Do-it-yourself rack of boards and pipes - manufacturing, instructions, photo
To ensure that all the necessary things in the garage do not interfere with movement, you need to try to organize storage. The most convenient option for a garage would be a rack. If there is space, you can make a structure for the entire wall or even for several walls, and if there is no space below, then you will need to move upstairs - make comfortable shelves under the ceiling. This option is not the best, but sometimes the only possible one. Still, garage floor shelving will be safer, especially when well attached to wall surfaces.
Let's look at how to make a pipe rack with your own hands.
Garage racks are made of metal and wood. The latter options are mostly non-separable, as they are fastened with self-tapping screws and nails. Installation is stationary, fixed to the wall. Metal shelving can even be welded.
There are also bolted structures, and their advantage is that they are mobile, that is, they can be disassembled if necessary. The disadvantage is the insufficient level of rigidity, since there are always backlashes in such a connection. To make the structure stable, it must be attached to the wall. To do this, metal plates with a hole can be welded (or bolted) to the outer walls. A crutch should be driven into it (but first you need to drill a hole in the wall with a smaller diameter).
Both those and other structures serve properly, but most often there are welded structures. The collapsible option is chosen either when it may be necessary to move to another garage and it will be necessary to transport all the equipment, and the structure itself weighs hundreds of kg and it is problematic to move it entirely. The second option is that there is no possibility or desire to cook metal (if the rack for the garage is made by hand). Others usually choose the welded option, since it is more stable and with experience in welding, everything is assembled much faster.
Please note, that there are still metal racks for sale made of perforated corners.
They are also mobile and you can disassemble everything, but everything is connected by hooks (on the crossbars) and grooves on the racks. Such structures are convenient, since it is possible to rearrange the shelves to the desired height. The disadvantage is high cost.
Dimensions and construction
Speaking about the features, the racks consist of racks, shelves and crossbars. Sometimes, to improve in terms of rigidity, even transverse tightenings are made on the back side - two strips of steel that are screwed or welded diagonally to the extreme posts.
They will compensate for lateral loads and increase reliability and stability. The dimensions - the depth and height of the shelves - are chosen almost arbitrarily, since it all depends on what you are going to store.The only thing that needs to be selected carefully is the length of the span, and it will depend on the stiffness of the material that will be used - even with a full load, the shelves should not bend in any way.
Interestingly, that for heavy objects, the span should be 1.5 meters, if the load is not large, and the distance can be increased to 2 meters, but definitely not worth it.
If a longer rack is required, install intermediate posts, and the distance between them should not be more than 2 meters. Now about the height of the shelves. The lowest one can be raised from the floor level by 0.5-0. 7 meters.
Usually the heaviest objects are placed here. The rest of the shelves can be made at any height, but 0.3 meters will be inconvenient. In general, the optimal size is when a 1.5 liter bottle fits on a shelf in height, which is 0.
35 meters. This distance will be convenient.
What to make
What to make a rack with your own hands - from boards or pipes? Metal is now quite expensive, and if you buy everything on the market or in a store, then one rack at a cost (with all consumables) will cost the same amount as the finished one. The only way to save money is to buy metal based on solid whips (6 and 12 meters each), and then cut it into pieces of the required length. Cutting can be performed immediately at the base and you will have to pay extra for this, but the cost is small.
In this case, costs will be reduced by 25%.
If you want to make metal racks, the choice of materials will be wider - there are a couple of options for metal warehouses and a standard solution for a warehouse (perforated corners). You can also use metal parts that are intended for other purposes (steel cable duct or cable rack will do) that is used for the bundle.
What will the frame of a metal rack for a garage be made of:
Shelf width from 0.25 to 0 .45 meters depending on loads. The material is durable, but metal-intensive, weighs a lot and is expensive.
With less metal consumption (wall thickness is less), in comparison with a metal corner, it has better elastic characteristics (more difficult to bend), and also has excellent torsion resistance. The approximate dimensions of the racks are 5 * 5 cm or 4 * 4 cm, for the crossbars 5 * 2. 5 or 4 * 2. 5 cm.
The thickness of the metal is 0. 3 cm, the width of the shelf is from 0. 25 meters and more. The corner should be turned so that the laid flooring appears to be in a nest.
The flooring on the shelves is made from the same as for the wooden shelving (OSB, chipboard, board, plywood ), but sometimes interesting options are added that are rarely used with a wood frame due to the large weight - sheet metal.
The advantage of metal shelves is reliability with a small thickness, and the lack of price, weight and "volume".They also need to be painted, but first cleaned of rust, and then walk with a converter and a primer, then paint in 2 layers. We process the metal frame in the same way, then the structure will not rust.
Metal racks can be welded or bolted together. There are usually no questions with welding, and if a corner is used, then you can even overlap - the difference of 0.
5 cm is invisible when laying the shelves. If you wish, you can cut out excess from the shelves, weld end-to-end, but it will take a long time, and there is not much difference.
Please note, that with the assembly of the frame on bolts, the order is as follows - first, the squares of the shelves and sidewalls are assembled separately, then they are twisted together. It is best to have at least two bolts per connection for good rigidity.
