Making glass tiles from broken glass. Broken glass tiles are incredibly popular in Italy, which is why they got their name - Italian. Its appearance, as well as its performance properties, strongly attract buyers, and consumers are delighted with the material.
Let's take a look at the technological and marketing issues for the production of tiles made from broken glass.
Broken glass glass tile technology
Interestingly, the broken glass tile technology keeps the manufacturing companies are secret and there is very little information about it.
And, nevertheless, the description below tells about an interesting technique for the manufacture of this type of tile, which must be adopted by most entrepreneurs.
To make Italian tiles from broken glass, you need three components:
- Broken glass itself.
After the glass is combined with the coloring and binding component, you will need to pour the resulting mixture into a special mold for further hardening.
At the moment, the purchase of broken glass is not a problem, and in order to ensure a stable flow of secondary raw materials for your own production, you can either visit collection points for secondary raw materials, or cooperate with companies that produce window products. It is best to use polyester resin as the binder. It will give the required reliability and strength to the manufactured tiles. In addition, the cost per resin is likely to be quite affordable.
It will take a little more than an hour to dry such a mixture. But there are some difficulties here - air can get into the hardening composition, and this is not something dangerous, but it can still negatively affect the appearance of the finished material and its strength.
In order to get rid of air bubbles, it will be necessary to warm up the mixture. Next, the mixture should be stirred, and then it should be poured into the prepared molds, and then the filled molds should be placed in a vibration container with vacuum in order to get rid of air bubbles. When the tiles are completely dry, they can be packed and shipped to customers.
How to make Italian glass tiles from broken glass with your own hands, all the secrets of making tiles from broken glass, organizing a profitable business - you will find all this below.
Where to get raw materials in order to make tiles from broken glass
The cost indicators for the received material of manufacture are extremely low - about 250 rubles per 1 m 2 tiles.In general, the cost indicators will depend on how many coloring agents you will use, how thick the tiles will be and how complex the graphic design of the tiles will be. It is quite possible to even find a free glass break, or create an additional point for the business for receiving secondary raw materials, which will be popular among the strata of society with a minimum income.
Thanks to this move, it is unlikely that you will have problems with glass fights, that is, the main raw material.
Alternatively, if you plan to expand production or start at high speed right away, establish contact with suppliers of raw materials, namely firms that make custom windows, and who will give broken glass for free, as well as pay extra for you to take it all out. As we have already noted below, the optimal binder of the components in the production of tiles will be polyester resin. Its cost is quite low - about 300 rubles per 1 kg of material. When buying resin, one should proceed from the following calculation - 0.05-0 is required for 1 kg of glass chips.
1 kg of astringent.
Equipment for the manufacture of glass tiles with your own hands
In itself, the production of glass chips is a fairly simple process, but at the same time technological. As practice has shown, the technology for the production of Italian tiles from broken glass implies that first you must have a mechanical crusher. Subsequently, as the tile making business expands, it will make sense to buy or build your own electric crushing material. In addition, a lot of attention should be paid to the production technology, the correct selection of the required dyes and binders.
When carrying out work, you may encounter a problem in the form of air that enters the original mixture. Since the curing of the polyester resin takes about 1 hour, during this time it is necessary to quickly get rid of air bubbles. You can do this in several different ways. For example, the use of the mixed method will be quite effective, when the mixture is first heated, and then installed on a vibrating plate. As the mixture warms up, air bubbles will begin to float to the surface, and the use of vibration will ensure effective disposal of them.
Such procedures can be performed before starting to pour the mixture into the mold - everything will depend on which batch you are producing, the product as a whole, the functionality of the equipment available.
A simpler and at the same time reliable way to get rid of air bubbles is to use a vacuum unit, and the cost of such a unit is not so great - from $ 100 to $ 220.After all the components of the raw material are mixed, it is required to pour the resulting substance into molds, which in the future you will place in a vacuum unit. After 2 hours, the tiles can be removed, packaged and sent to customers. You can watch the process in more detail in the video tutorial.
What are the advantages of the technology for creating tiles?
According to consumer reviews, "Italian" tiles made of broken glass and resin are characterized by high strength, resistance to mechanical damage. It is perfect for cladding kitchen and sanitary facilities, as well as facades of the house. Due to the play of glass particles in the light, a very beautiful effect will be obtained, so it is not surprising that the Italians are so fond of such a tiled coating.
When creating traditional tiles, use clay with impurities. The formation technique determines the production of products with top-level quality characteristics, as well as excellent operational properties.
