Storm sewage for a private house is very necessary, because it drains rain and melt water from the house and the plot.
If you do not equip this system, then rain or melt water will accumulate in the soil, and this adversely affects the foundation of the structure.
In this article, we will consider the topic of arranging a storm sewer in a private house.
Due to too wet soil, the structure may settle and tilt.
Storm drainage equipment is required to avoid this problem.
This system can be made on your own at the beginning of construction, or you can arrange it near the built house. Next, we will analyze the storm sewer device.
Trays on the surface and open gutters or closed channels , which are laid underground.
These devices drain water into special containers for the catchment area and or outside your area, for this reason they must be laid at an angle.
Rainwater is collected using special gutters, they are made of plastic, rectangular in shape and different volumes.
Install them under the drain pipes.
The pallets in front of the doors also collect water from the porch and roof. For convenience and safety, the pallet is covered with a grate.
It is also necessary to equip inspection wells in order to clean the channels of pipelines and gutters. They are equipped at the intersection of channels and at the junctions.
A collector well is needed so that water is collected in it and further filtered.
Also in this design there are sand traps, they are used to collect dirt from water and solid particles. Sand traps are installed on top of the storm sewer.
Open or linear view, the simplest and most productive view for private ownership ..
This system covers a large area of the site, the open view of the storm sewer collects water from the platforms, sidewalks, paths and roofs.
An open storm sewer is a network of gutters made of metal, plastic or concrete, these gutters are located on the ground. Water, moving through pipes, enters the gutters, then flows into the sewer or special containers.
The gutters located on the surface are covered with gratings, they serve from debris and at the same time carry a decorative function.
The gutters are connected to each other with a sealant, it will not allow water to penetrate between the joints. When laying open storm sewers on your own, you must take into account the angle of inclination of each gutter.
Closed or point view. In this storm sewer, all system nodes are located underground.
That is, rain or melt water enters the water intake, and then into the channels located underground and only then into the tank or into the sewer.
A point storm sewer is more complex in the device than a linear storm sewer. This type of rainfall is installed at the design stage of your home.
Mixed type of storm sewer has details of open and closed types.
In order for the storm sewer to serve you for a long time, you need to calculate the depth, volume and slope of the gutters.
The depth of the storm sewer installation depends on the cross-section of the gutter.
If the cross-section of the gutter is 0.5 m, then it is laid to a depth of about 30 cm, with a larger cross-section, the depth is increased to 70 cm.
In the event that your site has a drainage system, then storm sewage fits above this system.
The pipe diameter depends on the size of the slope:
These parameters are suitable for a closed storm sewer system.
For an open type of storm sewer, there are completely different parameters, for example, the slope will be 3-5 mm per 1 running meter of the pipe.
Where there are pipe connections to stormwater wells, the slope should be two centimeters per linear meter.
If you used high-quality materials and made storm sewers on all rules, then it will serve you for many years.
This system will save private homeowners from slush, puddles and premature destruction of the foundation.
We hope that this article was useful and informative for you. Good luck in your endeavors and patience!
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