let's start with the selection of material, from which in the future the crate for siding will be formed. For such a task, you need a wooden beam with a section of 40x40 or 50x50 mm. It is also acceptable to use material of other sizes, but at the same time it must be strong enough to withstand the mass of the siding. You need to choose quality wood based on several criteria, which you can familiarize yourself with in the list below.
The wood under the frame must be completely dried so that later the crate does not shrink, being already on your wall.
Important! Give preference to woods that are durable and better moisture resistance. An example is larch.
Having dealt with the material, let's go to the list of required tools.
It is presented in the form of a table showing what you need and why.
Table. Wooden siding lathing - a list of necessary tools.
|Tool name||Function to be performed|
Plumb bob with a cord
Setting a strictly vertical distance from the wall in preparation for installing the battens.
Setting strictly vertical and horizontal marks required to align the frame elements.
Control of vertical and horizontal evenness of the main wall and elements of the siding lathing.
Marker or pencil
Marking wall, insulation and battens.
Accurate measurement of length or distance.
Workplace for operations with timber and other wood products.
Sawing a bar into pieces of the required length.
Drilling holes in the main wall of the house.
Driving plastic dowels into holes drilled with a hammer drill.
Screwing in the self-tapping screws that connect the timber battens to the brackets.
Protects hands from scratches, minor injuries and skidding.
Important! Instead of an electric jigsaw, you can use a circular saw with the appropriate blade type to cut the bar.
Hand-held circular saw for wood DS1600
When the material and tools are ready, start construction work. They include preparation for the installation of the battens, the installation process itself and the installation of insulation.
Step 1. Remove all protruding elements from the walls of the house - storm drains, stakes, ebb tides, window sills, etc.
All protruding elements must be removed from the walls
Remove parts of the old finish from the wall, which can interfere with the installation of the battens. Use a hammer along with a screwdriver or trowel to chip away plaster and paint.
Remove any old finish from the wall that might interfere with installation
Step 3. Using a plumb line , nylon thread and level, set marks at what distance from the main wall the frame will be located. Based on the results obtained, prepare small blocks or brackets on which the crate will be attached.
Bar for fastening the battens
Important! All wooden parts must be treated with antiseptic and flame retardant impregnations before fixing on the wall.
Step 4. Mark the points on the wall and drill holes with a puncher to secure the wooden blocks.
Step 5. Insert plastic dowels into the holes you just drilled and hit them with light blows with a hammer or rubber mallet.
Dowels are hammered
Step 6. Attach a block with already inserted screws and tighten them with a screwdriver. Check with a level how flat the product is.
Bars are screwed on
Step 7. From the bar just fixed, measure the required interval to the next one element.
In this case, this distance is 50 cm.
Measure 50 cm from the bar
Step 8. Secure another block in a new location. Follow the same steps as last time - marking, drilling holes in the wall and fixing the product on self-tapping screws with dowels.
The following bars are fastened
In exactly the same way as described earlier, perform installation of support bars over the entire surface of the facade of the house.
Support bars installed
Step 10. Treat the walls with a deep penetration primer.
Step 11. Prepare the insulation for installation on the wall - take measurements and cut holes in the material for the support bars.
In this case, expanded polystyrene panels are laid on the facade, but if you are afraid of dampness on the walls due to insufficient ventilation, use mineral wool.
Cut a hole for the support bar
Step 12. Apply glue to the back of the insulation board and lean against her against the wall. The support bars must fit exactly into the pre-made rectangular holes. The adhesive is applied to the back of the expanded polystyrene in the following way: a continuous strip along the perimeter of the panel and several medium-sized dots in its central part.
Installation of insulation boards
Step 13. Check the correct installation of the insulation panel with a level.
Checking the horizontal position of the panels
Step 14. Repeat the previous steps and lay the foam polystyrene insulation panels on the entire facade houses.
Treat the joints between the insulation plates and the holes for the support bars with foam ... Once it's dry, trim off any excess.
The joints are blown out with polyurethane foam
Additionally, fix the insulation panels on the facade using disc dowels ...
