How to make a hipped roof for a house with your own hands: Review + Video with an attic and a bay window

How to make a hipped roof for a house with your own hands: Review + Video with an attic and a bay window Friends, we hope that this information will really be interesting and useful to you! People who have started the construction of a building should have an idea of ​​what is needed for what, what parts the structure consists of, what materials they will need and how much this or that material costs. Before starting construction, you need to develop a building plan and indicate all the parameters. Consider one of the important details of the structure and it will be a hipped roof and its rafter system.

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Hipped roof construction

How to make a hipped roof for a house with your own hands: Review + Video with an attic and a bay window There are several types of roofs, the most aesthetic and durable is the hipped roof.

Such a roof will withstand strong winds, snowfalls and heavy rainfall.

A four-pitched roof may not be complex in design and has some elements.

The gable roof differs from the gable roof in terms of external data and design. In terms of construction, the four-slope is somewhat more complicated, but for small buildings you can build it yourself.

How to make a hipped roof for a house with your own hands: Review + Video with an attic and a bay window The standard hip roof has trapezoidal slopes and triangular slopes.

Semi-hip - two trapezoidal slopes, two cut hip.

This design makes it possible to equip an attic with large windows in the attic.

Hip roof differs from hip roof.

A complex hipped one has attic windows, valleys.

Construction of this roof can only be done by professionals, or take a project with calculations of materials.

The gable roof includes the same details as the gable roof, but due to some complexity of the structure, additional frame details are required for its construction.

Hipped roof parts:

How to make a hipped roof for a house with your own hands: Review + Video with an attic and a bay window Mauerlat is a beam placed on the top of the main walls;

Beds are support beams that are located inside and laid on the supporting walls;

Rafters are diagonal, slant or side beams;

Sprengels and posts are supports that support the rafter structure;

Purlin or ridge bar is a horizontal support for rafters located on top of the roof;

Ledgers and ties are horizontal parts that connect side rafters;


Narodniks
- parts that are placed on diagonal rafters;

How to make a hipped roof for a house with your own hands: Review + Video with an attic and a bay window Wind beams and struts are struts that increase the strength of the roof;

Mares are planks that form the desired overhang of the roof.

The roof structure determines which parts can be used in construction, for example, cornices over windows or a porch, lathing.

Before starting construction, it is necessary to calculate the amount of raw materials, it will also be determined what the roof will be in size and shape, then make a drawing.

Construction technology.

To distribute the load of the rafter system and external factors, a Mauerlat and beds are laid on the main walls.

For them, a beam with a section of 100 * 150 mm or 150 * 120 mm is used, in some cases reinforced concrete beams are laid.

    • How to make a hipped roof for a house with your own hands: Review + Video with an attic and a bay window They put the timber on the walls and attach it using special studs, these studs they are built in at the stage of wall construction; during the construction of a wooden house, the upper crown serves as a support.
    • Waterproofing is made of roofing material, it is laid among the Mauerlat and the wall.
    • Benches are laid on the bearing partitions, and support posts will be installed on them as a result. Racks are placed on reinforced floor beams if there are no internal partitions of the building.

    • Overlappings are made from boards with a section of 50 * 200, and a beam is made from a bar with a section of 100 * 200 mm or from two boards, on which a stand is placed, since it carries an increased load.
    • The support posts are placed on floor beams or slopes, they are leveled using a plumb line, or a water level, then fixed for a while with supports from the boards.
    • Racks are fixed to the bed or overlap with a corner or metal plates. In the case of a hip roof, the racks are installed in the center in a row. The step between them should not be How to make a hipped roof for a house with your own hands: Review + Video with an attic and a bay window more than two meters.

      When building a hipped roof, the racks are installed diagonally from the corner at the same distance. The height of the posts is determined by the roof project.

    • The purlins are placed on the racks. When constructing a hip roof of a simple structure, it is a ridge girder, it is laid on the racks and forms the ridge of the roof. In the case of the construction of a hipped roof, the girders are placed on racks in the form of a rectangle and fastened to the corner with self-tapping screws.

Installation of the rafter group and lathing

On a regular hipped roof, side rafters are placed in the same way as the sent rafters on a gable roof.

A board with a width identical to the width of the rafter board (150 mm) is applied to the ridge bar in the place where the extreme post is located and a template is made along it.

  • How to make a hipped roof for a house with your own hands: Review + Video with an attic and a bay window The upper mark is marked on the blank and cut out.
  • Then the workpiece is applied to the ridge and the lower cut is noted, it will rest on the Mauerlat.
  • In places where side rafters are installed, apply a template to the ridge girder to fit each rafter.

  • Saw out the rafters that match the template and marked. The finished rafters are installed on the ridge girder and the Mauerlat and attached.

The distance between the rafters should be from 0.5 to 1.5 m.

Diagonal rafters are made of two connected boards, so they carry an increased load. The blank for diagonal rafters is performed in the above way.

The cuts on the boards for diagonal rafters must be made at an angle of 45 degrees to the plane of the board, since from below they rest on the corner of the Mauerlat, and from above on the rack. Narodniks fill the gaps between the diagonal rafters on the hip slopes.

  • How to make a hipped roof for a house with your own hands: Review + Video with an attic and a bay window Narodniks are placed with a distance equal to the distance between the rafters.

    They rest on top of the diagonal rafter, and below on the Mauerlat. For their manufacture, they do not take thick boards so they do not carry a special load.

  • Sprengels - their vertical supports are installed to unload the lower quarter of the diagonal rafters. These racks are installed identically to the ridge racks.
  • The braces are installed under the side rafters, they are abutted from the bottom against the floor beam or the bed, and from above to the horizon at an angle of 45 degrees in the rafter leg.

We make the crate

How to make a hipped roof for a house with your own hands: Review + Video with an attic and a bay window Overlap the four-pitched roof, possibly any available material.

When covering a complex roof with a soft roof, in this case it is necessary to make a sheathing of plywood.

The roof insulation depends on the layout of the house and other factors; it must be done according to the rules

. Building a gable roof is not easy, but if you have the carpentry skills, the necessary skills, the tools and a couple of friends who are ready to come to your aid, this task will be within your power.

You can choose a different type of roof for your building, and the hipped roof is ideal for a large house.

But before starting any construction, you will need to get ahead of what exactly you want to build and what the structure should be, allocate funds and determine the approximate time for construction.

The main thing is to have strength, desire and means. We wish you good luck and inspiration!

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