How to make a gate from corrugated board with your own hands for the house: drawings + Video

How to make a gate from corrugated board with your own hands for the house: drawings + Video
Why, when building your own house a new house, the question of construction inevitably arises around the section of the fence and, of course, the gate attached to it? Before starting work and purchasing the necessary materials, it is important to decide on their type - which one will be optimal in a particular case.

Without thinking everything over in advance and not making the final choice, you can provide yourself with a vain process of laborious clearing of the territory. And then it turns out that the grandiose work has been done in vain.

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Three main types of gates can be distinguished:

  • sliding,
  • lift-and-turn,
  • hinged.

Their design is fundamentally different.

Let's consider in detail each variety.

Swing gate

Description

How to make a gate from corrugated board with your own hands for the house: drawings + Video In fact, it is a traditional and familiar choice used throughout private estates and homes. It is based on three pillars: two determine the width of the structure, and the third determines the location and width of the wicket. Hinges are welded to the support posts, on which the wicket and sash are mounted. The hinges can be fixed from the inside of the supports, or from the outside.

It depends on which direction you plan to open the sash.

This gate is usually a rigid metal frame welded from a profile pipe or corner. Later they are sheathed with finishing material at the discretion of the owners. It can be wood, metal sheets or corrugated board. If desired, such gates can be made of wood entirely.

Then a reinforced frame is made from a bar, which will be located from the inside of the doors, and boards are mounted on it.

How to make a gate from corrugated board with your own hands for the house: drawings + Video

It should be borne in mind that the sashes should not be made very heavy, otherwise the load on the hinges and supporting the pillars would be too large. Suspension parts and units used must correspond to the weight of the sashes with their dimensions and strength. A closing device is mounted on the canvas. The hinges for the lock, or an elementary bolt, or a solid latch will perfectly cope with this role.

When the gate is closed, the leaves rest against a specially provided limiter located in the lower part. Spring clips are used to secure the wide open gates.

The flaws of the design can be considered the sagging of the shutters with a possible head of inclined pillars : this is possible if the top of the shutters is incorrectly calculated, or the installation was carried out with violations.

Therefore, it is advisable to deepen the supports to the required depth, not to make them from too heavy material, and select loops that are suitable in size.

The undoubted advantage of swing gates is their relative compactness.

To place the structure, it is not required to clear large-scale areas along the fences, as is the case with other types.

Installation

If the weight of the gate is small enough, when they are made, for example, from corrugated board, 80-100 mm metal pipes as pillars are quite suitable for their installation. Also in this capacity you can use profiled square pipes of the same size. In this case, such supports will be enough. But more massive pillars are also welcome if you find it easier to get them.

Support posts for the gate can be installed in different ways :

  • by concreting,
  • by hammering.

Concreting of pillars

Concreting of pillars ensures stability and high rigidity of the entire structure. These supports are especially good for heavy or wide sashes.

How to make a gate from corrugated board with your own hands for the house: drawings + Video In this way it is possible to carry out installation using a reinforcement bowl or no reinforcement at all.

Progress step by step :

  1. A sufficiently deep hole (1.

    5 m - 1.9 m) is drilled with a diameter of approximately 25 cm.The specific size depends on the diameter and the height of the post.

  2. The bottom is covered with sand and gravel, well tamping each layer. As a result, each of them should turn out to be about 10 cm thick.

  3. A column is placed on the finished sand and gravel base.
  4. Concrete is poured, carefully leveling the pillar, strictly vertically in level, while the solution has not yet frozen, and is sufficiently malleable. In the desired position, the post is fixed with props.
  5. When using a reinforcement structure, the installation is carried out in a similar way before the stage of ramming the base for the post.
  6. In the drilled hole on the prepared pad, a reinforcing sleeve is installed, in which the post is placed.

  7. Concrete is poured into the pit: supports for the post, holding it strictly vertically, may not be needed. Their role will be assumed by the reinforcement structure.
  8. After the final hardening of the concrete and acquiring the required strength, the hinges are marked and welded to the posts. Attention should be paid to the need for gaps that allow the shutters to open and close freely with a possible tilt of the posts. This can happen due to ground movement during periods of prolonged rains or during snowmelt.

  9. In order to exclude possible deformations of the structure, it is advisable to fasten the pillars together with a beam. It is welded to their bottom and can be partially sunk into the ground. With the help of an additional upper headroom, the frame can be made even more rigid, but this element will complicate the passage of vans and trucks.

Driving in posts

Poles are usually driven to a depth of 1.3 meters.

This method has many advantages, the main ones being the speed of work and their high reliability.

How to make a gate from corrugated board with your own hands for the house: drawings + Video The progress of work on installing the pillars is as follows :

  1. A hole is drilled to a depth of about half of the planned deepening:
  2. Pillars are placed in them, which are driven into the depth with a sledgehammer or a special device - an impact headstock. When performing the process, it is necessary to control the verticality of the rack, and, if necessary, correct it;
  3. The pillars are attached to stationary buildings located on the estate, or to the walls of the fence themselves;
  4. Next, the loops are welded to the pillars according to previously made marks;
  5. The assembled sashes are suspended on fixed hinges, their operation and uniformity of convergence are checked.

