How to make a fireplace or stove in a frame house with your own hands for heating: What to choose? + Video

How to make a fireplace or stove in a frame house with your own hands for heating: What to choose? + Video The fireplace is considered one of the most original decorations of a country house. It creates a certain atmosphere of coziness that cannot be achieved with ordinary heating radiators. Today, the modern version of the fireplace is more of a decorative element of the interior, and not a means for heating.

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Types of fireplaces

How to make a fireplace or stove in a frame house with your own hands for heating: What to choose? + Video A more attractive part of the fireplace is an open and safe fire.

And the important element will not be its warmth, but the flame itself, a certain play of shades, a cozy crackling of wood, reflections on the floor.

To get this effect, you do not need to build a high-quality brick structure, provided that it is not always convenient.

Below we will consider the types of fireplaces in a frame house:

  • A classic fireplace is a brick structure built into a wall niche. It includes a chimney with a special structure that enhances the draft. The mass of this fireplace will be about 20 tons. Of course, it will not be possible to build it in a city apartment, but it is quite suitable for building a fireplace in a frame house, but a specialist will decide this, having fully evaluated the foundation of the building.

  • How to make a fireplace or stove in a frame house with your own hands for heating: What to choose? + Video An electric fireplace is a reliable and high-quality heating device that perfectly simulates a hearth, as a rule, it is made with a decorative a special portal. The play of the flame takes place thanks to a video frame or other more recent simulation mechanism. Such a fireplace does not require the outlet of the chimney, since it does not need it and adequate ventilation. For this type of fireplace, the character of your home will not matter.
  • The gas fireplace is the most complex device due to the supply of gas directly to the firebox.

    This stationary version, like the classic one, needs the construction of a chimney. Although the weight of the structure is much less. Gas-type fireplace stoves in a frame house can be installed at any stage of construction.

  • The decorative fireplace is a false fireplace that reproduces a certain shape of a portal, but itself represents only a niche. This design is done by hand also at any stage of construction and at the stage of cosmetic repairs.

The device of the classic type fireplace

How to make a fireplace or stove in a frame house with your own hands for heating: What to choose? + Video The standard version of the fireplace consists of the following parts:

  • The firebox is a place in the fireplace that has a U-shape and is framed by a portal. For better combustion of combustible material, a grate or hearth is equipped in its lower part;
  • perval or otherwise a smoke tooth is a special narrowing to the chimney that provides better draft;
  • chimney - provides a fairly good flue gas discharge and excellent air supply.

In the modern version of the fireplace, the most accurate non-standard heat exchange system is provided, which increases the efficiency of the device and maintains a certain amount of air in the room. Thus, the air under the grate is not collected from the room, but comes from outside. Special holes are formed in the floor of the room, which supply air to the channels from the rear wall of the furnace.

Such heated air begins to move to the tubular heater slightly below the pass, and only then into the room. As a result, the air will take heat away from the combustion products and transfer it to the room and reduce the temperature of the exhaust gas.

Although, this solution does not fully compensate for the air gap from the room. For example, fireplaces in frame houses are not recommended to be installed in rooms with a volume of less than 30 m?. This is especially important for modern homes with sealed windows and doors of increased density.

How to make a fireplace or stove in a frame house with your own hands for heating: What to choose? + Video

Foundation for a classic fireplace

Weight a classic fireplace of 15 tons is a significant problem for different types of foundations. All projects of frame houses with fireplaces include the installation of a special, more powerful base under the hearth or stove. If this foundation was not planned, then you can safely forget about installing a fireplace in a frame house. How to make a fireplace or stove in a frame house with your own hands for heating: What to choose? + Video

The frame house itself is notable for its insignificant weight when compared with a brick structure. Therefore, the foundation for it is usually arranged lighter, for example, a tape shallowly buried.

Another thing is a stone fireplace, it is necessary to install a monolithic concrete slab under it, around the entire perimeter it is 30 cm larger than the original dimensions of the fireplace. The foundation should be buried below the level of freezing of the soil and ground and is not connected with the base of the house. The strip foundation can swell when the soil freezes and thaws, and monolithic ones will not react to this in any way, which is why it is forbidden to tie them into one single system.

A more correct option would be a regular fireplace in a frame house on screw piles. Swelling when the soil freezes on this foundation does not work at all, and the base of the fireplace and walls can be connected.

In a frame house with a foundation on screw piles, additional metal sheets are laid under the fireplace, which are connected by a channel and special sheet metal 10 mm thick.

This steel platform for the fireplace is able to withstand a certain load.

This method is used when erecting special outdoor stoves or barbecues.

Fireplace safety

The fireplace is an open type construction, that is, access to the fire is open all the time, and this, of course, poses a characteristic threat. In order to reduce it, the fireplace is mounted in compliance with a certain number of rules.

Consider these rules below: How to make a fireplace or stove in a frame house with your own hands for heating: What to choose? + Video

  1. The walls of the fireplace and chimney must not come into contact with the material of the frame and insulation. The vapor barrier layer and cladding at the joints are protected by special heat-resistant building materials.
  2. The fireplace is built in and installed in an internal partition made of silicate bricks in this place. This is the best option.
  3. The fireplace is located on its own concrete base.

    The danger zone in front of the firebox is covered with a special fire-resistant coating, for example, brick, tile and stone, it all depends on the building material of the main deck.

  4. The outlet of the chimney is carried out in compliance with all fire safety rules: the pipe must be insulated and insulated at a certain intersection of ceilings or walls.

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