If you assemble a rack from a profile pipe with your own hands, then the order of work is different.
First, you need to assemble the sidewalls, attach short crossbars to them. You get two rectangles with crossbars, and then connect everything with crossbars. How to make connections, look at the photo. Sometimes welding is very necessary to weld the "heel", and sometimes you can not use the method, but just cut out the "ears", bend and cling to them. Another way would be to use crab systems.
These are metal plates with formed profile recesses. Pipes are laid in the grooves, after which two plates are pulled together with bolts. It is unlikely to withstand heavy loads, but there is an indisputable advantage - it is not required to drill many holes in the metal. In a profiled pipe, everything is easier than in a thick-walled corner, but it will still take a lot of time and effort.
Interesting, that the bolts must be M6 or M8, and large holes are needed for them.
It is easier to first drill everything with a thin drill, and then expand to the required size with a thick one. Even with this order, you will need a lot of drills. To prevent them from overheating and breaking, place a jar of water next to it and periodically lower the drill into it.
Schemes, drawings, layout and ideas
A do-it-yourself pipe rack will be appropriate for a garage, but you also need to install a workbench and a stand for manual tools - different keys and other small things, which are many and difficult to choose a specific place to store it.
The workbench can be made in the center, and it is convenient - everything you need will be at hand and you will not need to constantly go to the shelves.
The advantages of metal structures are:
- Durability and reliability - shelves can withstand a lot of weight without damage.
- Easy to clean.
- Resistant to wear and tear - even under heavy use, metal pipe racks are able to maintain their characteristics and appearance without changes.
- Full compliance with fire safety requirements.
- Storage of items of any material.
- The metal frame is resistant to moisture and temperature extremes.
Of the shortcomings, note :
Let's consider what types of racks there are.
Varieties of shelving
When choosing options for construction for storage of metal, be sure to take into account the complexity of manufacturing, as well as the conditions of use:
Shelves can support a lot of weight, and manufacturing requires a welding machine and metalworking skills.
Now let's consider what the requirements for structures are.
Requirements for racks
In order for a rack of pipes and boards to be safe for use, during installation it is worth following the requirements from GOST 16140 -77:
1 cm per 1 meter without loads, and under the influence of weight 0.4 cm, but not more than 0.6 cm in length.
Further detailed instructions are attached for manufacturing.
Assembling a structure with your own hands will be within the power of even the person who first took up this business.
It is much easier to work with them than with wood. The main advantage of the modular design is that the assembly is extremely simple, from a ready-made kit.
Tools and materials
To make calculations, how much materials you need, you should first sketch a sketch indicating the size and number of shelves. The dimensions of the profile should be selected depending on what the expected load will be. To connect the parts, you will need screws and press washers, since their fastening is many times more reliable.
It is better to take pointed ones, since the drills will make a large hole, and therefore the strength decreases. The shelves should be made of boards, the thickness of which is 3 cm, for plywood from 1 cm or more, and OSB sheets should be at least 1.2 cm.
The following tools are required to perform the work:
- Tape measure, pencil or felt-tip pen, square for checking corners.
- Metal shears to cut the profile.
- Screwdriver, since if you screw each self-tapping screw by hand with a screwdriver, assembling the frame will take several days.
- Wood saw for cutting shelves. The process will be much faster if you have an electric jigsaw or circular saw.
Let's see how the assembly is carried out.
So, to assemble a pipe rack with our own hands, do the following:
To prevent the rack from turning out to be crooked due to errors with the dimensions of the blanks, you should re-check the correctness of the markings.
After checking the angle, each bend should be screwed with 2 self-tapping screws.
Depending on the possibilities, the frame made of shaped pipes is made on bolts or welded. An alternative would be the option on metal corners, which will cost less. To simplify installation work, the rack is made combined. Together the pipes for the racks on the sides take a metal corner.
Assembly the frame is made of a profile pipe, the cross section of which is at least 2 * 2 cm and the wall is from 0.
2 cm.If you plan to store heavy objects, then the dimensions should be 2 * 4 cm or 2 * 5 cm. Shelves can be made of chipboard, plywood, boards, for very heavy corrugated iron items. For large items, there will be enough flooring made of wood bars or reinforcement rods at intervals.
Please note, h that in order not to drill many holes for the bolt method, the parts should be connected using a crab system.
They are made in the form of metal plates with grooves into which the pipes to be connected must be inserted. Then tighten the clamps using the bolts.
For convenience, the frame is assembled on a large table or workbench. Clamps are required for fixing.
Installation is carried out in the following order:
Next, weld everything, and if the assembly is made using the bolt method, then the clamps are not needed, since otherwise it will not be possible to install the clamps.
If the frame is from a corner, then the embedded plates are not required.
A self-made metal rack will not only come out cheaper than the factory version, it will also be much more convenient to use. It is assembled taking into account the characteristics of the garage, the number and size of items.
Assembly can be done even without using a welding machine.
( 2 marks, average 1.5 of 5 )
Posted By: Work Style |10, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |09, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |11, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |08, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |09, Nov 2020