Panels are fastened with disc dowels
Important! If you insulate the facade with mineral wool, then after the operation described above, you need to cover the insulation with a windproof film.
Using a plumb line and tape measure, determine how long the lathing for siding will recede from the surface of the insulation. With this data in mind, place the first uprights on the left / right edge of one wall.Pull horizontal nylon threads between them - they will serve as a guide for you when arranging the rest of the crate elements.
Vertical studs set
Step 18. Install the next vertical studs on the wall.
Place rectangular or square pieces of wood between the support bar and the frame element to create a ventilated gap between the insulation and the facade finish.
Mount the upright
Step 19. Using the principles outlined in the previous two operations, arrange everything vertical racks of the lathing on the wall.
Installation of the remaining uprights
Step 20. Take measurements at the places where the window sills will be located , and install the horizontal elements of the batten there.
Measurements at the locations of window sills
Installing the horizontal element of the battens
Horizontal lathing elements are installed not only under, but also above window openings
After all these operations are completed, the lathing is made of wood under siding can be considered successfully completed. Now you can start installing the facade trim on the finished frame.
How to calculate siding for a house
When making calculations, it is important to take into account one point - the width of a siding panel can be working and useful. The fact is that each panel has a perforated strip, which at the time of installation will be hidden under another strip, and therefore the full width of this facing element cannot be used for calculations. Read more in this article.
Now let's look at how to make a crate for siding of a similar design with our own hands, but from a metal profile. The algorithm of actions here is the same - first, the material is selected, then the tools, and then the construction work itself is carried out to create the frame, combined with the insulation of the facade.
PP profile 60x27x3000 mm is used as the main bearing element of metal lathing for siding. It may be familiar to those of the home craftsmen who dealt with structures and ceilings made of plasterboard. On the wall, this profile is held by brackets, which are used as a straight U-shaped suspension.
They, in turn, are fixed by screws with dowels.
Profile PP 60x27x3000 mm
The horizontal elements of the battens are connected to each other using a "crab". All fastening of the frame parts is carried out on special screws with a press washer, as on suspended ceilings.When arranging the lathing on the basement of the building, a guide metal profile is also used, laid horizontally.
As for the list of tools, it is the same as when creating a frame from a wooden bar .
.. Only instead of a jigsaw, a grinder or special scissors for metal is used.
Scissors for metal
Step 1. If possible, get rid of old and damaged parts wall decoration.
In this case, the rotten boards are replaced with new ones.
Replacing old boards
Step 2. Remove all protruding elements from the wall - window sills, shutters, ebb and stuff.
Dismantling the protruding elements
Step 3. Take measurements using a level and a plumb line, mark points for fasteners for suspensions.
Step 4. Drill holes in the walls for suspensions, insert dowels there.
Step 5. Install the suspensions themselves, bend their "legs" so as to give the product a U-shape (if this has not been done before).
Since in this case the work is carried out with a light wooden structure, the fastening is carried out without dowels
Important! In some cases, during installation, a paronite gasket is placed under the brackets.
It prevents the fastening point from becoming a "cold bridge".
Step 6. Determine the amount by which the lathing will recede from the main wall. Install the corner profiles and pull strictly horizontal nylon threads along them, which will work as a guide for the installation of the remaining elements of the crate.
The distance from the main wall must be determined in advance
Install the remaining vertical posts of the battens.
Installation of uprights
Step 8. Under and above window openings, as well as above the plinth, perform installation of horizontal lathing elements. They are connected to vertical posts using "crabs".
Installation of horizontal elements
Between and under the elements of the sheathing, insert mineral wool insulation. If necessary, it is attached to additional brackets exposed on the wall. Lay the mineral wool with overlapping vertical joints (similar to brickwork).
Mineral wool acts as a heater
Installation of insulation
Step 10. Cover the top of the crate and mineral wool with a steam and windproof film.
Between each other, connect its individual sections with an overlap of about 10 cm.
The lathing is covered with a steam and windproof film
After laying and fixing the film, you can start arranging the corner siding profiles and installing the rest facade finishing - the lathing is completely ready for further work.
Posted By: Work Style |01, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |11, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |12, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |11, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |09, Nov 2020