Friends, we hope that this information will really be interesting and useful to you! People who have started the construction of a building should have an idea of what is needed for what, what parts the structure consists of, what materials they will need and how much this or that material costs. Before starting construction, you need to develop a building plan and indicate all the parameters. Consider one of the important details of the structure and it will be a hipped roof and its rafter system.
There are several types of roofs, the most aesthetic and durable is the hipped roof.
Such a roof will withstand strong winds, snowfalls and heavy rainfall.
A four-pitched roof may not be complex in design and has some elements.
The gable roof differs from the gable roof in terms of external data and design. In terms of construction, the four-slope is somewhat more complicated, but for small buildings you can build it yourself.
The standard hip roof has trapezoidal slopes and triangular slopes.
Semi-hip - two trapezoidal slopes, two cut hip.
This design makes it possible to equip an attic with large windows in the attic.
Hip roof differs from hip roof.
A complex hipped one has attic windows, valleys.
Construction of this roof can only be done by professionals, or take a project with calculations of materials.
The gable roof includes the same details as the gable roof, but due to some complexity of the structure, additional frame details are required for its construction.
Hipped roof parts:
Mauerlat is a beam placed on the top of the main walls;
Beds are support beams that are located inside and laid on the supporting walls;
Rafters are diagonal, slant or side beams;
Sprengels and posts are supports that support the rafter structure;
Purlin or ridge bar is a horizontal support for rafters located on top of the roof;
Ledgers and ties are horizontal parts that connect side rafters;
Narodniks - parts that are placed on diagonal rafters;
Wind beams and struts are struts that increase the strength of the roof;
Mares are planks that form the desired overhang of the roof.
The roof structure determines which parts can be used in construction, for example, cornices over windows or a porch, lathing.
Before starting construction, it is necessary to calculate the amount of raw materials, it will also be determined what the roof will be in size and shape, then make a drawing.
To distribute the load of the rafter system and external factors, a Mauerlat and beds are laid on the main walls.
For them, a beam with a section of 100 * 150 mm or 150 * 120 mm is used, in some cases reinforced concrete beams are laid.
When building a hipped roof, the racks are installed diagonally from the corner at the same distance. The height of the posts is determined by the roof project.
On a regular hipped roof, side rafters are placed in the same way as the sent rafters on a gable roof.
A board with a width identical to the width of the rafter board (150 mm) is applied to the ridge bar in the place where the extreme post is located and a template is made along it.
The distance between the rafters should be from 0.5 to 1.5 m.
Diagonal rafters are made of two connected boards, so they carry an increased load. The blank for diagonal rafters is performed in the above way.
The cuts on the boards for diagonal rafters must be made at an angle of 45 degrees to the plane of the board, since from below they rest on the corner of the Mauerlat, and from above on the rack. Narodniks fill the gaps between the diagonal rafters on the hip slopes.
They rest on top of the diagonal rafter, and below on the Mauerlat. For their manufacture, they do not take thick boards so they do not carry a special load.
We make the crate
Overlap the four-pitched roof, possibly any available material.
When covering a complex roof with a soft roof, in this case it is necessary to make a sheathing of plywood.
The roof insulation depends on the layout of the house and other factors; it must be done according to the rules
. Building a gable roof is not easy, but if you have the carpentry skills, the necessary skills, the tools and a couple of friends who are ready to come to your aid, this task will be within your power.
You can choose a different type of roof for your building, and the hipped roof is ideal for a large house.
But before starting any construction, you will need to get ahead of what exactly you want to build and what the structure should be, allocate funds and determine the approximate time for construction.
The main thing is to have strength, desire and means. We wish you good luck and inspiration!
Posted By: Work Style |09, Nov 2020
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Posted By: Work Style |10, Nov 2020
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