In most cases, a matte or glossy composition with components such as kaolin, sand, glass chips, and also oxides with pigments is applied to the surface of such tiles.
Italian craftsmen were able to create such a technique for making tiles, in which there is no clay in the composition. An extremely cheap glass break is taken as a basis, and then mixing with epoxy resin is performed.
Among the advantages of the technology for the production of tiles from glass scraps, we highlight the following:
But how to open a similar business yourself?
As shown practice, Italian tiles are quite a competitive material. If you organize its production and marketing, you can expect to receive a good income. It is worth noting that the prime cost is very small, but when selling, you should not set very low prices.
On the contrary, it is better to sell tiles at a price that is close to the market price (but slightly lower) in order to get a good customer base.
Waste glass tiles have high aesthetic properties, which will appeal to many users. Satisfied customers will definitely recommend the purchase of such a tile to all their friends, which will be excellent and free advertising (word of mouth). You should also think over the marketing course so that there are no problems with product sales.
Consider all the milestones:
- For To begin with, you need to start making a trial batch of tiles, which you will use as samples in order to attract new customers.
- Alternatively, you can lay out the facade of your own house with Italian tiles, which will be an excellent product advertising.
- In addition, it is necessary to tell about the manufactured products to as many people as possible - acquaintances, finishers, builders.
- Next, you will need to analyze the feedback received from the masters, based on this, if necessary, make adjustments.
Thanks to the work done, you can count on attracting your first customers. Organizations and private traders who are interested in tiles will probably want to buy a trial batch.
In view of this, it will be necessary to make tiles already to order, and the volume of products will gradually increase.
In addition, you should definitely do economic calculations:
One worker is able to make from 15 to 20 m 2 products per day, up to 500 m 2 per month. When you take into account the average cost of a tile, which is approximately $ 10 (640 rubles), the amount is $ 5,000. Subtract cost indicators, advertising costs from this amount, and as a result, the net profit in the first month will be equal to $ 3000, which means that the business will pay off in the first month.
When developing a marketing strategy in order to promote broken glass and resin tiles on the market, you first need to focus on such categories of consumers - lovers of hand-made goods who want to give originality to their homes and apartments, as well as buyers-wholesalers, which can be found through the profile site.Very often, Italian tiles are used to create original paintings and patterns of varying complexity.
Due to the fact that such a tile does not have a back, unpresentable side, it is often used as a material for creating stained glass windows and interior decor. This will also contribute to expanding the consumer audience.
Good quality Italian tiles will always enjoy a steadily increasing consumer demand. For products made to order with non-standard sizes, shapes, the presence of unique patterns on the surface, you can set a higher cost. If you choose this line of business, then after a while you can get a large and stable profit.
Consumers are always delighted with unusual and new products, so you can expect to receive a large number of orders. The use of this technology makes it possible to engage in the manufacture of glass hollow blocks, facing bricks, original and incredibly beautiful stained-glass windows, shades for lamps, souvenirs, advertising products, frames and others. You can make the most unusual projects a reality, the implementation of which will be an excellent guarantee for getting a good income in the future.
If you want to make a tile exclusively for yourself, use this instruction. For a simple finish, you can mix broken glass and cement mortar, and then pour concrete over the walls.
If you plaster the walls of the cellar with a solution in which fine glass will be added, then mice and roofs will not be able to make holes. Whole empty bottles should be stacked when concreting the floor. First, spread them back to back, and then fill with a solution. So you will save on concrete, and the floor will be warmer.
For making tiles with your own hands, no investment is required (at home).
So, you need:
- Polyester resin.
- Any dye.
- Broken glass.
The tile is perfect for making kitchen aprons, bathroom, exterior decoration of the house.
It has a beautiful appearance and a solid base. This material is environmentally friendly, fireproof and waterproof. The main question is how to grind glass at home? There are several ways. If you need to make a few plates, then you can grind the glass even through a meat grinder (which you no longer use). Cover the opening of the device so that the glass does not fly apart, be sure to use glasses and gloves!
You can also grind glass in a concrete mixer.
Place something heavy, like a kettlebell or stones, along with the breakage. Add some water to prevent glass dust and cover the opening of the device with burlap. Resin is required in order to connect the broken glass. There is no need to burn the finished tiles.The cost price of a tile made at home will be equal to 50 rubles per 1 m 2 .
But still, the price will largely depend on the thickness of the tiles. 1 kg of glass requires 50 grams of resin. If desired, you can add polymer dye and stir, and then pour into the mold. Remember to warm up the mixture to release the bubbles.
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