Sliding gates

How to make a gate from corrugated board with your own hands for the house: drawings + Video This type is also subdivided into separate subspecies, among which you can choose the one suitable for each specific case. But almost all of them need free space near the manufactured fence.

You will have to work hard to free up a place where their movable sash can move freely when the gate is opened.

Sliding gates can be :

  • sliding,
  • cantilever,
  • suspended.

Retractable

Retractable move along a metal profile (I-beam, channel, etc.) or a steel rail. Such gates are not particularly popular, especially in cold and snowy climates.

When the rail is well cleared of ice, snow and debris, the gate will slide over it with ease. However, during heavy snowfall or icing, the sash will not be able to move without preliminary cleaning. Such gates are more suitable for regions where there is no severe frost and snow is short-lived.

This is an important design flaw, but the only one. It does not require a large area for closing and opening, and this is its undoubted advantage.

Retaining brackets and rollers are installed on the top of the post from the side to which the sash opens. Also, rollers are installed at the bottom of the mobile movable gate leaf: with their help, it moves along the profile or rail laid on the ground.

Suspended

The suspended type of sliding gates is also not very popular for the private sector: the profile installed on top along which the canvas suspended from it moves, limits the possible height of the entrance.

Console

How to make a gate from corrugated board with your own hands for the house: drawings + Video Console can be considered, perhaps, the most convenient subspecies of sliding gate. They can have a slightly different design, and the most suitable one is selected for each specific case.

Gates of this type are rigidly fixed on the beam: it also moves the gate leaf with it, moving in the cantilever unit. Such gates are more complicated than others, but they serve more reliably in snowy winters.

After all, their doors are designed in such a way that they do not touch the ground.An additional plus of the device is the absence of a height limiter, which allows vehicles of any height to pass through them. The design of the cantilever gate provides for the installation of powerful support pillars only on one side - the one into which the mobile sash will move when opening the passage.

The cantilever beam can be located at the top, bottom and middle. It is quite possible to make sliding gates with your own hands if the owner of the site understands the drawings, has basic knowledge of mechanics and physics, as well as the skills of such work. Any cantilever gates can be made automatic if equipped with a control system and an electric drive. The owner will be able to use a special key fob to open the passage for himself while inside a warm car.

Overhead gate

Description of construction and advantages

How to make a gate from corrugated board with your own hands for the house: drawings + Video They are perfect as garage doors.

Access to the courtyard through them is not very convenient, since they noticeably limit the height. This design can be easily opened and closed by raising the canvas with its subsequent movement to the upper horizontal position, to the very ceiling.

The lower part of the working sash, when closing or opening, protrudes slightly forward, bypassing the garage area.

Therefore, when installing a gate of this type, it is necessary to correctly calculate how close the machine is fitted so as not to become an obstacle to opening.

The canvas is usually made from a metal frame, which is sheathed with the same, more often, metal sheets, composite materials or wood.

Compactness and reliability are obvious positive qualities of this type of door.

Manufacturing

Detailed drawings are required for self-manufacturing of the structure.

How to make a gate from corrugated board with your own hands for the house: drawings + Video

In addition to the frame for the doorway covering the passage, one more will have to be made - the one on which they will be attached goal. It can be framed by the very entrance to the garage. But usually additional guides are mounted: the rollers on the canvas will roll along them when the gate is opened.

In addition, their function is to keep the web open at the top.

In this case, when viewed from inside the garage, there will be a clearly visible L-shape on both sides of the driveway. Its dimensions should be sufficient to ensure free passage of the web between the additional guides and the ceiling itself.

On both sides of the curtain, at the bottom and at the top, rollers are located: when moving the gate, they will move along the guides.

Levers (pair) are mounted on both sides to the frame located in the opening, which are necessary for lifting the canvas.

It is necessary to take care of shock absorbers to cushion the shock when closing. The levers are connected to the springs adjusted to the desired level. They should not be free or over-tightened, but the sash should tightly seal the entrance opening.

Since the stationary support frame is subjected to considerable constant stress, it is securely anchored to the opening with anchors.

After the final assembly of the door structure, it can be finished with fittings and various decorative elements.

How to make a gate from corrugated board with your own hands for the house: drawings + Video If an electric drive is planned for the door system, then this is done as the last thing. And, of course, it is better to entrust these complex and responsible activities to specialists. The cost of such an electrical system is quite high, and if you do not have the skills to work like this, you should not risk expensive equipment.

After studying the drawings and carefully reading the instructions, acquiring all the required materials, you can start assembling the structure of your choice. If, of course, your work skills are sufficient to perform all the described manipulations.

And if you invite an experienced and competent master as a partner, you are guaranteed an excellent result.

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